Thomas Jefferson Papers
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Memorandum Books, 1798

1798.

Jan. 1. Gave printer’s boys .5.
3. Pd. for pamphlets 1.
4. Pd. printers boys .5.
J. Barnes has recd. my Quarter’s salary ending Dec. 31 towit 1250. & deducting his commn. 6.50 leaves 1243.5.
Recd. of J. Barnes cash 50.D.
D.
Pd. B. F. Bache  for a year’s Aurora for Jas. Hopkins   5 
for do. for TMRandolph 5 
to begin from Jan. 1. 10 
5. Pd. Genl. Varnum for Adams & Larkin’s paper for
 T. M. Randolph to begin from Jan. 1.   3.D.
  for do. for myself to begin next July   3.
6
Gave Dr. David Jackson order on J. Barnes for 125.75 for Dr. Wardlaw ante Nov. 10.
Gave printer’s boy .25 pd. the penny post’s acct. 2.D.
6. Gave in charity 20.D.
 
7. Pd. coach hire to Dr. Logan’s 2.D.
9. Gave  Innes for  Ouram38 for alteration of copying press an order on J. Barnes for 18.D.
Gave Thos. Dobson an order on J. Barnes for 18.50 for books.
11. Gave in charity 1.D. pd. for a waistcoat of Swan’s down 3.5.
12. Pd. Bache for printing a letter39 5.5.
13. Recd. of J. Barnes 25.D.
Pd. for a waistcoat 2.5 D.
Pd. M. Roberts for wetting & drying books &c. for press 2.25.
14. Gave Gustavus McIntire in charity 5.D.
Gave John Francis order on Barnes for 120.D.
Recd. from J. Barnes his note to John Hopkins for 500. doll. which I endorsed to George Jefferson & co. & inclosed to them.
Inclosed to John Harvie ord. on G. Jefferson & co. for 49.28. See Dec. 2.
Inclosed to Peter Derieux ord. on do. for 50.D. in charity.
Inclosed to James Brown ord. on do. for 217.64. to be credited to me in Rives & co.’s store in Milton. Note £16–10. of this is for Lucy Wood for hire of one negro the last year. 62.65 = £18–15–10 is for Richd. Richardson & £30 for myself which is about the balance I owe to that store.
Inclosed to Colo. Bell an order on George Jefferson & co. for 165.D. which I have desired him to pay for the other 3. negroes of the Woods the last year & to take up my notes of Feb. 12.
Inclosed to John Forbes of Goochland ord. on Geo. Jefferson & co. for 23.D. which pays principal & int. of an old account presented from Bryce’s store.
15. Pd. my servant John Theodore one month’s wages 10.D.
17. I recd. from James Madison Dec. 5. his note on Walker & Kennedy for 250 D. for the use of Colo. Monroe. I now discount this note with J. Barnes and recieve from him a check on the bank of the US. for 248.75.
18. Pd. the sd. check for 248.75 to Joseph Roberts in part for 3 ton of rods shipped Oct. 18. & recd. beginning of Dec.
Jan. 19. J. Barnes has recd. Mr. Short’s dividends of int. & principal becoming due Dec. 31. and placed them to my credit, to wit 621.39. Credit Mr. Short accordingly.
Gave Thos. Lieper ord. on J. Barnes for 25.D. in Charity.
Gave Joseph Roberts order on J. Barnes for 128.85 in full for the iron mentioned ante 18th.
Pd. Mr. Vaughan subscription to Philosoph. society for 98.2.D.
20. Recd. of J. Barnes 20.D.
Pd. for books 7.D.
21. Pd. Washerwoman 5.D.
23. Gave R Aitken order on Barnes for 100.D. on acct. of Flem. & Mclanachan.
24. Paid J. Vaughan subscription to Amer. Phil. society for 95.96.97. 6. Doll.
Pd. small exp. .125.
25. Paid seeing Caleb Philips a dwarf .25 (Note he weighs  ℔ now, and when born he weighed with the clothes in which he was swaddled 3. ℔. He is  years old.40
Bot. of Vredenburgh 3. pieces furniture cotton & gave ord. on Barnes for 50.70.
26. Recd. of J. Barnes 15.D.
Feb. 1. Pd. Oellers subscription to balls 12.D.
2. Pd. do. for do. for Genl. Washington’s birth night41 5.D.
3. Recd. from Barnes 20.D.
7. Pd. for Weekly magazine42 .125.
Colo. Monroe has drawn on Barnes for 250.D.  I direct Barnes to pay it and charge to me, so the article ante Jan. 17. stands now balanced between Monroe & myself.
Pd. small exp. .25.
8. Pd. Innes for handle of copying press 1.D.
9. Pd. T. Lieper for Callender for 5. copies of his Sketches43 for 97. 5.D.
10. Pd. for book .50  for mending watch 1.
12. Pd. Roberts for chess board 1.75.
14. Pd. Innes mending press .40.
Being informed that Jourdan Harris holds one of my bonds of Feb. 12. 97 to Lucy Wood senr. or junr. I direct G. Jefferson to pay it off and notify him that it will lessen so much my ord. of Jan. 14. in favr. of Colo. Bell for 165 D.
Got Barnes to discount at the bank of the US. my note for 1250.D. to be repd. by my quarter’s salary becoming due Apr. 1. The nett proceeds are 1237.29 which debit to J. Barnes.
15. Drew order on J. Barnes for 100.D. in favr. of Saml. H. Smith. This I do on acct. of Alexr. Garrett of Charlottesville who promises to place the like sum in the hands of Colo. Bell for me.
Drew order on Colo. Bell for the said 100.D. in favr. of Henry Duke in part of the balance due him ante Dec. 1.
17. Gave J. Francis order on J. Barnes for 200.D.
19. Paid John a month’s wages 10.D.
Gave Joseph Roberts order on J. Barnes for 73.40. Note 36.D. of this are for 2 stoves for Reuben Lindsay. See ante Aug. 7.
21. Gave Joseph B. Barry ord. on J. Barnes for 39.D. for mahogany work.
22. Paid small exp. .25.
23. Pd. for an inkpot .25.
24. Pd. small expences .53.
26. Pd. 5.D. in part of 20.D. subscription for a hot press bible.44
Pd. for tin boxes 1.20.
Gave T. Dobson order on J. Barnes for 21.5 for books.
27. Gave Edwd. Shoemaker ord. on Barnes for 200.D. for Flem. & Mclanachan.
 
