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From John Adams to John Jay, 30 November 1786

To John Jay

Grosvenor Square Nov. 30th 1786

Dear Sir

Your Favour of the fourth of october, I have had the Honour to receive, and have dispatched the Resolution inclosed in it to Paris to go from thence to Spain: but I hope Mr Lamb is already on his Passage for America.

The Commotions in New England, will terminate in additional Strength to Government, and therefore they do not allarm me

I have lately received from Lord Carmarthen officially the enclosed Treaty between France and England. Congress will be able to form a Judgment of it, with more Accuracy than I can pretend to.—1 There is no obvious particular in which it can be prejudicial to Us. at first it appeared to be popular here: at present there is Some Appearance of opposition.

There are no Symptoms of a more favourable Inclination to a Treaty with confederated America, although the Taxes have fallen short very considerably. Mr Pitt will be obliged to propose fresh Taxes and the People will bear them. For in this Country, The People Universally endeavour to reconcile themselves to their inevitable situation, and to encounter their Difficulties with Courage and Constancy. They know that the Interest of their public Debt must be paid, or they must be ruined: for nobody even here is profligate enough even to insinuate that public Faith and Credit is to be trampled under foot or trifled with.

It is a Pity that every American could not be transported to Europe for a few Weeks, to take a View of the Taxes paid in France Spain Holland, and England; and see how the People live. it would soon reconcile them to their situation, and make them ashamed to have ever uttered a Complaint. The just Complaints of the People of real Grievances ought never to be discouraged, and even their imaginary Grievances may be treated with too great severity: But when a Cry is sett up for the Abolition of Debts, An equal Division of Property, and the Abolition of senates and Governors it is time for every honest Man to consider his situation. The People at large will be miserable Dupes indeed, if they indulge themselves in Slumbers, which may give scope to a few of the most worthless in society, in point of Morals as well as Property to render their Lives, Liberties, Religion Property and Characters insecure. The Laws alone can Secure any Man his own Body, Estate or Peace of Mind: and if these are Scorn’d in Gods name what is ever to be respected? What is there worth living for?

Dr White & Dr Prevost &c are arrived at Falmouth but not yet come to Town: by them We expect more Letters.

With great Respect I have the / Honour to be, Sir your most obedient and / most humble servant

John Adams

RC (PCC, No. 84, VI, f. 359–360); internal address: “His Excellency John Jay / Secretary of state.” LbC (Adams Papers description begins Manuscripts and other materials, 1639–1889, in the Adams Manuscript Trust collection given to the Massachusetts Historical Society in 1956 and enlarged by a few additions of family papers since then. Citations in the present edition are simply by date of the original document if the original is in the main chronological series of the Papers and therefore readily found in the microfilm edition of the Adams Papers (APM). description ends ); APM Reel 112.

1Congress received this letter and the enclosed copy of the 26 Sept. Anglo-French commercial treaty on 19 Feb. 1787, but there is no indication that Congress took any action regarding the letter or its enclosure, and the treaty has not been found (PCC, No. 185, IV, f. 4). For an English translation of the treaty, see Parliamentary Hist. description begins The Parliamentary History of England, from the Earliest Period to the Year 1803, London, 1806–1820; 36 vols. description ends , 26:233–255.

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