Thomas Jefferson Papers

David Bailie Warden to Thomas Jefferson, 7 February 1815

From David Bailie Warden

Paris 7 february, 1815.1

Dear sir,

I am informed that you have been pleased to write to the President of the united States in my behalf. I feel deeply grateful for this favor; and beg leave to send you the inclosed copy of a letter addressed to me by the Prince of Benevent, which completely justifies me2 on the only point of accusation against me renewed by mr. Crawford. I wait with great anxiety the decision of the Government—your interference is a Source of consolation—

I beg leave to inclose a copy of observations on the English doctrine of allegiance as applied to citizens of the united states: it was written, and printed when there was no prospect of a speedy peace—I find that several tracts have been lately published in England; of which one is3 by mr. Reeves, formerly of the alien-office “to shew that americans born before the Independence are, by the Law of England, not aliens” and “that mr. Jefferson might have the benefit of his american citizenship in perfect compatibility with the claims upon him from British allegiance.”

The french Government is preparing an Expedition for the Western coast of Africa, which will Sail in the course of a few weeks under the command of Capt. Baudoin for the purpose of scientific researches, and the establishment of a free Colony between the 8° and 16°. Twenty seven scientific Men will accompany this expedition—their place of rendezvous will be at cape Vert—The new establishment is to serve as a Botany-Bay for France—4

Professor Leslie of Edinsburgh, who was lately, at Paris, bid me recall him to the remembrance of mr. Randolph—for whom he has a great esteem. He asked a thousand questions concerning your family— Through him I have been requested to furnish the article america, and others for the supplement to the5 Encyclopedia Brittanica

I sent you Some volumes in a case addressed to mr. shaler, at ghent, which unfortunately was left there—and I wait for an opportunity of forwarding it from some neighbouring port.

I have been obliged to undergo a Surgical operation for an inflammation of the eye which prevents me from having the pleasure of communicating to you other information on subjects in which you are interested— wishing you to present my respects to mr. and mrs. Randolph—with great respect I am, dear Sir, your very obedt Servant

D. B. Warden—

RC (DLC); at foot of text: “Thomas Jefferson Esquire”; endorsed by TJ as received 20 June 1815 and so recorded in SJL. FC (MdHi: Warden Letterbook); in Warden’s hand; incomplete. Enclosure: second enclosure to Warden to TJ, 20 Oct. 1814. Other enclosure not found.

John reeves claimed that “Mr. Jefferson might have the benefit of his American citizenship, in perfect compatibility with the claims upon him from British allegiance” in his Two Tracts shewing, that Americans, born before the Independence, are, by the law of England, not aliens (London, 1814; 2d ed., London, 1816), 16. A botany-bay is a colony peopled by convicts (OED description begins James A. H. Murray, J. A. Simpson, E. S. C. Weiner, and others, eds., The Oxford English Dictionary, 2d ed., 1989, 20 vols. description ends ).

1Reworked from “1814.”

2Remainder of paragraph in FC reads “concerning my correspondence with this Government.”

3Preceding four words in FC read “and particularly one.”

4FC ends here.

5Preceding three words interlined.

Index Entries

  • Africa; and French colonial and scientific expeditions search
  • Baudoin, Capt.; and French expedition to Africa search
  • books; encyclopedias search
  • Crawford, William Harris; and D. B. Warden’s removal as consul search
  • Encyclopaedia Britannica search
  • France; expeditions to Africa from search
  • Great Britain; allegiance to search
  • health; inflammation search
  • Jefferson, Thomas; Books & Library; works sent to search
  • Jefferson, Thomas; Correspondence; letters of application and recommendation from search
  • law; books on search
  • Leslie, Sir John; inquires about TJ’s family search
  • Leslie, Sir John; sends greetings to T. M. Randolph search
  • Madison, James (1751–1836); and D. B. Warden search
  • medicine; operations search
  • patronage; letters of application and recommendation from TJ search
  • Randolph, Martha Jefferson (Patsy; TJ’s daughter; Thomas Mann Randolph’s wife); greetings sent to search
  • Randolph, Thomas Mann (1768–1828) (TJ’s son-in-law; Martha Jefferson Randolph’s husband); greetings sent to search
  • Reeves, John; on British allegiance and U.S. citizenship search
  • Shaler, William; and trunk for TJ search
  • Talleyrand-Périgord, Charles Maurice de; and D. B. Warden search
  • United States; citizenship search
  • Warden, David Bailie; and Talleyrand-Périgord search
  • Warden, David Bailie; health of search
  • Warden, David Bailie; letters from search
  • Warden, David Bailie; on British allegiance and U.S. citizenship search
  • Warden, David Bailie; on French expedition to Africa search
  • Warden, David Bailie; removed from consulship search
  • Warden, David Bailie; sends publications to TJ search
  • Warden, David Bailie; writes for Encyclopaedia Britannica search