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I am informed that the several persons whose Services we desire to avail ourselves of on this occasion, wish an authentic assurance of what before I had communicated to you verbally. You are therefore authorized to inform them that their vessels and their Loading shall be ensured by the State, that a reasonable hire shall be paid for their vessels and men, and the usual share of prize and...
I had last night the honor to receive Your Excellency’s letter of the 16th with the papers you have been pleased to refer to me. There is certainly a good deal of weight in the observations and objections which Colo. Hazen has made, and it were very much to be wished, that the supplies of Cloathing and necessaries in every instance were perfectly equal to the officers & men respectively,...
By dispatches recd the last evening from the Count de Rochambeau I am informed that the french fleet and army consisting of eight ships of the Line two frigates and two bombs and upwards of five thousand men have arrived at New Port—This makes them rather inferior to the combined naval force of Arburthnot and Greaves; but as a second division of ships of War and Land Forces (a circumstance you...
Having lately received some Leiden papers the perusal of which (tho’ of an old date) the Marquiss De la Fayette assured me would be agreeable to your Excellency I do myself the honour to enclose them, & at the same time to acknowledge the receipt of your favor of the 12th March—The papers contain little interesting intelligence but what we have already had—they are chiefly filled with American...
Hier au soir à 8 h es. Leurs H. P. s’assemblerent; & le résultat fut l’expédition d’un Courier à 10 heures, avec l’accession de la Rép. au Traité Définitif, que nous nous attendons ici d’apprendre avoir été signé mercredi prochain 3 e. Voilà donc la fin de toutes nos incertitudes. Je vous en félicite, Monsieur, de tout mon coeur, & je souhaite pareillement, que le navire le Washington, que...
I will have the honor of delivering my work to you this evening between five and six o’clock but in the meantime, I am sending you the best map of North America that could be found here. The map of the thirteen states that I asked for is expected from England. I am also enclosing the Atlas de l’histoire philosophique et politique so that you may give me your opinion as to the accuracy of these...
I was favored with Yours of the 10th instant with Its several Inclosures. The stroke meditating by the Indians against our Frontier Inhabitants, is what I have long thought would happen, as they were not Engaged in our Interest; But I am in full Hopes You will be able to repel their hostile Designs & Convince them of their Imprudence in Joining our Enemies without the least Cause of Quarrell....
ALS : American Philosophical Society J’ai l’honneur de vous écrire la presente qui vous sera remise par les nommés Whipple Crow & Binjamin Hocum tous deux americains qui ont été pris sur le navire brign la Polly de Rhode Island et conduits a Bristol d’ou ils se Sont sauvés des prisons & sont arrivés ici manquant de tout, comme ils cherchent a retourner en Amerique, Je leurs ai fourni pour le...
Copies: Library of Congress (two of each), Massachusetts Historical Society <Versailles, July 18, 1778, in French: Letters from Lorient tell of the trouble between the commander of the Boston and the French volunteers and sailors in his crew, of whom twenty-eight—twenty-five volunteers and three apprentices—have been sent ashore. Their grievance was against the first lieutenant and two other...
The honor of being the hero of a public panegeric, is what you could hardly have aspired to, either from your talents, or from your good qualities. The partiality of your friends has never given you credit for more than mediocrity in the former; and experience has proved, that you are indebted for all your consequence, to the reverse of the latter. Had you not struck out a new line of...
I was last night favd with yours of the 23d. Give me leave to congratulate you upon your Victory, and return my thanks to the Officers and men for their gallant behaviour, to those particularly who were more immediately engaged. I hope Colo. Green’s success by land added to yours upon the Water, will make the Enemy cautious of attempting either again. You may depend upon being supplied with...
It was the 30th of march before the last Division of my Regt march’d from Camp at Reading at which time the Snow was Near Eighteen Inches Deep, we have halted Sixteen days on the march of a hundred and Ninety one miles; Partly occasioned by the badness of the Roads at that Season of the year, partly owing to the Difficulty in procuring Carriages, and more Particularly for the want of a Proper...
Your favour of the 24, is just come to Hand. Your Congratulations on the publick acknowledgment of the United States do me great Honour. I received in its Time, your favour of 18. The Compliments you make me upon this occasion, are greater than I deserve, though they are not greater than were made me last Week, by one of the most respectable foreign Ministers at the Hague. “Vous avez, frappé,...