Pd. Innes for mending press 2.5.
Mar. 2. Pd. postage .40.
3. I am to pay Barnes 200.D. for Lott.
5. Pd. for a book for Doctr. Everard45 1.50.
Pd. Voight for mending watch 3.D.
6. Gave C. L. Lewis46 ord. on Barnes for 30.D. to be charged to Richd. Richardson.
7. Pd. annual subscription to Peale’s museum 2.D.
8. Gave Richard Richardson order on Lott for 8.D. paiable to Wm. Wirt.
10. Pd. ferriage at Gray’s .08 horse hire 1.5.
Pd. Parker47 for a doz. bottles crab cyder 2.D. bottles .67.
11. Gave an order on Barnes in favor of Chas. L. Lewis 50.D.
12. Pd. for knife .375.
13. Gave order on P. Lott in favr. John Richardson for R. Richardson 93.33. Leaves balance due Richd. Richardson as pr. acct. stated 134.72.
16. Recd. from Barnes cash 25.D.
Pd. John Theodore his month’s wages 10.D. small exp. .25.
The first shad at this market to-day.
17. Pd. for a spring lancet & knife 1.
19. Pd. Mrs. Gardner washing to this day 10.D.
Gave order on Barnes in favr. Richd. Richardson 30.D.
21. Gave Harper ord. on Barnes for 40.D. in part for harpsichord.48
Gave Abram. Cohen ord. on do. for 170.D. for use of John McDonald balce. of do.
23. Gave Lieper order on Barnes for 16.D. for Callendar.49
J. Barnes has transferred to my credit a balance due to TMRandolph of 25.45 for which therefore I am to credit TMR.
 
Pd. for pamphlets .50. 24th. For do. .625.
28. The weeping willow just shows the green leaf.
29. Gave ord. on J. Barnes in favr. Edwd. Cutbush for Hensy’s50 estate for chairs 9.D.
Apr. 2. Gave Laurence Allwine51 ord. on Barnes for 26.D. for a stick sopha and mattras.
J. Barnes has paid to & for C. L. Lewis junr. & debited me for it 85.30. See acct. & vouchers.
4. J. Barnes recieves from the treasury for W. Short 230.13 + 84.42 = 314.55 which he credits me & I credit W. Short.
6. Gave ord. on Barnes in favr. of J. Francis for 100.D.
Gave in charity .25 pd. penny post 4.42.
7. Pd. for cord .67 pamphlet .125.
8. Recd. of Barnes 10.D.
9. Gave order on Barnes in favr. R. Richardson for 10.D.
Asparagus come to table.
10. Apricots blossom.
12. Genl. Thaddeus Kosciusko puts into my hands a warrant of the Treasury for 3684.54 D. to have bills of exchange bought for him.52
13. Pd. for pamphlet .18.
14. Recd. from Barnes 10.D.
Pd. John Theodore his month’s wages 10.D.
16. Pd. for a whip 2.D.
17. Gave order on Barnes in favr. Shoemaker for a bridle 7.5.
18. Gave order on Barnes in favr. Richardson for 10.D.
Took back the order ante Mar. 13. on P. Lott in favr. John Richardson for R. Richardson for 93.33 and renewed it in favor of John Chisolm for R. Richardson for same sum.
 
21. Pd. for pamphlet .125.
Apr. 25. Barnes has procured for Kosciusko two sets of excha. the one for 2400.D. the other for 1200.D. on Amsterdam @ 38 florins the dollar, which with 66 D. for which he gave me his check on the bank of Pensva. & his commission ½ pr. ct. for negociation makes the whole sum delivered me ante Apr. 12. I delivered them this day to Kosciusko, & this matter need not enter into account between us.
Pd. a barber .25 paid Philips53 for a trunk 3.5.
Received from Barnes 10.D. paid coach hire 2.D.

27.
D.
Recieved from Kosciusko 226. 67
Paid Capt. Barrey of the ship Eagle his passage to Oporto  186. 67
Repaid to Genl. Kosciusko the balance 40.
28.
 D.
Recd. from the bank of the US.  for Garrett Minor  2.02
for Dabney Minor  2.90
Paid coach hire 2.D.
Paid Sparhawk for an ivory book for TMRandolph 3.33.
Paid for pamphlet .75.
May 1. Gave an order on Barnes in favr. Richd. Richardson for 10.D.
2. Pd. for silver case for spectacles 4.60.
Pd. pontage at Gray’s .0625.
3. Gave an order on Barnes in favor Wm. Philips for 23.D. for a saddle &c.
 D.
Wrote to P. Lott to pay  to Garrett Minor   2.02 }  ante Apr. 28.
to Dabney Minor 2.90  
Also wrote him an acceptance of Wm. Davenport’s order for 110.D.
4. Recd. of Barnes 20.D. paid drayage .375.
5. Paid coach hire 3.D. paid breakfast &c. at Grey’s 3.D. parted with Kosciusko.
Paid for 4. china dishes 6.D.
Gave order on Barnes in favr. Stevenson54 for 9.D. for 9 china dishes.
Gave ord. on do. in favr. James Carey for
 
    2. sets papers55 for myself  10.D.
1. do. for James Monroe  5.
1. do. for Wilson M. Cary   5
20.D.
7. I have given my note to Barnes for 1250.D. payable at the bank of the US. July 3. which he has discounted & credits me 1236.33.
8. Pd. for a book 1.D.
9. Gave John Francis order on Barnes for 200.D.
Pd. pontage at Grey’s .04.
Pd. Richd. Richardson 3.D.
10. Pd. for shoeing horse 1.25.
11. Gave in charity 2.D.
12. Recd. of Barnes 20.D. gave in charity .25 pd. ferriage at Nishamony .25.
13. Pd. entertt. at Bristol at Mcelroy’s 3.D. horseler .2.
Pd. dinner at Frankfort .87 vales .38.
14. Pd. Swan for a silver spectacle case 5.D.
Pd. for a book 3.25.
15. Desired Barnes to remit to H. Remsen 3.D. for Greenleaf’s paper to July 1. 98. and 3.75 for Oram’s56 to Aug. 13. 98 = 6.75.
16. Repd. Browse Trist for Holt New London 6. months of the Bee57 .50.
Recd. of Barnes 18.D. pd. John Theodore a month’s wages 10.D.
17. Gave my note to John Trigg58 for 240.D. payable July 7. at Lynchburg. Note this is for a debt of John Beckley to him, which I assumed as security.
18. Gave order on Barnes in favr. B. F. Bache for 8.68.
Barnes this day furnishes R. Richardson on my order 60.D.
19. Settled with R. Richardson, balance due him 11.72 for which I gave him an order on George Jefferson.
 
