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To James Madison from James Monroe, 16 May 1817

From James Monroe

Washington May 16. 1817

Dear Sir

I enclose you the letter to Mrs Madison, which I omitted to take with me on my late visit, as I intimated to you, while at your house.

Mr Correa1 came here, the day after I set out on my late trip. This visit was to counteract the anticipated mov’ments of the Pernambuco, ambassador, whose arrival, he was taught to expect from accounts receivd thence. No such person has yet arrivd. Mr. C. has nevertheless presented a note address’d, in a strong tone, against the Insurgents &a.2 He partakes strongly of the anti:revolutionary feeling on this subject, more so than is strictly consistent with his liberal & philosophical character. With the other ministers there is nothing new. Your friend

James Monroe

RC (DLC). Docketed by JM.

1José Corrèa de Serra (1750–1823) was an eminent Portuguese botanist who served as minister to the United States, 1816–20 (PJM-PS description begins Robert A. Rutland et al., eds., The Papers of James Madison: Presidential Series (6 vols. to date; Charlottesville, Va., 1984—). description ends , 4:50 n. 1).

2On 6 Mar. 1817 in Recife, Pernambuco, a group of junior military officers overthrew the royal governor and formed a republican government. On 20 May, Recife was recaptured by royal troops, and the uprising was suppressed (Neill Macaulay, Dom Pedro: The Struggle for Liberty in Brazil and Portugal, 1798–1834 [Durham, N.C., 1986], 60–61).

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