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    • Gavino, John
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    • Madison, James
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28 March 1801, Gibraltar. No. 61. Transmits copy of previous dispatch, no. 60. By last accounts, French squadron was at Toulon. Reports French naval battle with British frigate Febe . King of Naples has made peace with France and closed ports to British. Thirty Danish and Swedish vessels have been brought into Gibraltar. RC ( DNA : RG 59, CD , Gibraltar, vol. 2). 1 p.; docketed by Wagner as...
15 April 1801, Gibraltar. No. 62. Transmits copy of his dispatch no. 61 and encloses copies of 2 Jan. letter from Cathcart to O’Brien and O’Brien’s 21 Jan. and 8 Feb. letters to Gavino. Reports arrival of convoy from Great Britain. RC and enclosures ( DNA : RG 59, CD , Gibraltar, vol. 2). RC 1 p.; docketed by Wagner as received 15 June. Enclosures are: Cathcart to O’Brien and Eaton, 2 Jan....
I have not the honor of any of yours since my last dispatch & Duplicate No: 62. I now hand you duplicate Copy of Consul Cathcarts Letter 21st. feby: also Consul OBrions of 5th: Ulto: to mr: Pater of Mahon likewise to me of same date. I hope you will approve of the Steps I took in requesting of the Commanders of the British & Portuguese ships of war to inform our Treading [ sic ] Vessels of the...
6 June 1801, Gibraltar. No. 64. Transmits duplicates of previous dispatch, no. 63, and of O’Brien’s 5 Apr. letter to him and his to O’Brien of 10 May. Has received no answer yet. Brig Hope from Baltimore bound for Trieste with coffee, sugar, and pepper is detained at Gibraltar, as is brig Hunter of Baltimore from Alicante with cargo of barrilla for Dublin. Commander of latter informs him of...
9 June 1801, Gibraltar. No. 65. Transmits copy of his dispatch no. 64. British frigate Sea Horse arrived 8 June from Minorca with convoy; commander took under his protection schooner Triton of Boston with wine for St. Thomas and schooner Charlott of New York with brandy. Commander of latter confirms many Tripolitan cruisers at sea and on coast of Catalonia. In postscript, mentions 9 Apr....
My last dispatch was No: 65 ⅌ the Schooner Charlott of New York with Copy of one of 9th: April from Consul OBrion. On the 26t: Ulto: arrived the State Schooner Enterprize Capn: Steritt, who had Ceperated from the Squadron intended for those Seas, and on the 29th: Ditto anchord in this Bay a Tripoly Ship of 28 Guns (american Built) with 246 Men, Commanded by their high[e]s[t] Admiral, an Engh:...
18 July 1801, Gibraltar. No. 67. His dispatch no. 66 has been detained for want of a conveyance. Has not heard from Commodore Dale since his departure. Received reply from Eaton to Gavino’s 17 May letter, enclosing safe passage for Grand Turk to proceed to Tunis. States that U.S. frigate Philadelphia “was off this port” 17 July and he informed Captain Barron that Tripolitan cruisers were still...
24 July 1801, Gibraltar. No. 68. Reports frigate Philadelphia came into the bay 18 July; since then two Tripolitan cruisers anchored there have kept their flags lowered. Captain Barron requested a pilot to go to Tetuán Bay for water, since governor allows no water for warships. Five homeward bound American ships will go with Philadelphia , and more are arriving. Commodore Dale’s squadron has...
3 August 1801, Gibraltar. No. 69. Since his last dispatch, refusal of governor of Gibraltar [Charles O’Hara] to allow Tripolitan admiral [Murad Rais] provisions has led admiral to threaten Ragusan ships in port with immediate war if they do not take his crews to Tripoli. Admiral has also applied to governor at Tetuán [Alcayde Abde-Rhaman Hashash] for provisions, which the governor promised to...
9 August 1801, Gibraltar. No. 70. Encloses a copy of his letter to Captain Barron sent “ ⅌ Boats hird on purpose to go in quest of him to East and West.” Has just learned Barron was off Málaga two days earlier. The two Ragusan vessels with Tripolitan crews are being convoyed to Tetuán by a British vessel. Tripolitan admiral, officers, and a few seamen—totaling eighty—remain in vessels at...
