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1Memorandum, 1789 (Adams Papers)
President. Vice-President. Mr. Langdon 1. Mr. Dalton & Lady 2 Mr. Wingate 1. Mr. Strong 1 Mr. Johnson & Lady 2 Mr. Elmer 1 Mr. Elsworth 1 Mr. Patterson 1 Mr. Morris 1
The more the subject is considered, the sooner all men will be convinced, that human passions are all insatiable; that, instead of being extinguished, moderated, or contented, they always strengthen by indulgence and gratification; and therefore, that the only security against them is in checks, whether in civil or ecclesiastical societies. This is no more true with regard to the love of...
It has been impossible to get time to write you.— Morning, Noon, and Night, has been taken up with Business, or Visits.— Yesterday the President was Sworn, amidst the Acclamations of the People.— But I must refer you to Gazettes & Spectators.— I write this abed.— M r Allen del d. me, Yesterday your Letter.— I like very much your Plan of coming on, with Charles and Thomas, before Commencement....
I have received the letter you did me the honour to write me, on the twenty Seventh of last month, inclosing the Freedom of the City of New Haven elegantly engrossed on Parchment, and authenticated under the Signature of the Mayor, City Clerk and Seal of the City. May I request of you, Sir, to present my best respects and most Sincere thanks to the Mayor, Aldermen, and Common Councill and...
I must finally conclude to request of you to come on to New York as soon as possible and bring Charles and Thomas both with you if you can— if they cannot come at present let them follow as soon as they can be permitted.— I design they shall both Spend the Vacation here at least.— I want your Advice about furniture and House. bring Polly Taylor with you.— You had better land on Long Island and...
I have recd. with great Pleasure your Letters of 22d. April and 19. March. These important Letters I have not yet had time to answer, but the subjects of them shall be well weighed. I write this to introduce a Neighbour of mine, in Braintree, Captn. Benjamin Beal who is desirous of seeing Philadelphia for the first time. He was born and bred my Neighbour, has followed the sea many years and...
Your favr. of 22 Ult. is recd. I was well aware that many of my Friends and the Well Wishers to good Govt., would be prevented from making their Compliments to me, on my Departure, by their Alienation from the House from Which I Set off: but perhaps their delicacy, upon that occasion, was too great. The Duty of 6 Cents on Mollasses, appears to me to be generally reprobated at present as too...
Every Thing has happened, as I could wish Since I left you, excepting the delay of making Provision for my Subsistance; and this has proceeded from an Uncertainty what they ought to do. I am very easy on that Point, as I am determined to live in Proportion to my allowance, I beg leave to mention one Thing, which may be of Some consequence, both to the Public and to me.—If Thomas would...
I have received your kind favour of April 22d and shall not be easy till it is answered, though it is not easy to find the time, amidst the Confusion of innumerable visits, formal Ceremonials, Balls, Commencements, Levies, &ca &ca, blended with the constant more serious Duties of my Situtation.—I agree with you entirely, that among the first dangers to be apprehended is a contest between the...
Thank you for your favour of the 28 ult. There is an entire harmony, between the two Persons you Speak of and there is no probability of its interruption. The first is modest and the Second at least shall be unasuming. The Constitution has furnished him with a justification of a executives conduct, and imposed it on him as a duty. Caesar would never have been displeased at a Compliment on his...
I have taken an House, and now wish you to come on, as soon as possible.— It will be necessary to send by Water all the Carpets that are not in Use, and several Beds, Bedsteads, Bedding Bed and Table Linnen,—Plate, China &c if you can convey it to Providence would come better that Way. The House is on the North River about a mile out of the City, in a fine situation, a good Stable, Coach...
I have rec d yours of the 5 th. — If you think it best, leave Thomas at Colledge: but I pray you to come on with Charles, as soon as possible.— as to the Place let my Brother plough and plant if he will, as much as he will. He may Send me, my half of the Butter Cheese &c here.— As to Money to bear your Expences you must if you can borrow of some Friend enough to bring you here. if you cannot...
