James Madison Papers
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To James Madison from John M. Forbes, 8 July 1803 (Abstract)

§ From John M. Forbes

8 July 1803, Hamburg. Reports that accounts from Great Britain to 1 July indicate that the Elbe River will be “closely blockaded,” forcing all British and American trade to other Baltic ports and totally suspending trade with Hamburg. Believes it necessary that he establish his agency in Lübeck or Rostock, in the circle of Lower Saxony. Has “repeatedly solicited” an extension of his commission to this circle “with a mere view to the public Service.” “But now that it becomes an object of private as well as increased public interest, that our trade should be suitably protected, I flatter myself that … the United States … will not refuse to give me that commercial encouragement which is my only reward.” Reports that “the second Capitulation of the Hanoverians … is confidently asserted to have taken place.” The French general Mortier is now in Hamburg on a visit of two or three days.

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