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You are to take upon you the Command of all the Forces destined for the New York Department; and see that the Orders of the Continental Congress are carried into Execution with as much precision and Exactness as possible. For your better Government therein you are herewith furnished with a Copy of the Instructions given to me by that Honorable Body. Such parts thereof as fall within the Line...
I receivd your Favor of 1st Inst. by Express from New york; but as I am exceedingly hurried in making out my Dispatches for the Hble Congress at Philadelphia it is not in my Power to answer it in so full a Manner as I wish. Notwithstanding Governor Tryon’s plausible Behaviour I recommend it to you to watch him narrowly and as any unlucky Change of Affairs on our part may produce in him a...
Yesterday a Deputation from the Provincial Congress of New Hampshire attended me with a Request that three Companies raised in that province, and now posted on Connecticut River at and between the two Cohhess commanded by Capts. Timothy Reedle, James Osgood & John Parker might be continued for the Security of the Frontiers of that Province on the Continental Establishment. As it did not appear...
I wrote you Yesterday by way of New York, and in two Hours afterwards was favored with your’s of the 15th & 18th Inst: with their respective Inclosures. I was extremely glad to find your first apprehensions of an Incursion by the Indians in some Degree removed by the later Advices: at the same Time I think it evident from the Tenor and Spirit of Col: Johnson’s Letter, that no art or Influence...
ALS : Massachusetts Historical Society Your Letter to the President of the Congress, arrived here just now by an Express from Albany, and is brought to me, the Congress being adjourn’d and all the Members out of town but my self. I have taken the Liberty of looking into it, to see if it required any Service from hence in our Power to render. I wish we had more Powder to send you as you desire:...
ALS : New York Public Library I did myself the Honour of Writing to you by the Return of your Express on the 8th Instant. Immediately after dispatching him, it occurr’d to me to endeavour the obtaining from our Committee of Safety a Permission to send you what Powder remain’d in our Hands; which tho’ it was thought scarcely safe for our selves to part with it, they, upon my Application and...
I received your Favor of the 31st July informing me of your preparations to cross the Lake, and inclosing the Affidavits of John Shatforth, and Deguid—Several Indians of the Tribe of St Francis, came in here Yesterday, and confirmed the former Accounts of the good Disposition of the Indian Nations and Canadians to the Interests of America. A most happy Event, on which I sincerely congratulate...
Since my last of the 15th Inst. I have been favored with your’s of the 6th, I am much concerned to find the Supplies ordered you have been so much delayed: By this Time I hope Colonel McDougall whose Zeal is unquestionable, has joined you with every Thing necessary for prosecuting your plan. Several of the Delegates from Philadelphia, who have visited our Camp, assure me that powder is...
I have received your Favor of 31st august and am much engaged in sending off the Detachmt under Col: Arnold upon the Plan contained in mine of the 20th Ultimo: A Variety of Obstacles have retarded us since the Express returned with your’s of the 27th August from Albany, but we are now in such Forwardness that I expect they will set out by Sunday next at farthest. I shall take Care in my...
Your Favor of the 20th Ult: came safely to Hand, and I should have dispatched the Express much sooner, but Colo. Arnold’s Expedition is so connected with your operations that I thought it most proper to detain him till I could give you the fullest account of his progress. This Morning the Express I sent him returned and the Inclosure No. 1. is a Copy of his Letter to me. No. 2. is a Copy of a...
I wrote you Yesterday of which the inclosed is a Copy. Since which I have been informed that your Illness has obliged you to quit the Army, and General Wooster as the Elder Brigadier, will take Rank and Command of Mr Montgomery—General Wooster I am informed is not of such Activity as to press thro’ Difficulties, with which that Service is particularly environ’d. I am therefore much alarmed for...
Your several Favors of the 12th & 14th Instant came safely to Hand, though not in the proper Order of Time with their several Inclosures. You do me Justice in believing that I feel the utmost Anxiety for your Situation: that I sympathize with you in all your Distresses, and shall most heartily share in the Joy of your Success—My Anxiety extends itself to poor Arnold, whose Fate depends upon...
Your Favour of the 26th Ulto with the Inclosures containing an account of the Surrender of Fort Chamblee was an excellent Repast, but somewhat incompleat for Want of Montgomery’s Letter which (a Copy) you omitted to inclose. On the Success of your Enterprize so far I sincerely congratulate you. as the acquisition of Canada is of unmeasurable Importance to the Cause we are engaged in—No acot of...