Inclosed is a Letter of Thanks to our fellow Citizens of New Haven and to Mr Edwards, for the most endearing Compliment I ever received. I suppose myself chiefly indebted to your Friendship for the favourable Representation of my Character among your Neighbours which has produced this obliging Result. I hope it will not be long before We shall have an opportunity to renew our former...
I received your friendly Letter last Evening, and thank you for your kind Remembrance, of your old Friend. To hear of your Success and Prosperity in Business; the Independence of your Circumstances, and the Contentment of your heart, gives me a Pleasure, the more exquisite, as it is so rare. It is almost the Single Instance, that I have received since my Return to America. My Correspondence...
We the Senate of the United States, return you our sincere thanks for your excellent speech delivered to both Houses of Congress; congratulate you on the compleat organization of the federal Government, and felicitate ourselves and our fellow-citizens on your elevation to the Office of President: an Office highly important by the Powers constitutionally annexed to it and extremely honorable...
Your favor of March 19th deserves a particular consideration and answer which I have not til now been able from a multitude of avocations some frivolous, others indispensable, been others of more Consequence, to give it—the Influence which you Suppose I may have as President of the Senate will be found to be very little if any at all—You say the Eastern States must not be suspected: But you...
The Vice President of the United States has the honour to present his humble Opinion, on the Points proposed, for his consideration. 1. That an Association with all kinds of company, and a total Seclusion from Society, are extreams, which, in the actual Circumstances of this Country, and under our form of Government, may be properly avoided. 2. The System of the President, will gradually...
The Vice President of the United States has the honour to present his humble opinion, on the Points proposed, for his consideration. 1. That an association with all kinds of company, and a total Seclusion from Society, are extreams, which, in the actual Circumstances of this Country, and under our form of Government, may be properly avoided. 2. The System of the President, will gradually...
I am in such a situation that I cannot see the way clear for you to come on, till some resolution is passed in the House.— You will be as ready as you can, and I will write you the Moment to come on . any Thing is done.— I will resign my office rather than bring you here to be miserable. Yours eternally RC ( Adams Papers ); addressed: “M rs Adams / Braintree.”
I have received your two letters of April 21 and 28th and am obliged to you for introducing your Brother Oliver Bowen Esqr, to whom I wish success in his pursuits—But the Senators & Representatives from Georgia and other States in its Neighbourhood will be most naturally consulted upon his Application. Your Observations upon the high duty upon Molasses, are all very just and have been...
inclosed is a Letter from Capt n. Brown who commands the best Packet between Providence and this Place.— He called very politely and respectfully to offer his service in bringing you to New York.— if you can let him know the time when you can come, he will be ready. I have taken an House: but have nothing to put in it, [no]r to live on.— nothing is yet determined, I never felt so [ir]resolute...
I last night received your friendly letter of March the fifth: and am happy to find that I have a place in your remembrance. There are few portions of my life that I recollect with more entire satisfaction than the hours I spent at Hackney under your Ministry, and in private society and conversation with you at other places—The approbation you are pleased to express of my speculations on the...
I have received the letter you did me the honour to write me, on the fifth of this month and thank you for your obliging congratulation on the event of the votes of the Electors. as far as I am personally concerned in this Event it was not a Subject of much congratulation. it was rather a mortification to me to see that in our first great Election, so great a portion of our Fellow Citizens had...
I have received your kind letter of the fifth of this month by the hand of Capt Gustavus Fellows. This Gentleman’s application will be made as all others are and ought to be, to the President whose province it is in the first instance, to judge of the merits of all Candidates for Office and Employment—His Character is fair as far as I have ever heard, but as there are many more Candidates than...
I have received your kind letter of April 24th—recommending Gustavus Scott Esqr for employment in the Law Department—The President is you know in the first Instance the sole judge of the Persons proper to be nominated to office When the Nomination is made the Senate have a Negative but the Vice President has no voice excepting in the case of an equal division of the Senators—There are many...
