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Since my Arrival here from Carthegena I have been in constant Expectation of a secure Opportunity for forwarding the inclosed, being nearly the Copy of a Letter I wrote to my Father shortly after my landing in Spain. It contains all the Observations I have been enabled to make by Reason of the Obstacles which (in my Situation at Algiers) prevented particular Enquiry. Indeed I had not the most...
I came here a few days ago to deliver a Letter from the Emperor of Moracco to the King which I put into the Hands of the Count de Florida Blanca, acknowledging the Sense I had of his Attention & thanking him with great sincerity on the Part he had taken in our business at Moracco, He seemed very much pleased with our Success, and smiling replyed “Now that we have happily finished this Treaty...
I arrived here after an agreeable Passage of Five days and was very well received by the Governor & by the People who seem pleased to see Persons from a Country at so great a distance come to compliment their Sovereign; As the Governor had no orders concerning our going forward, I was obliged to send a Courier to Morocco to demand that Permission, and at the same time wrote to M r. Chiappi of...
The enclosed copy of a letter, which I lately received from the Count D’Espilly, contains the best information that I have in my power to afford your Excellency, with respect to the situation of our affairs at Algiers. Mr. Lamb arrived at Alicant the 24th ultimo, and undoubtedly will have advised you of his proceedings after Mr. Randall’s departure. That gentleman is now with me, and avails...
By the bearer Colonel Franks I do myself the honor to send you in a small Box the following articles. 1 st. A Book containing the original Treaty in Arabic between the Emperor of Morocco and the United States. 2. Three translations of the Treaty in English, to each of which is added a translation of a Declaration made by Tahar Fennish by order of His Majesty in addition & explanation of the 10...
I hope to have the Pleasure of soon hearing from you, and of being informed whether you have a my Commands for me farther than Morocco. I have long been anxious to see the Trade of our Country to these Parts, put on a safe and respectable footing, as I am well acquainted with the Importance of the Object, and if I can, while I am in the Neighbourhood of Africa, in the smallest Degree...
I wrote you from Morocco under date of the 16 th. —As I do not know when that Letter is likely to reach you, I trouble you now with a Copy of it, & as I shall set out in a few days for Tangiers. I defer until my arrival in Europe being particular.— I am Gentlemen, / Your most obed t. humble Serv t
I Rec d. Your Excellencys letters of the 20 th ult. I finde by them that M r. Randall had not Come to Paris when they were wrote, by M r. Randall I Stated the Exact Situation of our affaires in Algiers. and sent forw d. a Duplicate to Congress. the Demands at Algiers no Doubt will be greate. my health will by no means admitt of my undertakeing the Journey your Excellency Points out. I Dare say...
I Do my self the honor to Inclose you two Books of 82 pages Containing All my accounts respecting my missions to Morocco, by which you will see that the amount of the Expenses attending the Negotation Including the Presents and all the travelling Charges of M. Franks and my self amount to Livres 95179.10, which sum I shall place to the Debts of the United States. The Particulars of the...
I am at present waiting for a fair wind to embark for Ceuta to avoid the Quaranteen in Spain, and I embrace the Delay occasion’d by the Strong Easterly Winds that have prevail’d for Sometime, to reply to the Queries with which you honour’d me at parting.—You put them respecting the Barbary States generally but as my business has been with the Emperor of Morocco only, I shall confine myself to...
Translation of the within Letter from his Excell cy. Sidi Hadg Taher Ben Abdelhack Fennish to their Excell cies. John Adams and Thomas Jefferson Esq rs. — Grace to God who is the Sole unity Whose Kingdom is the Only Existing one To their Excellencies John Adams and Thomas Jefferson Esq rs. This is to Acquaint You that I am ordered by the Emperor my Master (whom God preserve) to Acknowledge the...
The Day before yesterday Mr Carmichael received Letters from Algiers from M r Lamb, dated the 29 th. of last Month, and from M r Randal the 26 th. (which I think a wrong Date) with a Postscript from onboard a Vessel in the Bay of Alicant of the 1 st. Inst. after a Passage of 26. [. . .]. He cannot come on shore without a Permission from Court to shorten his Quarantine, which Mr Carmichael has...