My last to you was the 5th Inst. I have since received your most agreeable Favour and its Inclosures of the 7th—The Surrender of St John’s is a pleasing Presage of the Reduction of Quebec in effecting which I hope Colonel Arnold will cooperate, the last Account from him is dated 13th October at the 2d portage from Kennebec to the dead River, from whence he had dispatched an Express to you and...
I wrote you this Day by Express and informed you therein the great Necessity I was in for Ordonance Stores & ammunition, and that [I woud Send] Henry Knox Esqr. to New York to procure there as much as can be spared, from thence to proceed to you, that Gentleman will deliver you this Letter, I recommend him and the Business he goes upon to your Attention, should he find more Money than he...
You may easily conceive that I had great pleasure in perusing your Letter of the 18th Instant which with the Inclosures I received last Evening—It was much damped by my finding that General Montgomery had the same Difficulties to encounter with the Troops under your Command that I have with these here—No Troops were ever better provided or higher paid, yet their Backwardness to inlist for...
Your much esteemed Favour of the 22d Ultimo covering Colonel Arnold’s Letter, with a Copy of one to General Montgomery, and of his to you I received Yesterday Morning. It gave me the highest Satisfaction to hear of Colonel Arnold’s being at point Levi, with his Men in great Spirits after their long and fatiguing March, attended with almost insuperable Difficulties, and the discouraging...
Your Favours, the first of the 28th Ultimo and the two last of the 9th Instant with their Inclosures I received —I am happy to hear of your being better, and heartily wish that you may be soon perfectly recovered from your Indisposition. I should have been very glad, if Mr Carlton had not made his Escape, I trust e’re long he will be in our Hands, as I think we shall get possession of Quebec,...
Your Favor of the 15th Instant came Yesterday to Hand, with Copies and Extracts of your late Letters to Congress—I have with great Attention perused them—I am very sorry to find by several paragraphs, that both you and General Montgomery incline to quit the Service—Let me ask you Sir, when is the Time for brave Men to exert themselves in the Cause of Liberty and their Country, if this is not?...
Your Favour of the 5th Inst. inclosing Copies of General Montgomery’s and General Wooster’s Letters I received for which I return you my Thanks. It was from a full Conviction of your zealous Attachment to the Cause of our Country and Abilities to serve it, that I repeatedly pressed your Continuance in Command, and it is with much Concern Sir, that I find you have Reason to think your holding...
I received your Favour of the 13th Instant with its Inclosures and am heartily sorry & most sincerely condole with you upon the unhappy Fall of the brave and worthy Montgomery & those gallant officers & Men, who have experienced a like Fate. In the Death of this Gentleman, America has sustained a heavy Loss, as he had approved himself a steady Friend to her Rights and of Ability to render her...
Your Favor of the 22d Inst. inclosing Col: Arnold’s Letter of the 2d explained the Doubt we were in respecting his Detachment —Happy would it have been for our Cause if that party could have got out of the City of Quebec; as I am much afraid from the Complexion of the Letters from that place that there is little Hope of Arnold’s continuing the Blockade without Assistance from Wooster which he...
On the 27th Ulto I had the pleasure of writing you and then mentioned my being under some Embarrassment, respecting the Application which I expected from our Caghnawaga Friends—I have now the pleasure to inform you that in a Talk they honored me with Yesterday, that they put the Matter upon the Footing I wished, that is, to join the Forces in Canada whenever you shall call for their...
Notwithstanding I have adopted every Measure which my Judgment directed for procuring arms in these Governments for the army under my Command, as well by applications to the several assemblies and Conventions as by sending officers to the several Towns to purchase, I am under the disagreeable and melancholly Necessity of informing you, that there is at this important Crisis a very great...
Last Night I received your Favor of the 14th Instant by Mr Bennet, inclosing a general Return of the Artillery & Military Stores in our possession in Canada. It gives me great pleasure to hear that you are improving in your Health, before long I sincerely hope you will be so recovered as to be able to go to the Army in Canada, where I am convinced you are much wanted, and wou’d be of the...
