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From George Washington to the Cabinet, 21 March 1793

To the Cabinet


Gentlemen,United States [Philadelphia] March 21st1 1793

The Treaty which is agreed to be held on or about the first of June next at the Lower Sandusky of Lake Erie, being of great moment to the interests and peace of this Country;2 and likely to be attended with difficulties arising from circumstances (not unknown to you) of a peculiar and embarrassing nature; it is indispensably necessary that our rights under the Treaties which have been entered into with the Six Nations—the several tribes of Indians now in hostility with us—and the claims3 of others, should be carefully investigated and well ascertained, that the Commissioners who are appointed to hold it may be well informed and clearly instructed on all the points that are likely to be discussed:4 thereby knowing what they are to insist upon (with or without compensation, and the amount of the Compensation, if any)—and what, for the sake of peace, they may yield.

You are not to learn from me, the different views which our Citizens entertain of the War we are engaged in with the Indians, and how much these different opinions add to the delicacy and embarrassments alluded to above—nor the criticisms which, more than probable, will be made on the subject, if the proposed Treaty should be unsuccessful.

Induced by these motives, and desireous that time may be allowed for a full and deliberate consideration of the subject before the departure of the Commissioners, it is my desire that you will, on the 25th of this month, meet together at the War Office (or at such other time and place as you may agree upon) where the principal documents are, with whatever papers you may respectively be possessed of on the subject, and such others as I shall cause to be laid before you, and then and there decide on all the points which you shall conceive necessary for the information and instruction of the Commissioners—And, having drawn them into form, to revise the same and have them ready, in a finished State, for my perusal and consideration when I return—together with a digest of such references as shall be adjudged necessary for the Commissioners to take with them.5

And, as it has been suggested to me, that the Society of Quakers are desireous of sending a deputation from their Body, to be present at the aforesaid Treaty (which, if done with pure motives, and a disposition accordant with those sentiments entertained by Government respecting boundary, may be a mean of facilitating the good work of peace) you will consider how far, if they are approved Characters, they ought to be recognized in the Instructions to the Commissioners—and how proper it may be for them to participate therein or to be made acquainted therewith.6

Go: Washington

LS, in Tobias Lear’s writing, DLC: Jefferson Papers; ADf, DNA: RG 59, Miscellaneous Letters; LB, DNA: RG 59, George Washington’s Correspondence with His Secretaries of State; LB (photocopy), DLC:GW.

1Although GW’s letter to Thomas Jefferson is dated 21 Mar., the draft and letter-book copies are both dated 22 Mar. 1793. Jefferson docketed this letter as having been received on 22 March.

3This word is underlined in both the draft and the letter-book copy.

4For the three commissioners chosen by GW to represent the United States at this treaty, see GW to U.S. Senate, 1 Mar. 1793 (second letter).

5The cabinet meeting of 25 Mar. was the second such meeting held to discuss guidelines for the commissioners and other issues surrounding the upcoming treaty (Cabinet Opinion on a Proposed Treaty at Lower Sandusky, 25 Feb. 1793; JPP, description begins Dorothy Twohig, ed. The Journal of the Proceedings of the President, 1793–1797. Charlottesville, Va., 1981. description ends 106). For the collection and review of previous Indian treaties, see GW to Edmund Randolph, 12 Feb., and notes 2–3, and Lear to Thomas Jefferson, 17 Feb., and notes 2–3. On 18 April, Knox sent to GW a draft of instructions for the commissioners, and he produced a final text on 26 April (ASP, Indian Affairs, description begins Walter Lowrie et al., eds. American State Papers. Documents, Legislative and Executive, of the Congress of the United States. 38 vols. Washington, D.C., Gales and Seaton, 1832–61. description ends 1:340–42).

6Knox made this suggestion in a letter to GW of 12 Mar. 1793. A Quaker delegation also met with GW on 23 Mar. (JPP, description begins Dorothy Twohig, ed. The Journal of the Proceedings of the President, 1793–1797. Charlottesville, Va., 1981. description ends 100–102). GW requested further advice on the matter of Quaker attendance at the treaty in his letter to Knox of 5 April.

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