I forward the inclosed Letter from M r. Lamb for your Excellencies Information: That Gentleman has also written to me, But as I suppose he has given M r. Jefferson a more ample & satisfactory Detail of the State of his Negotiation than I can comprehend from his Letter to me, I do not think it necessary to forward a Copy of it. M r. Barclay to whom I have communicated all the Intelligence I...
As you will probably wish to know the particulars of the Negotiations of the Treaty with the Emperor, and as the perusal will not take up a great deal of time, I shall lay them before you— After the first Audience was over M r. Taher Fennish, in whose Hands the Negotiation was placed, came from the Emperor and informed me that His Majesty had read the Translation of the Letters–That he had...
I wrote to you from Cadiz the 2 nd. of last month, a Copy of which goes under the cover of this and the original, with the papers mentioned therein, will I hope be very soon deliver’d to you by Colonel Franks.—On my arrival here I had the pleasure of receiving M r. Jefferson’s letter of the 26 Sep r informing me that for the present any farther attempts to arrange matters with the Barbary...
Though in a letter written at this place–dated the 10 th. instant, I gave you a long answer to the questions with which you charged me, I will now add some farther particulars on the Subject of this Country, which you will possibly be inclined to know.— The Emperor is on the most cordial and friendly footing with Spain, the presents, made him from that Court, have been uncommonly great; and...
On the 4 th. of December last M r. Lamb delivered me the Letter which your Excellencies did me the Honor to address me dated from London the 1 st, & from Paris the 11 th. of October–At the same Time that Gentleman communicated to me his Instructions, & I all the Intelligence I had been able to procure relative to the Negociation between this Country & the Regency of Algiers. The Count...
Since I wrote you from hence the 6th. of last month I have been much aflicted with the Rheumatism in my Loins, which confind me to my bed with pains great beyond Description. I am now free of them, and Shall leave this place in a few Days. Upon further reflection, I thought it best not to abandon the Idea of meeting Mr. Lamb, and therefore I wrote to him, at Port Mahon, that I would go to...
After many little Disapointments, I ariv d at Algiers the 25 th March and within the term of three or four Days I found that the whole am t. of the money in my hand belonging to the publick would not purchas the people who are the unfortunates in consequence of which I dispatch d. M r. Randall so that your Excellencyes might have the earlyest notice of our matters in that Quarter: in a short...
Since my arrival here, the Ninth, nothing has occurr’d worth your Attention; I am waiting for a Vessel that is Bound to Magadore and expect to Sail in a few Days. You have probably as late Accounts from M r. Lamb as I Can give you, yet it may not be Improper to Inform you of his Arrival at Alicant the 24 th. of last Month, where doubtless his Quaranteen has delay’d his proceeding to...
I arrived here to Day and shall Continue My Journey to Tangiers Early in the Morning,—The Plague being at Constantina occasions a Rigorous Quaranteen of 40 Days (from Barbary) in Spain—I shall therefore Endeavor to get into Ceuta, which being in the hands of the Spaniards is an Exception to the above remark, and I think the Quaranteen from thence is only twelve [...] Days— The Treaty shall be...
This day week we arrived here, since which I have had two audiences from His Majesty, the first a public one & the second a private one of yesterday. It is but a few minutes since I heard that a Courrier will depart this Evening for Daralbeyda, & I have not time to enter into particulars. It will be agreable however for you to know, that the last draught of the Treaty is made, & will probably...
I received on the 15th. May the Letter you did me the honor to address me the third of that month and should sooner have replied to it, had I not expected to avail myself of a private conveyance from hence, by which I might write with greater security, than I can do by the Post. It is with the greatest satisfaction that I find you are disposed to cultivate an intercourse, which for the reasons...
I beg leave to trouble your Excellency on a subject which is of material consequence to me. Colonel Blackden, no doubt, informed you of my being the proprietor of Lands in the western country of Virginia; of which he had some for sale while he was in France, tho they turned out short of my expectations. I have therefore applied my thoughts to another system, which there is a greater certainty...
We are honored with Your Excellency’s respected favor of 13. Inst. urging us again to pay the ƒ51,000 Guilders reimbursable by the United States the First Instant at the House of Henry Fizeaux & Co. which we should have effected, had you and Mr. Adams wrote us clearly and decidedly to do it; instead of which you both desired us to discharge only the Interest and wait the Orders of the Board of...
