Thomas Jefferson Papers
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Memorandum Books, 1803

1803.

Jan. 1. Paid D. Carr for copy of act concerning Norfolk2 1.D.
3.
Lemaire’s accounts Dec. 26.—Jan. 1. Stores of Provisions Philada. 125. 52
meat vegetab. butter  eggs Provisions £38–8–6½ 102. 46
339 ℔ 4.65 42. ℔ 28. doz.  Servants 2.
102.4671 = 1.44 furniture 3.
contingencies 5. 63
102. 46 238. 61
deduct 33.  for 11. servts. servts. wages to Jan. 4.  143.
69. 46  ÷ 71 = .973
gave order on J. Barnes for 381. 61
4. Gave Jones & Kain ord. on J. Barnes for 154.D. for body & finishing phaeton, wheels to market waggon, & repairs of harness.4
 
Recieved of J. Barnes in gold 100.D.
Gave to Mrs. Randolph & Mrs. Eppes for travellg. exp. 100.D.
Gave Frithy ord. on J. Barnes for 5.25.
Gave Hopkins ord. on do. for 6.D. for a book.
Gave in charity 3.D.
5. Pd. ferrge. of family at Geo. T. 2.83 do. myself back .50.
Gave John for expences travelling with them 6.D.
6. Recd. of J. Barnes 30.D.
9.
Lemaire’s accts. Jan. 2—8. Provisions 89.66  eggs 21. doz.
meat 254. ℔  contingencies  4.71  vegetab. 4.D.
89.6660 = 1.50  butter   54.
 89.66 – 33 = 56.66 ÷ 60 = .94
 gave order on J. Barnes for 94.37
Joseph Daugherty’s  accts. forage 31.95
contingencies  1.25
 gave him order on J. Barnes for 33.20
10. Recieved of J. Barnes 950.D.
11.
Inclosed to Gibson & Jefferson  for Joseph Bran 124. 25
for Joseph Moran 200.
surplus 5. 75 330.
Inclosed to Gabriel Lilly for Hugh Chisolm 100.
  Overton5 346. 67
  Johnson. negro hire  66. 67
  surplus 6. 66 520.
Inclosed to John Langdon charity for Portsmouth6 100
950.
Gave Joseph Daugherty ord. on J. Barnes for 18.60 filling icehouse.
Gave in charity 2.D.
Recd. from J. Barnes 180.D.
Inclosed 30.D. to Martin Wanscher.
Paid Monsr. de Casa-Yrujo7 150.D. for 200. bottles Champagne.
14. Gave Barney’s driver order on J. Barnes for 10.D.
17. Gave in charity 2.D.
 
Recd. of J. Barnes a bank post note for 22.50.
Lemaire’s accts. Jan. 9.—15. Provisions 69. 80
meat butter  eggs  veget.  69.8051 = 1.37  servants 1.
186. ℔  17. ℔ 13.d. 2.80 furniture 16. 62
69.80 – 33 ÷ 51 = .72 contingencies  . 25
gave ord. on J. Barnes for 87. 67
20.
Joseph Daugherty.  compleating the filling ice house  13.45
hay 1300 ℔ 10.40
sadlery .70
 gave him order on J. Barnes for 24.55
22. Gave ord. for 12.D. in favr. of the driver who carried Mrs. R. & E.8
Gave in charity 5.D. paid for gloves .60.
24.
Lemaire’s accounts Jan. 16.—22. provisions  75.07
meat 242.  ℔ 75.0748 = 1.56 servants 1.76
butter 34. contings. .17
eggs 21.  doz. 75.07 – 33 = 42.07 ÷ 48 = .87 
vegetab. 1. 37
gave order on J. Barnes for 77.
Gave in charity 1.D.
25. Do. 2.D.
26. Do. 1.D.
27. Do. 3.D.
Jan. 28. Pd.  Thompson 5.D. for attending Edy9 in childbed.
31.
Lemaire’s accts. Jan. 23—29. Provisions  81. 90
meat 282  81.9060 = 1.365 stores of do. 15. 64
butter 39. 81.90 – 33 = 48.9060 = .81  servants 1.
eggs 26.  doz.  115. b. charcoal 15. 33
vegetables 2. 49 furniture 30. 65
contingencies 2. 43
gave order on J. Barnes for 146. 95
Feb. 1. Gave Chas. Mclaughlin order on J. Barnes for 88. for 11. days coach hire R. & E.
Gave in charity 2.D.
2. Gave order on J. Barnes for 3.67 for one year of the Olio. Qu.?
3. Gave Frithy ord. on J. Barnes for 5.25.
Gave in Charity 5.D.
5. Recd. of J. Barnes 20.D.
6. Inclosed to Genl. Muhlenberg10 the bank post note of Jan. 17. for 22.50 to pay the duty of 200. bottles Champagne bought of M. de Casa-Yrujo.
7. Recieved of J. Barnes 1520.D.
D 
Inclosed to Gabriel Lilly for  waggonage of ice 30.
George Gilmer hay  43.
Macgruder plank 44. 57
W. Stewart wages  30.
a surplus 2. 43  150.
8.
Inclosed to G. Jefferson for the Lewises for corn  600.
 for  Christopher Smith negro hire    400.
Charles Smith do. 66. 67
Joseph Moran in full 98.
surplus 5. 33  1170.
9.
Lemaire’s accounts Jan. 30.—Feb. 5. Provisions  80. 45
meat 239.  ℔ 80.4574 = 1.09 groceries 18. 71
butter 30. 80.45 – 33 = 47.45 ÷ 74 = .64  servts. 5. 50
eggs 25.  doz.  104. 66
vegetables 2. 35 servts. wages to Feb. 4.  143.
gave order on J. Barnes for 247. 66
12. Recieved from Doctr. Wm. Bache the 100.D. ante Dec. 26.
Gave to Mr. Willard 100.D. in charity for Portsmouth additionl. to Jan. 11.
Put into Capt. Lewis’s hands to pay a year’s gazettes 100.D.
14.
Lemaire’s accts. Feb. 6—12. Provisions 87. 44
meat 311.  ℔ 87.4459 = 1.48 groceries 9. 50
butter 10. 87.44 – 33 = 54.4459 = .92  servants 1.
eggs 21.  doz.  furniture 1. 34
vegetab.  1. 10 contingencs.  8. 35
gave him order on J. Barnes for 107. 63
Joseph Daugherty.  forage 32. 89
sadlery 1. 875
smith 6.
utensils     . 375
 gave him order on J. Barnes for  41. 14
Charity 2.D.
16. Paid Dr. Logan for Voigt for Temple of reason11 6.D.
18. Advanced Capt. Lewis 15.D.
21. Gave George Andrews ord. on J. Barnes for 87.96 composition ornaments in architect.
 
22.
Lemaire’s accts. Feb. 13—19 Provisions 68. 73
meat 288.  ℔ 68.7364 = 1.07 groceries 30. 07
butter  30. 68.73 – 33 = 35.7364 = .59  servts. 1.
eggs 20.  doz.  contingens.  2. 63
veget. 1. 23
gave ord. on J. Barnes for 102. 43
23. Gave Craven Peyton ord. on Gibson & Jefferson for 1000.D. part paimt. land.
25. Gave Hamilton & Campbell ord. on J. Barnes for 100.D. charity to Carlisle college.12
26. Recd. of J. Barnes 25.D.
27. Gave in charity 5.D.
28. Gave Genl. Winn ord. on J. Barnes for 100.D. charity to Jefferson Monticello academy13 in S. Carolina.
Mar. 1.
Lemaire’s accts. Feb. 20.—26. Provisions 83. 24
meat 212.  ℔ 83.2461 = 1.36 servants 1.
butter 22. 83.24 – 33 = 50.2461 = .82  contingent.  4. 67
eggs 21.  doz. 
vegetab.  3. 66
gave order on J. Barnes for 88. 91
2. Paid Mr. Vanderlyn in full my subscription for 2. prints of the falls of Niagara,14 when done 20.D.
Gave in charity to the Revd. Mr. Chambers of Alexa. for his church an order on J. Barnes for 50.D.
4. Gave Edwd. Frethey an order on J. Barnes for 5.25.
Recieved of J. Barnes 1200.D.
Inclosed 1000.D. to Gibson & Jefferson to answer the order in favr. of Craven Peyton ante Feb. 23.
5. Gave Rapine & Conrad ord. on J. Barnes for 23.51 for books.
Gave Peter Lenox order on J. Barnes for 19.45 for packing boxes &c.
Gave in Charity 20.D.
Pd. Bruff15 dentist 5.D. gave in charity 5.D.
 
