Thomas Jefferson Papers

Thomas Jefferson to Thomas Appleton, 3 September 1819

To Thomas Appleton

Poplar Forest near Lynchburg Sep. 3. 19.

Dear Sir

I write to you from an occasional, but very distant residence from Monticello, which place I left the 13th of July. the two Raggis had arrived at the University about a week before that, which time I employed in getting them placed comfortably, and prepared to begin work. they have desired me to remit to you 300.D. to wit 150. each for his respective wife. I have accordingly directed the Proctor of the University to remit 300.D. immediately to mr John Vaughan of Philadelphia, whom I have requested to remit the same to you and to forward this letter with the remittance. it covers one to you from Michael Raggi.

On the 28th of May I wrote informing you that I had placed a sum of money in mr Vaughan’s which he was remitting to Lafite & co. at Paris by mr Girard’s bill on them. of which sum I desired him to make 450.D. payable to your order, and I hope ere this it has been recieved and the yearly interest paid to Mr & Mde Pini. your commercial correspondents will have informed you of the catastrophe of most of our banks. the difficulties and doubtfulness of the remaining few, and the crush of all our merchants whose commerce leant on bank credit it was impossible that such a tumified, licentious & swindling system should not blow up. the period of it’s bursting alone wa[s] unknown. affectionately and respectfully yours.

Th: Jefferson

PoC (DLC); on verso of reused address cover of John Adams to TJ, 21 July 1819; mutilated and edge trimmed; at foot of text: “Mr Appleton”; endorsed by TJ. Enclosed in TJ to John Vaughan, 3 Sept. 1819. Enclosure not found.

The proctor of the university of Virginia was Arthur S. Brockenbrough. Tumefied (tumified): “inflated or puffed up with pride” (OED description begins James A. H. Murray, J. A. Simpson, E. S. C. Weiner, and others, eds., The Oxford English Dictionary, 2d ed., 1989, 20 vols. description ends ).

Index Entries

  • Appleton, Thomas; account with TJ search
  • Appleton, Thomas; and P. Mazzei’s estate search
  • Appleton, Thomas; and stonecutters for Central College–University of Virginia search
  • Appleton, Thomas; letters to search
  • banks; and Panic of1819 search
  • banks; TJ on search
  • Brockenbrough, Arthur Spicer; as University of Virginia proctor search
  • Girard, Stephen; and TJ’s lines of credit search
  • Italy; stonecutters from search
  • Jacques Laffitte & Compagnie (Paris firm) search
  • Jefferson, Thomas; Business & Financial Affairs; and P. Mazzei’s property search
  • Jefferson, Thomas; Opinions on; banks search
  • Jefferson, Thomas; Opinions on; financial speculation search
  • Pini, Andrea Tozzi (Elisabetta Mazzei Pini’s husband); and P. Mazzei’s estate search
  • Pini, Elisabetta Mazzei (Philip Mazzei’s daughter; Andrea Pini’s wife); and P. Mazzei’s estate search
  • Poplar Forest (TJ’s Bedford Co. estate); TJ visits search
  • Raggi, Giacomo; as stonecutter for University of Virginia search
  • Raggi, Giacomo; family of search
  • Raggi, Michele; as stonecutter for University of Virginia search
  • Raggi, Michele; family of search
  • United States; Panic of1819 search
  • Vaughan, John; makes payments for TJ search
  • Virginia, University of; Construction and Grounds; stonecutters for search