James Madison Papers
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To James Madison from William Jarvis, 26 August 1810 (Abstract)

§ From William Jarvis

26 August 1810, Lisbon. Acknowledges the receipt of JM’s two letters of 17 June. Is convinced of the great value of merino sheep for farming and for domestic manufacturing and has purchased two hundred sheep for his own use. Has also taken the opportunity to purchase more than a thousand sheep with the idea of serving his country by shipping them to the U.S. for sale there. His fears about the speculative risks for his private affairs were relieved by JM’s letter and by news from Alexandria and New York of the high prices paid for the sheep in his earlier shipment. Discusses the purchase and shipping of merinos by British agents from Spanish and Portuguese ports. Encloses a bill of lading for two merino ewes for JM. Laments the high price of ordinary wine; old wine is not to be had in Lisbon.

RC and enclosure (DLC: Rives Collection, Madison Papers). RC 10 pp. Enclosed bill of lading (1 p.) endorsed by Jarvis on verso: “For the fulfillment of this Bill of Lading, such person as the President shall entrust, is to select two ewes, from the whole of my shipment by the Citizen, which J. H. Hooe Esqr. will please to permit.”

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