January 12th. 1805
I have the honor of transmitting herewith, a general view of the subject of our purchases from the several Indian nations, in the course of the last four years. It may not be strictly correct as to the respective quantities of land. But I presume the quantity is not in any case overrated. There may also be some small inaccuracies as to the sums paid by way of presents &c. but I am satisfied that the whole is sufficiently correct to answer the purpose intended.
I take the liberty of observing, that I had not considered the Choctaw and Vincennes bargains, in any other light than that of recognitions of the boundaries of former cessions, if so, it may be improper to take those cases into the present calculation. It will be found after leaving them out of the account, that the average price we have paid and engaged to pay for Indian cessions, does not amount to quite one quarter of a cent per acre; and that, exclusive of the purchase from the Sacs and Foxes, the remainder will fall a little short of one cent per acre, taking into the account all the expenses of Treaties: The amount of the several cessions and the sums paid and to be paid, being estimated as follows.
|Creek Cession in 1802||cent|
|Part of Tallasee County||2.500.000||}||Sums paid & to be paid||87.000||2½|
|On the Oconee||1.000.000|
|Kaskaskias Cession||8.000.000||1. Dollar per thousand||8.000||1/10|
|Piankeshaw & Delaware Cession||2.000.000||6. Dollars per thousand||12.000||⅗|
|Sacs and Foxes ”||50.000.000||44 cents per thousand||22.000|
|Choctaw recognition was of 1,955.020.||Expenses of treating estimated at||13.000|
|Vincennes do. 1,912,320||142.000|
Accept, Sir, the assurances of my high respect & consideration.
[Calculations in TJ’s hand:]
|Louisiana. 30.° to 49.° =||19.° lat. × 69 = 1311 miles|
|22½ ° long × 41 = 922½ miles||× = 1,209,397|
|201,566||to wit ⅙ deducted from the square|
|1,007,831.||sq. miles × 640 = 645,011,840. as. ÷ 15.Ms.D. = 2 cents per ac|
|Florida E. of Perdido about||1.° lat. × 69 miles||× = 24,633 sq. miles × 640 = 15,765,120. as.|
|6.° long. x 59½ miles|
|the Choctaws.||from Petits prairies to 31.° is||224. miles|
|all the waters of Misipi wd be in breadth||84. miles||× = 18816. sq. mi. × 640 =||12,042,240|
|deduct||1,955,020.||ours by recognition|
DLC: Papers of Thomas Jefferson.