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    • Madison, James
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    • Pinckney, Charles
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Herewith you will receive your commission as Minister Plenipotentiary to His Catholic Majesty, and the customary letter of credence. In presenting the latter, the President wishes you to enforce the friendly assurances it gives, by a repetition of them in terms that will best convey the sincere and earnest desire of the United States to cultivate harmony and confidence between the two...
In a postscript to his letter of the 21st. of April last, Colo. Humphreys transmitted a complaint he had received from the Minister of State, that the Spanish Schooner Marcelina had been robbed, about forty leagues westwardly from the Canaries, by a vessel, which on very vague grounds was suspected to be an American. On the 23d. of the same month, Colo. Humphreys returned a provisional answer,...
The instructions accompanying your commission as Minister Plenipotentiary to Spain, informed you of the reported cession of Louisiana to France, of the views which the President had taken of the subject, and of the conduct to be pursued by you in relation to it. It was observed at the same time, that correspondent instructions would be given to the Minister Plenipotentiary to the French...
In the instructions, accompanying your Commission, it was not forgotten, that the trespasses of Spain on our commerce, had laid the foundation for strong complaints and reclamations on the part of the United States; and it was accordingly made your duty to press them in a proper manner on the Spanish Government. As this violation of our neutral rights prevailed most during the misunderstanding...
I avail myself of the present conveyance just made known to me, to inclose you a copy of the Message of the President to Congress and a few newspapers containing such of their proceedings and debates as have been published. You will find that the injury threatened to our navigation by the activity which the peace will give to foreign regulations, particularly to the countervailing Act of Great...
Though you have been referred to the 21st Article of the Spanish Treaty as a model for the provision you are instructed to urge the Government of Spain to accede to for indemnifying our commercial citizens whose claims have originated since, it is found to be incommensurate in some respects with the relief expected by them. The words are “In order to terminate all differences on account of the...
Mr. Higginson & Mr. Perkins of Boston have represented to this department that they have a claim of great importance which they propose to address to the Spanish Government for injuries in South America, to a commercial undertaking for which the necessary sanctions had been given by the competent authorities. Mr. James Yard of Philadelphia will address to that Government a claim of still...
My last was of the 5th of February, and 27th of March. I have as yet received no letter from you since your arrival at Madrid. By one from Colo Humphreys, written a few days after it took place, we learn that you were then confined by indisposition, and had not presented your credentials. We are anxious to hear from you on the several subjects with which you have been charged; particularly on...
The inclosed memorial presents and explains a case resting on the same grounds with some already committed to you. The interest of the memorialists John Townsend and James Shuter of New York, as well as that of the United States require that your own discretion assisted by indications on the spot should regulate the degree as well as form of your interposition with the Spanish Government. We...
10 May 1802, Department of State. “The documents herewith transmitted will explain the case of John Dunlop and others, american citizens, whose property has been taken from them, in addition to personal wrongs, under proceedings for which the Spanish Government is answerable. You will include it with other claims which you are instructed to urge on that Government. It is presumed that the...
My last was of the 30th of March. We are still without a line from you since your arrival at Madrid, and feel an increasing solicitude to hear from you on the subject of Louisiana. The latest information from Paris has confirmed the fact that it was ceded by a Treaty prior to that of March 1801; and notwithstanding the virtual denial of the Cession in the early conversations between Mr...
13 June 1802, Department of State, Washington. Introduces the bearer, William Cooke, who has a claim against Spain “which he is going to Madrid to prosecute—and it will of course be patronized and urged by you as far as may be proper.” Letterbook copy ( DNA : RG 59, IM , vol. 6). 1 p. This letter evidently was never delivered, for Cooke did not sail for Madrid until 1803 (see JM to Pinckney,...
Your several letters now to be acknowledged are of March 20th. April 6 and April 20. The President has learnt with much satisfaction the readiness manifested by the Spanish Government to concur in establishing a Board for deciding on the indemnifications claimed by our citizens. My letter of Feby. 5th suggested an improvement in the definition of the powers of the Board, of which I hope you...