6.
Lemaire’s accts. Feb. 27.—Mar. 5. Provisions 62. 48
meat 139.  ℔ 62.4819 = 3.28 wood 27.
butter 27. 62.48 – 33 = 29.4819 = 1.55  servants 8. 25
eggs 23.  doz.  groceries 2. 50
vegetab.  2. 78 contingencies  1. 13
101. 36
servts. wages to Mar. 4. 143.
gave order on J. Barnes for 244. 36
Joseph Daugherty’s accts.  forage 135. 17
contingencies  1. 875
 gave him order on J. Barnes for 137. 045
7. Gave in charity 2.D. set out for Monticello.
George town ferrge. &c. 1.D.
Wren’s lodging &c. 4.67.
8. Centerville breakft. &c. 1.5.
Red house Mrs. Hereford’s16 dinner, lodgg. &c. 5.09.
9. Fauquier C. H. barber .5 breakft. &c. 1.67.
Culpeper C. H. dinner lodgg. &c. 3.62.
10. Rapidan. Barnet’s.17 pontage .50.
Orange C. H. breakft. &c. 1.67.
Gordon’s dinner, lodgg. &c. 3.75 in all 23.47.18
11. Arrived at Monticello.
12. Houshold exp. 16.D.
14. Paid Michael Hope for work on Stewart’s house19 18 D. + 2 D. overpaimt. on acct.
16. Recd. of John H. Craven 150.D. for rent on acct.
17. Sent Hancock Allen (by Gabr. Lilly) 70.D. on acct. for plank.
18. Gave Craven Peyton my note for 1300.D. payable July 12. at the counting house of Gibson & Jefferson, towards paimt. for land. There will then be due 700.D. besides Joshua Key’s part should that be purchased.
19. Charity 2.D.
Assumed to pay Gabriel Lilly for Hancock Allen £23–8.
20. Paid James Oldham on account 20.D.
Small exp. 4.D. gave a servt. .25 do. at Charlottesville .25.
21. Gave Stewart to melt up 1.D. gave a servt. .25.
Pd. Anthony Giannini for plants & trouble 2.D. for meetg. house 5.D.
 
22. Gave Cavender20 in charity 10.D.
25. Paid David Isaacs acct. for beef furnishd. Oct. & Nov. 39.D.
Sent Catlett for butter 1.D.
26. Pd. him for do. 1.D.
28. Recd. of David Isaacs for nails 4.D.
Pd. Wm. Stewart on acct. 15.D.
Mar. 30. My crop of tobo. made at Poplar forest in 1802.
No. 71. 150 1524. Overseer’s part.  478.  143.  1650.
72. 140.  1456. 484. 145. 1686.
118. 145. 1750 522. 144. 1572
119. 144. 1700. 571. 145. 1657
126. 145. 1548. 6565
127. 150. 1392. £ 
128. 150. 1427. bacon & dried beef 2825. ℔ 141– 5
129. 145. 1500. pickled beef 3. barrls. 12– 10
184. 150. 1400 13,697 brandy 44. galls. 13– 4
191. 145. 1480. soap. 135. ℔ 5– 1 –3
197. 150. 1374. fat 270. ℔ 13– 10
198. 145. 1385. butter 268. ℔ 13– 8
480. 140 1541. tallow 270. ℔ 13– 10
482. 140 1547. 212– 8 –3
521. 144 1468 8,795
523. 140 1504.
524. 140 1436.
525. 144 1356.
526. 144. 1481.
569. 140. 1700.
574. 140. 1488.
576. 130. 1295. 10,260
577  140. 1240.
579. 145. 1785.
92  150. 1423.
877. 145. 1888.
879. 145. 1807
884. 145. 1820.
885. 145. 1724.
and in  881. 169.  700. 12,387
45,139
On settlement with John Perry this day I owe him a balance of £65–4–1.
Paid Gabriel Lilly  for Johnson Roe portage  5–17– 1
for himself 9– 2–11
£15– 0– 0
On settlement with him this day I owe him 25–15–10½ = 85.97.
Pd. Small exp. 12.D.
 
31. Pd. Gabriel Lilly 50.D. towards the following debts.
Fontrees for hauling  £11– 0–0
Price for do. 18–  (See post May 4. that I paid him a 5.D. bill by mistake instead of a 50.D. bill. Therefore charge him only 5.D.)
McCary portage plank  1– 3– 
powder 63. ℔ 7–17–6
20–18–6
Gave Maria for small expences 14.D.
Pd. James Dinsmore on account 10.D.
Gave John Freeman 5.D.
Paid at Defoe’s for oats .25.
[Apr.] 1. Gordon’s lodging &c. 3.75 Barnet’s ford oats & pontage .75.
2. Culpeper C. H. dinner, lodgg. &c. 4.97 Fauqr. C .H. dinner 3.33 Mrs. Hereford’s lodgg. 3.56.
3. Fairfx. C .H. breakft. 1.375. Geo. T. ferrge. 1. whole = 18.985.
4. Recd. of J. Barnes 20.D.
5. Gave in charity 10.D.
6.
Joseph Daugherty’s accts.  forage 34. 375
sadlery 5. 70
smith . 625
contingencs.  . 25
 gave him ord. on J. Barnes for 34. 37521
Le Maire’s accts. Mar. 6—Apr. 2. provisions 112. 40
meat 443.  ℔        stores of do. 21. 13
butter 50. fuel 101. 20
eggs 27.  doz. groceries 3.
vegetables 4. 07 furniture 16. 33
115.40/9. servants = 12.82 or 3.205 a     servts. 29. 25
 head pr. week contingens.  9. 16
292. 47
Servts. wages to Apr. 4. 143.
gave order on J. Barnes for 435. 47
9. Gave in charity 2.D.
10. The 3d. pipe of Madeira broached June 6. 1802. is out. It has lasted 10. months, of which I was absent 3.
11.
Lemaire’s accts. Apr. 3—9. provisions  57. 90 57.90
meat 200.  ℔ groceries 4. 60 33.  for 11 servts.
butter 26. 57.9019 = 3.04  servts. 9. 25 24.90
eggs 17.  doz. furniture 3. 75 19  = 1.3
vegetab. 4. 25
gave ord. on J. Barnes for 75. 50
12. Gave in charity 2.D.
 
Recd. of J. Barnes a note on bank US. for 275.45 D.
14.
Inclosed to Jones & Howell the same note for 275.45
also a Pensylvania bank bill for  50.
being amt. of their bills for iron 278. + 47.45 =  325.45
Recieved from J. Barnes 170.D. and a note of the branch bank here on the branch bank at Baltimore for 42.42.
Inclosed the said note for 42.42 to Messrs. Smith & Buchanan of Baltimore for duties, freight from Lisbon & porterage of two hhds. of wine d’Oeyras sent me by Mr. Jarvis.22
Inclosed the 170. Dollars to Gabriel Lilly for the following persons
D 
for Fontrees & others ante Mar. 31. balance of £5–18–6 =    19. 74
for Hancock Allen 94.
for Edward Moore23 on account of Randolph Jefferson 50.
a surplus of 7. 24
170.
18. Lemaire’s accts. Apr. 10.—16. Provisions 60.60/28. = 2.16
meat 190. ℔ butter 30. ℔ eggs 12. doz. vegetables 7.71 D.
gave order on J. Barnes 60.60 60.60 – 33 = 27.60 ÷ 28 = .98
20. Recd. of J. Barnes 25.D.
23. Gave in charity 2.D. 24. Do. 1.D.
25.
Lemaire’s accts. Apr. 17.—23. Provisions  57.75 Meat 228.  ℔
57.7544 = 1.31 57.75 – 33 = 24.7544 = .56  contingent 1.72 butter 26.
eggs 22.  doz.
gave order on J. Barnes for 59.47 vegetab.  10. 97
Joseph Daugherty  Provender 32. 90
smith 2.
coachmaker 3. 50
sadlery for myself  2. 125
contingent . 30
 gave order on J. Barnes for 40. 825
29. Gave at Foxall’s works25 5.D.
May 1. Charity 1.D.
 
2.
Lemaire’s accts. Apr. 24.—30 Provisions  68. 53 Meat 203.  ℔
68.53 – 33. for 11. servts. = 35.5335 = 1.1526 servts. 4. butter 33.
repairs 2. eggs 20.
vegetab.  7. 53
gave ord. on J. Barnes for 74. 53
Gave Edwd. Frethey ord. on J. Barnes for 5.25.
May 3. Recieved of J. Barnes 400.D.
4. Inclosed the sd. 400.D. to Mr. Dupont27 in N. Y. to purchase a bill of exchange to be remitted to Paris.
By letter28 from TMR. I am informed that Rives & co. credit John Perry 112.£ who credits it to me. I am to credit it to J. H. Craven who credits it to Rives & co.
Also that instead of my having paid Lilly a 50.D. bill ante Mar. 31. I paid him by mistake a 5.D. bill. I must credit him therefore the 45.D. or rather charge him only the 5.D.
Analysis of expenditures from Details of some of the general heads.
1802. Mar. 4. to 1803. Mar. 4.
Provisions 4059. 98    Buildings.  Plantation.
Wines 1296. 63 Moran & Maddox.  masonry  1557. 25 Nailery 609. 53
Groceries 1624. 76 6981.37 Hope. do. 28. 50 mill.29 powder  25.
fuel 553. 68 Chisolm. brickwork 142. 50 negros 466. 67 491. 67
Secretary 600. Blagden. marble 3. 50 corn 750.
Servants 2014. 89 Bran. lime 124. 25 bacon 106. 72
Miscellaneous 433. 30 Wanscher. plaisterg. 247. 15 fish 48.
Stable 399. 065 negro hire 200. molasses 50. 53
Dress, sadlery &c. 246. 052 hauling 319. 60 hay 43.
1362.60 } 1585. 60 plank, sawing &c. 189. 11 taxes 73. 67
charities J. Perry. carpentry 516. horse 33. 33
 223. R. Perry. do. 24. 23 small exp. 10.
President’s house 226. 59 Oldham. joinery 122. 30 Lilly 10.
Stationary, books &c. 497. 415 Andrews. compositn. 113. 53 2226. 45
Monticello { Houshd. expences 893. 7449.59 3587. 92
Plantation do. 2226. 45 negro hire = maintenance
family 1028. 79 3255.24
Acquisitions. { loans 274. 75
debts before 1801. pd.  529. 61
lands bought 2156. 86
buildings 3587. 92
carriages 363. 75
furniture 664. 10 7576.99
 25,263.19
 
