George Washington Papers
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Agreement for Liberating British Prisoners, 19 April 1783

19 April 1783

Memorandum of Agreement for Liberation of British prisoners of War—agreed upon between the Minister at War & the Commander in Chief 19th Aprl 1783

Orders to be given as soon as possible for their Liberation—& to commence thier March.

Sir Guy Carleton to be informed that it is at his Option whether they march all the Way thro the Country—or be conveyed partly by Water—Those of Frederick Town & Winchester will take the route towards Baltimore where they may arrive by the 10th of May—at which Time if Ships can be sent by Sir Guy, they may embark at that City & proceed by Water to N.York—if not, then to go on by Land to the Delaware at Wilmington—The prisoners in Pennsylvania except those at Readg may all embark in the Delaware, in Case Ships are sent from N.York by 5th of May to receive them—The place of Embarkation to be at Philadelphia.

Sir Guy, if he pleases, to send an additional Number of Officers to attend & direct their March & to prevent Disorders.

If Ships are not sent to receive them—then the whole will be marched, in Convenient Detachments under a small Guard thro’ the Country, to Elizabeth Town.

Waggons for Invalids & Baggage to be provided by the U.States. A Proclamation to be issued, for all such prisoners as have been suffered to go into the Country for Labor—to rejoin their Corps by a certain Time—they to be informed that all prisoners are sett at Liberty, & to return to Europe.

Sir Guy Carleton, if he accepts the proposal of sendg Ships to receive any part or all the Prisoners, he is to be servd directly to the Secty at War in Phila. signifying his Intention—that the necessary Directions may be given.

The Prisoners at Reading about 3 or 400—are to march through the Country directly to Eliza. Town.

Memo—of Numbers—

at Frederick & Winchester includg Women & Children—1500—

In Pennsylvania—the Total—4500—(of which at Reading—300. or 400—)

DLC: Papers of George Washington.

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