20. Pontage at Lower & Middle ferry .075.
21. Gave order on Barnes in favr. William Richardson optician for 31.50.
23. Pd. Callendar for books 3.D. pd. postage .80.
26. Gave order on Barnes in favr. John Minchin59 for 8 pr. women’s shoes 17.D.
Gave order on do. in favr. Thompson & Small in part subscription for bible 5.D.
May 26. Expences to C. Thomson’s60 1.40.
28. Pd. Callendar for books 5.D.
29. Gave ord. on Barnes in favr. Mrs. Gardner washing 13.D.
June 1. Gave ord. on Barnes in favr. Bedford shoemaker 10.75.
Directed Barnes to lend Julien Niemsewicz61 200.D. on Kosciuszko’s account, which he accordingly delivered me and I inclosed it to Niemsewicz, so need not enter into my accounts.
2. Pd. for toys 5.D.
Gave ord. on Barnes in favr. Wm. Phillip for 4. cases drawers 18.75.
3. Pd. expences to Frankfort .265.
4. Pd. for gloves .62.
6. Pd. for trimming horse .625.
7. Small exp. .625.
8. Pd. for hops .53.
9. Gave ord. on Barnes in favr. John Theodore a month’s wages 10.D.
Exp. riding to falls Schuylkill &c. .31.
10. Recd. of Barnes 10.D.
11. Pontage <and exp. to falls Schuylkill.>
12. Ribbon .20.
Note J. Barnes has pd. Colo. Burr62 50.D. for Dr. Currie and charged it to me. Debit Currie accordingly.
 
On settlemt. with J. Barnes the balance is in his favr. 6.54 D.
13. Gave James Dinsmore63 order on Barnes for 64.55 D. This is for tools purchased of him & sent on to Monticello.
15. G. Jefferson has sold my tobo. (growth of last year) to Mr. Hooper of Richmond @ 13.D. per . payable Oct. 1. & Nov. 12.
Inclosed an order on Hooper for 1000.D. payable Oct. 1. to John Wickham or order to discharge my 1st. bond to Welsh ante Jan. 20.64
Inclosed an order on Hooper for 1000.D. payable Nov. 12. to James Lyle or order, to credit of my bonds to Henderson & McCaul.
Became security for the Philosophl. society 400.D.65
Pd. the Prothonotary of Philada. 6.40 for copy of the jdmt. Currie v. Morris which charge to Dr. Currie.
16. Pd. for toys .87.
17. Recd. from Mr. Barnes 10.D. pd. expences riding 1.25.66
18. Pd. Mrs. Gardner washing in full 4.75.
Pd. subscription to the Bee (gazette) for 1. year 1.D.
21. Recd. from J. Barnes 80.D.
22. Pd. washing .67 a book .83.
23. Pd. for oil cloth 1.30.
Gave ord. on Barnes for 79.D. in favor of Mr. Trist to pay for horseman’s apparatus for TMRandolph which charge to TMR.
 
24. Assigned J. Madison’s order on Theodorus Bailey for 250.D. to J. Barnes. Note when recieved, this is to be applied to the credit of James Monroe in part of the quarter’s interest he recd. on loan from W. Short. Consequently charge myself to W. Short. Ante Oct. 8.
Note I have also given Barnes a power of Atty. to recieve Mr. Short’s interest due July 1. for which debit myself to Mr. Short.
Gave horseler at Thompson’s67 3.D.
June 25. Drew the following orders on J. Barnes.
D.
Joseph B. Barry 16.
Thos. Billington (taylor) 99. 77
George Hyde (book binder) 34. 98
Thomas Dobson. for books. 19. 375
James Thompson (Indn. Queen)  40. 67
Peter. the barber 21.
Paid Callendar for his next book68 5.D.
Recd. of J. Dawson for James Madison 26.D.
26. Gave J. Trigg ord. on Bowling Clarke for 100.D. in part of the 240 for which I became security to him for J. Beckley.
Gave J. Barnes order on J. Beckley for the sd. 240.D.
Pd. for a silver knife .87 for straps 2.D.
27. Gave order on J. Barnes in favr. of John Francis for 319.D. in full.
Cash in hand 94.25.
Pd. John Theodore in full 6.D. vales at Francis’s 1.D.
Pd. Dr. Jackson for medicine .75.
Pd. stage hire to Baltimore 8.D.69
Chester. driver .25.
Wilmington. do. .25 dinner 1..33 vales .5.
Elkton. driver .25.
 
Susquehanna.  ferrge. .125 driver .25 watermen .25 supper 1.125.
vales .25.
28.
Bush. driver .25.
Flannagan’s. driver .25 breakfast .5.
Baltimore. driver .25 barber .25 passage to Alexa. 7. entertt. 3.37.
29. Spuryear’s driver .25 breakfast .5 vales .25.
Charity .25.
Rhodes’s.70 driver .25.
George town.  driver .25 ferriage .0625 ferrymen .25 dinner .64.
recd. of John Mason old balance 7.25.
Alexandria. stage to Fredsbg. 5.25 entertt. 2.67 servt. .25.
30. Colchester. driver .25 breakft. .5 ferriage &c. .25.
Stafford court house. driver .25 dinner 1.D.
July 1. Fredsbg.71 pd. at Benson’s keeping horses & my own bill 14.09 vales .75.

Long’s ordinary.72 supper &c. 2.17
vales .25.
2.
Pd. breakfast &c. .88.
Repd. James Madison the 26.D. recd. from J. Dawson for him ante June 25.
3. Pd. vales at Mr. Madison’s .5.
Pd. for Sundries 15.D.
4. Recd. of George for traces &c. 28.31.
Pd. small exp. 1.D.
7. Do. 1.125.
8. Do. 1.25.
9. Pd. Wm. Davenport 12.D.—Duke begins to work.
11. Pd. Micajah Chiles for meat 12/.
Assumed to David Anderson Rand. Jefferson’s order on me in favor of Christ. Hudson for £11–10.
 
12. Recd. of John McDowell of Staunton (by A. Stuart) £34–13s–9d for nails on acct.
13. Recd. of A. Stuart for Carey’s paper 5.D.
Pd. him 5/ for my taxes of Natural bridge for 97. and 98.
July 14. Small exp. .75.
Pd. W. Beck £1–17–6. Still owe him £1–15–10 for work done in Dec.
Gave Phill for expences to Eppington 2.D.73
15. Small exp. 6.D.
20. Do. 1.D.
21. Do. .75.
22. Do. 9.5. D.
23. Paid W. Beck on account 2.D. small exp. 1.5 D.
27. Recd. of Wm. Cornelius £20. rent for W. Short which credit.
Paid Haden’s son for a medal .25.
Inclosed to Barnes my note for 1250.D. to be discounted at the bank US. payable Oct. 4. out of which he is to pay Joseph Roberts for nail rod furnished Apr. 1. 370.D., Chas. Wharton for John Bulkley and son of Lisbon 69.45 millreas, Chas. Johnston & co. 200.D. and any balance due to himself, if any.
Pd. Wm. Reynolds £6. in part TMR’s note for a horse for me.
28. Small exp. 3.625.
Pd. Higginbottom74 140.D. for his order on Jas. Brown for so much.
29. Recd. of T. Carr 10.D. on acct. of nail money.
Small exp. 1.25.
31. Inclosed to Bowling Clarke Higginbottom’s order for 140 D. ante July 28. which with the order ante Jun. 26. given John Trigg on Clarke for 100.D. pays him the 240.D. for which I was security for J. Beckley.
Aug. 1. Small exp. 2.D.
5. Do. 1.D.
6. Do. 1.15 pd. Richard Richardson 3/.
Pd. Page for Drury Wood for 8. barr. corn 24.D.
 