This distribution under heads is not compleat. To make a full statement of all my reciepts & disbursements, some other articles must be added conjecturally (the accounts not being in hand) as follows.
   Disbursements analysed as above 25,263. 19
1802. Oct. 7. paiment to Brown & Rives for Monticello houshold exp. plantation and buildings, not analysed 1,000.
Credited for some articles in Craven’s, J. Perry’s, Peyton’s, Wardlaw’s, Lilly’s, the nailery, & store accounts, conjecturally 1,457. 73
making my whole disbursements 27,720. 92
These disbursements have been met as follows.
Salary 25,000 
Tobacco, clear of expences 915. 61
Rents recd. & analysed in the above acct.  389.11
do. allowed in acct. with Craven, Perry, Peyton abt.  700. 1089. 11
Reciepts for nails analysed in above acct.  142.27
do. allowd. in acct. for do. & not includd. in analysis about  757.73 900. 27,904.72
1803. Mar. 4. I ought by this statement to have had cash in hand 183.80
 but I had actually in hand on that day only 293.
 so that the errors of this statement amount to 109.20
The whole of the nails used for Monticello, & smith’s work are omitted, because no account was kept of them. This makes part of the error, & the article of nails has been extraordinary this year.
 
May 5. Gave in Charity 20.D.
9.
Lemaire’s accts. May 1—7  Provisions  50. 10 { 33 servts. meat 190.  ℔
servants 1. 75 17.10 mastrs.  butter 23 
17.1017 = 1. 60. b. coal 21. eggs 18.  doz.
 72.85 vegetab. 7. 80
servants wages to May 4.
Lemaire 30.
Julien 25.
Joseph Daugherty 16.
Wm. Fitzjames 14.
Abram. Gaulding 14.
Noel 14.
John 2.
Jack 10.
Mrs. Daugherty 9.
Sally Houseman. washer   7.
Edy 2.    143.
gave order on J. Barnes for 215.85
Gave in charity 3.D.—recd. of J. Barnes 25.D.
Recd. from Victor Dupont of N. Y. his excha. on Messrs. Dupont de Nemours pere et fils et co. Banquiers, rue de Montholon No. 300. à Paris for 2100.livre tournois for the 400.D. sent him ante May 4. and inclosed by triplicates to Fulwar Skipwith in a letter written May 4. for wines.30
10. Gave in charity 2.D.
11. Inclosed to James Ash of Baltimore 5.D. for a book.31
12. Recieved of J. Barnes 880.D.
Inclosed to G. Jefferson 750.D.
Drew on G. Jefferson in favr. of J. W. Eppes for 400.D. for the paimts. ante Nov. 22.
Inclosed to Gabriel Lilly 130.D. to wit 45.D. to correct the error noted ante May 4. and 85.D. for balance settled with him ante Mar. 30.
 
16.
Lemaire’s accts. May 8—14 Provisions for  servts.    33.
28.9020 = 1.445  meat 148. masters      28.90
butter 29. Pres.’s house, to wit furnitre. &c.  26.75
eggs 15.  doz. 
vegetab.  6. 17
 gave him order on J. Barnes for 88.65
18. Gave Christopher Severman in charity 30.D. by ord. on J. Barnes.
22. Gave in charity 1.D.
23.
Lemaire’s accts. May 15.—21  Provisions for  servts. 33. meat 184 
35.69522 = 1.62 do. masters   19. 385 butter 24 
stores of do. 16. 31 eggs 3.  doz.
do. for Monticello 41. 77 vegetab.  7. 35
servts. 4.
fuel 4. 40
Presid.’s house furnitre.  10. 875
contingencies 0. 31
 gave him order on J. Barnes for 130. 05
Daugherty’s accts. Provender 17.50 Sadlery .50 Smith 3.75 conting. 1.75 Pres.’s House furnre. 1.25 = 24.75 for which gave ord. on J. Barnes.
24. Gave in charity 2.D.
30.
Lemaire’s accts. May 22—28.  Provisions  servts. 33. meat ℔ 205 
33.6726 = 1.30 masters  33.67 66.67 butter 32 
fuel 3.06 eggs 24.  doz.
Presid.’s house .80 vegetab. 10. 28
 gave him order on J. Barnes for 70.53
31. Gave Joseph Daugherty ord. on J. Barnes for 10.D. to buy a mockg. bird & cage.
Recd. back from him 1.D.
June 1. Gave in charity 2.D.
Gave Sam. Carr ord. on J. Barnes for 73.5 D. for 18. barrels herrings from Colo. Lile.
Gave Frethy ord. on J. B. for 5.D.
2. Gave Wm. Stewart ord. on J. Barnes for 40.D. on acct. of his father.
3. Gave in charity 2.D.
6.
Lemaire’s accts. May 29—June 4.  Provisions for  servts. 33  meat 196.  ℔
19.7524 = .82 masters  19. 75 butter 30.
wood 8. eggs 17.  doz.
Pres.’s house. furnitre. 43. 25 vegetab.  6. 40
contingencies 2. 32
servants wages 143.
 gave him order on J. Barnes for 249. 32
Mr. Harvie arrives.32
 
June 6.
Joseph Daugherty for  forage 9.
smith 2. 70
dress for myself   2. 50
 gave him order on J. Barnes for 14. 20
7. Recd. from Burgess Griffin the manifests of my tobo. ante Mar. 30. except the light hhd. of 700. ℔ which G. Jefferson writes me is the only one not arrived. He has recd. therefore 44,439 ℔ the other 700. ℔ in Griffin’s hands.
Recd. of John Barnes 390.D.
Inclosed 200.D. to Victor Dupont for a bill of exchange on Paris.
8. Inclosed 120.D. to Gabriel Lilly out of which he is to pay Hugh Chisolm 117.55 the balance with interest due him ante Sep. 20. & Jan. 11.
Inclosed 70.D. to Benjamin Ferris clockmaker No. 17. N. 2d. str. Philada. to pay for a clock to be forwarded to Virginia.33
Inclosed to Geo. Jefferson the manifests of my tobo. recd. yesterday 44,33934 ℔ nett.
9. Gave Alexr. Terrasse in charity ord. on J. Barnes for 10.D.
12. Gave in charity 1.D.
13.
Lemaire’s accts. June 5—11.  provisions for  servts. 33. meat 260.  ℔
41.2534 = 1.21 masters  41. 25 butter 37.
contingencies . 31 eggs 14.  doz.
servts. 4. veget.  8. 72
78. 56
do. for 490. bush. coal @ .25    122.50
drayage of 1290. bush. 5.83 128. 33
206. 89
gave  an order on J. Barnes for 74.56
another do. for 132.33
206.89
Joseph Daugherty’s account for forage is 26.56 D. for which gave him order on J. Barnes.
Gave order on J. Barnes in favr. L. Deblois for 79.59 for bed tick.35
 
Recd. from Victor Dupont in excha. for the 200.D. ante June 6. his bill for 1050livre tournois on Messrs. Dupont &c. as before May 9.
14. Inclosed Dupont’s bill for 1050.livre tournois to William Lee our Consul at Bourdeaux for Bordeaux & Sauterne wines.36
16. Gave in charity 2.D.
17. Gave do. 1.D.
Recd. from J. Barnes his check on B. B. US.37 here for 766.D. paiable to James Taylor of Norfolk.38
19. Gave ord. on J. Barnes in favor of Martin Wanscher for 10.D. in full for his balce.
Recd. of J. Barnes 25.D.
20.
Lemaire’s accts. June 12.—18. Provisions for  servants.  33. meat 242 
34.5043 = .80  masters 34. 50 butter 20 
Pr.’s House. furniture 6. 75 eggs 16.  doz.
 gave order on John Barnes for 74. 25 vegetab. 13. 07
22. Charity 2.D. do. 1.D.
23.
Gave Geo. Andrews ord. on J. Barnes   
 for ornaments for Geo. Divers39 49.69
 myself 4.12
53.81
Gave in Charity 20.D.
25. Gave in charity 1. do. 1.D.
26. Do. 1.D.
27.
Lemaire’s accts. June 19—25  Provisions for  servts. 33. meat 246.  ℔
48.1733 = 1.46 masters  48. 17 butter 22.
Servants 27. eggs 15.  doz.
wood 4. veget.  13. 19
Pres.’ H. furniture 1. 50
contingencies . 93
 gave order on J. Barnes for 114. 60
Joseph Daugherty forage 32.56 smith 2. sadlery 2.25 conting. 2.16 = 38.97.
gave him ord. on J. Barnes for 38.97
28. Gave in charity 1.D.
 
