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I acknowledged yours of the 7th. by Mr. Camp who went on some days since. I shod. have answered it more fully before this had I not been prevented by indisposition from wh. I am nearly recovered. Your address has been approved by every description of persons here. It is sound and strong in principle, and grateful to the opposit party. With your judgment views and principles it is hardly...
Jas. Monroe presents his best respects to Mr. Madison & requests he will be so good as forward the enclosed to Mr. Lee. As it is in answer to a proposition of his for supplying the State with arms wh. are not wanted at present, but in arrangments for wh. he may incur some expence it is desirable that he receive it as soon as possible. J. M hopes that Mr. & Mrs. Madison are in good health....
I have endeavour’d to find suitable persons out of whom you might select one to fill the vacancy in the comn. of bankruptcy at Norfolk, but so little am I acquainted there that it is really a difficult task. Mr. Tazewell could give a name, but I did not wish to write him on the subject. Of those whom I have heard spoken of, Jas. Bennett mercht. and Jas. Nimmo an attorney are the fitest among...
On my return from Albemarle two days since I found the enclosed from Mr. Forbes which I beg to submit to yr. consideration. I was well acquainted with Mr. Forbes in France, and considered him one of the best informed & most deserving of our countrymen at that time in that country. He was educated at Cambridge in Mass: and bred to the law, wh. he declined in favor of commerce, having at the...
Permit me to present to yr. acquaintance the bearer Mr. Blake consul at St. Domingo who is represented to me by respectable authority to have rendered useful service to his country in that office. I am persuaded on inquiry into the character and services of this gentleman, you will find him what I believe him to be on the authority of his introduction to me, very deserving of yr. attention and...
On the 21. I desired an interview of Lord Harrowby for the purpose of “ascertaining the sentiments and disposition of his majesty’s govt. on the subjects depending between the two nations” to which I recd. an answer the next day appointing the 29. for the meeting. I expect on that occasion either to conclude the business for the present by a postponment of it, or in case of agreement, to fix...
I found your favor of the 28th. ulto. communicating an extract of a letter from Dupont De Nemours relative to the claim of the artist Houdon to be paid the sum which he lost by the depreciation of the assignats in the last instalment which he recd. for the statue of Genl. Washington. I postponed an answer untill I had taken the advice of council by which I am authorised to inform you that...
A bill wh. has been presented before the house of Reps. has produc’d much sensation here; I cannot say any thing positive as to the effect, as the principle of the bill seems to find no support in the country among the people. On the presumption that a particular measure alluded to in mine of the 2d. by Captn. Tompkins, had taken place, I was desirous that a certain other one shod. be taken...
I have the honor to transmit to you by Doctr. Bullus a copy of my correspondence with Mr Canning on the subject which was committed to my care by your letter of the 6th. July last. You will find by it that the pressure which has been made on this Government, in obedience to the instructions contained in that letter, has terminated in a decision to send a Minister to the U States, to adjust the...
I wrote you at great length by Havre on the 13th. by Mr. Hughes who was charged with the treaty. This will be forwarded by Mr. derieux by whom it was intended to have sent the original instruments, but he being forc’d to take the route of Bordeaux, and an opportunity offering by Havre, we committed them to Mr. Hughes, & send copies by Mr. Derieux. I detained this Latter gentn. here some days...
The letter enclosed was sent to the tavern for Mr. Beckley, but the tavern keeper omitted to give it to him. Will you be so good as deliver that to him personally if at Washington. I communicated to Mr. Jefferson the wish of David Gelston for employment in the collectorship at New York, & he told me, he wod. be attended to. He is a very honest, respectable republican, one to whom the cause is...
The trial of Captain Whitby took place on the 17th. inst. at Portsmouth, before a Court Martial, by which he was acquitted. As I have not heard from Mr. Canning since the decision, and no statement is given in the gazettes, of the proceedings of the court, it is not in my power to inform you, on what ground he was acquitted. I shall endeavor to obtain correct information on that point, which I...
