George Washington Papers
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From George Washington to Gouverneur Morris, 25 April 1778

To Gouverneur Morris

Valley Forge April 25: 1778

Dr Sir

I received your obliging favor of the 18th Inst., only Yesterday evening. I thank you much for the explanatory hints it contains and could have wished it had come to hand a little sooner. I have many things to say to you, but as the Express, who will deliver you this, is going with dispatches that will not admit delay, I shall content myself with taking notice of one matter, that appears to me to require immediate remedy.

The Resolution of Congress directs the Council to be formed of Major Generals & the Chief Engineer, who, you say, is to be a Member officially. By this, the Commanding Officer of Artillery is negatively excluded, who by the practice of Armies, & from the very nature of his appointment, is more officially a Member than the other. According to my ideas both or neither ought to be there; or if an official preference is due to one more than the other, it is to the Commander in the Artillery line. I do not know what motives induced the discrimination in this instance, but I should suppose, it will, at least, be felt; and I will further add, tho prejudices may be entertained by some against Genl Knox, there is no department in the Army, that has been conducted with greater propriety, or to more advantage than the one, in which he presides—and owing principally, if not wholly to his management. Surely whatever plans may be come into—the Artillery will have no small share in the execution.1 You say all will yet be well—I wish it heartily—but am much mistaken if there are not some secret & retrograde springs in motion to disprove it.2 I wish you could announce the provision for Officers concluded.3 It seems to me the basis, of all our operations. Resignation after resignation is taking place—not here only but of Officers acting East of Hudson’s river &ca. I am Dr Sir with great esteem & regard Yr Most Obedt Servt

Go: Washington

Df, in Robert Hanson Harrison’s writing, DLC:GW; Varick transcript, DLC:GW. GW made at least one alteration to the draft (see note 4).

1At this point Harrison’s draft text continued, “I will say nothing of the more general exclusion of the Gentlemen in the Brigadier line,” but that sentence was crossed out. On 27 April, Congress responded to GW’s complaint by resolving to allow the inclusion of Knox at the council (see Henry Laurens to GW, 28 April, and note 1).

2GW wrote the preceding sentence below the closing and marked it for inclusion at this point, where Harrison’s draft text was crossed out.

3GW is referring to the bill to provide a half-pay establishment for officers and pensions for their widows.

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