Recieved of Mr. Barnes 325.D.
Inclosed to Gabriel Lilly 260.D. to pay John Peyton 41.25 & Jas. Oldham 215.D.
Inclosed to Daniel Trump for James Oldham 60.D.
June 28. Inclosed to Barnabas McShane Philada. 5.D. by order of Genl. John Armstrong to repay taxes of Genl. Kosciuzko’s land.40
Made a statement of my debt to Dr. Currie and inclosed him a new bond for £158–19 principal and int. at 6. pr. cent from 1797. May 1. till paid. The old bond to be cancelled.
July 1. Charity 1. 5. Charity 2.D.
5.
Lemaire’s accts. June 26—July 2.  Provisions for  servts. 33. meat 194.  ℔
27.9634 = .82 masters  27. 96 butter 37.
servts. 5. 50 eggs 19.  doz.
Pr.’s H. repairs 4. 50 veget.  4. 75
contingencies . 61
stores for Monto. 4. 61
76. 18
 servts. wages to July 4 143.
 gave ord. on J. Barnes for 219. 18
7. Gave Henry Ingle ord. on J. Barnes for 19.625 for tools &c.
8. Gave  Anderson ord. on do. for 13.50 for 4. medallion frames.41
9. George Jefferson has sold my tobo. to Picket, Pollard & Johnston for 7½ D. of which 1300.D. to be pd. cash for my note ante Mar. 18. The balance paiable Sep. 6. Comes to 3325.425.42
11. Charity 1.D.
Lemaire. July 3—9.  Provns. for  servts. 33. meat 233.  ℔
53.8062 = .86 masters  53. 80 butter 46.
wood 3. eggs 28.  doz.
Pr.’s H. furniture 5. veget.  11. 63
conting. 1. 50
 gave order on J. Barnes for 96. 30
12. Pd. for the Olio 2.50 D. from June 27. 03 to June 27. 04.
15. Gave in charity 1.D.
16. Gave in charity 10.D.
Gave John March ord. on J. Barnes for 40.25 bookbinding.
17. Recd. of J. Barnes 164.75 D.
 
18.
Lemaire’s accts. July 10—16.  Provisions for  servts. 33. Meat 172  ℔
19.9736 = .55 masters  19. 97 butter 37
servants 2. eggs 17  doz.
Pr.’s H. furniture . 50 veget.  6. 37
 gave order on J. Barnes for 55. 47
Gave in charity 5.D.
Gave Elisha Lanham ord. on J. Barnes for 24.465 on account of James Oldham.
19. Recd. of J. Barnes 100.D.
Gave E. Frithey ord. on J. Barnes for 5.50.
Joseph Daugherty. bills for sadlery 54.875 farriery 4.25 Pr.’s H. furnitre. 4. servts. 7.50 contingencies 11.315 = 81.94. Gave ord. for do. on J. Barnes.
George T. pd. ferrge. 1.
20. Nich. Fitzhugh’s.43 vales 1. Brown’s brkft. 1.25 Elkrun church. dinner 1.92.
21. Herring’s servts. & horses 2.75 Or. C. H.44 brkft. 2. Gordon’s dinnr. 1.75.
22. Green springs.45 lodging &c. 2.75 a guide .25 = 14.67.
24. Small expences 6.44.
25. Small exp. 16.
27. Settled with Michael Hope for the plank kiln & sundry jobs. Paid him 100.D. Balance still due him 56.25.
Sm. exp. 5.D.
30. Sm. exp. 5.D.
Aug. 1. Pd. Wm. Crenshaw a witness v. Johnson 13.D.
3. Pd. Hancock Allen for sawing pine & beach46 in full 64.66.
Paid  Ternan on acct. 10.D.
Pd. John Perry on acct. 20.D.
4. Pd.  Wayman 29.63 for powder & gave him order on Mr. Yancey for balance 51.20.
 
5. Accepted Wm. Stewart’s ord. in favr. D. Higginbotham for £40–13–6 sm. xp. .25.
6. Pd. small exp. .75.
Pd. Thos. Wells imprisonmt. of Cary47 13.D.
Aug. 6. Recd. from James Barber for nails £21–19–3½ = 73.20.
Pd. James Barber a 2d. fee v. Johnson & Sneed 10.D.
Pd. Dabney Carr do. 10.D.
7. On settlement with John Perry I owe him £9–19–5½ but the rent of Shadwell is still to be settled.
Pd. small exp. 5.D.
9. Pd. James Dinsmore on acct. 20.D.
11. On settlement with Craven Peyton on account of Henderson’s land, there is due to him 558.14 for which sum I gave him my note payable Dec. 15. at Gibson & Jefferson’s counting house. Note this is exclusive of 600.D. assumed to D. Carr & of interest.
Gave in Charity 4.D.
13. Gave Phill to bear expences to Louisa 1.D.
Pd. for cucumbers 1.D. Philips for painting chair 2.D. by Brown.48
14. Sm. xp. 1.20.
21. Do. 3.D.
22. Recd. of Joel Yancey 175.D. to be repaid in Richmond.
Paid Michael Hope 56.25 in full of settlemt. of July 27.
Paid John Perry 33.25 in full of settlemt. of Aug. 7.
Sm. exp. 5.D. 24. Do. 2.D.
25. Charity 1.D.
26. Pd. R. Anderson for Wm. Brown & co. acct. of 1801. 1802. £3–14–10.
27. Gave John Freeman 5.D.
28. Sm. exp. 5.D.
Sep. 3. Paid Thos. C. Fletcher for copyg. acts for Alexandria 8.33.
4. Paid  Ternan on acct. for blowing 10.D.
Small exp. 5.D.
5. Pd. Wm. Stewart on acct. 3.D.
Recd. of Thos. Carr 40.D. to be repd. in Richmd.
Paid Michael Hope on acct. 30.D.
 
6. Gave an order on Gibson & Jefferson for 600.D. to D. Carr or order, on account of Craven Peyton for Henderson’s land.
Pd. Matthew Henderson Gab. Lilly’s note for 20.D. for a cow.
8. Gave Robt. Leslie49 an order on J. Barnes for 50.D. in paimt. for a watch.
Recd. from Thos. Carr through Gideon Fitz 100.D. to be repd. in Richmd. He paid Fitz 105.
11. Small exp. 3.D. charity 2.D.
13. Sm. exp. 1.D.
15. Recd. of Thos. Carr thro’ Mr. Kelly 75.D. & from himself 50.D.
J. Kelly’s acct. to the 5th. inst. makes a balance of 5/11 due him. His credits for nails from Jan. 13. 1802. to June 3. 1803. are £54–0–1.
17.
Pd. Martin Dawson for   Fontrees for a horse bot.    
by Lilly    75.D.
Pd. do. for   Lyons for transportation 24.75
99.75
On settlement with George Divers, recieved from him £14–10 being the balance due on all accts. to this day.
18. On settlemt. with James Oldham I am this day 24.085 D. in his debt besides his wages from Apr. 13. 1803.
On settlement with James Dinsmore I am in his debt this day 526.21 D. besides his wages from July 1. 1803.
Pd. for small exp. 10.D.
19. Pd. for footing stockings 3.D.
20. Settled with James Petty, balance of £11–0–4 due me for rent to Oct. 15. 03.50
Pd. Gideon Fitz in full 145.D. He had recd. 5.D. of T. Carr.
Gave Craven Peyton ord. on Gibson & Jefferson for 213.33 = £64. the interest settled by him on the paiments to the Hendersons which closes all sums due on that account, paiable at 30. days.
Sep. 20. Recd. of Thos. Carr 50.D.
Recd. from Joel Yancey 100.D.
21. Recd. from do. 37.02.
Settled with Joel Yancey as follows D 
tax on 2112. as. land Fredsville. 11. 15
ticket v. Johnson . 63 11. 78
pd. Wayman ante  Aug. 4. 51. 20
 
cash ante Aug. 22.           175.
do. Sep. 20. 100.
do. Sep. 21. 37. 02 363. 22
gave him an order on Gibson & Jefferson for  375.
My acct. with T. Carr is as follows.
tickets for  J. Wayles’s estate 7. 08
Wm. Short 10.24 tax + 1.89 ticket 12. 13
myself.  Augusta v. Clarke 4. 66
Albem. v. Johnson & Sneed  12. 02
Overton’s deed 1. 75 37. 64
tax on  1857. as. land in St. Anne’s 8. 73
 333½ do. Hardware limestone . 80
 39 black tythes over 16 17. 16
  4 between 12 & 16 1. 76
on  chair & 12. horses 2. 30
county & parish levies on 42. tythes  20. 16 50. 91
cash ante Sep. 5. 40.
do. left with Kelly ante Sep. 15 75.
do. ante Sep. 8. 20 105.
do. ante Sep. 15. 50.
do. ante Sep. 20. 50. 320.
gave him order on Gibson & Jefferson for 408. 55
Settled with Gabriel Lilly and paid him £3–17–3 being the balance due him, but this does not include his wages of the present year which are £50. and £10. extra for overlooking the nailery. From the commencement of the ensuing year he is to have 2. per cent on all the nails sold instead of the £10.
Paid Gabriel Lilly for  Jordan51 for 500. bricks 3. 50
Isaacs acct. tallow &c. 6.
R. Anderson an acct. from Galt’s store52 15. 80  25.30
Paid James Dinsmore 10.D.
Paid James Oldham 20.D.
Paid Houshold exp. 16.D.
Paid Bezey in full 33.D. for gardening.
22. Paid Robert Hope for setting up columns 20.D.53
Left with Gabr. Lilly for Ternan 30.D.
Pd. Gordon’s dinner 5.25.
 
