George Washington Papers
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General Orders, 21 July 1777

General Orders

Head-Quarters, at Galloways, Smith’s Clove [N.Y.]
July 21st 1777.1

Parole: Countersign:

The waggon Masters are to see that the horses under their direction feed as much as possible on grass this day, and save what grain and dry forage they have—The Waggoners are to stay by their horses, to prevent their doing damage to corn, flax &c.—for if such things are damaged thro’ their negligence, they will be severely punished.

The Q.M. Genl is immediately to inspect the boats, observe what injuries they have sustained in the carriage, and take the most effectual measures to prevent their receiving any further damage.

Every thing is to be in readiness to move to morrow morning.

The General is informed, that some of the troops are without provisions; They are immediately to supply themselves with provisions for this day and to morrow.

Varick transcript, DLC:GW.

1Adj. Gen. Timothy Pickering described the movement of the Continental army and GW’s stay at Galloways (now Southfields), N.Y., about three miles above Tuxedo Lake, in his journal entry for Sunday, 20 July 1777: “Went from Suffern’s tavern into the Clove, eleven miles. Head-quarters at Galloway’s, an old log house. The General lodged in a bed, and his family on the floor about him. We had plenty of sepawn and milk, and all were contented” (Pickering and Upham, Life of Pickering description begins Octavius Pickering and Charles W. Upham. The Life of Timothy Pickering. 4 vols. Boston, 1867–73. description ends , 1:147). GW’s military family expense account contains an entry for 22 July for £4.5 for cash paid to “Mr. Galloway for house Room &c.” (DLC:GW, ser. 5, vol. 28). The expense account also includes charges for cash paid at the Clove on 20 July “for house room & trouble &c.” and for 7s. 6d. for cash paid “the Guide on the mountain ommitted 19th.”

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