Thomas Jefferson Papers

Joel Yancey to Thomas Jefferson, 1 July 1819

From Joel Yancey

Poplar Forest 1st July 19.

Dear Sir

Your letter of June 25 I recd last Evening. I sorry indeed that you have losses, there as well as here, we have had no deaths Since Hall,1 but a good many sick and complaining, they Charge Hercules with Poisoning, and the cause of all deaths here for the last 12 months, he certainly has been intirmate with a Negroe Doct and have got physic from him the People have kept it conceal from me till the other day as soon as I was inform of it I had them both taken before Mr Clay. the Evidence in his opinion was not2 strong enough to send them to jail but I am satified, he has done a great deal of Mischeif, and ought to be hung. more of this when you come up, which I hope will be as soon as possible, for I am in daily expectation of Mischeif among them. we shall begin to cut the wheat which the hail has left us in the morning, and will do the best I can without assistance, tho we shall not have as many cutters by 5 including the 2 you sent us, as last Harvest Capt Martin has compleated the first bill of timber, but will not be able for want of water to do any thing with the other this season, the little Remaining Tobo I have not sold, I have heard nothing from White, but expect he wants his mony, and will be glad of the prospect of3 so soon receiving,4 these hard times—accept my best wishes for your welfare

Joel Yancey

RC (MHi); addressed (one word editorially corrected): “Mr Thomas Jefferson Mo[n]ticello near Milton”; franked; postmarked Lynchburg, 5 July; endorsed by TJ as received 11 July 1819 and so recorded in SJL.

A missing letter from James martin to TJ, 22 July 1819, is recorded in SJL as received the same day at Poplar Forest.

1Manuscript: “Heall.”

2Word interlined.

3Preceding three words interlined.

4Word interlined, with caret mistakenly placed after the comma.

Index Entries

  • African Americans; doctors search
  • Clay, Charles; and TJ’s slaves search
  • crops; damaged by hail search
  • Hall (Hal) (TJ’s slave;1767–1819); death of search
  • health; of slaves search
  • Hercules (TJ’s slave; b.1794); accused of murder search
  • Lego (TJ’s Albemarle Co. estate); slaves at search
  • lumber; cutting of search
  • Martin, James; and TJ’s timber search
  • Martin, James; letter from accounted for search
  • medicine; for slaves search
  • Poplar Forest (TJ’s Bedford Co. estate); damaged by hail search
  • Poplar Forest (TJ’s Bedford Co. estate); slaves at search
  • Poplar Forest (TJ’s Bedford Co. estate); TJ plans visits to search
  • Poplar Forest (TJ’s Bedford Co. estate); tobacco grown at search
  • Poplar Forest (TJ’s Bedford Co. estate); wheat grown at search
  • slaves; accused of murder search
  • slaves; death of search
  • slaves; health of search
  • slaves; medical treatment for search
  • tobacco; grown at Poplar Forest search
  • Tomahawk plantation (part of TJ’s Poplar Forest estate); overseer at search
  • weather; hail search
  • wheat; at Poplar Forest search
  • wheat; effect of weather on search
  • White, Jacob W.; as overseer at Tomahawk plantation search
  • Yancey, Joel (d.1833); as superintendent of Poplar Forest search
  • Yancey, Joel (d.1833); letters from search