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New York Ratifying Convention. Fourth Speech of July 22, [22 July 1788]

New York Ratifying Convention. Fourth Speech of July 221

[Poughkeepsie, New York, July 22, 1788]

Ham[ilton]—this will increase appeals—but does not much oppose—[Samuel] Jones—this will seldom happen—& cannot last Ham[ilton]—it may opperate to the prejudice of the poor—2

Gilbert Livingston MS Notes, MS Division, New York Public Library.

1In this speech H was discussing the following proposed amendment to the Constitution:

“That Congress shall not constitute ordain or establish any Tribunals or Inferior Court with any other than appellant Jurisdiction except such as may be necessary for the Trial of Causes of Admiralty and Maratime Jurisdiction & for the Trial of piracies & Felonies committed on the high Seas & in all other Cases to which the Judicial power of the United States extends & in which the Supreme Court of the United States has not original Jurisdiction the Causes shall be heard tried and determined in some one of the State Courts with the Right of Appeal to the Supreme Court of the United States or other proper Tribunal to be established for that purpose by the Congress with such Exception & under such Regulations as Congress shall make.” (John McKesson Papers, New-York Historical Society, New York City.)

2The Convention accepted the amendment with alteration by a vote of 37 to 16.

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