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Peter S. Du Ponceau: Comparative Vocabulary of Nottoway and Iroquois Idioms, ca. 13 July 1820, 13 July 1820

Affinities of the Nottoway language

with the Iroquois Dialects


Nottoway Nottoway
The Sun Aheeta, Tuscarora. Heita
The Moon Tethrake, Onondago, Garàchqua
Ice Owees, Onond. Owissa, Tuscar: Oowisse
Fire Auteur, Onond. Otshishta, Yotècka. Huron, Atsista (Sagard).
Water Auwa, Tusc. Auweak
A Mountain Yonun; Tenunte, Tusc: Yooneneeunte, Wyandot or Huron (an Iroquois Dialect) Onunteh
Darkness, Asunta, Onond: Achsonta, Tusc: Autsonneak
The Woods, Oraracoon, Tusc: Orennch, a tree
A Swamp Keenu, Tusc: Keenah, a river
God,
Heaven,
Quakerhunte
Quakeruntika
} Onond: Garachin, Heaven, ne karongyage,
in heaven, Huron, heronhiaye,
au Ciel (Fath. Sagard).
Kerhun, Karhon, is found in these Nottoway words.
Man, Enika, Tusc: Aneehhak
A young Man, Aquatio } Onond: Axhaa, a boy
a boy, Aqueianka Tusc: Woccanookne, a child
Aqua, Axa, Wocca, may easily have been corrupted from one another
A Woman Ekening, Onond: Echro
Death, Anseehe, Seneca, Haneeh, Tusc: Aucseeah
Nottoway
Hand or finger = Nunke, Oneida, Osnoongee, hands
The foot = Saseeke, Tusc: Auseekeh
The hair = Aowerac, Tusc: Oowara.
The eyes = Unkoharac, Tusc: Okauhreh, Cochniwago (an Iroq. Dial.) Okaraah.
The mouth = Eskaharant, Tusc: Yeaskaren
Onond. Ixhagachranta.
The ears = Suntunke, Oneid. Ohuntak
Tusc. Ohuntnek.
The tongue = Darsunke, Huron, Dachia (Father Sagard)
Wyandot, Uskunsheeaw (Prof. Barton)
The teeth = Otosag, Tusc: Otoseh.
The nose = Oteusag, Onond: Onischsa, Tusc: Ocheoossak
Oteusag & Ocheoossak, are evidently the Same word, pronounced Otchoossach (ch, Greek x. guttural)
Blood, Gäthum, Tusc: Kautkeh
Gät, Gant, Kant, the same, termination differs
Skin, Ohonag, Tusc: Enunkeh
Nails Yetunke Onond: Eechta.
A Cow = Toskerung, Onond: Tisnkòsquoront
A dog Cheer, Onond: Tschiera (from Germ: pron. Cheera
Tusc: Cheeth, Seneca, Cheerah.
A Cat Tose, Onond: Taguh.
Summer = Genheke, Onond. Gagenhé
Oneida: Kau-waw+kun-heak-ke
The termination Kunheakke, appears the Same with Genheke
Winter = Goshera, Tusc: Kooséhhea
G. for. K:, & for the guttural hh.
A House, Onushag, Oneida, Kanoughsaw
Mohawk, Kanoughsagough
Onondago, Ganochsáye.
Meat, Oskaharag, Onond: Owáchra
Long (adj.) Ewis, Onond: Iòs (pron: Eeos)
Little Newisha, Onond: Niwa.
Cold Watorae, Onond: Otohré.

DLC.

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