Thomas Jefferson Papers

Thomas Jefferson to James Breckinridge, 19 December 1819

To James Breckinridge

Monticello Dec. 19. 19.

Dear Sir

Your favor of Nov. 27. was recieved on the 10th instant. we all regretted your absence at the last meeting of the Visitors and should have done so the more had we known the true cause. our suspicion was that you had mistaken the day, like our brother Cabell who came after our adjournment. he read however and approved what we had done. the sum of that being stated in our report to the literary board to be laid before the legislature, will I hope meet your approbation also. from that you will learn that the 7. pavilions & 37. dormitories actually half done will absorb, when finished, all our funds to the end of the ensuing year 1820. at that epoch (should the legislature give no additional aid) we shall have to decide an important alternative, viz. 1. shall we abridge the establishment as enacted by the legislature from 10. to 12. professorships, and open at that epoch: or 2. shall we continue the buildings to the full complement of the law, which will require all our funds for 4. years longer, and delay opening till the end of 1824? preferring what will be compleat with that delay, to what will be permanently deficient if prematurely commenced. observe that the moment we employ professors, their salaries will absorb all our funds, & further buildings must be given up. I hope the legislature will decide soundly to enable us to finish our buildings the next year, and to open the institution at the close of it. by this anticipation of 4. years a million of Dollars will be kept in the state & an additional million brought into it. mr Cabell, Rives & Gordon, and the Governor, who have all seen the state of the buildings recently, can inform you of it, and you will find that our progress is great considering1 how late our board was constituted and from what a distance we had to seek & bring our workmen. the derelict money of that given and not expended by the primary schools, & consequently reverted to the treasury may surely be given us; and is sufficient as I suppose to build our pavilions and dormitories still wanting; and if they will continue these derelictions 4. years longer, they will build our library, which will cost 50,000.D. it has been supposed that instead of the annuity of 15,000.D. from the literary fund, they would think it better to give to the University their James river stock, and the whole of the literary fund to the primary schools. if the stock yields what I have heard, it would be the most desirable endowment. this stock too is furnished exclusively by the rich, and is clear of the objection of taxing the poor to educate the rich. my anxieties to urge the completion of this institution are greater in proportion as my prospects of life shorten. I would willingly compromise for the same epoch to both, and having seen the institution compleated, sing my nunc demittas with chearfulness and thankfulness. accept the assurance of my friendly attachment and great respect.

Th: Jefferson

RC (ViU: TJP); addressed: “Genl James Breckenridge of the Virginia legislature now in Richmond”; franked; postmarked Milton, 21 Dec.; endorsed by Breckinridge. PoC (DLC); on reused address cover of John Martin Baker to TJ, 13 Mar. 1819; mutilated at seal and edge trimmed; endorsed by TJ.

Thomas Mann Randolph was elected to represent Albemarle County in the Virginia House of Delegates in April 1819. Following nomination by his fellow delegates William F. Gordon, Briscoe G. Baldwin, Richard Morris, William B. Chamberlayne, and Joseph Lovell, he was elected governor by the General Assembly on 10 Dec. 1819 and accepted the position the next day (JHD description begins Journal of the House of Delegates of the Commonwealth of Virginia description ends [1819–20 sess.], 17, 26–7 [10, 13 Dec. 1819]; Richmond Enquirer, 13 Apr., 11 Dec. 1819).

1Manuscript: “considereing,” incorrectly reworked from “considered.”

Index Entries

  • Baldwin, Briscoe Gerard; as Va. legislator search
  • Breckinridge (Breckenridge), James; as member of University of Virginia Board of Visitors search
  • Breckinridge (Breckenridge), James; letters to search
  • Cabell, Joseph Carrington; as member of University of Virginia Board of Visitors search
  • Chamberlayne, William Byrd; as Va. legislator search
  • education; elementary search
  • Gordon, William Fitzhugh; and establishment of University of Virginia search
  • Gordon, William Fitzhugh; as Va. legislator search
  • James River Company search
  • Jefferson, Thomas; Opinions on; taxes search
  • Jefferson, Thomas; Writings; Bill to Establish a University search
  • Literary Fund; and annuity for University of Virginia search
  • Literary Fund; funds of search
  • Lovell, Joseph; as Va. legislator search
  • Morris, Richard; as Va. legislator search
  • Randolph, Thomas Mann (1768–1828) (TJ’s son-in-law; Martha Jefferson Randolph’s husband); as governor of Va. search
  • Rives, William Cabell; and establishment of University of Virginia search
  • taxes; TJ on search
  • Virginia, University of; Board of Visitors; annual report of search
  • Virginia, University of; Board of Visitors; meetings of search
  • Virginia, University of; Board of Visitors; members of search
  • Virginia, University of; Books and Library; plans for search
  • Virginia, University of; Construction and Grounds; dormitory rooms search
  • Virginia, University of; Construction and Grounds; pavilions search
  • Virginia, University of; Establishment; Bill to Establish a University search
  • Virginia, University of; Establishment; opening of delayed search
  • Virginia; General Assembly search
  • Virginia; House of Delegates search