Thomas Jefferson Papers

To Thomas Jefferson from Albert Gallatin, with Jefferson’s Notes, [1 July 1802]

From Albert Gallatin, with Jefferson’s Notes

[1 July 1802]

Dear Sir

You omitted mentioning the Post office where to direct the Letter to Dr. Bache. I have filled the blank of the commencement of his salary on 12th instt. allowing him a week after receiving your letter to prepare.

Enclosed is a recommendation for “Surveyor of the customs for the district of East River in Virginia.” None has been received for the office of collector; but if the surveyor shall be appointed, he may be directed to do the duties of collector until one shall be appointed. The place designated “East river Warehouse” is the proper spot where to fix the port of entry & delivery for the district. An act for that purpose is enclosed for your signature.

For the collector of the1 port of Marietta, the only recommendation I have is from Mr Fearing also enclosed, but the first on the list was mentioned by Mr Worthington as the2 best choice; his name Griffen Greene—he received the coolest recommendation from Mr Fearing.

Have any appointments been made, or recommendations received for the offices of Surveyor of customs at Tombstone in the district of Edenton, N. Cara., and at Slade’s creek in the dist. of Washington same state?3 Those two offices, that of Marietta, & those of East River commence this day under the act of last Session approved May 1st. entituled “An Act to provide for the establishment of certain districts &a.”

A commission has been sent to John Rowan as surveyor of the port of Windsor in N. Carolina. His predecessor’s name was William Benson: I never heard of his death or resignation, nor that it was intended to remove him. May not a mistake have taken place & the port intended, be that of Winton in same state whose surveyor Lawrence Mooney was represented to have been absent five years?

Your’s respectfully

Albert Gallatin

[Notes by TJ:]

Mooney returned & was continued

Benson was Surveyor of Edenton

Rowan was recommended by mr Stone in
the place of a Surveyor of Windsor whom he
does not name, but says he is dead.

I find in the Roll of officers no such port as Windsor in N.C.

RC (DLC); undated; with notes by TJ adjacent to Gallatin’s closing and signature and in the left margin (see note 3); at foot of text: “The President of the United States”; endorsed by TJ as received from the Treasury Department on 1 July and so recorded in SJL. Enclosure: undated list of three names—Griffin Greene, David Putnam, and Mathew Backus—written on a scrap of paper, perhaps in Paul Fearing’s hand, and connected by a brace, with a notation in Gallatin’s hand, “Recommended as Collector Marietta by Mr Fearing” (MS in DNA: RG 59, LAR, 4:0730–1; endorsed by Gallatin on verso: “Recommendation Marietta”; endorsed by TJ: “Greene Griffin to be Collector of Marietta recommended by mr Fearing approved by Worthington”). Other enclosures not found.

For Gallatin’s LETTER TO William BACHE, see TJ to Bache, 1 July.

William White was evidently the person recommended as surveyor of customs for the new district of EAST RIVER IN VIRGINIA. He received the appointment (Gazette of the United States, 12 July 1802; Appendix I). PROPER SPOT: the 1802 act, which established the new district in Virginia, stipulated that the president “designate a proper place” to serve as the port of entry and delivery (U.S. Statutes at Large description begins Richard Peters, ed., The Public Statutes at Large of the United States . . . 1789 to March 3, 1845, Boston, 1855–56, 8 vols. description ends , 2:181).

Paul FEARING, a Federalist, served as the delegate from the Northwest Territory to the Seventh Congress and led the fight against Ohio statehood. In January 1802, Gideon Granger appointed his friend Griffin GREENE, who became a Republican party organizer, postmaster at Marietta in place of David Putnam, a Federalist. Gallatin immediately informed Rufus Putnam, surveyor general at Marietta, of Greene’s appointment as collector (Biog. Dir. Cong. description begins Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774–1989, Washington, D.C., 1989 description ends ; Stets, Postmasters description begins Robert J. Stets, Postmasters & Postoffices of the United States 1782–1811, Lake Oswego, Ore., 1994 description ends , 211; Brown, “Frontier Politics,” description begins Jeffrey Paul Brown, “Frontier Politics: The Evolution of a Political Society in Ohio, 1788–1814,” Ph.D. diss., University of Illinois, 1979 description ends 436; Donald J. Ratcliffe, Party Spirit in a Frontier Republic: Democratic Politics in Ohio, 1793–1821 [Columbus, Ohio, 1998], 54; Gallatin, Papers description begins Carl E. Prince and Helene E. Fineman, eds., The Papers of Albert Gallatin, microfilm edition in 46 reels, Philadelphia, 1969, and Supplement, Barbara B. Oberg, ed., reels 47–51, Wilmington, Del., 1985 description ends , 7:290, 408).

ACT OF LAST SESSION: see Memorandum from Albert Gallatin and Notes on the Establishment of New Revenue Districts, printed at 1 May.

For the appointment of JOHN ROWAN, see Memorandums to Albert Gallatin, 10 June 1802. In May, while Gallatin was in New York, the Treasury Department received a letter from Senator David Stone to the Treasury secretary, which reported the death of the surveyor at Windsor, North Carolina, and recommended Rowan. The department evidently sent the letter directly to the president (same).

For the return of Laurence MOONEY after a long absence, see Memorandum from Albert Gallatin, [before 24 Apr. 1802], and Gallatin to TJ, 24 Apr. The port of Windsor was in the district of Edenton. In the 1802 ROLL OF OFFICERS, the surveyors were listed by districts only (ASP description begins American State Papers: Documents, Legislative and Executive, of the Congress of the United States, Washington, D.C., 1832–61, 38 vols. description ends , Miscellaneous, 1:260–1, 277; JEP description begins Journal of the Executive Proceedings of the Senate of the United States . . . to the Termination of the Nineteenth Congress, Washington, D.C., 1828, 3 vols. description ends , 1:43).

1Preceding three words interlined.

2Canceled: “only.”

3TJ wrote in the left margin “James Clarke Survr” and “<Jasper Selden> Selden Jasper Survr.”

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