To John Adams
LS:7 Massachusetts Historical Society; copy: Library of Congress
Passy June 5. 1779.
The Chevalier de La Luzerne sat out Yesterday for L’Orient, and will be with you perhaps before this comes to hand.8 You will find him a very agreable sensible Man, and a hearty Friend to the Cause of America.
As you may land in Boston and are not certain of going directly to Philada: I have put under his Care my Dispatches for Congress, and request yours for those to New England.
Mr Bondfield has drawn on me for 18,000 Livres on Acct of the Canon. I cannot find the Agreement that was made with him for that Article. If you have it and can easily get at it, be so good as to send it to me or a Copy of it.9
Mr. Schweighauser in a late Account charges a Commission of Five per Cent. on the simple Delivery of two Cargoes of Tobacco out of the Ship into the hands of the Officer of the Farmers General, all attending Expences separately charged; and to make the Commission rise the higher, he has valued the Tobaccos at 90 Livres, the Price it now sells at in the Ports, and not at 40 Livres, which it was to be delivered at by our Contract; by this means the Commission on those two Cargoes comes to 630 £ sterling. Thinking this an exorbitant Demand, I got a Friend to enquire of the Merchants upon Change what was the Custom in such Cases, and received the following Answer. “I have spoken to more than ten Merchants, who all have told me unanimously, that One per Cent was not only the general Custom, but as high as could be claimed being half Commission: For if there had been a Sale in the Case, it would have been two per Cent. which is the general Usage in the Trade and not 5 per Cent.” I have wrote to M. Schweighauser that I objected to that Article of his Account, but he seems not dispos’d to give it up.1 I find myself too little acquainted with Mercantile Business to be a Match for these People, which makes me more and more desire to see Consuls appointed in the Ports, who might take it off my Hands, and I wish, if you are of Opinion it would be right, that you would press it upon Congress. My Grandson desires I would present you his affectionate Respects, and joins with me in heartily wishing you & our young Friend a prosperous Voyage & happy Meeting with your Friends and Family. I shall take care to present your Respects to the good Ladies you mention.2 All goes well here: Countenances begin to brighten, and the contrary in England (according to our last Advices) from the Aprehension of certain Event,3 which may God prosper. I am with great Esteem and Respect, Sir, Your most obedt & most humble Servant.
Hon. Jn: Adams Esqr—
Endorsed: Dr Franklin June 5. 1779
7. In WTF’s hand.
8. He arrived on the 11th: Butterfield, John Adams Diary, II, 380.
9. The commissioners had ordered him to purchase and ship fifty-six cannon: XXVII, 275. On May 25 the firm of Louis Sazerac l’aîné & fils at Angoulême sent Bondfield forty cannon, for which they charged 30,914 l.t.: Francis James Dallett, “Une Fourniture de canons à la marine américaine par la maison Sazerac d’Angoulême (1779–1782),” Mémoires de la Société Archéologique et Historique de la Charente (1965), 115–19. Its bill to Bondfield is at the University of Pa. Library.
1. BF alluded to the matter in his letter to Schweighauser of May 15 and discussed it in his May 26 letter to the committee for foreign affairs. Schweighauser eventually did lower his commission to 2 ½ percent: Adams Papers, VIII, 73n.
2. See JA’s letter of May 14.
3. Spain’s entry into the war as an ally of France.