14 September 1801, Gibraltar. No. 71. Encloses duplicates of his 8 Aug. letters to Barron and commends Barron’s blockade of Tripolitan cruisers, which has caused fresh desertions from their crews. Tripolitan vessels have struck sails and are in the mole with only about twenty seamen left. The Tripolitan admiral and eight others have sailed as passengers to Malta. At Cathcart’s request, encloses...
21 September 1801, Gibraltar. No. 72. Reports that contrary winds have delayed his previous dispatch. On 19 Sept. the George Washington and the Peace and Plenty arrived; they are now departing with merchant vessels. Spanish privateers “who pretend to Blocade this Port” fired at the Peace and Plenty off Tarifa. States that on 19 Sept. the vice-admiralty court at Gibraltar condemned the schooner...
31 October 1801, Gibraltar. No. 75. Reports that Spanish shore batteries fired on American merchant vessels on 19 and 27 Oct., killing one sailor. Has written formal reports to Commodore Dale, who witnessed second attack, and to Humphreys. Notes that Dale and the Philadelphia will sail on first good wind to convoy merchant vessels in the Mediterranean, leaving the Essex to guard Tripolitan...
2 December 1801, Gibraltar. No. 76. Has received no letters from JM and has written none since his no. 75 [31 Oct.] for want of a conveyance. Opening of communication with Spain allows this dispatch to go by Cádiz, where the blockade was lifted after the signing of the peace preliminaries. Announces the arrival of [Royal Navy admiral] Sir James Saumarez, who will remain with ten ships of the...
18 December 1801, Gibraltar. No. 77. Reports that “the Essex continues cruising in this Neighbourhood, and no movement made by the Tripolin Ship. The Commander is now again at Tetuan.” Encloses a copy of a circular letter received from Kirkpatrick on 15 Dec. with news of a Tripolitan cruiser fitting out at Smyrna. Notes that Admiral Saumarez and his fleet are still at Gibraltar and that the...
29 December 1801, Gibraltar. Reports that frigate Boston arrived on 22 Dec. and brought him JM’s letter of 3 Oct. [not found] with two enclosures for Cathcart that he forwarded to Appleton at Leghorn. Has just been informed that Swedish admiral Cederström is at Málaga with four Swedish frigates and orders to cooperate with Commodore Dale against the Tripolitans. Partial Tr ( DNA : RG 46,...
11 January 1802, Gibraltar. Refers JM to his last dispatch enclosing a copy of a letter from O’Brien. Reports that on 7 Jan. a British frigate arrived with British consul Hargreaves and the Algerine ambassador who had been in Great Britain. Hargreaves was carrying a box of jewels for bey of Tunis entrusted to him by Rufus King. Has informed O’Brien to look out for their safety. Encloses copy...
30 January 1802, Gibraltar. No. 81. Encloses an extract from a letter received 29 Jan. from Simpson at Tangier regarding the commander of the Tripolitan ship trapped at Gibraltar, who went to see the emperor of Morocco; Gavino has alerted all U.S. consuls and Captain Bainbridge of the Essex , now at Algeciras. RC and enclosure ( DNA : RG 59, CD , Gibraltar, vol. 2). RC 1 p. The enclosed...
5 May 1802, Gibraltar. No. 86. Refers JM to his dispatch no. 85 [not found]. Reports arrival on 25 Apr. from Tunis of “the American Ship Gloria Commanded by Jo: Bounds taken in the service by Consul Eaton, who brought me the Inclosed dispatches, to which & the Copy of said Gentlemans Letter to me anexd, beg leave to referr.” The commander of the Tripolitan ship laid up at Gibraltar has...
10 May 1802, Gibraltar. No. 87. His last dispatch, no. 86, was prepared on 5 May “for this Conveyance of Capn. Baron who is detained by Contrary Wind.” Encloses translation of 13 Apr. letter in Italian just received from Consul Pulis at Malta and copy of paragraph from 7 May letter from Consul Simpson at Tangier. The case of arms sent by Rufus King for Tunis will be shipped by the...