Additional questions of M. de Meusnier, and answers 1. What has led Congress to determine that the concurrence of seven votes is requisite in questions which by the Confederation are submitted to the decision of a Majority of the U.S. in Congress Assembled? The IXth. article of Confederation, §. 6. evidently establishes three orders of questions in Congress. 1. The greater ones, which relate...
Our Secretary of State for foreign Affairs, in a Letter of 13. Ap. informs me, that he wrote Us a Letter by Capt. Lamb dated 11. March, inclosing a Variety of Papers respecting the Treaties We are directed to negotiate and conclude with the Barbary Powers. inclosed is a Copy of a Resolution of Congress of 14. Feb. 1785, inclosed to me, in the Secretary’s Letter.— I know nothing of Capt Lambs...
Let me request of you, to turn your Attention as soon as possible to the Subject of a Treaty of Commerce between the United States of America and Great Britain, and transmit to me, a Project that you would advise me to propose in the first Instance. For my own Part I like the Plan agreed on with Prussia so well, that I must request you to send me a Copy of it, and with such Changes as you may...
Our Secretary of State for foreign affairs, in a Letter of 13. Ap. informs me, that he wrote Us a Letter by Capt. Lamb dated 11. March, inclosing a Variety of Papers respecting the Treaties we are directed to negotiate and conclude with the Barbary Powers. Inclosed is a Copy of a Resolution of Congress of 14. February 1785, inclosed to me, in the Secretary’s Letter. I know nothing of Capt....
According to your desire I went early this morning to Versailles and finding the Ct. de Vergennes unembarassed with company, and only attended by his private Secretaries, I soon obtained the honour of a conference, in which I told him that my colleagues were very sorry that indisposition necessarily prevented their paying their respects to him in person, and obliged them to request me alone to...
I have now the honour to inform you that having shewn my Commission to the Right Honourable the Marquis of Carmarthen, and left an Authenticated Copy together with a Copy of my Letter of Credence to the King according to the usage. I had the Honour on the first of this month to be introduced by his Lordship to His Majesty, in his Closet with all the Ceremonies, and formalities, practised on...
Westminster, London, 20 June 1785 . Acknowledges their letter of 15 June; agrees “entirely … in sentiment respecting Gratification to be given to Mr. John Baptist Pecquet and the Letter to be written to him.” RC ( DNA : PCC , No. 84, v); 1 p.; at foot of letter: “Their Excellencies Messrs. Franklin & Jefferson.” FC ( MHi : AMT ); in Adams’ hand.
According to your desire, I went early this Morning to Versailles, and finding the Count de Vergennes unembarassed with Company, and only attended by his private Secretaries, I soon obtained the Honour of a Conference, in which I told him that my Colleagues were very sorry, that Indisposition necessarily prevented their paying their respects to him in Person, & obliged them to request me alone...
My last to you was dated the 23d. September last. It mentioned my having received your Letters of 4th. 23d. and 30th. May. I have since been favored with four others, vizt. 29th. July and 3d. 10th. and 11th. August with the Papers mentioned to be enclosed. They have not been laid before Congress, although I transmitted them to the President for that Purpose; for a sufficient Number of Members...
When I wrote you last I did not know that petit had taken places in the Stage and paid for them. This being the case I have represented it to your little daughter and endeavourd to prevail with her to consent to going at the time appointed. She says if I must go I will, but I cannot help crying so pray dont ask me to. I should have taken great pleasure in presenting her to you here, as you...
I last night received, the Ratification of my last Loan and the inclosed Resolution of Congress of 18 July last, for the Redemption of Prisoners at Algiers.—It is probable you have received it before, but as it is, in your Department to execute it, and possible that you may not have received it, I thought it Safest to transmit it to you, as I have now the honour to do, here inclosed. Mr...
[ Pons, 6 Aug. 1786 . Entered in SJL as received 12 Aug. 1786. Not found; but see TJ to John Banister, 14 Aug. 1786. ]
New York, 23 Oct. 1787. Introduces Mr. Jarvis, a “Gentleman of New England” who brings this letter and a copy of the proposed plan of government; refers TJ to Jarvis for news on that subject. Is sending a full account of the convention in another letter of this day which is being carried by “the Chevalier Jones” who intended sailing on the packet but changed his passage to another ship because...
