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It has been represented to me by the Accounting Officers of the Treasury that a regular account of all the monies which have been received by you from our Commissioners in Europe, or which have been paid by them by your direction, would be requisite in the examination and adjustment of the accounts of the said Commissioners. I have therefore to request that you will furnish me with an account,...
Two Days ago I saw Mr. Le Couteulx, who told me that his friend had made application to the Spanish Court to obtain an assignment on the Debt from the United States in discharge of a Debt due to him; and that Mr. Gardoqui said the United States owed Spain above a Million of Dollars, being in part for advances made in America. This assertion struck me, and as I had formerly some knowledge of...
It is intimated to us, in such a way as to attract our attention, that France means to send a strong force early this spring to offer independance to the Spanish American colonies, beginning with those on the Missisipi: & that she will not object to the receiving those on the East side into our confederation, interesting considerations require that we should keep ourselves free to act in this...
Your favor of Jan. 26. to Mar. 27. is duly received and I thank you for the interesting papers it contained. The answer of Don Ulloa, however, on the subject of the canal through the American isthmus, was not among them tho’ mentioned to be so. If you have omitted it through accident I shall thank you for it at some future occasion, as I wish much to understand that subject thoroughly. Our...
The bearer hereof Mr. Benjamin Huger, a young gentleman of South Carolina, proposing to see Madrid in the course of a tour he is about to make, I take the liberty of recommending him to you. He is of one of the most distinguished families of South Carolina, and has been some years in Europe to compleat an education which he had begun in Virginia in my neighborhood. This gave me occasion to...
Since your last of Mar. 27. I have only written that of May 8. The cause of this long silence on both parts has been the expectation I communicated to you of embarking for America. In fact I have expected permission for this every hour since the month of March, and therefore always thought that by putting off writing to you a few days my letter, while it should communicate the occurrencies of...
I have duly received your favor of Aug. 13. and I have written to Francesco and Giuseppe Chiappe both, to assure them of the friendly light in which our government will view the restitution of the schooner from Salem, made by the emperor.—I have lately received letters and papers from America to the 25th. of July. New York and N. Hampshire had elected their senators, so that that branch of our...
A Vessel being about to sail from this port for Cadiz I avail myself of it to inform you that under the appointment of the President of the U.S. I have entered on the duties of Secretary of state comprehending the department of foreign affairs. Mr. Jay’s letter of Oct. 2. acknoleged the receipt of the last of yours which have come to hand. Since that date he wrote you on the 7th. of Dec....
Having but a few Hours Notice of the sailing of a Vessel from this Port for Bilboa, I can only avail myself of it so far as to send you a Duplicate of my Letter of April 11th. but not of the Papers which accompanied it. I add the Copy of a Letter and Deposition, which were not then sent, and which shew you that the Practice complained of in Mr. Jay’s Letter of September 9th. 1788 has not been...
This letter will be delivered you by Colo. Humphreys, whose character is so well known to you as to need no recommendations from me. [The present appearances of war between our two neighbours, Spain and England, cannot but excite all our attention. The part we are to act is uncertain, and will be difficult. The unsettled state of our dispute with Spain may give a turn to it very different from...
Jefferson’s Outline of Policy on the Mississippi Question Heads of consideration on the Navigation of the Missisipi for Mr. Carmichael. PrC ( CLU ); in TJ’s hand, being a fair copy of texts indicated below as Dft and MS , but having important variations which are indicated in the textual notes. Tr ( DNA : RG 59, DD ); filed with Humphreys’ letter to TJ, 17 Aug. 1791
I have had the honor of writing to you on the 10th. of April and 31st. of May. In order that a review of the channels you have adopted for the conveyance of your letters may enable you to judge which of them are best, and whether better may be found, I send you the dates of those of the last seven years, and the time of their reception. They are as follows. date of letter receipt date of...
You will receive by the present conveyance my letters of the 2d. and 6th. instant. In my letter of April 11th. I enclosed to you a duplicate of Mr. Jay’s of September 9th. 1788 complaining of the practice of the Spanish Governments bordering on Georgia, of receiving and withholding the fugitive slaves of that State, and urging redress. My letter of May 31st. covered a triplicate of Mr. Jay’s,...