31 May 1802, Gibraltar. No. 88. Reports departure for Lisbon on 24 May of an English brig—converted from a captured Tripolitan ship—commanded by Capt. Anthony Lambertus. In a letter of 25 Apr. O’Brien reported that the Algerines had captured one Genoese and two Neapolitan vessels and that “Six other large Corsairs were ready for Sea.” Has heard rumors in town of the Algerine capture of the...
15 June 1802, Gibraltar. No. 89. Reports “no Novelty here regarding Tripoly. Comodor Morris is in the Bay, & the Essex sails this day for the U. S.” With regard to the emperor of Morocco, refers to “the sundry dispatches from Consul Simpson which goes by this Conveyance.” Notes arrival on 14 June of Wyk, the Swedish consul at Tangier, who was expelled for noncompliance with the demands of the...
20 June 1802, Gibraltar. No. 90. Encloses copies of letters from Simpson of 17 and 18 June. The emperor of Morocco “not only renews his Demands for Pasports for to send wheat to Tripoly, but wants to take out the Tripolin Ship blocaded here under his Flag, for particulars of which referr to Comodor Morris & Consul Simpsons Dispatches which the former Gentn will forward.” Morris will go to...
28 June 1802, Gibraltar. No. 92. Informs JM that “the faltering hopes given us the 22d: Inst: by Consul Simpson & Communicated to you in mine of 24th. No: 91 [not found] respecting our affairs with Morrocco are Vanishd.” Simpson arrived at Gibraltar 25 June, “fresh orders having reachd Tanger the 24th: Currt: for his quiting the Country immediately. He tells me the Empr: had mentiond in...
29 June 1802, Gibraltar. No. 93. “After referring you to mine No. 91 & 92 ⅌ this Conveyance, still detaind by Contrary Wind, have now to inform you that Yesterday Saml: Moor Commander of the English Brig Mary from Mahon, who parted Company on the 24th: Inst: to the Eastward of the Rock with the American Brig Rose whose Commander deliverd him the following note, Vizt: ‘Captain Andrew Morris,...
8 July 1802, Gibraltar. No. 94. Encloses copy of a letter from O’Brien, dated 23 June, confirming that the brig Franklin was captured by a Tripolitan vessel and that there were four others out; they had since been seen off the coast of Spain. Encloses also the terms of the settlement between Algiers and Spain and another letter from O’Brien dated 13 June. Dey of Algiers has returned the...
30 July 1802, Gibraltar. No. 95. Acknowledges JM’s letter of 11 May enclosing letters for O’Brien and Eaton. Simpson returned to Tangier on 26 July “to conferr with the Bashaw who had then sett out for Tetuan for whence Mr: Simpson was also to sett off the 27th: as you will see by the annexd Paragraph of his Letter to me.” Also encloses a letter to JM from O’Brien “in the state it [was]...
19 August 1802, Gibraltar. No. 96. Encloses Simpson’s dispatches reporting the settlement of difficulties between U.S. and Morocco; the emperor has withdrawn orders for cruisers to attack American ships. “Comodor Morris in the Chesapeake & the Schooner Enterprize Saild yesterday for Leghorn with about 11 Sail of our Vessels, & near as many Swedes, he is also to take up those that are detaind...
3 September 1802, Gibraltar. Refers JM to his last dispatch, no. 96 [19 Aug.] . A Moroccan crew arrived on 1 Sept. from Tetuán; “the report is they come to take away the Tripolin ship (laid up here) with the Emperours flag as his Property.” Has no late news from Simpson. The Boston is expected; the Adams is in port for repairs. “It is currently aserted that the Algereens have declard Warr...
3 October 1802, Gibraltar. No. 99. Refers JM to his last dispatch, no. 98 [not found], enclosing dispatches from Simpson and O’Brien. Captain Campbell informed him on 25 Sept. that the New York “is coming out imediately” with gun carriages for the emperor of Morocco. “As this intelligence I deemd might be usefull to Consul Simpson in his Negociation with the Emperour I dispatchd him an advice...