23. Orange C. H.. lodging, brkft. &c. 5.5.
Stevensburg. dinner 1.75.
24. Strode’s vales .75 Herring’s 3.50 Elkrun church .61.
25. Brown’s dinner, lodging &c. 4.25 Geo. T. ferrge. 1.375 = 22.985.
Cash in hand 23.88.
27.
Le Maire’s account. July 17—19.  Provisions for  servts. 16. 50
meat 125 . ℔ 7.6318 = .42 masters  7. 63
butter  12 ½ 24. 13
eggs 10 . doz.
veget. 2 .84

Sep.

27.
£ s  d
Le Maire’s accts. July 20—Sep. 25.  Provisions 93– 8 –8  =  249.16
249.16 D. to 9. servts. 68. days is 2.85 pr. week wood 41– 10 –7½ = 110.75
meat 782 ℔ servants 122– 4 –3 = 325.90
butter  118 contingencies  10– 18 –9 = 29.18
eggs  54. doz. 268– 2 –3½ = 714.98
veget.  34.07 add from preceding page 24.13
Gave order on J. Barnes for the amount 739.11
29.
Gave in charity 4.D. do. 1.D.
Recd. from J. Barnes 100.D.
Inclosed the same to S. Snowden in charity for the sick of Alexandria.54
Gave in charity 4.D.
Gave ord. on J. Barnes in favr. Duane books & stationary 168.035.
Oct. 1. Gave E. Frithey ord. on J. Barnes for 10.D. in advance.
Gave in charity 2.D.
Wrote to Dr. Condit55 for 8. bar. Newark cyder, to wit 5. for Washn. + 3. Monto.
2. Charity 1.D.
D .
Le Maire’s accts. Sep. 26—Oct. 1.  Provisions for  servts. 30. meat 106   ℔
5.8713 = .45 masters  5. 87 butter 18.
Pr.’s H. furniture 23. 90 eggs 2.  doz.
servts. 3. 50 veget. 8. 36
contingencies 1. 71
64. 98
 wages to Oct. 4. 143.
 gave order on J. Barnes for 207. 98
 
4. Gave in Charity 10.D.
6. Recd. from J. Barnes 25.D. also same day 50.D.
He has paid George Anderson56 for George Divers 37.27 D.
9. Gave Joseph Daugherty ord. on J. Barnes for 42.41 to wit forage 33.16 smith 4.75 conting. 4.[18].
Inclosed to Gabr. Lilly for Michael Hope 50.D.
Inclosed to him also for J. Perry an ord. on G. Divers for 37.27 as above.
Directed him to pay to Dawson for Reeves & co. the 300.D. he recieves for the price of Cary, sold by him on my account.
10.
Le Maire’s acct. Oct. 2—8. Provisions for  servts. 30. meat 204 
39.6850 = .79 masters  39. 68 butter 34.
Pr.’s H. furniture 1. 5 eggs 22.  doz.
contingencies . 5 veget.  6. 54
 gave him order on J. Barnes for 71. 68
12. Recd. from J. Barnes 100.D.
13. Gave in charity 1.D.—do. 1.D.
15. Inclosed to Martin Dawson for Reeves & co. 120.D. See Oct. 1. 1802.
Inclosed to James Lyle for Henderson McCaul & co. ord. on Gibson & Jeff. 500.D.
16. Gave in Charity 2.D.
17. Charity 1.D.

18.
D
Lemaire’s accts. 9—15.  Provns. for  servts. 30. meat 173 
50.0541 = 1.21 masters  50. 05 butter 30  ½
fuel 7. 50 eggs 22.  doz.
servts. . 75 veget.  6. 19
 gave him order on J. Barnes for 88. 30
Recd. of J. Barnes 25.D.
Sent by Rob. Smith57 3.45 D. for Andrew Buchanan of Balt. for freight of a box.
19. Charity 1.D. do. 1.D.
21. Gave Davy Bowles to take care of trees 2.D.58
23. Charity 2.D.
24. Charity 2.D.
Lemaire’s accts. Oct. 16—22.  provns. for  servts. 30. meat 210 . ℔
43.2561 = .71 masters  43. 25 butter  32 ½
contingencies . 75 eggs 16 . doz.
 gave him order on J. Barnes for 74. veget. 5 .20
 
Daugherty’s accts. forage 31.16 farriery 2.50 utensils .56 contings. 1.675 carriages 6. freight 6.75 = 48.645 for which gave ord. on J. Barnes.
25. Charity 1.D.
26. Do. 1.D.
27. Desired Mr. Barnes to pay David Gelston of N. York 55.62 for freight & duty of 300. bottles of wine from Bordeaux.59
Recieved of J. Barnes 20.D.
Charity 1.D.
29. Charity 10.D.

Oct.

31.
D
Lemaire’s accts. Oct. 23—29.  Provns. for  servts. 35. meat 294 . ℔
69.8177 = .90 masters  69. 81 butter 51 ½
conting. 3. 76 eggs 23  doz.
 gave him order on J. Barnes for 108. 57 veget.  8 .75
Joseph Daugherty’s accts.  forage 42. 485
smith 1. 25
conting.  . 25
 gave him ord. on J. Barnes for 43. 985
Charity 1.D.
Nov. 3. Charity 1.D.
Gave James Dinsmore ord. on J. Barnes for 40.D.
Charity 1.D.
5. Gave Revd. Jacob Eyerman order on J. Barnes for 10.D. charity.
7.
Le Maire’s accts. Oct. 30—Nov. 5.  Provisions for  servts. 33. meat 302. ℔
52.3872 = .727 masters  52. 38 butter   36.
furniture 1. 37 eggs 21. doz.
contings. . 25 veget.  4.90
87.
 servant’s wages to Nov. 4. 143.
 gave him order on J. Barnes for 230 
Joseph Daugherty’s accts.  forage 22. 28
smith 4. 125
conting.  . 40
 gave him order on J. Barnes 26. 805
Recd. from J. Barnes check on bank US. for 45.81.
8. Inclosed the same check for 45.81 to Jones & Howell.
9. Small expences at the races60 1.D.—10. Do. 1.D.—11. Do. 1.D.
 
12. Gave in charity 3.D.
Gave Charity 2.D.
14. Charity 1.D.
Lemaire’s accts. Nov. 6—12.  Provns. for  servts. 33. meat 265 . ℔
79.2959 = 1.34 masters  79. 29 butter 45 ½
charcoal 204. b. 29. 62 eggs 24 . doz.
contingencies 1. veget.  8 .125
 gave ord. on J. Barnes for 142. 91
17. Desired Mr. Barnes to remit to Genl. Muhlenberg for 400. bottles Champagne61
duties 29.66  which is   7½  cents per bottle
freight  40.26  which is 10  cents per bottle
69.92  = 17½  cents a bottle.
Pd. Steele for a mocking bird 15.D.
20. Joseph Daugherty’s accts. forage 57.58 smith 2.50 conting. .25 = 60.33.
gave him ord. on J. Barnes for 60.33.
21.
Lemaire’s accts. Nov. 13—19.  Provisions  servts. 33. meat 232.  ℔
42.3959 = .72 masters  42. 39 butter 33.
conting. . 37 eggs 15.  doz.
 gave him order on J. Barnes for 75. 76 veget.  5. 06
Recd. from J. Barnes 20.D.
Recd. from do. 100.D.
22. Inclosed 20.D. to Jones & Howell to make some advances for Wm. Stewart.
Gave in charity 1.D.
23. Charity 1.D.
24. Recd. of J. Barnes 30.D.
Pd. Colo. Peyton for Binn’s pamphlets62 2.
25. Charity 1.D. 26. Charity 1.D.
27. Inclosed to Michael Hope on acct. 100.D.
Recieved of J. Barnes 10.D.
Pd. Dr. Eustis63 for Lillie editor of Telegraph for one year 4½ D.
 
Gave Wm. Stewart ord. on J. Barnes for 15.D. (He recd. nothing under 22d.)
28.
Lemaire’s accts. Nov. 20—26.  Provisions for  servts. 33. meat 235 ½ ℔
78.9168 = 1.16. masters  78. 91 butter 37 .
wine 9. eggs 19 . doz.
wood 5. 25 veget.  6 .61
conting. . 20
 gave him ord. on J. Barnes for 126. 36
Nov. 28. Gave in charity 1.D. 29. Do. 3.D. 30. Do. 2.D.
Dec. 2. Gave ord. on J. Barnes in favr. John March for books & binding 44.D.
3. Gave in charity 2.D.
4. Recd. of J. Barnes 20.D.
5.
Lemaire’s accts. Nov. 27—Dec. 3.  provns.  servts. 33. meat 251
75.5368 = 1.11 masters  75. 53 butter 46
wood 5. 25 eggs 22
contingens. 4. 44 veget.  8 .42
116. 2264
 servants wages to Dec. 4. 143.
 gave order on J. Barnes for 259. 22
6. Recd. of J. Barnes 160.D. gave in Charity 20.D.
7. Gave in charity 1.D.—do. 1.D.
8. Gave ord. on J. Barnes in favr. John Lenthall for Latrobe & Mifflin 330.D. for 17.33 squares of sheet iron @ 18.D. pr. square for terras of the house at Monticello.65
Gave ord. on do. favr. George Andrews for 74.72 for frize ornaments for the hall at Monticello.
Gave ord. on do. favr.  Bryan 15.D. for a bird-cage.
Joseph Daugherty’s accts. smith 2.25 forage 62.26 contings. 2.74 = 67.25 for which gave ord. on J. Barnes.
Gave in charity 2.D.
11. Recd. of Lemaire 5.D. gave in Charity 5.D.
12.
Inclosed Gabriel Lilly  for John Perry  100. D.
for Ternan 54. 50
surplus . 50
155.
 