ALS : New York Public Library The Congress have appointed three Commissioners to go to Canada, of which Number I have the Honour to be one. We purpose setting out some day this Week. I take the Liberty of mentioning this, as possibly a little previous Notice may enable you more easily to make any Preparation you shall judge necessary to facilitate and expedite our Journey, which I am sure you...
The 17th Inst. Mr Bennet handed me your Favor of the 9th it mortifies me beyond Expression to find the Troops going to Canada so badly provided with arms—I have so often mentioned the Situation we are in from the same Cause, that I shall not trouble you more thereon—Indeed your Letters and mine seem Echo’s to each other enumerating our mutual Difficulties—Should Success crown our Labors the...
I this day receivd your favor of the 27th ultmo with a Letter from General Arnold. the enemy have quitted this Harbour Last week, we have no Certain account of their destination it is generally thought they are gon to Halifax if this shoud prove true, it is probable, they will attempt to penetrate into Canada, when the Communication by the River St Lawrence is open—by a Late Letter I received...
Previous to the Receipt of Your Favor of the 7th Instant I had been directed by the Honorable Congress to detach four Regiments to Quebec. If they could be spared from the Service here. I am very sensible of the Great Necessity of sending a reputable Body of Troops immediately into that Country, & have Accordingly Ordered four of the strongest Regiments to hold themselves in Readiness, & am...
AL : New York Public Library We are all concern’d to hear of your Indisposition, and join in requesting you earnestly to take care of your self. We purpose staying here as you advise in your kind Note of this Morning. We left all well at your House: The Sergeant has a Letter that I brought for you: Mrs. Schuyler requests that you would send him back as soon as may be. I return inclos’d the...
Yours of the 12th Instant from Fort George was delivered me, (with the Inclosures) Yesterday by Express. I agree with You that the Intelligence is very Allarming & requires the strictest Attention. The four Regiments ordered from hence are now Embarking & I hope will soon be with You. I need not urge the Necessity of forwarding them from Albany with all possible Dispatch. You will have with...
I have this Day Granted a Warrant unto Captain Jacobus Wynkoop for two hundred seventy Six & two thirds Dollars, being for a Months Advance to him his Officers & Men who are to serve on the Lakes, at the Rates following. Captain 32 Dollars 32 three Mates 15 Do 45 One Boatswain do 15 Two Boatswains Mates @ 9⅓ 18⅔ Twenty Seamen @ 8 160 One Do @ 6 6 276⅔
I wrote You on the 24th instant & am now to inform You that in Addition to the four Regiments detached from hence under General Thompson, I am Ordered by Congress to send six More. This Detachment will be under the Command of General Sullivan & Consist of Two of the Eastern Regiments & of four of these Provinces. The two first will Embark to Day, the Others will be pushed forward as fast as...
ALS : Robert B. Gillespie, Lake Forest, Ill. (1973) We arrived here on Monday last, and have proceeded to Business, as you will see by the enclosed Letter to Congress, which we leave open for your Perusal, and request you will seal and forward it. We are deeply impress’d with a Sense of the many Civilities we received from you and your good Family, and your kind Attention to every thing that...
I received Your Favor of the 27th Ulto Yesterday Evening with Its several Enclosures, & in Part Answer thereto refer You to mine of the 29th which probably will have come to Hand e’re now, But lest any Accident has prevented It, I will again inform You that in Obedience to an Order of Congress I have detached six more Regiments under General Sullivan in Addition to those with General Thompson,...
The Indians, Bearers of this from Conejoharie, have travelled to Boston, & from thence hither they are now on their way home, wanting, as they say (one of them at least) a Commission to raise Men & fight against the Regulars. As they do not appear to be Persons of any Sort of Consequence, I have only advised them to lay their Pretensions before you, who can Judge better of their merit than I...
LS : Yale University Library Having orders from Congress to enquire into the case of John Fraser Esqr. now prisoner at Osopus, we have thought proper to direct the Commanding Officer there to allow him to repair hither, on his parole to present himself before us immediately on his arrival. We desire you to give the necessary orders for this purpose. We are with great regard, Sir, Your most...
LS : New York Public Library General Arnold thinking the publick interest would be better promoted by appointing Colonel Hazen to command at St. John’s and Chambly, in the room of Colonel Buel, has orderd the latter to repair to the Camp before Quebeck, where the General is of opinion his services will be more wanted. Colonel Hazen speaking the French language, and having a considerable...