17 October 1802, Gibraltar. No. 100. Refers to his last dispatch, no. 99 of 3 Oct. “I now agreeable to Consul OBrien of Algiers desire anex you Copy of his Letter to me 2d. Ulto: received this day.” A pass and consular certificates have arrived from the emperor of Morocco for the ship he claims, but the vessel cannot sail as sixteen crew members deserted a few days ago and went to Tangier. The...
21 October 1802, Gibraltar. No. 101. “I have only time to hand you the inclosed from Consul OBrien w: Copy of his Letter to me under 3d. Inst. I refer to mine No. 100 [17 Oct. 1802] ⅌ this Conveyance.” RC and enclosure ( DNA : RG 59, CD , Gibraltar, vol. 2). RC 1 p. Docketed by Wagner as received 18 Dec. For enclosure, see n. 1. In O’Brien’s 3 Oct. 1801 [1802] letter to Gavino (2 pp.), he...
5 November 1802, Gibraltar. No. 102. Has not received any letters from JM. Refers JM to his last, no. 101 [21 Oct. 1802] , and its enclosure. As mentioned in his no. 100 [17 Oct. 1802] the “Moorish Ship in question still remaind here, as 16 Moors had deserted her, since then the Capn: went for Tetuan and several of the Crew were dischargd.” Simpson lately wrote Captain Campbell that Alcayde...
20 November 1802, Gibraltar. No. 103. Refers to his last, no. 102 of 5 Nov. , about the Moorish ship which continues laid up. “The last Letter recieved from Consul Simpson was under date of 11t: Inst:, had no answer from the Emperour regarding the Refference of the Certificates which was refused, & feard when came would be unpleasent.” Has received JM’s 26 Aug. circular and will attend to its...
3 December 1802, Gibraltar. No. 104. Encloses a copy of his no. 103 [20 Nov. 1802] , since which he has not received any letters from JM. Understands that Sweden is to pay $150,000 for peace with Tripoli. “The J. Adams calld at Malaga & met Capt: Murray who orderd her here for to take up a supply of Provisions, is arrived & will proceed in 3 or 4 days for Malaga & Malta.” Commodore Morris left...
16 December 1802, Gibraltar. No. 106. Forwards dispatches just received via a British frigate from Malta, “where Mr: Cathcart was with Comodor Morris, from whom I have Letters to the 1st: Inst.” Has learned “by a Vessel just arrived from Mahon” that a U.S. frigate was there for repairs to a damaged mast. “They do not know her Name or the Capns: it can be no other than the New York.” Adds in a...
18 December 1802, Gibraltar. No. 107. “I have the honor of Confirming my last Respects No. 105 [not found] & 106 [16 Dec. 1802] ⅌ this Conveyance who having returnd to Port by Contrary winds I now inclose you Copy of a Circular Letter received from Consul OBrion of Algier dated 15: October last.” RC and enclosure ( DNA : RG 59, CD , Gibraltar, vol. 2). RC 1 p. Docketed by Wagner. Gavino...
23 December 1802, Gibraltar. No. 108. Has not received a letter from JM since his last dispatch, no. 107 [18 Dec. 1802] . Has received a 7 Dec. letter from Captain Barron at Mahón, a copy of which he sent to Robert Smith requesting that he show it to JM. Has heard Barron was still at Mahón on 14 Dec. “and had got his foremast in.” “The Master of an Engh: Vessel from Genoa who arrived three...
27 December 1802, Gibraltar. No. 109. Refers to his no. 108 of 23 Dec. and encloses a “Copy of a Letter received from Consul Eaton of Tunis 9th: Ulto.,” copies of which he has forwarded to Captains Campbell and Murray. “A french Squadron of five large french Ships of War & a Brig whent past this day from the Westward Supposed to be from St: Domingo.” RC and enclosures ( DNA : RG 59, CD ,...
4 January 1803, Gibraltar. No. 110. “I beg leave to referr to my last dispatch No. 109 [27 Dec. 1802] ⅌ this Conveyance of the Constellation frigate, who put back by Contrary Wind and is still detaind here.” Forwards a packet from Eaton and encloses a copy of a letter from O’Brien to Cathalan. RC and enclosure ( DNA : RG 59, CD , Gibraltar, vol. 2). RC 1 p. Docketed by Wagner as received 17...