Recd. from Moody & Price £17–5–4 being the balance of their nail acct. after paying for goods.
Recd. from Charles Lively £5–12 which with a lamb pays his rent to Mr. Short for 97. Credit Mr. Short.
Recd. from Wm. Cornelius £7–5–2. Note £6–13 of this pays the balance of his rent for 97. & 12/2 is overpaid. Credit Mr. Short.
Paid Wm. Reynolds £12. in part for a horse ante July 27.
Paid Hezekiah Faris £5 for 80. bundles nail rod brought Nov. 15. 97.
Paid William Faris £5 for 40 bundles, 600 ℔ hoop iron, glass doors and chair body brought at same time.
Recd. of George Divers for nails & spectacles £15–8–9 (by hands of Kelly).
Paid Forest Hunter for Benjamin Crenshaw on the order of Hastings Marks £20. Note this paiment is made for TMRandolph to whom debit it.
Recd. from Micajah Chiles for nails in full £14–2–5.
7. Pd.  Meeks for Mrs. Sneed in full 20.D.
Pd. W. Beck 1.D. sm. exp. 2.5.
8. Pd. Sm. exp. & debts 13.D.
12. Pd. sm. xp. .54.
Aug. 12. Recd. of T. Carr on acct. of nails 10.D.
Recd. of Kinsolving by the hands of T. Carr £4.
17. Pd. W. Beck 4.D.
Recd. from Joseph Price in full balce. rent due Mr. Short for 97. 7/6.
Pd. sm. xp. 1.1.
18. Pd. Mr. Buck 8.D.
19. Pd. sm. xp. 7.D.
23. Recd. by Richd. Richardson for nails delivd. a stranger in my absence 36/6.
24. Pd. sm. xp. 9d.
26. Do. 1/.
28. Recd. law books from J. W. Eppes amounting to £20–15 sterl. first cost for which I am to import others to same amount for him.
Gave Thos. Gibson, alias Moses Jackson ord. on Flem. & Mclan. for £4–7 for bringing up 30.  nail rod @ 2/6 drayage & storage.
29. Small exp. .10 pd. Fitz (by Wm. Page) 5.D. mending wheat fan.
31. Note J. Barnes has returned me my note for 1250.D. ante July 27. because not stamped, and I now forward to him two notes for 500.D. each payable at bank US.
Sep. 1. Pd. Mrs. Spiers for 6¼ ℔ butter @ 1/3 10/775 sm. exp. 5/3.
2. Sm. exp. .90.
4. Recieved of Kinsolving by Page £4.
Paid W. Beck (by his son) 13 D. which is 1/ over.
Sent Wm. Smith for veal (by Burwell) 2.15.
6. Pd. P. Carr for half subscription to Mercer’s newspaper76 1.67.
8. Recd. of Thos. Carr £13.
Sent to R. Jefferson (by Squire) £13.
Pd. sm. exp. .25.
9. Recd. of P. Lott 12.D.—pd. Sm. exp. 2.D.
10. Pd. Sm. exp. 2.D.—pd. sm. exp. 3 D.
11. Pd. sm. exp. 1.33.
14. Charge W. Davenport 72. ℔ beef @ 3½d.
15. Recd. of  Old 6.5 in full of of old acct. of nails.
Wm. Davenport accepts T. C. Fletcher’s ord. on him in my favor for £8–1–3 for nails.
16. Gave Fr. Taliaferro ord. on T. Carr for 26.84 for my dues in Fredericksville for 97. payable in 98.
17. Gave Thos. Beck an order on Thos. Carr for 50/ for himself & Richard Mooney for bringing up 40. faggots of nail rod.
Pd. small exp. 2/4.
19. Do. 1.D. 21. Do. 1/9.
21. Gave David Bullock order on T. Carr for £15. for Hastings Marks in part of my assumpsit for Mr. Randolph.
22. Pd. J. H. Buck 53/1.
25. Recd. from Stephen Moore 28/6 on account for nails.
Pd. J. H. Buck 8.75 pd. small exp. 2.1.
27. Recd. inclosed from John Randolph 5.D. for so much paid Benj. Frankl. Bache for him ante Mar. 11. 97.
29. Recd. of George for nails 1.D.
Gave Culp an order on T. Carr for 4.D. to wit smith’s work 16/ meat 8/ pd. small exp. 2.1.
Recd. of James Hopkins 2.D. which with surplus of .4 ante Nov. 6. pays for Callender’s books furnished him, also recd. 5.D. to be paid to James Carey for his paper to be furnished.
30. Paid John Faris for bringing up 20. bundles nail rod 25/ also paid him 11/7 for 31. ℔ beef sent me by Wm. Faris.
 
Oct. 1. Recd. from Francs. Walker for nails £24–15s.
Pd. David Anderson assee. of Christopher Hudson on the order of Rand. Jefferson £11–10. This is in part for Ben & Cary.
See Chas. Johnston & co.’s acct. rendd. Mar. 26. 98. articles of Mr. Randolph’s debited to me amountg. to £5–7–9.
4. Pd. Mrs. Spiers for butter 3.25.
5. Gave in charity 4.D.
6. Pd. Wm. Reynolds on account 20.D.
7. Pd. Richardson 8.D.
9. Delivd. Stephen Moore nails 5 ℔ IVd.
13. Gave Phill to pay for 3. bush. corn at Henderson’s mill77 2.D.
Settled with Bowling Clarke. I am £47–0–2 in his debt which he is to pay himself out of a balance due from Hart Brown & co. and monies due the smith’s shop.
Pd. Small exp. 17/3.
14. Pd. do. 16/9.
15. Pd. Grove the saddler 4.D.—recd. for nails 15/.
16. Pd. Jas. Starke on the order of W. Davenport 6.D. by order on Lott.
20.    Smith for beef 5.D.
22. Gave Jupiter order on P. Lott for 4.D. exp. to Staunton.
24. Recd. back from Jupiter 1.25.
Recd. from John McDowell of Staunton on acct. for nails £27–16.
Pd. James Dinsmore his exp. from Phila. 30.D.
Pd. Wm. Page on account 6.D.
25. Pd. Mrs. Anne Key in part for corn 57.D.
27. Recd. of P. Lott by Jupiter 15.D.
Pd. John H. Buck 12.D.
28. Pd. small exp. 1.D.
29. Pd. do. 2/9.
Nov. 2. Pd. do. 1.D.
5. Recd. from Colo. Coles (by his son) £6–3–3 for nails. There is a mistake in our acct. to be examined.
Recd. from  Shackleford for 2. pr. traces 22/.
 