Colo. Norton has been very solicitous with me to write you in behalf of his son in law Captn. Merchant who was condemned to a fine and two years imprisonment, for piracy. I know so little of the merits of the case that I wished to avoid saying any thing on it, and write more to give a proof, of my respect for the feelings of a venerable old parent than in the expectation of rendering the...
I have lately rece[i]ved by Mr. Baring your letters of the 5th. & 16. of Jany: that of Octr. 24th. with the documents mentioned in it had reached me at an earlier period. I rejoice to hear that our government has obtaind complete & quiet possession of Louisiana. Independant of the vast importance of the acquisition, which surely cannot be held in too high estimation, it is very satisfactory to...
I wrote you on the 16th. in haste by the “John Bulkley” a letter in which I observed that in making the question of right with this govt. it might perhaps be best to take at this time the most moderate ground. As those terms are indefinite and may be misunderstood, some explanation may be necessary to convey an idea of what I shod. consider in that light. The seizure is a positive violation of...
Since my publick letter of the 16. I have recd. yr. private one of July 30th. with the originals of those of the 29th. They were sent from Paris by Mr. Livingston who expressed his satisfaction to find that our conduct had been approved in the great outline and surprise at the intimation it conveyed of a wish that the money intended for France had been so applied. He had not then (28. octr.)...
I arrived here on Saturday evening from Kentuckey & shall proceed to Richmond as soon as I recover from the fatigue of the late journey. The object of this is to request your sanction to the publication of our late correspondence on certain important publick topicks. It is interesting & will I doubt not be satisfactory to the publick and to many friends to be made acquainted with that...
I expected to have had the pleasure of see[i]ng you before this in my route to New Yk., but a late indisposition and the pressure of my private concerns, compell me to postpone a visit to my friends to the claims of business which will lead me first to the westward. The day of my departure is not positively fixed, but will be in a few days. I shall pass thro’ the federal city in March when I...
If I was not personally your friend and did not wish success to your administration, from the interest I take in your welfare, as in that of my country, I should not write you with the freedom I propose to do in this letter. It is my intention to enter fully into some topicks which are of very high importance to your reputation as to the best interests of the UStates, & I do it in confidence...
I wrote you on the 16. & 18th. from Bordeaux so fully as to leave nothing to be added here, except that I am still in health & to proceed on my journey in the morning, every preparation being made for the voyage such as guards procured, bedding & provisions bought &ce, in the same manner as if I was to travel thro a desert country. It is understood that Spain has declared war agnst England at...
I had the pleasure to receive some days past your favor of the 11th. & that of the 13. to day. Being perfectly satisfied by the explanations & assurances which you had given me in your preceding letters that I had taken an improper idea of yr. disposition towards me, the details contained in your last one were not necessary in that view. I receive them however with great interest, because in...
I thought that Mr. Pinkney had concluded the business of the bank stock, when I wrote the last letter, but found that he had left it unfinished, for Deal to which place he followed the vessel, being compelled to go by the situation of Mrs. P., & his engagments with the captain. The state of the affr. promising a prompt conclusion on his return he was sent for & actually did return & conclude...
It has occurr’d to me it might possibly be of some use for me to give Mr. Livingston a letter to the consul Cambaceres. I was well acquainted with him, while in France, had much intercourse on publick business & he was often at my house. Still I am not aware it will produce any good effect; perhaps there may be an impropriety in my writing him. I send you a letter to him for mr. L., and submit...
It is understood that the functions of the marshall here ceased on the last of June, by virtue of the late law repealing the former Judiciary law of the UStates. By the former Law this State was divided in to two districts, an Eastern and a western district, & Major Scott was appointed marshall of the Eastern. By the 13. Sect: of the last Law that division is abolishd, the whole State is made...
My letters to Mr. Madison are so full on what concerns us, as to leave me little to add to you. I never experienc’d more difficulty in any case, than in deciding whether to hasten the negotiation with this govt. to a conclusion, & set out immediately in pursuit of the other object, or to let it take its natural course and consume a couple of months more, and pursue that object afterwards. The...
