From Thomas Digges
ALS: Historical Society of Pennsylvania
25.th. May. 3
On the business of the purchase which I have wrote you about by every post save the last for four or five back, I have nothing now to say, as nothing new has arose:4 There has been another item from the person who has it in contemplation, “that the affair was properly attended to, that it requird deliberation, and the answer should be given as soon as possible”—nothing therefore can be further urgd by my friend until an opening is given by the person with whom he has to deal. I have every reason to beleive it was taken so seriously, that a messenger was dispatchd to a quarter where You are very conversant, in order to probe to the bottom what might appear dark, or palliate offensive parts of the proposition. This is not unlikely from the length of time taken to give an answer, and a seeming disinclination not to give one, or to throw any cloud over the matter, for a few days to come, when in all probability the answer may be returnd. If my surmises have any foundation, I make no doubt but you have discoverd or had a hint of what has been attempted.
We have no news here that is good save the arrival of the Wt. India fleet with the loss only of one ship wch founderd— this has given us vast spirits & contradicts the reports of the Brest fleet being out to intercept them.5 The report so current some days ago that DEstaign had been beaten by Byron & lost 14 Ships is now totally discredited; but a similar ridiculous storey even told as coming from N York will be again beleived & swallowd. It is yet asserted as a fact that La Motte Picquets Squadn. is dispersd & many of the Amn Ships lost.6
There was nothing material at New York the 10th Feby. nor no appearances of any active exertions on either side. The plan there now, I find, is to procure a revolt in the Jerseys for this purpose there had been sundry Torey Gentn let to go freely into that Country. Jeb Fisher is one of those and after being twice there is at length arrivd in London and is much with the Ministerial People evincing the probability of still succeeding by such a maneuvre— Eden & Gov Johnstone lean to the same opinion, & it has got out from one of them that Govr Franklin is to be the chief Engine for the business— He is to go into the Jerseys, insinuate himself into the good graces of some of the leading people & then to be supported by the Army when he sees proper to hoist the Kings Standard.—7 Wild as all this may appear to you, I am nevertheless of opinion there is one branch of the Admn that will encourage its being put into execution.— The Examination to come on before the House this week of the Torey Refugees—Galloway, Allen, Fisher &c &c—will probably throw some new light on this matter.8 It does not appear that the Ministry are yet tired of murder & devastation, but I think it high time for them to be warnd against the errors they have frequently been led into by hungry Governors & discontented Toreys driven from their freinds & Country by their wicked & insidious conduct. No accots yet of the sailing of the fleet from Torbay.9 I am &c &c
I should be glad You will not forget Yr. promise to help me to a drawing from a certain picture I spoke to you & Mr. F——n about.1
3. In his letter of May 31, 1779, below, Digges writes that his last letter was the 25th.
4. A disguised reference to the negotiations between Hartley and Lord North.
5. The merchant fleet arrived in Falmouth on May 23, having narrowly escaped an encounter with the French. Public Advertiser, May 28, 1779.
6. The Public Advertiser had reported the story of a victory by Byron over d’Estaing on May 24. The next day the newspaper accused the government of propagating the false story to keep the public’s mind off thinking about Arbuthnot’s delay. It also relayed a correspondent’s report that Picquet had not been beaten back but was on his way to America. The General Advertiser, and Morning Intelligencer of May 25, on the other hand, stood by the story that four of Picquet’s squadron were lost off La Rochelle.
7. WF was collaborating with Gov. William Tryon of New York on a plan for turning the associated loyalists into an active military force. Edward H. Tebbenhoff, “The Associated Loyalists: an Aspect of Militant Loyalism,” The New-York Hist. Soc. Quarterly, LXIII (1979), 126–7, 129. In a letter of Feb. 5, WF informed Germain that an association of refugees from New Jersey and New York would make depredations in rebel territory in retaliation for those that the loyalists had suffered. They called themselves “The King’s Military Volunteers” and received WF’s encouragement and assistance. The following month the former members of the Carlisle Commission privately proposed to Germain the creation of a “civil establishment” that would assist the commanders-in-chief, ease relations with the inhabitants, and make decisions about the restoration of civil government to recaptured territories. WF was suggested as a member of the proposed council. K.G. Davies, ed., Documents of the American Revolution 1770–1783 (Colonial Office Series, 21 vols., Shannon and Dublin, 1972–81), XVII, 53, 81–2.
8. These American loyalists are identified in our annotation of Digges’s letter of May 21, above. Examination of the administration’s witnesses in the inquiry into the conduct of the American war did not actually begin until June 8; see Cobbett, Parliamentary History, XX (1778–80), 803–6.
9. Adm. Arbuthnot’s squadron had in fact set sail for New York the previous day, escorted by the Channel fleet under Adm. Darby: Mackesy, War for America, p. 261.
1. WTF. Digges was probably referring to the Duplessis portrait of which BF had promised a miniature to Georgiana Shipley; see her letter of June 6, below. Digges’s request went unheeded. On May 24, 1780, he asked BF to sit for a full-length portrait, “to oblige a deserving and ingenius Engraver” who would produce good prints from his copy while leaving Digges to enjoy the original. Elias and Finch, Digges Letters, pp. 209–11.