Thomas Jefferson Papers
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James Madison to Thomas Jefferson, 22 June 1810

From James Madison

Washington June 22. 1810

Dear Sir

I inclose an authentication of the blood of our Merinos, as translated from the Original by Mr Graham: also a state of the charges incident to their passages &c. The half falling to your share, of course, may be left for any convenient occasion of being replaced. You need not trouble yourself to remit it hither.

On the first publication of the dispatches by the J. Adams, so strong a feeling was produced by Armstrong’s picture of the French robbery, that the attitude in which England was placed by the correspondence between P. & Wellesley was overlooked. The public attention is beginning to fix itself on the proof it affords that the original sin agst Neutrals lies with G.B. & that whilst she acknowledges it, she persists in it.

I am preparing for a departure from this place immediately after the 4th July. Having been deprived of the Spring visit to My Farm, I wish to commence the sooner the fall recess. Be assured of my highest & most Affee esteem

James Madison

Have you recd a Copy of Coopers (the Pena Judge) masterly opinion on the question whether the sentence of a foreign Admiralty court in a prize Cause, be conclusive evidence in a suit here between the Underwriter & Insured. It is a most thorough, investigation, and irrefragable disproof, of the B. Doctrine on the subject, as adopted by a decision of the Supreme Court of the U.S.? If you are without a Copy I will provide & forward one.

RC (DLC: Madison Papers); endorsed by TJ as received 24 June 1810 and so recorded in SJL. Enclosure: Receipt from Celestino de Cordova to Juan Pablo Soler, Badajoz, 28 Dec. 1809, for the sale to Soler, a merchant in Badajoz, of “forty of the fine woolled transhumant Marino Rams, and twenty Six Ewes; and of the best Cast (Casta) of Spain” (Tr in DLC: Madison Papers; translation in the hand of State Department clerk John Graham; with Graham’s notation: “The word transhumant is used to shew that the Sheep are of that Kind, which are moved from place to place”; with certification by Placido Lorenzo Gonzales de Valcarcel, secretary of the provincial Supreme Junta, Badajoz, 28 Dec. 1809, that “the Flock of transhument Sheep of Dn Celestino de Cordova, is of the best Cast (Casta) of the Kingdom, as is of public notoriety among well informed Persons”; Valcarcel’s signature attested by Francisco Geronimo Barquez Diar, Benito Gil y Noques, and Antonio Gonzales de Escovar, notaries public, Badajoz, 28 Dec. 1809; endorsed by TJ [with his brackets]: “Merino Sheep. [authenticated &c]”). Other enclosure printed below.

p: William Pinkney. For Thomas Cooper’s masterly opinion, see Cooper to TJ, 10 May 1810, and note.

Index Entries

  • Armstrong, John; dispatches mentioned search
  • Cooper, Thomas; The Opinion of Judge Cooper, on the Effect of a Sentence of a Foreign Court of Admiralty search
  • Cordova, Celestino de search
  • Diar, Francisco Geronimo Barquez search
  • Escovar, Antonio Gonzales de search
  • France; and U.S. search
  • Gil y Noques, Benito search
  • Graham, John; translates Spanish receipt search
  • Great Britain; and U.S. search
  • John Adams (ship); carries letters to and from Europe search
  • Madison, James; and merino sheep search
  • Madison, James; and prize cases search
  • Madison, James; letters from search
  • Madison, James; visits Montpellier search
  • merino sheep; procurement from Spain search
  • Montpellier (Montpelier; J. Madison’s Orange Co. estate); J. Madison at search
  • Pinkney, William; dispatches mentioned search
  • Soler, Juan Pablo search
  • Spain; merino sheep and wool from search
  • Supreme Court, U.S.; and prize cases search
  • The Opinion of Judge Cooper, on the Effect of a Sentence of a Foreign Court of Admiralty (Cooper) search
  • United States; and France search
  • United States; and Great Britain search
  • Valcarcel, Placido Lorenzo Gonzales de search
  • Wellesley, Richard Wellesley, Marquess; British foreign minister search