Thomas Jefferson Papers
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From Thomas Jefferson to Stevens Thomson Mason, 3 September 1802

To Stevens Thomson Mason

Monticello Sep. 3. 1802.

Dear Sir

I have taken time to press on Colo. Monroe your purpose of resigning & the importance of his filling the vacancy. but he has firmly made up his mind to return to the business of the law, has bought a place near Richmond, and will go into no public business. in this state of things the Commonwealth must not be deserted. you must [. . .] look abroad and see who [could] be sent to the Senate. I hope therefore you will reconsider your purpose. be assured that all is not yet re[newed]. the lies and misrepresentations of the federalists have prevented the [im]pression of a great deal of the good we have done, & given it the [. . .] of ill in effect or in design: and their lies are so little contradicted that they have effect. add to this that the session of Congress after the next (when we hope to have ⅔ in the Senate) will be the most important one we have seen or shall see for some time. I think if the republicans will hold on a little longer till the effect of our measures and their object is [generally felt] & acknoleged we shall never more be in danger, but for the present be assured the fermentation is not allayed. I hope therefore you will consent to be elected again.—I shall be at Washington the last of this month. Accept assurances of my affectionate esteem & respect.

Th: Jefferson

PrC (DLC); faint; at foot of text: “Genl S. T. Mason.”

YOUR PURPOSE OF RESIGNING: during his most recent journey from Washington to Monticello, TJ visited Mason on 22 July at Raspberry Plain, his home in Loudoun County. After additional coaxing by TJ, Mason allowed himself to be reelected to the United States Senate in December 1802 (MB description begins James A. Bear, Jr., and Lucia C. Stanton, eds., Jefferson’s Memorandum Books: Accounts, with Legal Records and Miscellany, 1767–1826, Princeton, 1997, The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Second Series description ends , 2:1078; TJ to John Wayles Eppes, 11 Dec. 1802; Eppes to TJ, 23 Dec. 1802).

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