J’ai reçû le Portrait du Général Washington par Detems aprés La Lettre dont votre Excéllence m’a honoré pour me l’annoncer. Je ne doute pas qu’il ne Soit aussi ressemblant à ce grand homme, que L’exécution de la Peinture en est parfaitte. Votre Excéllence ayant bien Voulüe prendre des précautions, Soit pour le choix de L’Artiste, qui à fait cette Copie d’aprés Wright, Soit en priant M. Hudon...
The active part which you took before your departure from Virginia, as a director of the public buildings, leads us to believe, that it will not be now unacceptable to you, to cooperate with us as far as your engagements will permit. We foresee, that in the execution of our commission, the Commonwealth must sustain a heavy expence, and that we can provide no shield so effectual against the...
I Received your Excellency’s letter concerning the Cyphers . The Vessel that I am in here, and bound to America, Doth not take pradick and all papers are so Defaced with Vinager, that it will be Imposible to get the Cypher sound, to hand’s where it is ordered. Therefore must Deliver the Same to Congress, whom can Dispose of the Same at their pleasure . I am unhappy that it is so surcomstanced:...
I have the pleasure to inform you that after a good deal of trouble, I obtain’d a sauf Conduit yesterday evening about nine or ten oClock. Mr. de Villedeuil behaved on this occasion with the greatest Politeness. His situation I believe was a little embarrassing as the arrest preceded the Sauf Conduit , and was not therefore easily laid aside. However I insisted on my Character as a Publick...
A letter I recieved yesterday from Mr. Limosin shews that your letter would have been much too late for the packet had it been forwarded on immediately on its arrival. The Packet sailed from the road of Havre at 5. o’clock in the morning of the 10th. Your letter arrived at Paris the evening of the same day.—Mr. Limosin tells me there is only an English ship at Havre, to sail soon for...
Paris, 9 Dec. 1785 . Formal notice of presentation to the king as minister of the “Duc de Mecklembourg-Schwérin.” RC ( DLC ); 2 p.; in French; addressed. Not recorded in SJL .
Madame la comtesse de brionne fait mille complimens à monsieur de jefferson, il a eté si obligeant pour elle, qu’il voudra bien encore l’aider dans tous les renseignemens dont elle a besoin pour son affaire d’amerique. Monsieur le Comte de bethisy aura l’honeur de l’aller chercher et de lui mener la personne qui se destine a aller suivre nos interets. M. de bethisy espere que Monsieur de...
Mr. Madison having given you before he left Richmond a history of the proceedings of the assembly during their late session I have only to add to what he has done some particular acts passed by them the perusal of which may prove more satisfactory than a partial account of them. With these you receive a small pamphlet entitled Reflections &c. ascribed to Mr. St. G. Tucker together with the...
The inclosed copy of a Letter which I lately received from the Ct. D’Expilly contains the best information that I have it in my power to Afford your Excellency with respect to the Situation of our Affairs at Algiers. Mr. Lamb arrived at Alicant the 24th Ulto. and undoubtedly will have advised you of his proceedings after Mr. Randalls departure. That Gentleman is now with me and avails himself...
Mézieres en Champagne, 8 Dec. 1786. Inquires about a power of attorney forwarded to Peters in June, about which he has had no news; gives his address and asks to have anything received for him forwarded. RC ( MHi ); 2 p.; in French; endorsed. Noted in SJL as received 11 Dec. 1786. See Richard Peters to TJ, 1 Oct. 1786 .
Lisbon, 9 Dec. 1785 . He was introduced to TJ by Benjamin Franklin and is grateful to them both for the recompense he received from the U.S. for his services to American citizens during the war. He would be even more indebted if they would recommend him to Congress for the post of United States agent in Lisbon, which post he would discharge with “Le Zèle le plus ardent, la fidelité la plus...
Je ne voudrois pas moins que faire le bien de toutes les nations, et quelque grande que soit cette entreprise, je n’en desespere point a l’egard des Etats unis de l’Amerique, si, après la lecture de mes differens ouvrages, Votre Excellence juge a propos de les faire passer a sa nation. J’ai deja eu l’honneur d’offrir a Votre Excellence tous les éclaircissemens qui dépendoient de moi, et je lui...