D.
Le Maire’s accts. Dec. 4—10.  Provisions for  servts. 33. meat 194  ℔
44.0855 = .80 masters  44. 08 butter 36 ½
wood 6. 83 eggs 21 . doz.
furniture 2. 10 veget.  7 .06
servts. 1. 25
contingencies 2. 61
cash 5.
94. 87
 he gives credit as overpaid for servts. 14.
 gave him order on J. Barnes for 80. 87
15. Gave in charity 1.D.
16. Gave in Charity 2.D. 17. Gave in charity 1.D.
18. Gave ord. on J. Barnes for 100.D. in favr. Revd. Mr. Coffin for a college in Tenissee.66
Gave in charity 3.D.
20.
Lemaire’s accts. Dec. 11—17.  Provisions  servts. 30. meat 301.  ℔
79.2674 = 1.07. masters  79. 26 butter 37.
charcoal 230.b. 28. eggs 22.  doz.
servts. 1. 50 veget.  9. 46
contingencies . 50
 gave order on J. Barnes for 139. 26
Daugherty’s accts. provender 22.85—smith 1.75—sadler 2. conting. 1.75 = 28.35.
gave him order on J. Barnes for 28.35.
22. Recd. of J. Barnes 24.D.
23. Gave ord. on J. Barnes in favr. of  Doolittle for 15.D. for 3. profiles.67
24. Gave ord. on J. Barnes in favr. Bronson & Chancey68 6.75 for books.
Recd. of J. Barnes 560.D.
26. Gave Frethy ord. on J. Barnes 6.D.
Lemaire’s accts. Dec. 18—24.  Provns.  servts. 30. meat 164.  ℔
46.8553 = .88 masters  46. 85 butter 35.
charcoal 60.b. 9. 08 eggs 19.
wood 6. veget.  8. 32
 gave ord. on J. Barnes for 91. 93
 
27. Inclosed to G. Jefferson 560.D. to pay my note to Craven Peyton 558.14 ante Aug. 11.
28. Charity 2.D.
 
Wine provided at Washington
1801. D
May 3. A pipe of Brazil Madeira from Colo. Newton 350.
20. [ A pipe of Pedro Ximenes Mountain from Yznardi. 126. galls. @ 2.D. 424. bottles of it sent to Monticello. Feb. 1803.69 252.
A Quartr. cask of Tent from do. 30. galls. @ 1.50 45.
A keg of Pacharetti doux. from do.
15. doz. Sauterne from H. Sheaff @ 8.D. 120.
  doz. of claret from do.70
June 12. 2. pipes of Brazil Madeira from Taylor & Newton 700.
148.  bott. claret  @ 10.D. pr. doz.  123. 33
72.  do. @ 12.D. 72.
220 
195. 33
Sep. 28. 2. pipes of Brazil Madeira from Taylor & Newton 700.
Nov. 28. 30. doz. = 360. bottles of Sauterne from Sheaff 240.
1802 Jan. 7. A tierce (60. galls.) Malaga from Mr. Yznardi. Lacryma Christi. The above is 46. years old. viz. vintage of 1755. 106.
2. doz. bottles of claret from Mr. Barnes @ 8.D. 16.
Feb. 24. 1. pipe dry Pacharetti from Mr. Yznardi 202.
[ 1. pipe Sherry of London quality 10. y. old 188 
[ ½ pipe of Sherry of a different quality 94.
 278 bottles of it sent to Monticello. Feb. 1803.
½ pipe of white Sherry 84.
May 6.
D.
Insurance on the wines of Feb. 24.    22. 72
Duties pd. Yznardi on do. 156
178. 72
Claret from J. Barnes.
Nov. A half barrel of Syracuse from Capt. McNiel
Dec. 1.
100. bottles Champagne from the Chevalr. Yrujo.  }
100. do. @ .86¼ viz. .75 first cost + 11¼ duty
172. 50
1803 Jan. 10.
[ 2. half pipes of wine of Oeyras from Mr. Jarvis at Lisbon. Sent to Monticello 98. 17
Mar. 3. 2 pipes of Brazil Madeira from James Taylor Norfolk. 700.
21. 12. doz. Sauterne from Sheaff @ 8⅔ D. 104. 33
 
1803. Oct. 21. 50. bottles white Hermitage @ 73⅓ cents + 8¾ duty = 82 cents + 9½ freight = 91½. 45. 80
23. 150. bottles Rozan Margau @ 82½ c. + 8¾ duty = 91¼ cents + 8¾ = 1.D. 150. 00
150. do. Sauterne @ 64⅙ + 8¾ duty = 72910 + 8¾ frt. = 81¾ c. 122. 57

Dec.

1.
cost duty frt.
400. do. Champagne d’Aij (153. broke) .68¾ .07½ .19 = .95 } 484.
100. do. Burgundy of Chambertin .59½ .07½ .19 = .86
10. A quarter cask Mountain of crop of 1747. from Kirkpatrick of Malaga frt. 19.
Monticello 30. [ 2 pipes Termo one the crop of Carrasqeira, the other of Arruda. Jarvis. 170 millreis = 196. 35
do. 1. butt of Pale Sherry from Yznardi 194. 85
1804. Mar. 19. A pipe of Brazil Madeira from Taylor 354. 07
A box Champagne from do. 5. doz. @ .62½ cents 37. 50
June 20. 138. bottles of wines from Florence (123 Montepulciano) frt. & duty 25½ c. cost 26 c. 33. 1771
July 400. bottles Champagne from N. Y. same as Mar. 19. @ 1.D. (23. broke) 400.
July 20. 98. bottles claret from Sheaff 82.
Nov. 28.
240. bottles of Hungary wine @  1.70 }
36. do. Tokay 3.31 from Bollman
12. do. other wines 4.36
546. 43
Monticello Dec. [
1 pipe dry  Pacharetti prime cost 194.85
1. Sherry 15. y. old

Montico. [
147. bottles Port }  from Fernandes
53. Bucellas. 10. y. old 
152. 25
1. pipe Arrudae wine from Jarvis. Lisbon.
36. bottles Chateau Margaux of 98. @ 7livre tournois }  788f–50 (Lee)
72. do. Rozan Margaux of 98. @ 4livre tournois–10s
72. do. Salus Sauterne @ 2livre tournois–5s
1805. Apr. 17.
38.  bottles Aleatico. 3. do. Santo. 3. } from Joseph Barnes = 73. b.
do. Artemino. 19. do. Chianti. 10.
do. Montepulciano.
May 30. 100. bott. vino del Carmine. Appleton
1. hhd. (i.e. half pipe) Marsalla. Preble.
Oct. 19. [
1. Qr. cask old  Termo from Jarvis  26.20 } + frt. duties &c. 73.83
1. do. Bucellas from do. 28.60
Nov. 9.
473  bottles Montepulciano. Cost Leghorn .25 = 118.50  =  .25 pr. bottle
duties 35.60 freight 46.38 port charges 6.08 = 88.06 = .18½ pr. bottle
100 bottles hermitage
1806. Jan. 2. pipes Marsalla wine. Higgins 212.D. cost + 69.60 duty
 
Apr. 22.
duty, frt.
100. bottles white Hermitage  cost at Marseilles  76.62  +  21
6. do. vin de paille do. 7.82 +  1.22
June 7. 100. do. White Hermitage cost at Marseilles 76.62 + frt. 8.91 + dut. 12.835 = 98.365
Barrique 45 galls. Cahusac. cost @ Bordeaux 22.85 + frt. 14.725 + dut. 22.275 = 60 D.
July 50. bottles Nebioule shipped by Thos. Storm for Kuhn cost
200. bottles Nebioule from Kuhn. Cost delivered at Genoa .54 cents pr. bottle.
1807. Feb. 200. bottles Hermitage from Marseilles.
June 4. 350. bottles (80. galls.) Montepulciano from Leghorn 91.55 D. + frt. 40.42 + duties 29.85 + port charges 2.25 = 164.07 or .47 pr. bottle
13. A cask Cahusac (23. galls.) cost at Bordeaux 29.51 + frt. 4.88 + duties 7.36 +
D. c.
port charges 4.83 = 46.58 or  2.02 pr. gallon.

Oct.

8.
120. bottles St. George sent to Monto. } cost at Cette @ .24 pr. bottle  42.875
Do. from Mr. Barnes. 60. bottles charges .15 26.847
69.722
Dec. 2. 3. kegs Nebioule yielding 134. bottles.

1808.

Apr.

4.
D.
100. bottles wine of Nice cost there  30. 84
1. 96  freight  to Marseilles
24. 42 to Phila.
17. 69  duty & permit
. 67  portage
75. 58
Madeira
No. recd. broached finished lasted excludg. absence
1.  1801. May  3. 01. May 15. 01. Nov.  3  3½  months
2. 1801. June 12 Nov.  3 02. June  6  6. months
3. do. 02. June  6. 03. Apr. 10  7. months
4. Sep. 28 03. Apr. 10 04. May 28 10. months
5. do. 04. May 28. 05. May 15. sent remains 76 b. Montico. mo. D
6. 1803. Mar.  3 05. May 15 06. July 10–17
7. do. 06. July 07. Nov. 25 10–19
8. 1804. Mar. 19 07. Nov. 25

2TJ’s collection of Virginia laws at Monticello had been the only source available to Thomas Newton of Norfolk for a copy of a 1764 act concerning Norfolk vestry and glebe matters (Hening, Statutes, viii, 14 description begins William Waller Hening, The Statutes at Large; Being a Collection of All the Laws of Virginia, Richmond, 1809-1823, 13 vols. description ends ; Newton to TJ, 25 Oct. 1802; TJ to Newton and to Dabney Carr, 17 Nov. 1802).