While the Works which you have laid out near Elizabeth Town are constructing, you will be pleased to ride down now and then and give the necessary directions. I am, Sir, Yr most obt Servt DLC : Papers of George Washington.
3405General Orders, 4 July 1777 (Washington Papers)
The Commander in Chief approves the following sentences of a General Court Martial, held the 2nd Inst:, whereof Colonel Stewart was president, and orders them to be put in execution forthwith—viz: George Deal of Col. Armand’s Independent Corps, charged with “Desertion” found guilty, and sentenced to receive 39 lashes. Charles Mulley of the 1st Pennsylv: regt charged with “Deserting, and...
ALS : American Philosophical Society <Calais, August 7, in French: A local shoemaker offers two thousand pairs of shoes at 3 l.t. 12 sols the pair; do you want them? I advanced four Louis to Mr. Meulens, an officer in the Berwick regiment who wanted to go to Liége and had no money, and who is now in the American service; please repay me if you can. Nowhere are shirts cheaper than here; I offer...
A journey to Philadelphia in the Winter procured me the honor of Your Excellency’s favor of the 11th of Mar. last by Don Juan De Merailles, and the pleasure of this Gentleman’s acquaintance. His estimable qualities justify your recommendation & concur with it to establish him in my esteem. I doubt not he will have informed you of the cordial and respectful sentiments, which he has experienced...
I wrote to you the 12th Ultimo, desiring, that so soon as any other General Officer should arrive at Tionderoga, you would immediately leave it and repair to my Head Quarters. I must now repeat that desire, as your presence here is very much wanted; and I shall expect, that after the receipt of this, you will hasten to join me with all the expedition you can. The Troops from Pennsylvania are...
In the letter which I did myself the honor to write to Your Excellency the 25th of May, I mentioned the appearances which indicated that the enemy had some important enterprise in contemplation. These appearances have since increased ’till they seem to have arrived at a very interesting crisis. The inclosed extracts from the intelligence I have successively received will show their progress...
3410[Tuesday May 21. 1776.] (Adams Papers)
Tuesday May 21. 1776. Three Letters from General Washington, inclosing Letters and Papers of Intelligence from England, and a Copy of the Treaties made by his Britannic Majesty with the Duke of Brunswick for 4084 of his Troops; and with the Landgrave of Hesse Cassel for 12,000 of his Troops; and with the Count of Hanau for 668 of his Troops. A Letter from William Palfrey with a Copy of his...
Agreeably to Your Excellency’s Instructions of the 11th instant, I immediately marched my Men to Redbank—General De Coudray (as I was informed by General Potter) had not been himself either at Redbank Fort-Island or Billingsport for several Days past, nor had he left any Person to superintend there—Therefore after staying a few Days, and the Men murmuring for want of Quarters to shelter them...
His Excellency has received your favor by Capt. Lacey, & has directed me to inform you that if the state of the Regt to which the Capt. belongs, will admit of his absence, that you may grant him a furlough. I am Sir Yr Mo Obet Sert DLC : Papers of George Washington.
L or AL : American Philosophical Society Memoire M. Le Prince des Deuxponts S’est déja adressé a monsieur Franklin pour Savoir Si LElectorat Palatin et Le Duché de Baviére pourroient entrer en Liaisons de Commerce avec Les treize Etats unis de Lamérique. Mais n’en ayant obtenu qu’une Réponse trop vague pour etre transmise a Ses Commettans, il Le prie tres instamment de vouloir bien Lui...
AL (draft) and copy: National Archives Inclosed you have a certified Copy of a Resolution of Congress dated July 19. 1779; By which you will perceive the Marine Committee are empowered and directed by Congress to carry into Execution their Manifesto of the 30 of Octr. 1778. In pursuance of this Authority and for the more speedy accomplishment of the Ends proposed, we authorise and most...
3415General Orders, 7 September 1778 (Washington Papers)
For the present and until the Circumstances of the Army will admit of a more perfect Arrangement it is to be divided and commanded as follows, viz. Woodford’s, Muhlenberg’s and Scott’s Brigades by Major General Putnam—Poor’s, Late Larned’s & Paterson’s by Major General Gates; Wayne’s, 2nd Pennsylvania and Clintons by Major General Lord Stirling. Parsons’s and Huntington’s Brigades by Major...
