James Madison Papers
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From James Madison to William C. C. Claiborne, 2 April 1804

To William C. C. Claiborne

Washington Department of State
April 2nd, 1804

Sir,

Since my last1 I have received your Letters of the 4th, 6th, and 13th February and that of yourself and General Wilkinson dated on the 7th, and 14 Feby.2 enclosed you will receive two copies of an Act of Congress passed on the 26th Ultimo erecting Louisiana into two Seperate Governments3 and continuing the present temporary Government until the 1st October next.

The disturbance at the assembly room on the 22nd of January had been communicated by Mr. Pichon with several particulars of a nature to create anxiety but the impression is certainly removed by the different aspect given to that occurrence by the depositions which you have enclosed.4 As after the delivery of the Province its police devolved upon the american Functionaries, and as Mr. Laussats authority could not afterwards extend to events and persons not immediately connected with his mission, the correspondence which you held with him respecting the express5 was a politeness on your part, which ought not to have led to the irritation manifested on his. Whatever in the view you took of your duty in relation to the essential features of the transaction may not have corresponded with the opinion of the President will doubtless have been corrected as far as possible on the receipt of my last.

The adjournment of Congress took place on the 27th. In addition to other provisions for the accomodation of the people of Louisiana, one hundred copies of the Laws of the United States are to be purchased and distributed therein, and in future it is to have a proportion of the 10,000 copies printed at the Seat of Government for distribution. In consequence of the same Law I shall next week enclose copies of the Laws of the last Session, requesting you to engage a proper person to print them in his Gazette. I have the Honour to be Sir with great Respect your most Obd St.

(Signed)   James Madison

Letterbook copy (Ms-Ar: Claiborne Executive Journal, vol. 13).

1JM to Claiborne, 12 Mar. 1804, PJM-SS description begins Robert J. Brugger et al., eds., The Papers of James Madison: Secretary of State Series (7 vols. to date; Charlottesville, Va., 1986–). description ends , 6:581–82.

2Ibid., 6:428–29, 441–42, 470–71, 449–51, 478.

3For the “Act erecting Louisiana into two territories, and providing for the temporary government thereof,” see U.S. Statutes at Large description begins The Public Statutes at Large of the United States of America … (17 vols.; Boston, 1848–73). description ends , 2:283–89.

4See Claiborne and Wilkinson to JM, 7 Feb. 1804, PJM-SS description begins Robert J. Brugger et al., eds., The Papers of James Madison: Secretary of State Series (7 vols. to date; Charlottesville, Va., 1986–). description ends , 6:449–51, 452 nn. 3 and 4.

5For the correspondence regarding the Exprès, see Claiborne and Wilkinson to JM, 17 Jan. and 7 and 14 Feb. 1804, ibid., 6:353–54 and nn. 3 and 5, 449–51, 452 n. 2, 478.

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