To J.C. de Berger5
Copy: Library of Congress
Passy, Nov. 22. 1779.
All the American Armies being arranged and full of Officers, a long time Since, in so much that many who have gone thither from Europe have been obliged to return for want of Employ, I cannot give the least encouragement to you or your Cousin to go to America with the purpose of entring into our service.6 I can only thank you for your good will to our Cause, and wish you success in something more likely to be advantageous to you both. I have the honour to be sir &c.
M J.C. De Berger Capitaine au service de sa Maje. Britannique at Münster in Westphalie.
5. A sixteen-year veteran of the army of the electorate of Hanover who had twice requested BF’s help in obtaining positions in the American army for himself and his cousin: XXX, 53–4.
6. BF had been issuing similar warnings for more than two and a half years: e.g., XXIII, 550–1, 557–9, 601–2.