If the detachment now forming, pursues its object, it will be a strong additional motive against having deposits at, and upon the Morris Town Road to this place; because the Troops now on that communication will be considerably reduced, without the means of replacing them. If therefore my former order on this head is not fully complied with no time should be lost in the completion of it. A...
LS : American Philosophical Society I have in Course received the honour of your Excellencies favour of the 24th. Ulto. in Consequence of which I transmitted the necessary directions to London, on the 2d Currt. to prevent your Newspapers from being sent me in future which I have no doubt will be paid proper attention to. I am very sensible to the acknowledgements, Your Excellency, makes me on...
ALS : American Philosophical Society I send the Servant who occasionally does my little messages, for that Protection for the Good Intent Capt. Francis Mugford , to go to and from Labradore, to the Moravian mission Settlements for the conversion of the Heathen, so kindly promised last Friday. The Person who was to have brought it yesterday never came. I hope it has not miscarried. Many thanks...
I have already written twice to Your Excellency Since my being made a prisoner, & nothing but the Circumstances pressing So hard upon me could induce me to trouble you with a third Letter A few Days after the unfortunate Death of my late General, three of the best English Physicians declared that my native Air was absolutely necessary for me to recover from my Wounds. Lords Cornwallis &...
I called on Mr. Anderson the Writer of the letter to Capt. Trot which you were pleased to inclose to me and desired he would explain the foundation on which he had written that letter. His explanation I now inclose you, from which you will be able to collect only thus much, that his application on behalf of Mr. Trot was utterly rejected and nothing said which could authorize him to suppose we...
I this morning received your application, and I can assure that I am sorry any individual of the army should have violated the rights of a citizen, or that an officer should insult the authority of the State in an instance where it seems to have been particularly concerned—But that this matter may be brought to a legal issue, I inclose you a letter to General Scott who commands near Bedford,...
LS : National Archives; press copy of LS : National Archives; copies: Library of Congress, National Archives Since I wrote the two short Letters of which I herewith send you Copies, I have been honoured with yours No. 5 dated the 16th Decr. Enclosed I send Copies of two Letters from M. le Comte de Vergennes, relating to certain Complaints from Ostend and Copenhagen against our Cruisers. I...
ALS : Historical Society of Pennsylvania I will take care of the 100 Copies of M. de la Fay’s excellent Work which you have sent me, and forward them to America by the first good Opportunity, where I am convinc’d they will be very useful. I shall put them into proper Hands for Sale, who will in due time render you an Account. I have the Honour to be very respectfully, Sir, Your most obedient...
Mr. David Ross Commercial Agent for this State who as such is entrusted with the Exportation of Commodities on the public Account, and Importations of necessaries for the Army, dispatches a vessel for the Island over which your Excellency presides. The extreme distress of this State for Arms and military Stores, and the union of and Object of his Most Christian Majesty and the North American...
I received your two obliging favors of the 26th just as I was commencing yesterday, our second day’s march for the North River. There is no doubt that Sir Herny Clinton means to attack the Count de Rochambeau, and that a considerable force has sailed for the purpose, of which, you will have the greatest certainty by the time this reaches you. I am happy in the measures which have been taken...
On monday I received your favor of the 22d Inst. I should be extremely sorry if the incursions you apprehend, should take place. From the defeats and disappointments the Indians met with the last campaign, when pushed on and supported by a formidable regular Army, we had reason to hope, that they would remain peaceable, at least for some time. However there is no reasoning with precision from...
We have in the provost here a soldier belonging to Lt Colo. Pawlings Corps of New York Levies, Confined for repeated desertions & other enormities. Lt Colo. Pawling desires he may be tried by Court Martial and asserts that he is subject to be tried and punished in the same manner Continental Soldiers are. As the Levies are at Some times sent into the Field under particular conditions of trial...
I arrived here yesterday with the Cavalry where I expeted to have found forage Sufficient to Subsist the Cavalry at least for a few days, my Brigade forage master had been informed by Colo. Biddle that Such provision was made & that he would have nothing more to do then Issue the same but So farr to the Contrary there was not a Load of Hay in Town, with the greatest dificulty we have been...