I arrived here on saturday so much overcome with the fatigue of the journey that I kept my bed yesterday & was attended by a phisician. To day I am better tho confined to my room. In a day or two I shall be well. A ship was engaged for me, the cabbin prepared, & she detained sometime at my expence, & finally sailed, on acct. of the great expence of her detention and the uncertainty of my...
We arrived here yesterday in 29. days from the Hook. The voyage was as favorable in other respects as it was in point of dispatch, having experienc’d no storm or other unpleasant incident in it, the sea sickness of my family excepted. To avoid the expence of entering the port with the ship, the Captn. had contracted to land us from the road which he proposed doing in his own boat, but as there...
I have just received your letter of the 15. of April containing instructions for the prosecution of our claims and interests which remain to be adjusted with Spain. I observed with pleasure that the pursuit of that object is made dependant on the state of our affairs here. Being deeply impressed with the importance of the trust with each power, and aware of its relative urgency, I beg you to...
I enclose you a copy of General armstrong’s letter to me enclosing Mr. Talleyrand’s reply to Mr Livingston & my letter while at Paris, of which you have heretofore been forwarded a copy. I send also a copy of my answer to general armstrong which will be forwarded immediately to him. The substance of what is state<d> to him was communicated to me in a long conference with the prince of peace...
The arrival of Mr. Purviance in the U States furnishes me with an occasion to make known to you his merit. He was a member of my family for sometime while I was in France, often present in my interviews with the French govt., and always in my confidence while I remain’d there, so that I speak of him without reserve, as a man of perfect integrity, excellent understanding & rare prudence. He is...
I arrived here on the 20th. and found my family in pretty good health. The French government is in Italy tho it is rumoured that the emperor will be here in a week or ten days. This if true is the effect of some new project. There is no prospect of any proposition being made on our subject in this stage. I have reason to think that it is intended to see the effect which the failure of the...
I annex a note of persons qualified for the office of comrs. under the bankrupt law, for the places to wh. they are affixed. It is thought it will be better to appoint comrs. at Petersbg. separately from those at this place. Of Norfolk I can say nothing as yet, but expect to be able to do it in a few days. I was requested by Colo. Lambert sometime since to give him a letter to you wh. I did to...
On the 20th Ulto. I wrote Lord Hawkesbury by Mr. Sumter & apprized him of my arrival in town in the character of Minister Plenipotentiary from the United States to his Britannic Majesty & requested that he would be pleased to appoint a time when I might have the honor to wait on him with my letters of credence. His Lordship answered that he would receive me the next day at one oclock at his...
Since the conclusion of the treaty with France for the purchase of Louisiana, which was forwarded to you on the 13. by Mr. Hughes, with a joint letter from my colleague and myself, I feel much at a loss what part to take respecting the Floridas. There are some considerations in favor of an immediate pursuit of that object with Spain which have great weight on my mind. The cession of Louisiana...
I have yet recd. no letter from Lord Mulgrave or other communication on the subjects depending. A note relative to the blockade of Cadiz & St. Lucar, wh. opens the ports to let in British manufactures, in consequence I presume of the decision of the Sph. govt. to respect our treaty in that point, has been published by Genl. Lyman with mine to him. I did not expect it wod. have been published,...
Jas. Monroe’s best respects to Mr. Jefferson. He has the pleasure to send him a letter from Mr. Short with two pamphlets. He is very sorry he has it not in his power to call on him at present. An injury which he recd. in his leg a few days before he left Richmd., wh. is much increased by inflamation in coming up , confines him to his room. He hopes however that a few days repose will relieve...
§ From James Monroe. 3 October 1805, London. “The object of this is to present to your acquaintance Major Forman with whom I became acquainted soon after my arrival in this country in 1803. I have had much communication with him on the subject of Louisiana, of which he now is an Inhabitant, having movd lately from the Natchez to the neighborhood of N. Orleans, & derived from it much...
Genl. Scott having intimated to me his intention to visit the federal city, I take the liberty to introduce him to yr. acquaintance as a very deserving and respectable citizen of this State. Tho’ not at present a member of the legislature, yet having been here several days he will be able to communicate to you such incidents of this place as merit attention.   The reelection of General Mason...