I received with pleasure your friendly Letter of the 25th of April.—your recommendation of Mr William Pickman has great weight with me, but you must give me leave to inquire whether he has made application to the President; if he has not he should be advised to do it immediately. There you know the Constitution has wisely placed the Authority of judging in the first instance of the merits and...
Your letter of March the 10th has lain by me a long time unanswered, but has occasioned many anxious reflections, and I might say many melancholly hours. I feel Sir the hardship of your situation and should with pleasure do any thing in my power to relieve you—But you know Sir that the constitution gives to the President in the first instance the right to judge of the merits and Qualifications...
I have received your Letter of the 16 th .— I have taken a large and handsome house, in a beautiful Situation, about two miles out of the City, upon the North River. The Rent is less, than I must have given for a much meaner house in Town, without any such accommodations of Stable Garden, Pasture &c I now desire you to come on, as soon as possible, and to Send by Tirrell, or some other Vessel,...
I have received the letter you did me the honour to write me from Richmond, on the twelfth of Febuary—and esteem myself much honoured by the confidence you are pleased to place in me—The attachment I feel to your family concurs with the personal acquaintance I once had and with all I have since heard of your Character to give to your Recommendation the greatest Weight. But as the Constitution...
Mr Vanberckel informs me that you were desirous of seeing the second and third Volumes of the Defence &c. When I gave orders for the first to be sent you I expected that the other two would have been sent. I am very glad nevertheless Sir of renewing to you the assurances of my sinc e re esteem attachment and respect. My regards at the same time if you please to my friend Dr Marclane— My Fellow...
I am, this Evening favoured with yours of the 18. In Answer to your Question, I ask another. Where is the Sovereignty of the Nation lodged? Is it in the National Government, or in the State Governmen t? Are there more Sovereignties than one? if there is more than one there are Eleven. If there are Eleven there is no general Government—for there cannot be Eleven Sovereignties against one.—Are...
I have received your obliging Letter of the 19th. A drawback on Rum exported is admitted by the House, and I believe will not be taken off by the Senate. The duty on Molalses will be reduced to 4 Cents and I hope to three. Your Reasoning appears to be very just and I think will prevail. The jealousies Distilleries and Breweries are natural and cannot be wholly prevented: but I hope they will...
I have received your favour of the 18th. but cannot agree with you that “a considerable Period must elapse before the United States can arise to Greatness.” They are already arrived at Greatness, and their greatest Misfortune is that they know it not. The Politicians, if such there are, who think it best We never should be great are already disappointed. They may possibly contribute to keep...
What is there which the new Government possesses, on which to found its authority? has it Honors? has it pleasures? has it profits to bestow, which may attract the Attention, excite the Love, or alarm the Fear, of such a Majority in every state as will compell the Minority to obedience? Has the national Government at this moment, attractions enough to make a Seat in it, an Object of Desire, to...
A little before my departure from Braintree I received your favour inclosing a letter from Mrs. Walker. Last night I received your that of the 7th May. There was no necessity of any apology for writing to me after so long a correspondence. There has never been on my past any failure of friendship to Mr. Warren or your self—you are very much mistaken in your opinion of my situation. him I have...
Your old Acquaintance M r Harrison of Cadiz will deliver you this, if you should not, as I hope you will, be Sett off for this place before he can reach Braintree.— I expect you, here indeed in a Week or ten days at farthest, from this date. M rs Washington is arrived. My House and Garden want us very much. We Shall be obliged to bring all our Furniture and most of our Books, except the Law...
The attachment of Mr. Boid to the American Cause has, as you are sensible, occasioned the forfeiture to the British Government of all his Lands upon the Schoodac: to which river they have extended their Province of New Brunswick.—The Papers that relate to his Case, as well as to that encroachment, were by order of Congress, as I have understood, transmitted to you, during your residence in...
