Dumas to the American Commissioners3
ALS: American Philosophical Society; AL (draft): Algemeen Rijksarchief
<The Hague, July 24, 1778, in French: It is reported that France has declared war on England,4 causing the British stocks to decline in Amsterdam. It is also reported the British have released the Dutch ships they captured. Thank you for forwarding me the packet from the committee of secret correspondence. I will continue to do all I can to add to our friends and weaken the enemy. On Monday5 I may perhaps deliver the treaty to the Grand Pensionary; I will also send it to Amsterdam. Two copies are being made; on French instructions articles 11 and 12 will be eliminated.6>
3. Published in Taylor, Adams Papers, VI, 313–15.
4. Neither France nor Britain ever issued a formal declaration of war.
5. July 27.
6. The two articles of the Treaty of Amity and Commerce that the United States and France had agreed to drop.