8. McGee begins to work on the North end of the roof.78
Sent to Colo. Bell 6.D. + 26. ℔ Xd nails for Hough the coal burner in full for his services last winter.
16. Pd. Mrs. Weatherall midwife’s fee 2.D.
Pd. Sm. exp. 7/6.
17. Pd. do. 16/6.
18. Richardson leaves off work. Pd. him 5.D. on acct.
20. Gave old George ord. on Higginbotham for 8.D. on acct.
21. Gave Wm. Davenport ord. on Mr. Lott for 10.D.
24. Pd. sm. exp. 1/6.
25. Wm. Davenport recieves from Isaac Millar on my acct. 10.D.
Gave Jacob Cooper order on Isaac Millar for £3–16–4 in full for meats furnished.
Gave Perkins’s Sam79 order on Isaac Millar for 10.D. in full for attendance on smith George.
Pd. small exp. 8/6.
27. The pipe of wine broached ante Mar. 24. 97. is out. Deducting 9M–9D absence it has lasted but 11. months. Broached another this day.
30. Pd. small exp. 1.D.
Dec. 1. Pd. do. 2/.
3. Assumed to Wm. Cornelius for Wm. Page £4.
Recd. from Colo. Coles in full for nails 15.D. & afterwds. delivd. him 26. ℔ X & 20 ℔ XVI on a new account.
Gave Joseph Brand ord. on Geo. Jefferson for 26.33 D. in full for lime.
4. Gave order on Geo. Jefferson for 300.D. to be forwarded to me by TMRandolph.
See Reeves & co.’s acct. from 97. Dec. 4. to 98. Nov. 20. balance due from me £35–8–4.
See Kelly’s acct. from 97. Aug. 7. to 98. Nov. 2. balance due me of £2–9–7.
See Colo. Bell’s acct. from 96. May 1. to 98. Oct. 25. balance due him £19–6–2. & articles of acct. with the following persons.
   96.  May. 3. Liptrap.
June  27. Silknitter Jacob.
 
July 15. Carr John.
Sep. 9. & Oct. 12. Gauder Frederic
Oct. 14. Sheriff.
97. Apr. 12. Ramsay.
July 6. Grubs Thos.
19. Friday.
Nov. 8. Stanby.
98. Apr. 25. & June 13. Houh. H.
Sep. 8. Davenport Wm.
21. Becks Thos.
Bullock David.
22. Sheriffs. Garland Edwd.
     Taliaferro Francis
29. Culp.
96. July 30. Dec. 3. 97. Oct. 20. 98. Mar. 19. Carr Thos.
See Thos. Carr’s account from Jan. 8. 96. to Nov. 30. balance due me of £21–16–&3. and matters of acct. with the following persons.
   96.  Mar. 10. & May 28. Silknitter Jacob.
June 11. Hunt Wm. D.
July  30. & Nov. Bell Thos.
Sep. 26. Oct. 12. Gauder Frederic
97. May. 3. Liptrap.
July 15. clerk’s tickets
Oct. 14. taxes
See Thos. Carr’s acct. from 96. Dec. 6. to 98. Mar. 19. and matters of acct. with the following persons.
   96.  Dec. 6. Divers George
21. Garrett Alexr.
28. Buck J. H.
 30. clerk’s tickets
97. Jan. 7. Feb. 4. Beck Wm.
Feb. 18. Silknitter Jacob.
Oct. 20. & Mar. 19. 98. Bell Thos.
Dec. 4. Davenport Wm.
98. Jan. 5. Houh. H.
On the whole, Colo. Bell’s & Thos. Carr’s accounts being consolidated together to Oct. 25. 98. I owed them then £19–6–2.
Dec. 6. Pd. small exp. 2.D.
7. Recd. from George Divers £11–4–6½ for nails whereof 50 ℔ X. + 80 ℔ XVI. are yet to be delivered.
I am to pay  Upjohn £22–16 sterl. for Geo. Divers which he will repay here. Note it is for a chimney piece sent me without orders, which Mr. Divers buys. I give up the duties & transportn. pd. by me.80
9. Gave Wm. Reynolds ord. on Isaac Miller for £14–10. in full for the horse ante July 27.
10. Isaac Millar has pd. William Davenport £5–15–6 additional for me.
Gave Isaac Millar order on George Jefferson & co. for 100.30D. in full for the paimts. made for me as before Nov. 25. Dec. 9. and the additional one to Davenport.
Settled with John H. Buck, pd. him 5.D. and a balce. still remains due to him of £5–11–11.
12. Recieved from George Jefferson by the hands of TMRandolph the 300.D. ordered ante Dec. 4.
TMRandolph has paid Darmsdat £41. for me, so credit him accordingly.
13. Repd. TMRandolph my subscription to Jones & Dixon’s paper81 4.D.
13. Settled with Richard Richardson for his work and the hire of Moses, Toby & Stephen. Gave him order on George Jefferson & co. for £46–1 and still owe him balance of £24–3.
14. Pd. Wm. Page for Mrs. Key her balance 61.80 D.
Pd. him for himself 225.D.
Settled with him & still owe him balance £51.
15. Paid John H. Buck £5.
16. Gave Wm. Davenport order on G. Jefferson & co. for £75.
I am to pay Henry Duke 31.D. for Wm. Davenport.
Henry Duke moreover puts into my hands £28–16–8 and on settlement with him, I am indebted to him for work and the two sums next preceding £79–16–7.
17. Pd. debts & Sm. exp. 12 D.
Inclosed to Hastings Marks an order on George Jefferson & co. for £44–7–2 in full. Note this includes the balance for Critta valued at £70. to be debited to TMRandolph.
Dec. 17. Pd. Dinsmore for J. H. Buck in full 2.D.
Drew on George Jefferson & co. in favor of Julius Clarkson for £15. my subscription towards clearing the river.82
 
Paid Mr. McGee on account £15–7–5.
Left with TMRandolph 15.55 D. to pay the following small debts.
       Rodes 11.25 D. for carriage tax.
Gauder. 1. Doll. for hair
Wells sadler.
18. Pd. Tom Shackleford 5.D.
Set out for Philadelphia.
Gordon’s pd. for oats .33.
19. Mr. Madison’s vales .25 Hyde’s83 oats .25 Long’s do. .25.
20. Fredsbg. barber .25 Jupiter exp. back 4.4 lodgg. &c. 4.30 stage 3. vales .25.
Stafford C. H. dinner 1.1 vales .25.

