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Joseph C. Cabell to Thomas Jefferson, 4 February 1819

From Joseph C. Cabell

Richmond. 4th1 Feb. 1819.

Dear Sir

Your favor of 28th ult: was received on monday time enough to be answered by the mail of that evening, but I declined doing so in order to have an opportunity of conversing with some of my friends before I should write. I am very sensible of the truth of all that you say on the inadequacy of the funds for the University: and most willingly would I co-operate in augmenting them: but knowing as I do, the character & prejudices of the present assembly, and what has occurred during the present session, I must say that I think that any such attempt would not only prove unsuccessful, but would be injurious to the interests of the Institution. When Mr Archer of Amelia, moved the House to enquire into the expediency of repealing that portion of the Law which provides for the education of the poor, a murmer of dissatisfaction ran thro’ the illiterate part of the House, that the friends of the University meant to apply the whole of the Literary Fund to the education of the rich. It required the most strenuous & persevering exertions of all the friends of the measure to counteract the effects of Mr Archer’s motion.2 Were we to move now for the derelict portion of the School-fund, I am confident, that the idea would be revived, that the friends of the University were grasping at the whole of the fund. It would be in vain to urge, that the proposition went only to the derelict portion: they would not believe us. We have got possession of the ground, and it will never be taken from us. True it is, the western people will probably not now feel as3 desirous, as they were of late, to endow the University: But the enlightened part of the people are every where in favor of such an establishment. I consider it, therefore, as our best policy to do nothing that is calculated to injure the character of its friends in the estimation of the Assembly, or of the great body of the people. Any proposition of the kind you suggest, tho’ in itself highly proper and judicious, would in my humble judgment have this tendency, if brought forward at the present session. At another session, the attempt might be made, perhaps, with no injurious consequences, and with a probability of success. Such were the views that presented themselves to my mind, immediately on the perusal of your letter. Mr John Talieferro, Mr Hay, Mr Robertson of the Senate, Chancellor Taylor, and Judge Coalter, and Col: Carr, to whom I have mentioned the subject entirely concur in my opinion. As I lodge 2 miles from town, and am not present, except from 11 till 3. I have not had an opportunity of seeing other persons on this subject. I shall endeavor to consult Col: Nicholas to-day: but I am sure of his concurrence.4 Col: Green left town a few days past. I told him, on parting, I thought it would be well to get a bill passed, amendatory of the Law respecting the education of the poor, so as to coerce the application of the money to the objects contemplated by the Act. He assured me that in his opinion, the best course would be to drop the whole subject of education; to say nothing more about it at the present Session.

We are very much indebted to Mr Talieferro & Col: Green for the favorable change in the delegation north of James River & below tide water. At Christmas every member from Richmond to Hampton except one was opposed to us. On the vote, all went with us except one. This was very much owing to the correct views of the subject presented to them by Col: Green, who is very popular in that part of the state, as indeed he is every where. Capt: Slaughter of Culpepper made us a visit during the Session, and co-operated with useful and commendable ardor. Judge Brooke, Judge Brokenbrough, Mr Stannard, Mr Ritchie, Mr Hoomes of King & Queen, Doct: Nicholson of Middlesex, Mr Scott of the Council, & Mr Minor of Spottsylvania, were active & valuable friends, in the lower & northern sections of the State. Judge Roane was not much in the circle of the members, nor was Col: Nicholas, but these gentlemen lost no opportunity of lending their aid, in which course my brother William heartily co-operated. I advised with Col: Nicholas in every difficulty, and found him an invaluable friend. On the South side of James River, Chancellor Taylor, & Mr Pannill of the Board of public works were useful auxiliaries. Mr Gilmer wrote the essays signed a Virginian & A friend of the state. Mr Rice, a presbeteryan clergyman of this place, wrote the Essay signed Crito. He discovered remarkable enthusiam for the measure, and altho’ he did not advocate any particular site, yet his liberal conduct, as well as that of the Delegates from the Counties of Prince Edward & Charlotte, satisfied me that the sect of presbeteryans did not, (as I had expected), exert their influence against the Central College. Judge Roane wrote the Essay signed a Farmer. But, to no one, are we more indebted than to Mr saml Taylor of Chesterfield. That excellent & promising man deserves your highest commendation for the good temper, dignity5 ability, perserverance & zeal with which he conducted the management of the subject in the House of Delegates. Mr Gordon has since expressed to me, in the strongest terms, his approbation of the advice I had given himself & Mr Carr, in regard to Mr Taylor. Mr Broadnax of Greensville made an excellent argument on the Site,6 and Mr Thompson of Kenawha was a very valuable auxiliary in the west. To Mr Daniel & Mr Martin of the Council, great thanks are due for their services at the last session in procuring the appointment of the distinguished7 characters who composed the Board of Commissioners. To that illustrious body we are infinitely indebted, and I shall ever derive great8 happiness from the thought of my having suggested the idea of that mode of settling the question of Locality. It is a remarkable fact, that the Report of the Commissioners has met with universal & loud applause, except as to the site recommended by it. Judge Coalter saved the Bill last winter by advising the separation of the Local from the general question.—Justice & feeling have prompted me to make this hasty sketch of the services rendered by our worthy friends in the cause of the University. It is right that you and Mr Madison should know who are your most zealous co-operators in the great work you have undertaken for the good of your country and of mankind. In doing this, let me not be understood to disparage the exertions of persons not enumerated: and particularly of the local delegation, each of whom acquitted himself with unusual ability.

