Thomas Jefferson Papers

Thomas Jefferson’s Conveyance of Limestone Tract to Abraham Hawley, 28 February 1821

Conveyance of Limestone Tract to Abraham Hawley

This Indenture made on the 28th day of February in the year one thousand eight hundred and twenty one between Thomas Jefferson of Monticello in Albemarle on the one part and Abraham Holly on the other part witnesseth that the said Thomas in consideration of one hundred dollars, to him in hand paid and of the further sum of three hundred dollars secured to be paid hath given granted bargained and sold to the said Abraham—and his heirs a certain parcel of land lying on the road called the three notched road, and on that part of it which is crossed by plumbtree branch otherwise called Scales Creek in the said County of Albemarle which parcel of land was conveyed to the sd Thomas in feesimple by Robert Sharp by deed bearing date the 5th of October 1773 under the following description, to wit, Beginning where the southern edge of sd road crosses the northern edge of the said watercourse, and running down the said edge of the road to a white oak saplin marked on three sides thence to a red oak corner to Huckstep thence to a maple a little above a spring thence across the water course before mentioned where it runs nearest to the sd [maple]1 to the northern edge thereof thence down the sd edge of the sd water course to the begining including the spring before mentioned, and also a considerable quantity of limestone and being all the lands at that date held by the said Robert Sharpe on the northern side of the said road and supposed to contain about four acres with its appurtenances to have and to hold the said parcel of Land so described in the sd deed to the sd Abraham Holly & his heirs Reserving nevertheless to the said Thomas & his heirs owners of the house at monticello and as an appurtenance to the said house forever a right2 to take from the premises for his and their own use and purpose of every kind (but not to dispose of to others) as much limestone as they shall think proper for their own uses as aforesaid and at all times when they shall think proper which right shall be held and remain in them and their heirs fully and forever unliable to severance by metes and bounds and the said Thomas & his heirs the said parcel of Land with its appurtenances except as to the rights reserved as aforesaid to the said Abraham Holly & his heirs will forever warrant and defend In witness whereof the said Thomas hath hereto subscribed his name and affixed his seal on the day and year first above written

Signed Sealed & delivered
in presence of
Th Jefferson
John Watson
Thos J Randolph
Edmund Bacon

Tr (Albemarle Co. Deed Book, 22:334); in the hand of Albemarle County deputy clerk Ira Garrett; with wax from seal adjacent to TJ’s signature; Garrett’s signed attestation at foot of text: “In Albemarle County Court office the 23rd day of March 1821 This Indenture was presented to me in said office and acknowledged by Thomas Jefferson party thereto and thereupon admitted to record”; signed notation by a deputy clerk Garth in left margin: “Examined & delivered to Abram Hawly the 7th Jany 1822.”

Abraham Hawley (Holly) (d. 1838) lived in Albemarle County by 1810 and served as a private in the Virginia militia during the War of 1812. He sold lime to TJ between 1818 and 1822, and in 1820 he was paid for work done at the University of Virginia. Hawley owned no slaves in 1810 and 1820 and one in 1830. At his death his personal property in Albemarle County was valued at $116.64 (DNA: RG 29, CS, Albemarle Co., 1810–30; Virginia Militia in the War of 1812: From Rolls in the Auditor’s Office at Richmond [2001], 1:89; MB description begins James A. Bear Jr. and Lucia C. Stanton, eds., Jefferson’s Memorandum Books: Accounts, with Legal Records and Miscellany, 1767–1826, 1997, 2 vols., The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Second Series description ends , 2:1349, 1350, 1377–9, 1383; ViU: PP; Albemarle Co. Will Book, 13:132).

On 29 Mar. 1771 TJ purchased one acre of Robert Sharpe’s limestone land, and he paid him on 5 Oct. 1773 “in full for the lands at the Limestone quarry,” totaling four acres (MB description begins James A. Bear Jr. and Lucia C. Stanton, eds., Jefferson’s Memorandum Books: Accounts, with Legal Records and Miscellany, 1767–1826, 1997, 2 vols., The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Second Series description ends , 1:220, 252, 346, 2:938).

A missing letter from Hawley to TJ of 11 Jan. 1822 is recorded in SJL as received from Milton the day it was written.

1Omitted word supplied from Tr of 5 Oct. 1773 deed to TJ in Albemarle Co. Deed Book, 6:286.

2Manuscript: “rigt.”

Index Entries

  • Albemarle County, Va.; roads in search
  • Bacon, Edmund; witnesses documents search
  • Garrett, Ira; as Albemarle Co. clerk search
  • Garth, Mr.; as Albemarle Co. deputy clerk search
  • Hawley, Abraham; identified search
  • Hawley, Abraham; letter from accounted for search
  • Hawley, Abraham; purchases Limestone Survey tract from TJ search
  • Jefferson, Thomas; Business & Financial Affairs; buys land search
  • Jefferson, Thomas; Business & Financial Affairs; sells land search
  • Jefferson, Thomas; Writings; Conveyance of Limestone Tract to Abraham Hawley search
  • limestone; in Va. search
  • Limestone Survey (Albemarle Co.); TJ sells search
  • quarries; in Va. search
  • Randolph, Thomas Jefferson (TJ’s grandson; Jane Hollins Nicholas Randolph’s husband); witnesses documents search
  • roads; in Albemarle Co. search
  • Sharpe, Robert; TJ buys land from search
  • Virginia; limestone in search
  • Virginia; quarries in search
  • Watson, John (1760–1841); witnesses documents search