I reciev’d this morning your yesterday’s favour, in which you say, you want to hear of my beginning in Sallust; I have not begun yet but shall soon; but am for the present continuing in Cornelius Nepos. I have got a fair copy of Phaedrus bound, it is My Master’s Translation which if you desire to read, and have time for it, I will send to you. The Vacancy does not begin at the same time,...
3430General Orders, 4 January 1780 (Washington Papers)
Varick transcript , DLC:GW . Adj. Gen. Alexander Scammell’s orderly book entry for this date includes the following additional general orders: “The Connecticut Division furnishes the main Guard Tomorrow” (orderly book, 17 Oct. 1779–22 March 1780, DNA : RG 93, Orderly Books, 1775–1783, vol. 33). GW’s expenses for this date included £3.15 “To Cash pd for a pockett Almanack for the Genl” and...
The inclosed from Genl Forman is this instant came to hand. there are by information—from Genl Schuyler—1700 Barrls of flour at Trenton. Use every possible means to hurry it on to the North River and to get this Army in a moving condition. The General (& indd other) Officers at Morris Town will not fail being in Camp this afternoon. My Letters to Genl Howe & Govr Trumbull are left open for...
I Receiv’d your Excellency letter of 11th Instt and have carefully Observ’d the Contents Shall Endeavor faithfully to attend your Excellency’s advice therein given. We are but poorly prepar’d to defend the country here with the present Army, But I imagine that there is Great Reason to believe that the Enemy are about to leave Rhode island soon—Sundry people have lately made their escape from...
I was duly honored by your Excellencys favor of the 26th of April in behalf of the council of War on the subject of the removal of Genl Glovers Brigade; Since the receipt of it, Congress have been pleased to transmit me a copy of your letter on the same subject to that honorable body accompanied by a resolve of the 7th Inst. directing me “to take such order thereon as the necessities of the...
I am favd with yours by Major Howell. I would have forwarded your Baggage immediately to you, but I think the chance of your returning is at least equal to your staying where you now are. The greatest part of the fleet have fallen down from the narrows towards the Hook, but whether they have gone out to sea we cannot discover. If they should have gone out, and have stood to the Southward, you...
ALS : Historical Society of Pennsylvania Since my letter to you of the 12th. I have seen Jas Garnet who is loungeing & going so idly about the Streets, & whom I have detected in so many lies, that I think it necessary to apprise you of Him in order that Monsieur Chamont may be warnd not to pay too implicit faith to what Garnet may write. He told me had drawn two Bills on Him before He gave me...
ALS : Archives du Ministère des affaires étrangères We beg Leave to acquaint your Excellency, that we are appointed and fully impowered by the Congress of the United States of America, to propose and negotiate a Treaty of Amity and Commerce between France and the said States. The just and generous Treatment their Trading Ships have received, by a free Admission into the Ports of this Kingdom,...
When I had the pleasure of Seeing you in this City, I had a little Conversation with you on the Subject of reinlisting Such of the North Carolina Troops and levies whose time of Service might be nearly expired. My Collegues and myself wrote to the State on the Same Subject The assembly thereupon resolved that “three hundred dollars per man be given to each Soldier who Shall reinlist for one...
I can not neglect to acquaint Your Excellency that in Consequence of the Present war between my native Country and England, I have at last got my bussiness settled in Congress, and obtained permission to return home to Holland, in about two days I Expect to embark on board of the french frigate the Harmoine, Commanded by the Chevalier La Touche, bound to Newport in order to take a passage from...
I have ordered the Assistant Commissary at this place, to repair immediately to Camp. It is the peculiar misfortune of this Army to have, generally speaking, the head[s] of the different departments always absent when they are most wanted—Two months was I labouring, as hard as a man could, to get the Comy Genl to this place, & had scarce accomplished it before the Congress ordered him to...
3440General Orders, 26 June 1779 (Washington Papers)
Accurate returns of the Names of the Field Officers &c. in the several brigades agreeable to the annexed form to be sent to the Orderly-Office forthwith. Varick transcript , DLC:GW . The annexed form has not been identified.