I have received your two letters of July 1st & 6 inclosing your draught of a Convention, with the objection and alteration brought forward by the Spanish Minister. It is regretted that any difficulty should have occurred in bringing to an equitable and Amicable settlement claims of our citizens which are not likely to receive so fair a decision in any mode as thro’ a joint Board of...
I have received a letter from Thomas Davis, Arnold Welles and Peter C. Brooks requesting that an application may be made to the Spanish Government, thro’ the Minister of the United States at Madrid, to ascertain the reasons for detaining at Rio La Plata sundry vessels and cargoes. For a particular explanation of their object I refer to the letter itself, of which a copy is inclosed. You will...
The letter, of which a copy is inclosed, from Mr. George G Lee, an Officer in the Navy of the U States, discloses a species of forgery, which may be followed by consequences highly injurious to our Mediterranean trade. Capt. Dulton, the bearer, affording a safe and direct conveyance, I have also inclosed the forged passport and Register, alluded to in the letter, and a copy of the genuine...
Your dispatches by Mr Codman were delivered by him two days ago; but being voluminous, and the documents in the Spanish language, not yet fully translated, I am not able at present to convey to you the sentiments of the President on the subject. My letter of October 25th will have explained to you the scope of our claims on the Spanish Government; and I now only repeat the confidence...
Capt. Eldred, by whom I forwarded my dispatches of the 25th of Octr. having imposed himself as a citizen of the United States, I gave him the recommendatory letter; styling him such, which he has doubtless presented to you. Since then it is discovered that very strong presumptions, if not positive proof, indicate him to be a British subject, tho’ born in Rhode Island. The letters from the...
Mr. William Cook, who in the course of last year, sustained a severe loss, at Havana, attended with circumstances of rigor and cruelty, and which he attributes to the Government there, has requested me to recommend his case to your attention: this I do with pleasure, but subject to the condition, that any interposition you shall use is not to be of such a nature as to affect the general mass...
Since my letter of November 27th on the subject of what had taken place at New Orleans, a letter has been received from the Governor of Louisiana to Governor Claiborne, in which it is stated that the measure of the Intendant was without instructions from his Government, and admitted that his own judgment did not concur with that of the Intendant. You will find by the printed documents herewith...
18 January 1803, Department of State. “My letters of Novr. 27th and Jany 10th communicated the information which had been received at those dates, relating to the violation at New Orleans of our Treaty with Spain; together with what had then passed between the House of Representatives and the Executive on the subject.… He has accordingly selected for this service, with the approbation of the...
You will be herewith furnished with a joint Commission to treat with His Catholic Majesty, and with a letter of credence to him. For the object of the Commission and as a guide to your negotiations, I refer you to the instructions given in relation to the French Government. Whatever portion of the arrangements contemplated may be found to depend not on the French, but on the Spanish...
My last letter was of January 18. Yours since received are of the 6th and 28th of November. Our latest authentic information from New Orleans is of January 20. At that date, the Edict of the Intendant against our right of deposit had not been revoked, altho’ the letters to him and the Governor from the Spanish Minister here had been previously received. And it appears that the first outrage...
Since my letter of the 8th instant, the Marquis d’Yrujo has received answers to his letters to the Governor and Intendant of Louisiana in which it is stated by the latter, as well as the former officer, that the suspension of our deposit, was not the effect of any orders from the Spanish Government. No intimation however was given that the suspension would be removed in consequence of the...
In your letter of the 10th of October which is only now come to hand, you inclose the accounts of Mr. Young and Yznardi, observing that you had admitted them. It is hardly necessary to intimate to you, that vouchers are necessary in all possible cases to support such accounts, and it is hoped that you have exacted them accordingly: but it is clear that most of the items charged in Mr Youngs...