11 February 1803, Gibraltar. No. 112. Has had no letters from JM since his dispatch no. 111 [not found]. “I have no late accounts of Commodor Morris, the Constellation proceeded a few days ago for the U. S.” The Adams is at Gibraltar. “The Commander of the Moorish ship in question with a Crew from Tetuan is Expected to take her away. Mr: Wyk the swedish Consul [is] now here and is to go to the...
13 February 1803, Gibraltar. No. 113. Refers to his last dispatch, no. 112 [11 Feb. 1803] , which covered a 23 Nov. dispatch from O’Brien. Transmits a report of arrivals at Gibraltar for the last six months of 1802 [not found]. Has no other news. RC ( DNA : RG 59, CD , Gibraltar, vol. 2). 1 p. Docketed by Wagner. A full transcription of this document has been added to the digital edition.
17 February 1803, Gibraltar. No. 114. “Since my last N: 113 under the 11: Int: [13 Feb. 1803] , orders is come to the Emperours Agent here to get the Ship in question ready for Sea and he further tells me Expects the Commander every moment from Tetuan with a Crew, and that She is at all events to go to Sea.” Adds in a postscript, “Three french Ships the Line are aback of the Rock with Troops...
27 February 1803, Gibraltar. No. 115. Refers to his dispatch no. 114 of 17 Feb. mentioning that “the Moorish Vessel in question” had been ordered to get ready for sea. “She has in Consequence been fitted out, only expects the Capn: & Crew to put to sea, who were at Tetuan Collecting the Provisions, the Agent here tells me one of the Emprs: Captains comes for her, & not the Tripolin.” The Adams...
8 March 1803, Gibraltar. No. 116. Refers to his last dispatch, no. 115 of 27 Feb. Swedish consul Wyk received an eleven-gun salute on his arrival at Tangier. “The King of Sweden has made him a Nobleman of the order of Wasaw [Vasa], and the Swedish Adl. has orders to go to Tangier to Enstal him.” Crews expected from Tetuán for the ship at Gibraltar have not yet arrived. Encloses a copy of a...
17 March 1803, Gibraltar. No. 117. “I referr to my last No. 116 [8 Mar. 1803] and have now to inform you that two days ago arrived the Crew for the Moorish Ship in question about 40 Men among them the Tripolin who formerly Commanded the Brig and laterly the said Ship they report are going for A[r]zev to load wheat for Tunis, the Ship is ready and Expect will sail in 6 or 8 days; the Adams...
4 April 1803, Gibraltar. No. 117 [118]. Has received no letters from JM since his last, no. 117 [17 Mar. 1803] . “Consul Simpson … sent me the inclosed Dispatch for you; and at Same time Thos: Beck, and David Ervin, two american Seamen saved in June last from the Schooner Betsy of Norfolk which was Wreckd on the Southern Coast of Barbary, and the Empr. of Morrocco since redeemed from the Arabs...
29 April 1803, Gibraltar. No. 119. Has received no letter from JM since his no. 118 [4 Apr. 1803] , reporting the arrival of two French ships with settlers for Louisiana who had observed two seventy-four-gun warships with five thousand Polish troops also bound there. Some French ships have passed from the east since then. “The Chesapeake went Home on the 6th: Inst. On the 7th. the Adams went...
5 May 1803, Gibraltar. No. 120. Has still received no letters from JM. Refers JM to his last, no. 119 of 29 Apr. , in which he wrote that Tripoli had declared war against the Netherlands and enclosed his account for the last year. “On the 3d: Instant arrived an Extraordinary Corrier to the Governor from Alicant in 5 days, informing him of the British Consul of Algier Mr. Falcon having got...
21 May 1803, Gibraltar . No. 121. Has received nothing from JM since writing on 5 May , nor has he heard anything of Commodore Morris or any U.S. frigates. Encloses a dispatch from Simpson [not found] and a copy of one from O’Brien dated 20 Apr. Received a letter from Sir Peter Wyk announcing that he had “returnd from seeing the Emperour” and that “his mission has ended to his entire...