3As this and similar calculations until 2 May 1803 were added after the original MB entries, TJ probably began to employ this more refined method for computing average dinner costs in May, about the time he was working on the massive analysis of his annual expenses. The figure of three dollars for the average weekly cost of a servant’s meals was based on calculations such as those of 6 Oct. 1802 and 6 Apr. 1803.

4 Jones & Kain’s itemized invoice, 13 Sep.—23 Dec. 1802, for a morocco-lined phaeton body and other items is in CSmH.

5TJ had purchased from Richard Overton 25¼ acres of land between Monticello’s northwestern boundary and the road from Monticello to Secretary’s ford, including frontage on the Rivanna River above the ford (AlCDB, xiv, 16-17; TJ plat, Nichols, No. 517 description begins Albemarle County Deed Books, Albemarle County Courthouse, Charlottesville, Va. description ends ).

6TJ made two anonymous one-hundred-dollar donations to the sufferers of a 26 Dec. 1802 fire in Portsmouth, N.H. (TJ to John Langdon, 11 Jan. 1803; Portsmouth New Hampshire Gazette, 30 Dec. 1802; MB 12 Feb. 1803).

7The Marqués de Casa Yrujo, Spanish envoy to the United States, had provided this champagne from his own imported stock (Yrujo to TJ, 20 Nov., 30 Dec. 1802; TJ to Yrujo, 9 Dec. 1802).

8MJR and MJE.

9 Edy (b. 1787), daughter of Isabel and Davy, Sr., had taken the place of Ursula as the only slave serving in the President’s House. The child, a boy, died soon after birth. Edy and Joe Fosset had seven other children.

10Revolutionary general John Peter Gabriel Muhlenberg (1746-1807) was collector of customs for the port of Philadelphia from 1802 until his death (Muhlenberg to TJ, 11 Feb. 1803).

11TJ had been asked to pay for two years of unsolicited issues of the Temple of Reason, a weekly newspaper devoted to the principles of deism. Established in New York in 1800 by Dennis Driscol, it was published from Apr. 1801 to Feb. 1803 at Philadelphia (John Lithgow to TJ, 20 Jan. 1803; Brigham, History, ii, 953-4 description begins Clarence S. Brigham, A History and Bibliography of American Newspapers, 1690-1820, Worcester, Mass., 1920, 2 vols. description ends ).

12 James Hamilton (1752-1819) and John Campbell (1752-1819) were trustees of Dickinson College, which had just been destroyed by fire. Rebuilding of the Carlisle, Pa., institution was carried out according to designs of Benjamin H. Latrobe (Charles Coleman Sellers, Dickinson College—A History [Middletown, Conn., 1973]).

13 Richard Winn, South Carolina congressman, conveyed TJ’s donation to Philip Pearson, founder of the Jefferson-Monticello Academy in Fairfield County, S.C. (TJ to Pearson, 1 Mch. 1803; Fitzhugh McMaster, History of Fairfield County, South Carolina [Columbia, S.C. 1946], p. 62-5).

14Two paintings by John Vanderlyn (1775-1852) of Niagara Falls, a site never visited by TJ, were engraved in London by F. C. Lewis and J. Merigot. The engravings, received by TJ in 1805, were hung in the dining room at Monticello and are now unlocated (Vanderlyn to TJ, 31 Dec. 1805; Catalogue of Paintings, Nos. 83, 84 description begins Thomas Jefferson’s “Catalogue of Paintings &c. at Monticello,” c. 1815. ViU description ends ).

15 Thomas Bruff, according to TJ a man of “inexhaustible ingenuity,” was an inventor as well as a dentist, patentee of tooth extracting instruments and a shot pressing machine (TJ to Susan Maria Bruff, 17 Apr. 1816; TJ to James Currie, 23 June 1805; TJ to Bruff, 7 June 1812; Bruff to TJ, 16 Dec. 1801, 21 Mch., 14 Sep. 1808).

16 Margaret Hereford, who had kept a Fauquier County ordinary, assumed operation of the one at Red House (now Haymarket), Prince William County, in 1801 (Order Book, 1798-99, Fauquier County Courthouse, Warrenton, Va.; Order Book, 1801, Prince William County Courthouse, Manassas, Va.).

17A bridge crossed the Rapidan River at Barnett’s ford, which was about four miles northwest of Orange Courthouse near the present Route 15 bridge (Böÿe, Map of Virginia description begins Herman Böÿe, Map of the State of Virginia, 1825, corrected 1859, repr. in E. M. Sanchez-Saavedra, A Description of the Country: Virginia Cartographers and Their Maps, 1607-1881, Richmond, 1975 description ends ).

18Correctly $23.97.

19Monticello blacksmith William Stewart’s house was located on the Third Roundabout below the south orchard (Nichols, Nos. 156, 201 description begins Thomas Jefferson’s Architectural Drawings, ed. Frederick D. Nichols, 4th ed., Charlottesville, Va., 1978 description ends ).

20 Thomas S. Cavender, an itinerant preacher of Unitarian doctrine and Republican principles, needed funds for treatment of a leg wounded in the Revolutionary War (Cavender to TJ, 22 Mch. 1803, 17 Nov. 1804).

21As there is no subsequent entry for making up the discrepancy in this total, TJ probably transcribed the figure for “forage” in error.

22TJ found this Oeiras, a white Lisbon wine which he sent to Monticello, not sufficiently dry and hereafter ordered his usual Lisbon wine, Termo. William Jarvis was U.S. consul at Lisbon (TJ to Jarvis, 10 May 1803;TJ wine list, MB end 1803).

23 RJ and Edward Moore (d. 1808), a son of John Moore, were both married to daughters of Charles Lewis, Jr., of Buck Island. Moore lived about nine miles northeast of Monticello at Cismont, a farm just north of present Keswick (Woods, Albemarle, p. 284 description begins Edgar Woods, Albemarle County in Virginia, 1901, repr. Bridgewater, Va., n.d. description ends ).

24Correctly $6.26.

25Prominent Philadelphia iron-founder Henry Foxall (1758-1823) had at TJ’s suggestion moved with the federal government to Washington in 1800. The Foxall or Columbia Foundry, on the Potomac River about a mile north of Georgetown, had for many years a virtual monopoly of government ordnance contracts (Louis F. Gorr, “The Foxall-Columbia Foundry,” CHS Records, xlviii [1971], 34-59).

26Correctly $1.02.

27At this time Victor Marie Du Pont (1767-1827) had a New York import and commission business, which was connected with the Paris banking firm of his father and TJ’s friend, Pierre Samuel Du Pont de Nemours (1739-1817) (TJ to Du Pont, 4 May 1803).

28 TMR to TJ, 29 Apr. 1803.

29The gunpowder had been used for “blowing” or blasting rock in the 1,200-yard canal that was being dug at Shadwell by a gang of hired slaves. After twenty-six years and an estimated cost of $20,000 this essential feature of TJ’s long-planned Shadwell millworks was nearing completion. His toll mill—a small mill for grinding grain for TJ’s household use and, for a toll, that of his neighbors—began to operate in Dec. 1803. The large manufacturing mill, one of TJ’s greatest hopes for providing a steady cash income, was not completed until 1807. This mill, which ground the wheat destined for market by TJ and his neighbors, never justified his tremendous investment. Its tenants were poor managers and slow to pay the rent, the mill needed constant repair, the dam was repeatedly washed away, and TJ’s canal became the focal point of a time-consuming and expensive dispute with the Rivanna Navigation Company (Betts, Farm Book, p. 341-4, 363-411 description begins Thomas Jefferson’s Farm Book, ed. Edwin M. Betts, Princeton, N.J., 1953 description ends ; MB 1767, miscellaneous memoranda, ca. 1 Mch. 1770, note 50, 4 Sep. 1803, 19 July 1806, 6 Aug. 1809, 3 Apr. 1821; TJ drawing of mill site, DLC: 34552).

30With this letter TJ, no longer content with the costly and inferior French wines available in the United States, returned to a policy he had adopted in France in 1787 of procuring wine directly from the vineyard proprietors. He commissioned Fulwar Skipwith, whom he had appointed commercial agent at Paris in 1802, to make his purchases for him. In Dec. 1803 TJ received 400 bottles of still champagne and 100 bottles of Chambertin burgundy (TJ to Skipwith, 4 May 1803; Skipwith to TJ, 7 Aug., 25 Oct. 1803; TJ wine list, MB end 1803).

31TJ responded to Baltimore attorney James Ash’s proposal to publish a book entitled “The American Law of Merchants” (Ash to TJ, 7 Feb., 29 Apr. 1803). It apparently was never published.

32 Lewis Harvie, a young Virginian studying law at Georgetown, replaced Meriwether Lewis as TJ’s private secretary. He was succeeded by William A. Burwell in Mch. 1804 (Malone, Jefferson, iv, 368-70 description begins Dumas Malone, Jefferson and His Time, Boston, 1948-1981, 6 vols. description ends ).