I have the honor to enclose a copy of a letter which I addressed to you in December last in favor of Mr. Cook. He has since presented himself here with such proofs and favorable recommendations of his case, as will entitle him to expect speedy satisfaction for his losses and the injuries he has received. You will therefore be pleased to interpose in his behalf in the manner best suited to...
My last letter was of the day of . Those received from you since that date are of . You will have learnt doubtless from Paris, that a Treaty has been signed there by which New Orleans and the rest of Louisiana is conveyed to the United States. The Floridas are not included in the Treaty, being, it appears still held by Spain. The inclosed copy of a communication from the Spanish Minister here...
Since my last of July 29, I have received your several letters of April 12 & 20 May 2d & 4th June 12 and July 18th. Mr Monroe has already informed you of his having proceeded to London, and of his intention not to repair to Madrid, for the present. He will have since received instructions given on a contrary supposition, but it is probable he will wait where he is for the determination of the...
The Merchants of Philadelphia interested in the property detained in the Spanish ports of South America, have charged Mr Richard W. Meade with an Agency in respect to it. He will accordingly proceed to Madrid and from thence to South America. The knowledge you have already acquired of this business and the communications with which Mr Meade will further elucidate it, render superfluous at...
I have the honor to inclose copies of a letter from Mr John Hollins of Baltimore to me, respecting a suit in which he is concerned at Havana, of my application in his behalf to the Marquis of Casa Yrujo, and of the answer of the latter. Should it in consequence of these steps, and of such as you may judge it expedient to take also, be withdrawn by appeal to Madrid, Mr Hollins has requested me...
Messrs Wells of Boston, who are interested in the affair of the twelve bills now under the charge of Mr Richard Hughes in Spain, have requested that the application you have made to the Spanish Government for relief might be strengthened by instructions from this Department. On examining the case, it does not distinctly appear, whether the Governor of Cadiz, in suspending the recourse of the...
Your last letter not already acknowledged is that of August 2d continued on August 30th. The Senate having resumed at the present Session the Convention with Spain, postponed at the last, have thought proper to ratify it; and the President has completed the act on the part of the United States. The instrument is now returned to you with these sanctions, in order to be exchanged for the...
My last to you was of the 6th of February, since which I have received your several letters dated on the 24th of October the 10. 20 22. 24 November 12th Decr. 10 & 24 of January. The complaint made to you by the French ambassador respecting desertions to our public ships from the French, has been communicated to the Secretary of the Navy, who will cause the proper enquiries to be made and will...
I have the honor to inclose the report of the Committee of claims to the House of Representatives and an act of Congress respecting David Valenzin, a principal owner of the cargo of the Polacre Paulina, Capn Radich, captured in January 1803 by Capn Sterritt of the United States schooner Enterprize which has been a subject of complaint by the Imperial Minister at Madrid. They are transmitted to...
9 June 1804, Department of State. “As Mr Appleton, the Consul at Leghorn, has presented his accounts up to the close of last year, to the Treasury for liquidation, and his Agent will receive what is found due, they will of course not be payable out of the funds at your disposal. In this particular instance accounts which ought to have been settled with you have been received at the Treasury,...
Since the instructions given you on the 15th of April last, further views have been obtained with respect to the interior of Louisiana and the value which Spain will probably put on such a limitation of our settlements beyond the Mississippi as will keep them for some time at a distance from hers. The President has accordingly become the more anxious that in the adjustment authorized by those...
The inclosed letter contains some ulterior instructions which the President has thought proper to be addressed to yourself and Mr Monroe on the subject committed to your joint negotiations with the Spanish Government. It is presumed that Mr Monroe will be with you before this arrives. Since my last I have received your several letters of the 22d Feby & 8th of April continued to 2d May. The...
I have received since my last of July 16th your several letters of 2d of May 4th & 11th of June and 30th of July. In conformity with your wish for the President’s permission to return to the United States, a letter for that purpose is now inclosed. The President could not oppose a wish naturally resulting from a situati⟨on⟩ which must be rendered by the actual temper of the Spanish Government,...