From Tristram Barnard: Oath
AD:8 American Philosophical Society
<Passy, October 13, 1778: I, Tristram Barnard of Nantucket, swear I will proceed to England and, as soon as possible in a vessel of my own loaded with coal, to Spain. From thence, with a cargo of goods, I shall proceed to America to settle for life.9 I will not use this pass from the commissioners in any way contrary to the interests of America or France.>
8. In JA’s hand, signed by Tristram Barnard, and attested by BF and JA.
9. He took an oath of allegiance the same day (APS). His subsequent service to his country included extensive privateering: Taylor, Adams Papers, VII, under Oct. 9.