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From John Adams to Philip Mazzei, 29 December 1785

To Philip Mazzei

Grosvenor Square Decr. 29. 1785

Dear Sir

I have found in the Remembrancer of the Year 1775, page 309, that a Petition was presented to his Majesty on Wednesday the 11th. of September, from the City of Bristol by Mr Burke, one of the Representatives of that City, in which are the following Words.1

“We owe a Testimony of Justice to your Colonies, which is, that in the midst of the present distractions, We have received many unequivocal Proofs, that our Fellow Subjects in that part of the World are very far from having lost their ancient Affection and regard to their mother Country, or departed from the Principles of commercial honour and private Justice. Notwithstanding the Cessation of the Powers of Government throughout that vast continent, We have Reason to think, judging by the Imports into this City, and by our extensive correspondencies, that the Commodities of American Grouth, enumerated by Acts of Parliament, have been as regularly brought to Great Britain, as in the most quiet times. We assure your Majesty that the Trade of this Port, and the Subsistence of a great part of your Kingdom, have depended very much on the Honourable, and, in this Instance, amicable Behaviour of your American Subjects. We have in this Single City received, within one Year, from the first of September 1774 more than one million bushells of Wheat, to Say nothing of the great quantity of other valuable Commodities essential to our navigation and commerce.”

Perhaps the foregoing is the Paragraph you are looking for.— I had an Idea that there was Something to the Same purpose, in a Petition of the Merchants of London but as I have not yet been able to find it, I might be mistaken.—2 If I Should, Stumble upon any thing like it, I will send it you.

After all, you must put an End to the Temptations to Emigration before you will Succeed in your Attempt to Silence Obloquy, against America, in the publick Prints.— The Mercure de France, the Gazettes de Deux Ponts, D’Avignon, De Bruxells which circulate in Paris, and all the Gazettes of Germany teem with Lies to our Disadvantage no less than the English Prints. The Strongest Motive to them all, is the Danger of Emigration and as long as Men prefer eating to starving Cloaths to Nakedness, and warm lodgings to the cold Air, this danger will not cease, nor the Fictions invented against it.

Yours as usual

John Adams

RC (Archivio Filippo Mazzei, Pisa, Italy); internal address: “Phillip Mazzei Esq / at Mr. Jeffersons.” LbC (Adams Papers description begins Adams Family Correspondence, ed. L. H. Butterfield, Marc Friedlaender, Richard Alan Ryerson, Margaret A. Hogan, and others, Cambridge, 1963– . description ends ); APM Reel 113.

1The information that JA provides here about the 1775 Bristol petition was likely taken from a source that cited John Almon’s Remembrancer but not from the Remembrancer itself (see also note 2). In John Almon’s Remembrancer for 1775 (London, 1775), the petition signed by 979 “Merchants, Traders, Manufacturers, and others Citizens of Bristol” appears on p. 243–247, and the quotation provided by JA is on p. 244. A letter from Edmund Burke of 11 Oct. (p. 256–257) indicates that he presented the petition that day rather than 11 September. In his Recherches historiques et politiques (1:150–151), Mazzei used the information about the petition and a French translation of the quotation contained in this letter.

2JA does not further identify the London petition, but it may be the one signed by 1,102 “Gentlemen, Merchants, and Traders” and presented to King George III on the same day as the Bristol petition. It appears immediately following Bristol’s appeal in the Remembrancer (p. 247–250). The petition was highly critical of British policy toward the colonies and condemned those who had misled the king and Parliament. Regarding trade the petition declared that “by the operation of divers Acts of the British Parliament, we behold with deep affliction, that happy communion of interests and good offices which had so long subsisted between this country and America suspended, and an intercourse, (which, augmenting, as it grew, the strength and dignity of your Majesty dominions, hath enabled your Majesty to defeat the natural rivals of your greatness in every quarter of the world) threatened with irretrievable ruin. “We should humbly represent to your Majesty, if they had not already been represented, the deadly wounds which the commerce of this country must feel from these unfortunate measures; that it has not yet more deeply felt them, is owing to temporary and accidental causes which cannot long continue.”

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