Dumfries.  driver .25 supper &c. .75.
vales .25.
21.
Colchester. ferrge. .125 breakft. .5 vales .10.
Alexandria. driver .25 barber .25 dinner 1. vales .5 stage 5.5.

Geo. town  ferrge. & portage .375 supper .75.
vales .25.
22.
Bladensbg. breakft. .6.
Rhodes’s driver &c. .375.
Spuryear’s driver .25 dinner 1. vales .25.

Baltimore.  driver .25.
barber .25 entt. Evans’s 5.6 stage 8. vales .5.
23.
24. Bush. breakft. .5.
Susqueha. ferrge. .125 watermen .25.
Elkton. dinner .825 vales .125.

Wilmington.  driver .25 lodgings &c. .75.
vales .25.
25.
Chester driver .25.
Philada. driver .5 whole expences 46.38 cash on hand 2.187.
Recd. of J. Barnes 30.D.
29. Jacob Lawrence comes into my service @ 12.D. pr. month.
Pd. Tiffan for a hat 6.5.
30. Gave in charity 1.D.

38 Henry Ouram was a blacksmith and printing press maker. John Innes, a printer’s joiner at 77 Dock Street, made and sold copying presses (Brown, Philadelphia Book Trade, p. 65, 91 description begins H. Glenn Brown and Maude O. Brown, A Directory of the Book-Arts and Book Trade in Philadelphia to 1820, New York, 1950 description ends ; Prime, Arts & Crafts, p. 184-5 description begins The Arts & Crafts in Philadelphia, Maryland and South Carolina, ed. Alfred Coxe Prime, New York, 1969, 2 vols. description ends ).

39TJ had printed for private circulation his letter to Governor John Henry of Maryland, 31 Dec. 1797, explaining his account, in the Notes on Virginia description begins Thomas Jefferson, Notes on the State of Virginia, ed. William Peden, Chapel Hill, N.C., 1955 description ends , of Michael Cresap’s murder of the family of Mingo chief Logan in 1774. Throughout 1797, in a series of political newspaper attacks, Luther Martin of Maryland, Cresap’s son-in-law, questioned TJ’s account of the incident. TJ’s letter to Henry, with further material subsequently collected, was printed as an appendix to the 1800 edition of the Notes (Malone, Jefferson, iii, 346-56 description begins Dumas Malone, Jefferson and His Time, Boston, 1948-1981, 6 vols. description ends ; Notes on Virginia, p. 226-9, 298-300 description begins Thomas Jefferson, Notes on the State of Virginia, ed. William Peden, Chapel Hill, N.C., 1955 description ends ; MB 1775, miscellaneous memoranda).

40Seven-year-old Calvin Phillips, twenty-six inches high and weighing twelve pounds, was exhibited daily at the house of William McPhail, 77 Dock Street (Philadelphia Porcupine’s Gazette, 16 Jan. 1798).

41The ceremonial issues raised by this ball, given by the Philadelphia Dancing Assembly at Rickett’s Circus on 23 Feb., caused dissension among the Federalists, but did not affect TJ, who declined attending because of his confirmed habit of not going out in the evenings (Claypoole’s American Daily Advertiser, 14, 22 Feb. 1798; TJ to Thomas Willing, 23 Feb. 1798; Malone, Jefferson, iii, 362-3 description begins Dumas Malone, Jefferson and His Time, Boston, 1948-1981, 6 vols. description ends ).

42 The Weekly Magazine of Original Essays, Fugitive Pieces, and Interesting Intelligence was edited by James Watters from Feb. until Aug. 1798 and was revived by Ezekiel Forman from Feb. to June 1799. This Philadelphia weekly published essays and poetry and featured the fiction of Charles Brockden Brown (Mott, American Magazines, i, 122 description begins Frank L. Mott, A History of American Magazines, 1741-1850, New York, 1930, 2 vols. description ends ; Sowerby, No. 4898 description begins E. Millicent Sowerby, comp., Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson, Washington, D.C., 1952-1959, 6 vols. description ends ).

43 James T. Callender, Sketches of the History of America (Philadelphia, 1798; Sowerby, No. 3516 description begins E. Millicent Sowerby, comp., Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson, Washington, D.C., 1952-1959, 6 vols. description ends ).

44The first American hot-pressed Bible was published in forty numbers from 1796 to 1799 by John Thompson and Abraham Small on Thompson’s hot-press at 34 Carters Alley, Philadelphia (Sowerby, No. 1469 description begins E. Millicent Sowerby, comp., Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson, Washington, D.C., 1952-1959, 6 vols. description ends ; Brown, Philadelphia Book Trade, p. 118 description begins H. Glenn Brown and Maude O. Brown, A Directory of the Book-Arts and Book Trade in Philadelphia to 1820, New York, 1950 description ends ).

45Dr. Charles Everette (d. 1848) was a Charlottesville physician until 1813, when he moved to Belmont seven miles east of the town. He was attending physician for many years to James Monroe, as well as to TJ and his family (Woods, Albemarle, p. 189-90 description begins Edgar Woods, Albemarle County in Virginia, 1901, repr. Bridgewater, Va., n.d. description ends ; Ammon, Monroe, p. 347, 455 description begins Harry Ammon, James Monroe, New York, 1971. description ends ; Edward C. Mead, Historic Homes of the South-West Mountains [1898, repr. Bridgewater, Va., 1962], p. 77-80).

46This TJ nephew could be either Lilburne (1776?-1812) or Charles Lewis (1780-1806), both sons of Charles Lilburne and Lucy Jefferson Lewis. The story of Lilburne’s grisly murder of one of his slaves is contained in Merrill, Jefferson’s Nephews description begins Boynton Merrill, Jr., Jefferson’s Nephews: A Frontier Tragedy, Princeton, N.J., 1976 description ends .

47This was probably Achilles Parker, a wine merchant at 13 and 17 Norris’ Alley (Phila. Dir. 1797 description begins Philadelphia Directory, issued annually with varying imprints description ends ).

48TJ bought MJE a two-manual harpsichord made by Kirkman of London (Cripe, Jefferson and Music, p. 52-5 description begins Helen C. Cripe, Thomas Jefferson and Music, Charlottesville, Va., 1974 description ends ).

