James Madison Papers
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To James Madison from Josef Yznardy, 15 June 1808

Cadiz 15th. June 1808.


Referring to what I had the honor to address you the 1st. 19th. & 27. ultimo, the ⟨obje⟩ct of the present will be to acquaint you that as soon as the contents of the ⟨Ma⟩drid Gazette of the 20th. May (forwarded you via Tangiers) was read throughout this ⟨King⟩dom the whole nation rise proclaiming the Prince of Asturias for their King; it ⟨is calc⟩ulated that at this moment there is under Arms near three hundred thousand Mens⟨. A Su⟩preme Court has been established at Sevilla, whose authority the most part of the ⟨Prov⟩inces has already acknowledged. A number of the Captain Generals have been ⟨   ⟩ by the Mob as traitors and others have escaped.

On the 2d. instant an Armistice was Signed with the Blockading Squadron and ⟨the⟩ Ports are free. The enclosed Documents will give you a more correct idea of ⟨the a⟩ctual state of things than what I can discribe. According to the enthousiasm ⟨w⟩hich these people are in, I would not be surprized that in the course of some ⟨mont⟩hs we will have near a Million of men compleatly armed. The British are ⟨supp⟩lying plenty of arms. Five thousand British troops have landed at Ayamonte ⟨to co⟩opperate with the Spaniards in case any French Troops should come that ⟨way⟩ from Portugal. The French fleet composed of Five Ships and a Frigate have ⟨surr⟩ender’d after loosing a great deal of the Crew. I will continue (as opportunitys offer) sending you all the Documents that may be published respecting the ⟨actu⟩al State of things.

Owing to this change, the Vessels detained in this Bay for being ⟨boarded⟩ or spoken by British Vessels have been liberated. I hope the same will happen with those detained at Algeciras by the Privateers as you will be inform⟨ed⟩ pr the enclosed answer from the Captain General of the Navy Department to ⟨my⟩ representation on that Subject. None of the orders from the Grand Duke or Council of Castille are obeyed. With Sentiments of high Consideration I have the honor to be with profound Respect Your most obedt. hble Ser⟨   ⟩

Josef Yznardy

DNA: RG 59—CD—Consular Despatches, Cadiz.

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