You request me to send you a copy of the University Bill, which I would do, but that it has already gone to you in the Enquirer of the 28th ult:—

You & Col: Randolph will receive a copy of the several Reports on the subject of the navigation of James River, & of the connection of the9 eastern & western waters. I shall call on Mr Peyton this morning to have Col: Randolph’s copy hurried on. It would give me great pleasure to hear his views on this great subject, which I am now carefully investigating.

I am happy to inform you that the alarming symptoms about my breast are now subsiding, and I am capable once more of attending to business.

I am, Dr Sir, faithfully yours

Jos: C: Cabell.

RC (ViU: TJP-PC); endorsed by TJ as received 22 Feb. 1819 and so recorded in SJL.

For William S. archer’s motion to amend the 21 Feb. 1818 “Act appropriating part of the revenue of the Literary Fund, and for other purposes,” see Cabell to TJ, 24 Dec. 1818. the act was “An Act for establishing an University,” TJ’s draft of which is printed above at 19 Nov. 1818. The essays written, presumably, by Francis W. gilmer appeared in the Richmond Enquirer on 24 Dec. 1818 and 21 Jan. 1819, while that of John H. rice was printed in the 9 Jan. 1819 issue. The delegates from the counties of prince edward & charlotte were John Clarke and John J. Flournoy for the former and William B. Watkins and James Wills for the latter. Spencer Roane’s essay signed a farmer was published in the Richmond Enquirer, 5 Jan. 1819. the bill last winter became the 21 Feb. 1818 statute. Samuel Carr and William F. Gordon made up the local delegation representing Albemarle County in the 1818–19 session of the Virginia House of Delegates.

The several reports on river navigation were published as A Collection of all Laws and Resolutions of the General Assembly of Virginia, relating to the Board of Public Works; the Report of the commissioners appointed to view certain rivers within the commonwealth in 1812; the Reports of 1814–15, from the committee of roads and internal navigation to the legislature; and the several annual reports of the board of public works to the general assembly, up to 1819 (Richmond, 1819; Poor, Jefferson’s Library description begins Nathaniel P. Poor, Catalogue. President Jefferson’s Library, 1829 description ends , 6 [no. 234]). On 23 Feb. 1819 the General Assembly, “deeply impressed with the importance (as well in a political as a commercial view,) of connecting” the eastern & western waters, “and anxious to extend to an enterprize of such magnitude and interest, their legislative patronage,” resolved that the Board of Public Works should report to the next legislature on “the best practicable communication for the purposes of trade, between the waters of the James river and those of the Great Kanawha; together with an estimate of the probable expense of such plan or plans, as they may suggest” (JHD description begins Journal of the House of Delegates of the Commonwealth of Virginia description ends [1818–19 sess.], 192–3).

