From John Paul Jones
ALS: American Philosophical Society
Portsmouth, New Hampshire,6 Decr. 13th. 1781
I cannot, my dear & honored friend, better employ a part of this Day, of public Thanksgiving,7 than in writing to you. In the overflowing of my heart I congratulate you, on the glorious capture of Lord Cornwallis and his whole Army. That conquest sets the Friendship of our illustrious Ally in the noblest light, endears France to every true American, does the greatest honor to humanity, frees a distressed Country, and adds lusture to the combined Arms, while Victory crowns the happy chiefs with her unspotted Laurels! It is indeed a great event, and will, no doubt, produce good effects in Europe.— I should have been with the Fleet or Army, had I known the exact situation of the America before I left Philadelphia, last August. I had a good reception from Congress and my fellow-Citizens: After a particular examination of my whole conduct from the beginning of the Revolution, by the Board of Admiralty, as well as in full Congress, and by a special Committee; I had reports so much to my advantage, that I was honored with the warmest general approbation and public Thanks of Congress.8 In the Summer I had the honor to be unanimously Elected by Congress to command the America of Seventy four Guns, on the Stocks here.9 I am superintending the building, which does not go on with the Vigor I could wish;1 for I expected to have been at Sea this Winter, but found the building so backward when I arrived here, that the object I had concerted with the Minister of Finance is entirely defeated.2
It gave me the deepest concern, when I arrived in America, to find how much such worth as yours was misrepresented, by your disappointed Enemies. I had written a private Letter, from L’orient by the Alliance, to my friend Mr. Morris,3 which was called for by your friends in Congress at a critical moment;4 and I am convinced that had I arrived in America sooner, a circumstance, of which you have complained with so much spirit, and, in my opinion, with so much Reason, would not have taken place.5 Enjoy, dear Sir, your present happiness! You are beloved; and will ever, while Virtue is honorable, be revered as a Father and Saviour of your Country.— I have explained to Mr. Dumas that the master of the Brig Berkenbos, that I met in the Alliance off Cape Finister, has given a false account to Mr. Van De Perre.6 My conduct in that affair was blameless.— I wrote you a line by Mr. Barclay, as also by Capt All from Philadelphia.—7 Present, if you please, my best respects to Madame C.8 and your Grand-Son.— If you do me the honor to write, my address is under cover to the Minister of Finance.— Highly sensible how much I owe to your kind advice, as well as your Letters, I am, Dear Sir, Your Excellencies most affectionate and most obliged Servant
J Paul Jones
His Excellency B. Franklin Esqr. Minister Plenipotentiary of the United States &c. at the Court of France.
6. Where he had arrived on Aug. 31: Morison, Jones, p. 319.
7. As had been appointed by Congress: JCC, XXI, 957–8, 1074–6.
8. BF had been sent a copy of the resolution: XXXIV, 415–16. See also JCC, XIX, 200, 386, 390–1; Morison, Jones, pp. 309–10.
9. XXXV, 346n.
1. The main problems were lack of materials and lack of funds: Morris Papers, I, 30–1n; Morison, Jones, pp. 320–1; Howard I. Chapelle, The History of the American Sailing Navy: the Ships and Their Development (New York, 1949), pp. 80–1.
2. Morris had been placed in charge of the navy in September; see his second letter of Nov. 27. He had proposed to Congress in June that the America be dispatched to France as soon as possible in order to copper her hull and complete her construction: Morris Papers, I, 164.
3. Undoubtedly his June 27, 1780, letter to Morris about Landais’ seizure of the Alliance, which also described the “Universal Veneration and esteem” in which BF was held by the French court and people: Bradford, Jones Papers, reel 5, no. 1124.
4. Congress interrogated Jones on why the Alliance sailed without a full cargo of arms and uniforms: JCC, XIX, 175.
5. Possibly the attacks on BF by Arthur Lee and Ralph Izard which undermined his standing in Congress: XXXIII, 499n; XXXIV, 81n, 312.
6. Jones to Dumas, Dec. 10, 1781: Duane, Works, V, 322–3. The Berkenbosch was a Dutch merchant ship that Jones had captured in January, 1780, and Van de Perre was one of her owners: XXXI, 389–90; XXXII, 221. There was extensive correspondence about the capture.
7. The former is printed in XXXV, 346–7, but we have no record of the latter. All did carry a number of letters to BF: XXXV, 338.