I have the Honor of informing you that good Fortune and favorable Opportunities offering, the following particulars were communicated to his Excellency the Effendi Vickelhadge General of the marine and Minister for foreign Affairs for this Regency by two of my Brother Sufferers in the Dey’s Palace, viz. George Smith and Philip Sloan—the 1st. is Chamberlain to the Vickelhadge, the 2d. is Capt....
I had the Honor of writing you a Letter dated the 11th. Inst. and as Time permits I shall mention other particulars. The Vickelhadge being further sounded relative to a peace with America, says that if the Americans wish to make a Peace with this Regency, why do they not send an Ambassador, or empower some Person to act for them, and I cannot help repeating to you that the Foundation of all...
I enclose you a statement of the case of Joseph Ste. Marie a citizen of the United States of America, whose clerk Mr. Swimmer was, in the latter part of the year 1787, seized on the Eastern side of the Mississippi, in latitude 34°-40’, together with his goods, of the value of 1980 dollars, by a party of Spanish soldiers.—They justified themselves under the order of a Mr. Valliere their...
The term of the first Congress having expired on the 3d. inst. they separated on that day, much important business being necessarily postponed. New elections have taken place for the most part, and very few changes made. This is one of many proofs that the proceedings of the new government have given general satisfaction. Some acts indeed have produced local discontents; but these can never be...
I wrote you on the 12th. of March, and again on the 17th. of the same month, since which I have received your favor of January 24th. wherein you refer to copies of two letters, also to a paper No. 1. supposed to be enclosed in that letter: but there was nothing enclosed. You speak particularly of several other letters formerly forwarded, but not a single one was ever received of later date...
Mr. Swanwick informs me that the house of Morris, Willing & Swanwick have suffered a very considerable loss in the port of St. Andero, by an abuse of office, in having a cargo of corn thrown overboard as being bad, when it was in fact perfectly good. I know that in some countries of Europe it is often difficult to obtain justice against persons protected by court favor. In this, as in all...
My letters to you of the present year have been of the 12th. and 17th. of Mar. the 11th. of Apr. and 16th. of May. Yours of Jan. 24. is still the only one I have from you. We have not yet been able to fix on a satisfactory subject for the Consulship of Cadiz which would furnish a convenient channel of conveyance for letters between this place and Madrid. The present goes by the way of...
Your letter of Jan. 24. is still the only one recieved from you within the period so often mentioned. Mine to you of the present year have been of Mar. 12. and 17. Apr. 11. May 16. and June 23. I have lately preferred sending my letters for you to Colo. Humphreys, in hopes he might find means of conveying them to you. The subjects of those of the 12. and 17th. of March are still pressed on...
My last letter to you was of the 24th. of August. A gentleman going from hence to Cadiz will be the bearer of this, and of the newspapers to the present date, and will take care that the letter be got safe to you if the papers cannot. Mr. Mangnal, at length tired out with his useless sollicitations at this office, to obtain redress from the court of Spain for the loss of the Dover Cutter, has...
I wrote you on the 6th. instant by the way of Cadiz, sending the newspapers as usual. With the present we forward them to the present day, as also a pamphlet by Mr. Coxe in answer to Ld. Sheffeild, and a printed copy of the Census, now in the press, should it be ready in time. I wish it were possible to get for us the two Census’s taken in Spain by the Count d’Aranda and Count de Florida...
The President having thought proper to appoint you joint Commissioners Plenipotentiary, on the part of the U.S. to treat with the court of Madrid on the subjects of the navigation of the Missisipi, arrangements on our limits, and commerce, you will herewith receive your commission; as also Observations on these several subjects reported to the President and approved by him, which will...
I wrote you on the 29th. of Dec. Since that a joint letter to yourself and Mr. Short has been forwarded to the latter, whom you may probably see at Madrid sometime in May on a business jointly confided to you. The incertainty of the fate of my letters to you occasions my silence on all special subjects. The newspapers which now, and on all other occasions accompany my letters, will possess you...
My letter of Mar. 18. conveyed to you full powers for treating with Spain on the subjects therein expressed. Since that our attention has been drawn to the case of fugitive debtors and criminals, whereon it is always well that coterminous states should understand one another as far as their ideas on the rightful powers of government can be made to go together. Where they separate the cases may...