1Reworked from “7th.”

2Cabell here canceled twelve lines of text.

3Cabell here canceled “much.”

4Cabell here canceled a line of text.

5Word interlined.

6Remainder of sentence interlined.

7Word interlined.

8Cabell here canceled “consol.”

9Cabell here canceled “James waters.”

Index Entries

  • An Act appropriating part of the revenue of the Literary Fund, and for other purposes (1818) search
  • An act for the establishment of an University (1819search
  • Archer, William Segar; and establishment of University of Virginia search
  • Brockenbrough, William; and establishment of University of Virginia search
  • Brodnax, William Henry search
  • Brooke, Francis Taliaferro; and establishment of University of Virginia search
  • Cabell, Joseph Carrington; and establishment of University of Virginia search
  • Cabell, Joseph Carrington; and riverine navigation search
  • Cabell, Joseph Carrington; health of search
  • Cabell, Joseph Carrington; letters from search
  • Cabell, William H.; and establishment of University of Virginia search
  • Carr, Samuel (TJ’s nephew); and establishment of University of Virginia search
  • Clarke, John (of Prince Edward Co.) search
  • Coalter, John; and establishment of University of Virginia search
  • Daniel, Peter Vyvian; as member of Va. Council of State search
  • education; in Va. search
  • education; of the poor search
  • Flournoy, John J. search
  • Gilmer, Francis Walker; and University of Virginia search
  • Gordon, William Fitzhugh; and establishment of University of Virginia search
  • Green, John Williams; and establishment of University of Virginia search
  • Hay, George; and establishment of University of Virginia search
  • Hoomes, Thomas Claiborne; and establishment of University of Virginia search
  • James River; and navigation search
  • Jefferson, Thomas; Books and Library; works sent to search
  • Jefferson, Thomas; Writings; Bill to Establish a University search
  • Jefferson, Thomas; Writings; Rockfish Gap Report of the University of Virginia Commissioners search
  • Kanawha River search
  • Madison, James (1751–1836); and establishment of University of Virginia search
  • Martin, John M.; as member of Va. Council of State search
  • Minor, Garrett (of Fredericksburg) search
  • Nicholas, Wilson Cary (1761–1820); and University of Virginia search
  • Nicholson, Dr. (of Middlesex Co.) search
  • Pannill, Samuel; and establishment of University of Virginia search
  • Peyton, Bernard; and correspondence for T. M. Randolph search
  • Presbyterians; and education search
  • Randolph, Thomas Mann (1768–1828) (TJ’s son-in-law; Martha Jefferson Randolph’s husband); and navigation of James River search
  • religion; Presbyterians search
  • Rice, John Holt; and establishment of University of Virginia search
  • Richmond Enquirer (newspaper); prints TJ’s Bill to Establish a University search
  • Ritchie, Thomas; and University of Virginia search
  • Roane, Spencer; and establishment of University of Virginia search
  • Robertson, James; and establishment of University of Virginia search
  • Scott, Robert G.; and establishment of University of Virginia search
  • Slaughter, Philip; and establishment of University of Virginia search
  • Stanerd (Stannard), Mr. search
  • Taliaferro, John; and establishment of University of Virginia search
  • Taylor, Creed; and establishment of University of Virginia search
  • Taylor, Samuel; and establishment of University of Virginia search
  • Thompson, Philip Rootes; and establishment of University of Virginia search
  • Virginia, University of; Administration and Financial Affairs; funding for search
  • Virginia, University of; Construction and Grounds; site of search
  • Virginia, University of; Establishment; and General Assembly search
  • Virginia, University of; Establishment; Bill to Establish a University search
  • Virginia, University of; Establishment; commissioners search
  • Virginia, University of; Establishment; commissioners’ report search
  • Virginia; and education search
  • Virginia; Board of Public Works search
  • Virginia; General Assembly search
  • Virginia; House of Delegates search
  • Virginia; Literary Fund search
  • Watkins, William Benjamin search
  • Wills, James search