33This was a very plain tall case clock, of black walnut (Isaac Briggs to TJ, 2 May 1803; Benjamin Ferris to TJ, 20 June 1803).

34Correctly 44,439 pounds (MB 30 Mch., 7 June 1803).

35TJ paid local merchant Lewis Deblois for seventy yards ticking from James Burnham’s textile manufactory in Beverly, Mass. (Burnham to TJ, 15 Feb., 11 May 1803; Deblois receipted invoice, 24 May 1803, CSmH).

36Here TJ again sought to purchase wine directly from the vineyard proprietors with whom he first had dealt fifteen years before. In Oct. 1803 he received 150 bottles of Rausan Margaux 1798 and 150 bottles of Château Filhot sauternes of 1798, instead of the Château d’Yquem he had requested (TJ to William Lee, 14 June 1803; Perrot & Lee invoice, 22 Aug. 1803, MHi).

37Branch Bank of the United States.

38TJ paid here for two pipes of Madeira, five gallons of apple brandy, and a supply of cider (TJ to Thomas Newton, 6 Feb. 1803; Newton to TJ, 16 Feb. 1803; TJ to James Taylor, 17 Feb. 1803; TJ wine list, MB end 1803).

39TJ’s Albemarle County friend George Divers was enlarging his residence, Farmington, according to designs by TJ. These ornaments were made from TJ’s sketches (Kimball, TJ Architect, p. 70-2, 180-1 description begins Fiske Kimball, Thomas Jefferson, Architect, 1916, repr. New York, 1968 description ends ; Divers to TJ, 14 July 1803).

40 Tadeusz Kosciuszko’s service in the Revolution had entitled him to a 500-acre land bounty, which had been purchased for him in 1800 by his friend and fellow officer General John Armstrong (1758-1843). Kosciuszko had sold the land, which was located on the Scioto River in Franklin County, Ohio, in 1802 (Haiman, Kosciuszko, p. 129-30 description begins Miecislaus Haiman, Kosciuszko, Leader and Exile, New York, 1946 description ends ).

41J. B. Anderson’s receipted invoice, 27 June 1803, lists four frames for medallions and one frame for a print of Washington; whether this was the city or the general is not known (ViU).

42This figure is based on the incorrect total of 44,339 pounds of 8 June 1803.

43Attorney Nicholas Fitzhugh (1764-1814) lived on the Ravensworth estate at Ossian Hall, which was located on the north side of Braddock Road about two miles southwest of present Annandale, Fairfax County. Fitzhugh was confirmed as a judge of the U.S. circuit court for the Washington district in the fall of 1803 (Eleanor L. Templeman, “Ossian Hall,” Historical Society of Fairfax County [Yearbook], vii [1960-61], 38-45; Diaries of George Washington, vi, 255 description begins The Diaries of George Washington, ed. Donald Jackson and Dorothy Twohig, Charlottesville, Va., 1976-1979, 6 vols. description ends ; Bryan, National Capital, i, 455 description begins Wilhelmus B. Bryan, A History of the National Capital, New York, 1914-16, 2 vols. description ends ).

44Orange Courthouse.

45TJ was meeting MJE and JWE at the chalybeate springs in western Louisa County, before travelling with them to Monticello (JWE to TJ, 14 June 1803). He probably stayed at the farmhouse tavern of Richard Morris, now known as Green Springs, which accommodated those who wished to take the waters (Claudia A. Chisholm and Ellen G. Lillie, Old Home Places of Louisa County [Louisa, Va., 1979], p. 190).

46The beech may have been for the parquet floor of cherry and beech in the Monticello parlour. For TJ’s studies for this floor, see Nichols, Nos. 167-9 description begins Thomas Jefferson’s Architectural Drawings, ed. Frederick D. Nichols, 4th ed., Charlottesville, Va., 1978 description ends .

47TJ’s slave Cary had severely beaten a fellow nailer. In order “to make an example of him in terrorem to others,” TJ had Gabriel Lilly sell him to a very distant buyer, so that “it would to the others be as if he were put out of the way by death” (TJ to TMR, 8 June 1803; TMR to TJ, 30 May 1803).

48 Brown (b. 1785), the son of Betty Brown, was the slave nailer who had been beaten by Cary. He was sold in 1806 at his own request (MB 9 Feb. 1806).

49An ailing Robert Leslie received a warm welcome at Monticello (see Leslie to TJ, 18 Oct. 1803).

50 James Petty leased part of TJ’s Lego tract in 1803 (TJ to JWE, 12 May 1803).

51 John Jordan worked as a brickmason at Monticello in 1805 and moved to Rockbridge County in 1806 (Jordan to TJ, 7 Jan. 1806).

52Richmond merchant William Galt had a store in Charlottesville (Albemarle County Personal Property Tax List, 1806, Vi).

53 Robert Hope set up the stone columns of the portico on the east front of Monticello. Those of the west front are made of brick.

54An epidemic of yellow fever had been raging in Alexandria since August (James Muir, Death Abolished [Alexandria, Va., 1803]). Samuel Snowden was at this time publisher of the Alexandria Daily Advertiser (Brigham, History, ii, 1105 description begins Clarence S. Brigham, A History and Bibliography of American Newspapers, 1690-1820, Worcester, Mass., 1920, 2 vols. description ends ; TJ to Snowden, 29 Sep. 1803).

55Dr. John Condit (1755-1834) was at this time a U.S. Senator from New Jersey (Directory Congress, p. 772 description begins Biographical Directory of the American Congress, 1774-1971, Washington, D.C., 1971 description ends ; TJ to Condit, 1 Oct. 1803).

56TJ later wrote “Andrews?” above “Anderson.”

57 Robert Smith (1757-1842) of Maryland was Secretary of the Navy until 1809.

58 Bowles was carrying forty balsam poplars (Populus tacamahaca) to Monticello (TJ to Robert Bailey, 19 Oct. 1803).

59This was the wine ordered in June (MB 14 June 1803). TJ had appointed David Gelston collector of the port of New York in July 1801.

60The Washington Jockey Club’s autumn races began Wednesday, 9 Nov., and featured a sweepstake race with a $1,600 purse. The fee for admittance of a four-wheeled vehicle to the grounds was one dollar (Washington Federalist, 19 Sep. 1803).

61This is the champagne ordered in May (MB 9 May 1803).

62 John A. Binns, a Loudoun County farmer, advocated the use of gypsum as a soil dressing in his pamphlet, A Treatise on Practical Farming (Fredericktown, Md., 1803). TJ became a convert to the “Loudoun System,” as Binns’ methods came to be called, and began regular applications of gypsum plaster to his fields when he retired from the presidency (Sowerby, No. 721 description begins E. Millicent Sowerby, comp., Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson, Washington, D.C., 1952-1959, 6 vols. description ends ; Betts, Farm Book, p. 195-200 description begins Thomas Jefferson’s Farm Book, ed. Edwin M. Betts, Princeton, N.J., 1953 description ends ).

63Dr. William Eustis (1753-1825), congressman from Massachusetts, became TJ’s Secretary of War in 1807. TJ paid John S. Lillie for the Boston Constitutional Telegraphe to 1 Apr. 1802 (Lillie to TJ, 12 Oct. 1803).

64Correctly $118.22.

65TJ’s specifications for covering the flattest section of the Monticello roof are in Nichols, Nos. 146 and 171 description begins Thomas Jefferson’s Architectural Drawings, ed. Frederick D. Nichols, 4th ed., Charlottesville, Va., 1978 description ends . Benjamin Henry Latrobe and Samuel Mifflin were partners in the metal rolling mill at the Philadelphia waterworks. TJ’s purchases of roofing material from this firm can be followed in TJ to Mifflin, 11 Apr. 1806, and TJ’s memorandum of accounts with Mifflin & Latrobe, 24 May 1803-12 Dec. 1805, MHi. John Lenthall (1766-1808) was Latrobe’s deputy and clerk of the works at the U. S. Capitol.

66 Charles Coffin was financial agent and later president of Greenville College, now the University of Tennessee in Knoxville (Margaret Coffin, Life of Charles Coffin, D. D. 1775-1853 [n.p., 1937], p. 7).

67These were profiles of TJ executed by Amos Doolittle (1754-1832) in verre églomisé (gold leaf on glass). TJ paid for four more in 1804. One of these unique portraits has survived and is at Monticello (Bush, Life Portraits, p. 64-7 description begins Alfred L. Bush, “The Life Portraits of Thomas Jefferson,” Jefferson and the Arts: An Extended View, ed. William Howard Adams, Washington, D.C., 1976 description ends ).

68 Enos Bronson and Elihu Chauncey were printers and publishers in Philadelphia. TJ may have purchased their 1803 edition of William Roscoe’s Life of Lorenzo de’ Medici (Brown, Philadelphia Book Trade, p. 24 description begins H. Glenn Brown and Maude O. Brown, A Directory of the Book-Arts and Book Trade in Philadelphia to 1820, New York, 1950 description ends ; Sowerby, No. 170 description begins E. Millicent Sowerby, comp., Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson, Washington, D.C., 1952-1959, 6 vols. description ends ).

69TJ’s brackets indicate wine that was sent to Monticello.

70This line, which TJ actually interlined above the one now preceding it, refers to the 220 bottles of claret itemized at 12 June below (MB 28 Aug. 1801).

71The freight and duty alone came to $35.14 (MB 20 June 1804).

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