I am so far on my way to Madrid and on the point of recommencing my journey this morning. my letters to Mr. Madison have been so full that it is unnecessary to enter into the same topicks here even had I time, tho’ I have not as I set out in an hour. It is possible that yr. attention may be directed to the fortification of our ports, since the establishment of certain fortifications on the...
These considerations induc’d us to sign the treaty & submit it to the wisdom of our government, after obtaining the best conditions that it was possible to obtain. We were aware that in several points it fell short of the just claims of our country. But we were persuaded that such an arrangement was made of the whole subject as justified us in the part which we took. In the rejection or...
After a voyage of 4. days and nights and of more sickness & distress than we ever experiencd before, on acct. of the continual tempest to wh. we were exposed from the time we reached the sea, and the smallness of the vessel, we arrived on the 12th. at Helvoetsluys, from whence we came here by land the day following. The vessel is also here & as our carriage & baggage is abt. being landed, &...
It is particularly grateful to me to hear by yr. letter of the 8th. instt. that my communication to the legislature has yr. approbation. It is in the power of the President & Executives of the States who are republican, to open a cause to the people which has heretofore been obscured by a cloud, or if seen, branded as jacobinic. This may be done without even looking at the weak and unworthy...
I wrote you lately by Col: Mercer, by whom I intended to have forwarded Carey’s letter respecting the documents which you had committed to him relative to the war in our southern states. By accident it was left behind, but is now forwarded. I hope the same which he states to be necessary to redeem the papers will be made up & furnished him. In that case the person to whom it is entrusted here...
I have yours by Mr. Purviance of the 10th. Octr. and had before recd. that of the 29. Sepr. with a list of the articles from Richmond. You will have recd. a note of the silver smith at Paris of the prices of the plate, several correspondent articles of wh. we obtaind of the same man when there last at the same prices. This note is good for the price of workmanship; your ⟨weight?⟩ of the silver...
I inclose you a view which I have taken of the question whether W. Florida is comprized in the cession lately made to the UStates by France of Louisiana, in which I am led to conclude that it is. Indeed I think that the doctrine is too clear to admit of any doubt. The bargain is proportionally a more advantageous one to us. You will see by our joint letter the propriety of an early decision on...
{ NB. The original sent by the British packet to Halifax. Sent to Sr. F. Vincent the 13th. of Sept. Packet sailed the 23d. Duplicate sent by the Eaton to Boston. Sailed from Deal the 23d. Our first meeting with Ld. Holland & Ld. Auckland took place in Downing Street on the 22d. of August. After the usual Exchange of powers we stated at their Request the Objects of our Mission & the general...
We have the honor to transmit you a Treaty which we concluded with the British Commissioners on the 31st. of December. Altho’ we had entertained great confidence from the commencement of the negotiation, that such would be it’s result, it was not untill the 27th. that we were able to make any satisfactory arrangement of several of the most important points that were involved in it. On the next...
Nothing is more difficult than to give you a suitable nomination for comrs. of bankry. at Norfolk. I relied on a gentn. who lately went there for information on that subject, and he declined writing me, preferring to communicate his ideas in person on his return, wh. was not till within a few days. Littleton W. Tazewell lives in Norfolk, but as he has taken a commn. of notary publick of the...
I shod. have answer’d yours of the 24. ulto. as soon as I recd. it, had I not perceived it was yr. wish that our communication on the subject of it, shod. form no part of my publick letter to the legislature . Being at the time engaged in writing that letter I delayed an answer till it was finished. It is not possible to entertain a doubt of the propriety of any part of yr. letter, the last...
I Sent you lately by Col. Mercer my note to Lord Mulgrave of the 23d. ulto. relative to the late seizure of our vessels, in which I thought proper to advert, at the conclusion, to the other topicks that were depending when I left this country for Spain. I endeavoured to touch those topicks, especially the insults in our ports and the impressment of our seamen, in a manner to Shew a due...