John Jay Papers
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From John Jay to James Iredell, 3 March 1792

To James Iredell

New York 3d March 1792

Dear Sir—

I have been fav[ore]d. with yours of the 16th. of last month1— Judge Cushing accidentally carried it with him to New Haven, from whence he sent it to me by the Post. He mentioned to me what had passed at Ph[iladelphi]a. relative to the circuits. The Difficulties attending that Subject can in my opinion be removed by Congress only. The Objections heretofore stated to a Rotation strike me as insuperable; and I think the Inconveniences urged as Reasons for it, are really too great and unreasonable to be continued. I had flattered myself that the System would have been revised during the present Session. The Expediency of a Revision appears to be generally acknowledged. Whatever ^may be^ the Circumstances ^which^ cause the Delays of Congress relative to it, I regret them.

Mrs. Jay is obliged by your polite Attention— it gives me pleasure to inform you, that her Health is nearly re-established, & that the child thrives finely— be pleased to present our Comp[limen]ts. to the Ladies of your Family—

I have the Honor to be with Sentiments of Esteem & Regard Dr Sir your most obt. & h’ble Servt

John Jay

Photocopy of ALS, NcD: Iredell. Addressed: “The Honble James Iredell Esqr. / one of the Associate Judges of the United States / Philadelphia”. Franked: “post pd.” Endorsed: “…Ansd.”

1Iredell to JJ, 16 Feb. 1792, Typescript, NcD: Iredell (EJ: 03976). In this letter, Iredell expresses his dissatisfaction with the circuit system:

“I did think the particular circumstances of my situation made it necessary, for the honour of the U.S., that at least a temporary change should take place. I certainly however can no longer agree to be placed on the unequal and distressing journey upon which I have so long been, although I trust no other will be more zealous than I always shall be to discharge my duty so far as it is practicable.

I see no prospect of any radical change, although I have some hopes Congress will amend the law in such a manner as to express the sense whether there will or will not be rotation.”

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