49This donation was evidently made in response to Callender’s letter to TJ of 21 Mch. 1798, which sought TJ’s help in recovering about $16 owed him for undisclosed services to an unidentified “Society.” Thomas Leiper was one of Callender’s most active supporters.

50 Joseph Henzey (1743-1796) was a Windsor chair-maker (Hornor, Philadelphia Furniture, p. 297, 301, 306 description begins William M. Hornor, A History of Philadelphia Furniture, Philadelphia, 1935 description ends ).

51 Lawrence Allwine, at 99 South Front Street, made Windsor chairs and benches decorated with his own patented paint (Prime, Arts & Crafts, p. 165-6 description begins The Arts & Crafts in Philadelphia, Maryland and South Carolina, ed. Alfred Coxe Prime, New York, 1969, 2 vols. description ends ; Hornor, Philadelphia Furniture, p. 300 description begins William M. Hornor, A History of Philadelphia Furniture, Philadelphia, 1935 description ends ).

52Polish patriot Tadeusz Kosciuszko (1746-1817), who had arrived in America in Aug. 1797, was preparing to leave the country secretly. TJ assisted him in procuring passports and arranging his departure on 5 May, when TJ hired a coach and accompanied Kosciuszko part way to a waiting ship at New Castle, Del. Kosciuszko gave TJ a power of attorney to administer over $12,000 he had received for his service in the American Revolution. TJ turned the management of these funds over to John Barnes, who forwarded the interest payments regularly to Europe for Kosciuszko’s use. Kosciuszko’s will of 5 May 1798, providing for the purchase and emancipation of American slaves and naming TJ as executor, was later declared invalid (Haiman, Kosciuszko, p. 73-84, 119-26 description begins Miecislaus Haiman, Kosciuszko, Leader and Exile, New York, 1946 description ends ; TJ to Robert Liston, 27 Mch. 1798; “Power of Attorney,” 30 Apr. 1798, MHi; Niemcewicz, Travels, p. 66 description begins Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz, Under Their Vine and Fig Tree: Travels through America in 1797-1799, 1805, ed. Metchie J. E. Budka, Elizabeth, N.J., 1965 description ends ; MB 27, 28 Apr., 5 May 1798).

53 William B. Philips was a saddler and harness maker at 17 South Fourth Street (Phila. Dir. 1797 description begins Philadelphia Directory, issued annually with varying imprints description ends ).

54 Andrew Stevenson was a china merchant at 50 North Second Street (Phila. Dir. 1797 description begins Philadelphia Directory, issued annually with varying imprints description ends ).

55Philadelphia printer and bookseller James Carey published the triweekly Carey’s United States Recorder from Jan. to Aug. 1798 (Brown, Philadelphia Book Trade, p. 28 description begins H. Glenn Brown and Maude O. Brown, A Directory of the Book-Arts and Book Trade in Philadelphia to 1820, New York, 1950 description ends ; Brigham, History, ii, 895 description begins Clarence S. Brigham, A History and Bibliography of American Newspapers, 1690-1820, Worcester, Mass., 1920, 2 vols. description ends ; Sowerby, No. 594 description begins E. Millicent Sowerby, comp., Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson, Washington, D.C., 1952-1959, 6 vols. description ends ).

56 James Oram published the weekly Oram’s New-York Price-Current, and Marine Register (Brigham, History, i, 680-1 description begins Clarence S. Brigham, A History and Bibliography of American Newspapers, 1690-1820, Worcester, Mass., 1920, 2 vols. description ends ).

57 Charles Holt had begun publishing the weekly Bee in New London, Conn., in 1797. One of the Republican editors prosecuted under the Sedition Act who later received financial assistance from TJ, Holt moved the Bee, to which TJ subscribed until 1809, to Hudson, N.Y., in 1802 (Brigham, History, i, 52, 585 description begins Clarence S. Brigham, A History and Bibliography of American Newspapers, 1690-1820, Worcester, Mass., 1920, 2 vols. description ends ; Sowerby, No. 602 description begins E. Millicent Sowerby, comp., Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson, Washington, D.C., 1952-1959, 6 vols. description ends ).

58 John Trigg of Old Liberty, Bedford County, Va., was serving in Congress at this time (Directory Congress, p. 1830 description begins Biographical Directory of the American Congress, 1774-1971, Washington, D.C., 1971 description ends ; TJ to John Beckley, 17 Apr. 1798).

59 John Minchin was a boot and shoe manufacturer at 22 South Fourth Street (Phila. Dir. 1798 description begins Philadelphia Directory, issued annually with varying imprints description ends ). He had removed to New Jersey Avenue in Washington by 1801 (Washington National Intelligencer, 2 Feb. 1801).

60TJ visited Charles Thomson at Harriton, about nine miles northwest of Philadelphia in present Bryn Mawr (Eberlein and Hubbard, Philadelphia, p. 93-103 description begins Harold Donaldson Eberlein and Cortlandt Van Dyke Hubbard, Portrait of a Colonial City: Philadelphia, 1670-1838, Philadelphia, 1939 description ends ).

61Polish poet Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz (1758-1841), whom TJ had known in Paris, had accompanied Tadeusz Kosciuszko to America in 1797. Feeling forsaken and impoverished by Kosciuszko’s sudden secret departure, he appealed to TJ for funds to make a tour of the United States. He returned the money in 1799 (Niemcewicz to TJ, 27 May, 9 June 1798; TJ to Niemcewicz, 1 June 1798; Niemcewicz, Travels, p. 267-8 description begins Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz, Under Their Vine and Fig Tree: Travels through America in 1797-1799, 1805, ed. Metchie J. E. Budka, Elizabeth, N.J., 1965 description ends ; Eugene Kusielewicz, “The Jefferson Niemcewicz Correspondence,” The Polish Review, ii, No. 4 [1957], 7-21; MB 19 Feb. 1799).

62TJ had engaged Aaron Burr to represent James Currie in the recovery of funds from Robert Morris, both on Morris’ own account and in connection with the John Tayloe Griffin case (TJ to Burr, 20, 26 May, 16 June 1798).

63Housejoiner James Dinsmore (d. 1830), whom TJ had engaged for his building operations, went to Monticello in Oct. 1798 and lived and worked there until 1809. He was the principal joiner for the remodeling of Monticello, with particular responsibility for important interior finish work. He also worked for James Madison at Montpelier and John H. Cocke at Bremo, and settled in Albemarle County, where he died. In 1815 TJ wrote of Dinsmore that he had never known “a more faithful, sober, discreet, honest and respectable man” (AlCWB, x, 109 description begins Albemarle County Will Books, Albemarle County Courthouse, Charlottesville, Va. description ends ; TJ to Benjamin Latrobe, 11 May 1815).

