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After having given you a short account of the civil, political, & military Constitution of Silesia, it will be proper to say something of its administration in ecclesiastical concerns; an object somewhat complicated in a province the inhabitants of which are divided with so near an equality of numbers into Roman catholics and protestants. I have in my former letters already given you a...
On the 7th: of this month I wrote informing you that I had withdrawn from Amsterdam all the funds I had there and remitted to Mr King in London fourteen hundred pounds sterling for which I authorised you to draw upon him and employ for me, with the usual commission—I left the mode of employment to your own vigilance and discretion, excluding only to our friends of the Union in which under...
The object of this letter will be to give you an idea of the political Constitution of the province of Silesia. By the word Constitution I do not here understand what commonly goes by that name in our Country. The supreme power in this as in most the other Prussian provinces, is in the hands of a single person. It is a simple monarchy. But it is governed by permanent laws, with regular forms,...
I gave you the earliest information of Mr. Jeffersons election. Last night a mob of about fifty collected about the houses near to the capitol and compelled the inhabitants to illuminate them in honor to Mr. J. This passive submission of the federalists to the will of a rascally mob is in my opinion degrading in the lowest degree. I never would have submitted I would have died first. No...
I wrote to you last Evening requesting You to meet me at the Susquahanah; but I did not reflect that it was two days Journey. this Evening Leiut partner has arrived and has tenderd me his Services; mr Evans furnishes me with a carriage to philadelphia provided we can cross the River if I cannot get over, I must depend upon the chapter of chances—if I can get over I expect to be in on tuesday....
I last weak informed you that I had withdrawn from Amsterdam all the stocks I held there, and had remitted to Mr. King, in London fourteen hundred pounds sterling, for which I authorised you to draw, and requested you to place the proceeds in the most advantageous manner, but not in any institution or fund depending upon our national Union; for the generality of our Countrymen are so far from...
The burthens, to which I referred at the close of my last letter, & to which the inhabitants of Silesia are subjected under the Prussian Government are. 1. The compulsory obligation of serving the king as soldiers. 2. The obligation of giving quarters to the troops—and 3. Of performing personal labor, & furnishing horses for the king’s use, that of his army, & of his civil officers at...
I received only three days ago your N: 22. dated the 6th: of December, and containing the melancholy tidings of the death of our unhappy brother at New York. I had been informed of it two days earlier by a letter from my excellent friend Mr Murray at the Hague, who had seen an account of it in a New York Gazette.—Of the Situation in which he has left his wife and children you say nothing, but...
The most important change in the internal condition of Silesia, which followed its conquest by the king of Prussia, proceeds from the precautions which he found necessary to secure it. Under the Austrian Government, there had been no strongly fortified places to bar the progress of an invader & not more than two thousand men garrisoned within the province in time of peace. You have seen by...
The Roads and Weather prevent my leaving this place this day as I had designd; mrs Cushing and Otis advise me to take lodgings at mr Stall’s in 3d street, your former lodgings I shall want a chamber with two Beds and one Bed for a man Servant; I always chuse to have my maid and Susan Sleep in the Room with me. She has got the hooping cough. I hope the worst part of it is over. When I get to...
Agreeable to my promise in my last, I now inclose to you Mr Jeffersons letter, which I consider to be the counterpart of the letter to Mazzei and which, you must have more philosophy, than I think you possess, to read without bitter indignation—without execrating the author, in the most unqualified terms. The whole letter is in the canting style of the vilest demagogue of our...
a Conversation at table between mrs A—— and mr J——n last thursday. mr J. Pray who is that Gentleman who sits next but one to the president? That is mr Waln of pennsilvana. I never Saw him to know him before. pray who is the next? that is mr Ho l mes you surely know him, Smiling. he is a democrat. No I do not. mrs A. I know nearly all the gentlemen of Both houses, a few voilent demos. excepted...
On a lu, Tabius, avec beaucoup de plaisir. Il est tres Sage, tres savant et tres elegant.—The Article he vindicates is now well understood here and is I believe universally allowed to be no Violation of our Engagements with any other power.—Even higher and Stronger ground is taken by Some of the ablest Lawyers and it is even contended that we had a right to go back to the Statu quo, and revive...
You have it right in yours of 22d.—A Rivalry between George Cabbot and Elbridge Gerry, for the Title of Excellency in Massachusetts, produced all the opposition of Federalists in that State to my Administration and has now thrown the whole Party in the back ground. I am afraid that is not the worst. Their unbridled rage and violent opposition to Peace with France, will exasperate the opposite...
I received yours of the 20th Instant. You will see how matters have gone in Senate respecting the Convention. Dean Swift in verses upon his own death, says of those who had predicted his death “They’d rather that the Dean should dye than there predictions prove a lie” So the party had rather the whole convention should be negatived and every thing put again at the mercy of France, than assent...