I have received your letter of the 28th of May with an other from Mr Lovell—It is difficult to say any thing in answer to either of these Letters, because it is yet undetermined what Employments there will be & who will have the disposal of them—The President alone must judge in the first instance of the merits and Qualifications of every Candidate for any of the most important Offices; and to...
By the last post I was favoured with yours of the twenty first of May. Mr. Duncan I presume has not come on. Neither by his letter or your own am I made acquainted with his Views or the Object of his Wishes—I can only say to him as to all others, that his application must be made to the President and it ought to be in writing. Your testimony in his favr will have weight—I thank you Sir for...
I have this day received your favour inclosed with a sermon at the Installation of Mr Morse. This elegant discourse I have read with the more pleasure, because that, besides the good Sense, the moral sentiments and Christian benevolence which it breaths, I had last week an opportunity of commencing an acquaintance with Mr Morse himself, who appears to be an interesting Character and a man of...
Yesterday I had the Pleasure of receiving your Letter of the 28th. of May. Mr Beals intention was not to Stay in Philadelphia more than two or three days, and his absence from this place was accordingly very short. I thank you, for your obliging Enquiries after him, and for your kind offers of civility to others of my Friends. I hope e’re long to be in a condition to receive any friend of...
I must now most Seriously request you to come on to me as soon as conveniently you can. never did I want your assistance more than at present, as my Physician and my Nurse. my disorder of Eight years standing has encreased to such a degree as to be very troublesome and not a little alarming.— I have agreed to take Col Smith and his Family and Furniture into the House with us and they will be...
No! You and I will not cease to discuss political questions: but We will agree to disagree , whenever We please, or rather whenever either of Us thinks he has reason for it.—I really know not what you mean by apeing the Corruptions of the British Court. I wish Congress had been called to meet at Philadelphia: but as it is now here, I can conceive of no Way to get it transported hither, without...
I have received the letter you did me the honour to write me on the first of this month with its inclosures: The Letter to The President is conceived with propriety & expressed with decency. As the Investigation of the Characters, Services, Qualifications, and all other pretensions of every Candidate for public employment, is constitutionally, in the President in the first instance; General...
I have recd. the letter you did me the honour to write me on the 30th of May—but have not yet had an opportunity to See Mr Boid—Whenever that Gentleman shall appear, it will be a pleasure to me to give him all the attention and assistance in my power—which may be due to public Justice, and to your recommendation—we proceed slowly: but in digesting Plans so new, so extensive and so important it...
I am much obliged to you for the decent & respectful manner with which in your letter of the fourth of this month—you have communicated to me the publick services in which you have been engaged— the Circumstances of your family, and your desire to be employed in the service of the United States. Such as this Business is in no degree within my department, except in the Case of a very improbable...
Your letters put me more and more out of Patience every Post. Why, in that of the 6th. do you call our national Government a federal Republic ? It is no more that, than it is Sphœrical Trigonometry. What is a federal Republic? It is an association of a Number of independent Sovereign States. Are the Seperate States in our national Government, Sovereign and independent? If they are, We had all...
The last Evenings Post favoured me with your’s of the 6th. Many Gentlemen are in favour of a national Excise: and some would have the nation take upon itself all the State Debts, Mr Morris particularly: but I cannot say what will be done. My Burthens are not very heavy: but my health is not very good.—I have been obliged to decide many questions on the Import Bill, the Senate being equally...
What is there which the new Govt possesses, on which to found its Authority? Has it honours? has it pleasures? has it prophets to bestow, which may attract the attention, excite the love, or alarm the Fear of such a majority in every State as will compell the minority to Obedience? Has the national Govt at this moment, attractions enough to make a seat in it, an object of desire, to the Men of...
Success you say, in yours of the 15th: stamps a substantial value upon measures, yet the Motto under a picture of O. Cromwell, is not without its Justice. Careat successibus, opto, Quiquis, ab Eventu, facta notanda putat. It is a saying in France, “We can never be ruined, for if our ruin had been possible, it would have been accomplished long ago, since the wiser Heads in France have been...