To Robert Hunter Morris
Copy: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission
Fort Allen at Gnadenhutt
Jany. 26. 1756.
We left Bethlehem the 10th: Instant2 with Foulk’s Company, 46 Men, the Detachment of M’Laughlin’s 20, and 7 Waggons laden with Stores and Provisions. We got that night to Hays’s Quarters, where Wayne’s Company joined us from Nazareth.
The next Day we marched cautiously thro’ the Gap of the Mountain, a very dangerous Pass, and got to Uplinger’s but twenty one Miles from Bethlehem, the Roads being bad, and the Waggons moving slowly.3
(After giving an Account of the weeks Work almost verbatim as in the foregoing, he proceeds)4
This present Monday we are erecting a third House in the Fort to accommodate the Garrison.5
As soon as Capt. Hays returns with the Convoy of Stores and Provisions,6 which I hope may be to morrow, I purpose to send Orndt and Hays to Haeds to join Capt. Trump in erecting the middle Fort there, purposing to remain here between them and Foulk, ready to assist and supply both, as occasion may require, and hope in a week or ten Days, weather favouring, those two Forts may be finished and the Line of Forts compleated and garrisoned,7 the Rangers in Motion, and the internal Guards and Watches disbanded, as well as some other Companies; unless they are permitted and encouraged to go after the Enemy to Sasquehannah.8
|Trump – – – – – –||50||Men|
|Aston – – – – – –||50|
|Wayne – – – – – –||55|
|Foulk – – – – – –||46||without the Forks|
|Trexler – – – – – –||48|
|Wetterhold – – – – – –||44|
|Orndt – – – – – –||50|
|Craig – – – –||30||in the Irish Settlements|
|Martin – – – –||30|
|Van Etten – – – –||30||Minisinks|
|Hays – – – –||45|
|Detachment of M’Laughlin||20|
|Parsons – – – –||24||at Easton|
This, Sir, is a particular Account of our Transactions, and the present State of Affairs in this County. I am glad to learn by your Favour of the 21st: just received, that you have Thoughts of coming to Bethlehem, as I may hope for an Opportunity of waiting upon your Honour there, after our Works are finished, and communicating every thing more fully.2 I now only add that I am, with dutiful Respect Sir Your Honour’s most obedient humble Servant
To Govr. Morris.
2. Probably a copyist’s error; BF left Bethlehem on January 15.
3. See below, pp. 380–2, for a more detailed account of the march to Gnadenhütten.
4. Thus in MS; the copyist is referring here to BF’s letter of January 25 (above, p. 365) entered in the Council Journal immediately preceding this letter.
5. January 26 was a Monday. See diagram above, p. 367, for the “third House.”
6. See below, p. 374, for the arrival of the wagons.
7. See above, p. 368, n. 4, 5, for the building of Forts Franklin and Norris.
8. That is, to carry out the often-planned attack on the Indians and their supposed French instigators in the villages along the Susquehanna: Shamokin, Nescopeck, Wyoming, Big Island, etc.
9. See above, pp. 354–5, for the expense of maintaining one company in the service of the province for one month. Pay alone for the officers and men listed below would amount to nearly £1500 per month.
1. See above, pp. 343–7, on the companies listed here.
2. Morris’ letter of January 21 has not been found. On that date he wrote his Council from Lancaster, after stating his preference for the western over the northern troops (commanded by BF) because the westerners “are all regularly inlisted in the King’s Service for a certain Term, and the Officers were chose by the Government, and not by themselves,” that he intended to go to Reading and perhaps further, depending upon the conditions he found on the northern frontier. Pa. Col. Recs., VI, 776–7. Morris was in Reading, January 25–27, but he went from there directly to Philadelphia, reaching that city the night of the 28th. I Pa. Arch., II, 551–6; Pa. Gaz., Jan. 29, 1756.