Thomas Jefferson Papers
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John Barnes to Thomas Jefferson, 29 July 1814

From John Barnes

George Town 29 July 1814.

Dear Sir—

My last to you on Business, was of 7th Inst in Answer to yours of the 28th Ulto since when I deposited with Mr Plasentson—(in Mr Monroes Office) for next conveyance—my second of exchange—as well, your letter to Baring Brothers & Co to Genl K— and to Mr Crawford, and made good my 3d paymt of $2,500—to the Loan—your order and Remittance recd—for the Genls last dividend due 1st Jany and wait only—your Annl April Int: to close the Genls former Accot Currt and to Carry the Balance to his New a/c up to 25. Augst

We are still, Anxiously, waiting the Result of the Commissrs at Ghent, of whose favourable issue—I must, confess I never had but faint hopes of, and less so, since the Un-toward—unexpected—and prompt—effect so suddenly effected—and at a time too—so very unfavorable to our Affairs—has so Materially—inhansed their Arogance & superiority their pride, and Revenge—as to put—to silence—both Reason & Justice—that I cannot—with my most Anxious wishes—and endeavours to persuade myself to the Contrary—feel disposed—to expect any Stable—adjustment, will be Acceded to—and however Dear the Love of Peace—is, to these United States—they must not—be suffered to stain this Land of perfect Freedom—without the most determined struggle for her existance—but once United—not all, their Ships—their Legions—incendiaries and Savages combined, could not wrest it—from US—they may indeed! and will—Murder—Plunder Burn, and Destroy—with Ruthless Vengance—and thereby Retard the aspiring growth of this happy Country—to Subjugate, to their Merciless fury, it is Utterly impossible and the British Ministers themselves are convinced of it, but they also Know—that without War—they must soon Submit—to become a Bankrupt Nation— If in 1776—the US. had Neither Money nor Ships—Cannon—Arms—Ammunition1 nor Cloathing—&ca &ca and but 3 Millions of Inhabitants—and Now that they are 9 Millions, and food Sufft for as Many more what, is there to fear—Unless as Govr Morris—said We are, our own, worse Enemies,—

It is only necessiary—to bear & meet our dificulties however great2 with becoming fortitude—and the issue—must—finally be successfull.—

Most Respectfully—

I am Dear Sir Your Obedient

John Barnes,

RC (ViU: TJP-ER); at foot of text: “Thomas Jefferson Esqr Monticello—Virga”; endorsed by TJ as received 3 Aug. 1814 and so recorded in SJL.

genl k—: Tadeusz Kosciuszko. Gouverneur morris gave his opinion on the role of government in an 8 Jan. 1802 speech to the United States Senate: “Why are we here? To save the people from their most dangerous enemy; to save them from themselves” (Annals description begins Annals of the Congress of the United States: The Debates and Proceedings in the Congress of the United States … Compiled from Authentic Materials, Washington, D.C., Gales & Seaton, 1834–56, 42 vols. (all editions are undependable and pagination varies from one printing to another. Citations given below are to the edition mounted on the American Memory website of the Library of Congress and give the date of the debate as well as page numbers) description ends , 7th Cong., 1st sess., 41).

1Manuscript: “Ammuition.”

2Preceding two words interlined.

Index Entries

  • Baring Brothers & Company; and remittances to T. Kosciuszko search
  • Barnes, John; account with T. Kosciuszko search
  • Barnes, John; and T. Kosciuszko’s American investments search
  • Barnes, John; letters from search
  • Barnes, John; on prospects for peace search
  • Congress, U.S.; loans contracted by search
  • Crawford, William Harris; minister plenipotentiary to France search
  • Ghent; peace negotiations at search
  • Jefferson, Thomas; Business & Financial Affairs; and T. Kosciuszko’s American investments search
  • Kosciuszko, Tadeusz (Thaddeus) Andrzej Bonawentura; account with J. Barnes search
  • Kosciuszko, Tadeusz (Thaddeus) Andrzej Bonawentura; remittances to search
  • Monroe, James; as secretary of state search
  • Morris, Gouverneur; on the role of government search
  • Pleasonton, Stephen; State Dept. clerk search
  • War of1812; and peace negotiations search