I have the honor to inclose you copies of some papers received from General Irwin as guardian to a young citizen of this state, entitled in right of his father to certain lands in West Florida. Also copies of papers in the case of David Beveridge, a citizen of the U.S. complaining of losses sustained at the Havanna by undue proceedings of the officers of the government there: and I am to...
You honored me with a letter by the bearer hereof Mr. Cassinave, when he came to America, and from what I have seen and heard of him, he merited in every respect your recommendations. Having established himself in commerce at Baltimore, he is now going to Spain with a view to introduce more considerable exchanges of productions between the two countries, in which I have no doubt he will...
Since my letters of March 18th. and April 24. (which have been retarded so unfortunately) another subject of Conference and Convention with Spain, has occurred. You know that the frontiers of her Provinces as well as of our States, are inhabited by Indians holding justly the right of occupation, and leaving to Spain and to us only the claim of excluding other nations from among them, and of...
I wrote you on the 14th. of last Month, since which, some other incidents and documents have occurred, bearing relation to the subject of that letter. I, therefore, now inclose you a duplicate of that letter. From these papers you will find that we have been constantly endeavoring by every possible means to keep peace with the Creeks; that, in order to do this, we have even suspended and still...
In a letter from Mr. Jay of Mar. 14. 1786. papers were inclosed to you on the subject of the Dover cutter , taken out of the hands of certain citizens of this country by a Spanish governor in the Western islands for the use of the Spanish government, and no compensation made, and you were desired to apply for compensation. Mr. Jay addressed you afterwards on the same subject on the 24th. of...
It is intimated to us, in such a way as to attract our attention, that France means to send a strong force early this spring to offer independance to the Spanish American colonies, beginning with those on the Missisipi: and that she will not object to the receiving those on the East side into our confederation. Interesting considerations require that we should keep ourselves free to act in...
The public papers giving us reason to believe that the War is becoming nearly general in Europe, and that it has already involved Nations, with which we are in daily habits of Commerce and friendship, the President has thought it proper to issue the Proclamation of which I enclose you a copy, in order to mark out to our Citizens the line of conduct they are to pursue. Uninformed whether the...
In my letters of Oct. 14. and Nov. 3. 1792, I communicated to you, papers and Observations, on the conduct of the Spanish Officers on our South Western frontier, and particularly of the Baron de Carondelet, the Governor of New Orleans. These made it evident that he had industriously excited the Southern Indians to war against us, and had furnished them with Arms and Ammunition, in abundance,...
I have received from Messrs. Viar and Jaudenes the representatives of Spain at this place, a letter, which, whether considered in itself, or as the sequel of several others, conveys to us very disagreeable prospects of the temper and views of their court towards us. If this letter is a faithful expression of that temper, we presume it to be the effect of egregious misrepresentations by their...
Since writing my letter of 30 ult. I have received the inclosed paper containing extracts from letters of M. de Montmorin to his court while he was their Ambassador at Madrid. Without pretending to say that they contain the genuine views of Spain towards us, it must be acknoleged that had their views been such, their proceedings would have been exactly what they have been. I have thought it...
The present opportunity is so favorable for obtaining answers to the several particular cases, relative to individuals, which had been committed to your care at Madrid before I came into office, and also those of the same nature since, that I must ask the favor of you to give, by the return of Mr. Blake, a particular statement of what has been done in each case, addressing your letter ‘to the...
Mr. Blake’s departure being, by the unreadiness of the vessel, put off till this day gives me an opportunity of inclosing you the last letters which have passed between the Chargés des affaires of Spain and myself, and which probably close this subject of correspondence here. I have the honor to be with great respect & esteem Gentlemen Your most obedt. & most humble servt RC ( DLC : Short...
My last letters to you were of the 12th. and 16th. of July. Since that I have recieved yours of Apr. 18. May 5. and June 6. The present occasion does not admit of my entering into particulars on the subject of your letters: I will only inform you therefore generally that the President approves of your proceedings and views. Proceed in the plan your letter of June 6. expresses; we make no other...