641797.

65TJ, as president of the American Philosophical Society, became security for part of the $1,600 borrowed by the Society to satisfy the demand of the executors of Benjamin Franklin for repayment of the £500 loan made in 1787 to complete the construction of Philosophical Hall. Franklin’s estate was paid in full 19 June 1798 (Whitfield J. Bell, Jr., American Philosophical Society, to Editors, 25 Jan. 1973).

66This may have been the day that TJ, concerned about Federalist spies, rode by a circuitous route to Stenton to visit Deborah Logan, whose husband George had left for Europe on 12 June on his personal peace mission (Frederick B. Tolles, George Logan of Philadelphia [New York, 1953], p. 171-2; Malone, Jefferson, iii, 377-8 description begins Dumas Malone, Jefferson and His Time, Boston, 1948-1981, 6 vols. description ends ).

67 James Thompson kept the Indian Queen tavern at Fourth and Market streets (Dumbauld, Jefferson Tourist, p. 183 description begins Edward Dumbauld, Thomas Jefferson, American Tourist, Norman, Okla., 1946 description ends ).

68 Sedgwick & Co. or a Key to the Six Per Cent Cabinet (Philadelphia, 1798; Sowerby, No. 3517 description begins E. Millicent Sowerby, comp., Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson, Washington, D.C., 1952-1959, 6 vols. description ends ). A few days later Callender fled from the looming threat of arrest under the Sedition Act, signed into law on 14 July. He took refuge at Stevens T. Mason’s Loudoun County home, Raspberry Plain, where TJ sent him a $50 contribution which does not appear in MB (Callender to TJ, 22 Sep. 1798; TJ to Callender and to Mason, 11 Oct. 1798).

69TJ had always intended leaving Philadelphia before the rising of Congress, which occurred 16 July, but had postponed his departure for a week to observe the consequences of John Marshall’s arrival from France and to weather the storm caused by George Logan’s secret embarkation (TJ to James Madison, 21 June 1798).

70 Rhodes’ tavern was about six miles north of Bladensburg near present Beltsville, Prince Georges County, Md. (W.P.A. Writers’ Project, Maryland: A Guide to the Old Line State [New York, 1940], p. 311; Traveller’s Directory, “Road from Philadelphia to Washington,” map 21) description begins S. S. Moore and T. W. Jones, The Traveller’s Directory, or a Pocket Companion: Shewing the Course of the Main Roads from Philadelphia to Washington, Philadelphia, 1802 description ends .

71TJ arrived in Fredericksburg on 30 June and was saluted by a local artillery company. On Sunday, 1 July, he was feted at a public dinner hosted by local Republicans, which caused Federalist detractors to accuse him of violating the Sabbath (Philadelphia Aurora, 12 July, 2 Aug. 1798; Robert Troup to Rufus King, 2 Oct. 1798, in C. R. King, ed., Life and Correspondence of Rufus King [New York, 1894], ii, 432).

72 Gabriel Long kept a Spotsylvania County ordinary (Spotsylvania County Court Order Book, 1792-1795, Spotsylvania County Courthouse, Spotsylvania, Va.).

73 Phill was sent to Eppington to learn the state of health of MJE, whose illness had prevented her expected arrival at Monticello (TJ to MJE, 13, 14 July 1798).

74 David Higginbotham, at this time a factor for Robert Rives & Co. in Milton, built there a flourishing mercantile business to which TJ became perpetually indebted. In 1813, in a triangular arrangement which transferred TJ’s debt from Higginbotham to William Short, Higginbotham bought Short’s Indian Camp lands, on which he built Morven (TMR to TJ, 13 Jan. 1798; Malone, Jefferson, vi, 82-3 description begins Dumas Malone, Jefferson and His Time, Boston, 1948-1981, 6 vols. description ends ; Rawlings, Ante-bellum Albemarle, p. 7 description begins Mary Rawlings, Ante-bellum Albemarle: Albemarle County, Virginia, Charlottesville, Va., 1935 description ends ).

75TJ reversed the figures; the total is 7s–10d.

76The Genius of Liberty, established in Fredericksburg in Oct. 1797 by George Carter, was a Republican semiweekly published until Oct. 1800 by Carter, Robert Mercer (d. 1800), and others (Brigham, History, ii, 1114 description begins Clarence S. Brigham, A History and Bibliography of American Newspapers, 1690-1820, Worcester, Mass., 1920, 2 vols. description ends ; Sowerby, No. 574 description begins E. Millicent Sowerby, comp., Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson, Washington, D.C., 1952-1959, 6 vols. description ends ).

77 Bennett Henderson’s mill, located on the Rivanna River just above Milton, had been built while TJ was in France. The mill became inoperative in 1803, when the Hendersons’ dam was demolished after TJ’s successful injunction. It was dismantled in 1804, by which time TJ owned the land on which it stood (MB 23 Sep. 1795, 14 July 1801; TJ to James Rawlings, 31 July 1817; Plat of division of Henderson estate, Nov. 1801, ViU).

78 James McGee (McGehee) was beginning to sheathe and shingle the roof of the Monticello house, which had been largely uncovered since 1797 and was destined to remain open at its north end for another winter (TJ to TMR, 4 Dec. 1798; TJ to MJE, 8 Mch. 1799).

79This may have been the black doctor who seems to have hastened the death of four of TJ’s most valued slaves, Jupiter, Ursula, and the two Georges (MJR to TJ, 30 Jan. 1800).

80TJ wrote “rescinded” across this entry.

81 The Examiner, Richmond’s semiweekly voice of Republicanism, was established in Dec. 1798 by Meriwether Jones and John Dixon and was published until 1804 (Brigham, History, ii, 1139 description begins Clarence S. Brigham, A History and Bibliography of American Newspapers, 1690-1820, Worcester, Mass., 1920, 2 vols. description ends ; Sowerby, No. 578 description begins E. Millicent Sowerby, comp., Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson, Washington, D.C., 1952-1959, 6 vols. description ends ).

82 Julius Clarkson (d. 1812), Milton merchant, was probably collecting for the clearing of the Rivanna River from Milton to Charlottesville. TJ did not take an active role in this project because that section of the river passed through his own land (Woods, Albemarle, p. 167 description begins Edgar Woods, Albemarle County in Virginia, 1901, repr. Bridgewater, Va., n.d. description ends ; TJ to Benjamin H. Latrobe, 18 Oct. 1798).

83 Benjamin Hyde kept an Orange County ordinary (Orange County Court Minute Book, 1797-1806, p. 61, Orange County Courthouse, Orange, Va.).

Index Entries