LS : New York Public Library; copy: Library of Congress Colo. Campbell arrived here early this morning from Quebeck; he informs that five ships of war arrived there last monday the 6th about sunrise, viz: two large ships, two frigates and a tender. The enemy made a sally on monday, between 10 and 11 o’clock, in a body supposed not to be less than a thousand. Our forces were so dispersed that...
LS : Château de Ramezay Museum, Montreal We desire that you will shew to Mrs. Walker every civility in your power and facilitate her on her way to Philadelphia; the fear of cruel treatment from the enemy on account of the strong attachment to, and zeal of her husband in the cause of the united Colonies induces her to depart precipitately from her home; and to undergo the fatigues of a long and...
ALS : New York Public Library The enclos’d from the other two Commissioners to me is in answer to a few Lines I wrote them from the Ferry after I had taken leave of them, and had in the mean time convers’d with Mr. Price, who told me the other Regiments coming into Canada brought with them only 10 Days Provision. Paterson’s I left at La Prairie, no Boats to take them over. It was with the...
I received Your Favors of the 3d & 4th Instant and was happy to hear of the safe Arrival of the Commissioners from Congress at St Johns, and that so many Batteaus with Troops had pass’d there, the 29th Ulto, ’Ere this I hope the Army before Quebec is considerably Augmented, I am too well convinced there was Great Occasion for It. As to Money, the state of our Chest wou’d not have justify’d a...
I this Morning received Your Favor of the 13th Inst. with Its Inclosures, Conveying Intelligence of the Melancholly Situation of our Affairs in Canada; & am not Without My Fears, I confess, that the Prospect we had of possessing that Country of such Importance in the present Controversy is almost Over, or at best, that It will be Effected with much More Difficulty and Effusion of Blood than...
I have inclosed for Your Perusual, Copies of two Informations & a Letter I received on Saturday last from the Committee of Kings District by the Hands of a Martin Beebe who says he is their Clerk & was sent Express. From these You will readily discover the Insidious & Diabolical Arts & schemes carrying on by the Tories & Friends to Government, to raise distrust, Dissention & Divisions among...
Congress having been pleased to request My Attendance at Philadelphia to advise with them on the Situation of our Affairs, & of such Measures as may be Necessary to adopt for this Campaign, I had got thus far on my Journey, where I called to View the Ground & such Places on Staten Island contiguous to It, which may be proper for Works of Defence, when Your Favor of the 16th instant, with Its...
ALS : New York Public Library We arrived here safe yesterday Evening, in your Post Chaise driven by Lewis. I was unwilling to give so much Trouble, and would have borrowed your Sulkey, and driven myself: but good Mrs. Schuyler insisted on a full Compliance with your Pleasure, as signify’d in your Letter, and I was oblig’d to submit; which I was afterwards very glad of, part of the Road being...
I have No Time to answer your two last Favors minutely, but only to acknowledge the receipt of them, being just returned from Philadelphia & the Post about to depart this Morning. The Situation of our Affairs in Canada, is truly allarming, & I greatly fear from the Intelligence transmitted from thence by Captn Wilkinson to General Greene, that ’ere this We have sustained further & greater...
I am now to acknowledge the Receipt of Your several Letters of the 21st, 24th, 26 & 26, 27, 28 & 31st Ulto with the several Papers inclosed. The whole of ’em except the last I communicated to Congress when at Philadelphia, That I did not get till on my Return, but have since transmitted them a Copy of It & of the Papers respecting Sir John Johnston. In Regard to a further Remittance to Canada,...
Mr Watts in behalf of Lady Johnson, applies for Leave to remove her from Albany to her Friends in this Part of the Country, I see no Impropriety in the Measure, but unacquainted with the Motives which may have govern’d You in this Matter, I do not Care to give an order for such Removal; but leave It to You to direct, with this Assurance, that I have not the least Objection to gratify in this...
I last night received by Mr Bennet Your Favor of the 8th Inst., addressed to General Putnam or the Officer Commanding here, Covering one for Congress with a Copy of Colo. Kirkland’s Letter to You; both of which I shall immediately forward to Philadelphia. In Consequence of Your former Letters, the Commissary has been directed to continue Supplies of Provisions, I shall repeat the Direction &...