Yourrs of the 20th and 21st are received. I also received this morning a compleat sett of the Portfolio without any letter or direction respecting them. Presuming they were sent to be at my disposal, I shall send them by tomorrows mail, to Anapolis where I expect to get many subscribers. I some time since sent a sett to Boston and another to young Chace at Baltimore and if I had a number more,...
Yours of the 20th. is before me.——The Senate I hear is perfectly satisfied at length, by a Message and Some papers I Sent them this Week at their request, that there is no Collision between The Convention with France and our Treaty with England: but other points labour, I choose not to say at present what I think. There has been, about two or three hundred Persons in the Union, who from the...
As my purpose is only to give you the great & general outlines of the Silesian history, with a special view to show the origin of the conquest, which made it a Prussian province, I shall merely, to complete the chronological series of its Austrians sovereigns observe to you, that the Emperor Leopold 1. at his death in 1705 was succeeded by his eldest son, Joseph. 1 who dying in 1711, made way...
In your Letter of the 9th, you say, that you will not say you disagree with Manlius, in his opinion, that the downfall of the federal Cause is to be attributed to the Mission to France—In this opinion I fully believe that both of you are mistaken; and I am confident, I could convince you of this, if I had an opportunity of recalling to your recollection, the Passages of the times before and...
I received your Letter of 9th, with respect to the Carriage I believe I did not stipulate for a false linning, but I would chuse to have one—I shall take a carriage from here to Philadelphia and have some prospect of being accompanied by mr Cranch who has buisness on, provided he can leave the new office, to which he is appointed, Commissoner of the City in the room of mr Scot who is dead I...
I thank you for yours of the 9th and its contents, and for the pains to have taken to Search Authorities upon the Collision of Treaties. The Point I think is explained and proved very fully, and So it is understood in England. The Sixth Article however is by no means nugatory. It is of great importance to France. Our Treaty with Britain expires in two years after the termination of the present...
In my last letter, by a halfline of postscript, I told you that peace between the Austrians & French was signed. I wrote this upon information I had received just before I closed my letter, & although I had reason to believe it authentic, it has since proved erroneous. In wishing to give the latest news, you know how often we are liable to give groundless humours for facts, & therefore it is...
Your several favors are before me. The letter for———I sent by the first mail, after receiving it. I delayed sending your brothers letter, expecting that you would comply with your promise, and send me the whole series—then I should have returned them altogether. For the pamphlet of Gentz, please to receive my best thanks. I have been highly delighted and instructed by the perusal, and doubt...
I last Evening received yours of 30 december and would have you close the bargain with him Feilding for the Carriage provided the carriage has not been much used. he must put the Cypher A upon it and pray attend to the Steps. they must be Strong & come low down, I cannot mount high. my day is over for that, and my infirmitys require particuliar attention to that part of the carriage. a coach...
In one of your Letters you say there is much murmuring concerning the Convention with France. This is natural. Those who have laboured to defeat the Negotiation and those who have endeavoured to make it unpopular, from the beginning will still strive to defeat and to disgrace the Result. I shall confine myself at present to one point the apparent Collision between this Convention and our...
I have been much concerned for you ever since mr Shaw received your Letter. I should have written to you, but have been myself so unwell and so afflicted by sleepless Nights, that I am unfit for any active service through the day and Christmas & New year have had their calls upon me for more than common exertions. I have got through them, as well as some large dinners drawing Rooms I have...
The transfer of Silesia from the Bohemian to the Hungarian dominions which as I have before informed you was the result of the Hussite wars, complicated with a disputed succession to the crowns of both those kingdoms, was followed by much more important changes in the condition of the inhabitants, than had been produced by the preceeding revolutions. The numerous petty princes, who had been...
Just as I enclosed my last letter to you, I had yet the opportunity to acknowledge the receipt of your No. 21. dated October. 25.—But its contents claimed further notice from me, which I had then neither time, nor room to bestow. I am sensible that by being removed from the turbulent & disgusting Scene of perpetual Scene electioneering, I am spared many a detail of vexation, which I should...
We have public worship every Sunday in the Representitive’s Chamber in the Capitol; I have just returnd from hearing Bishop Clagget deliver a discourse from those words in the Gospel of St Luke, Glory to God in the highest Peace on Earth, and Good Will to Men,” This is a doctrine full of Mercy and benevolence, of which the present generation appear little disposed to cultivate and...
I have appointed Mr. Jay, Chief Justice. He may refuse, if he should, I shall follow the line of judges most probably,& then there will be a vacancy. I wish to know if Mr. Ingersoll would accept an appointment as one of the assistant Justices of the superior court, & in that case I wish for his opinion as well as yours of the proper character for the office of district Attorney. Will Mr....