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To Thomas Jefferson from Joel Barlow, 4 October 1801

From Joel Barlow

Paris 4 Oct. 1801—

Dear Sir,

I wrote you some time ago by Mr. Dawson and mentioned my intention of returning to America early in the spring. I still adhere to this intention, and am happy to learn by every letter from that country that the violence of party spirit is abated & that all honest men seem cordially united in support of your administration. I am persuaded that your election was the only means of uniting them and of bringing a great proportion of our citizens back to the principles of liberty and of social improvement on which our revolution was founded.—Your inaugural speech has had a general run in Europe & will have a good effect. I enclose you here a polyglotte or tetraglotte of it as printed here & distributed to all the ambassadors & other persons from foreign countries, as likewise an American copy printed for the use of the Americans here.—The preliminary treaty of peace with England was proclaimed here last night to the great joy of the french nation. We shall now see what talents the present rulers have for government in peace.—But it seems that Europe must still look to America for lessons on this subject.—

I am dear Sir—with great respect—yr. obt. sert—

Joel Barlow

RC (DLC); at foot of text: “Mr. Jefferson”; endorsed by TJ as received 25 Dec. and so recorded in SJL. Enclosures: (1) Speech of Thomas Jefferson, President of the United States, Delivered at his Instalment, March 4, 1801, at the City of Washington. With Translations into the French, Italian, and German Tongues, printed at the English Press, Paris, [1801]; see Noble E. Cunningham, Jr., The Inaugural Addresses of President Thomas Jefferson, 1801 and 1805 (Columbia, Mo., 2001), 53, 64–7; Shaw-Shoemaker description begins Ralph R. Shaw and Richard H. Shoemaker, comps., American Bibliography: A Preliminary Checklist for 1801–1819, New York, 1958–63, 22 vols. description ends , No. 732. (2) Possibly Speech of Thomas Jefferson, President of the United States: Delivered at his Instalment, March 4, 1801, at the City of Washington, a broadside, also by the English Press, Paris, [1801]; copy at Carl A. Kroch Library, Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University.

Barlow last wrote on 25 Aug.

Preliminary Treaty of Peace: in London late on the last day of September, Louis Guillaume Otto and Lord Hawkesbury reached agreement on preliminary articles of peace between France and Great Britain. The document, which was formally dated 1 Oct., was proclaimed in the streets of Paris on Saturday evening, 3 Oct., heralded by cannon shots, announcements in the theaters, and the illumination of buildings (Gazette Nationale ou le Moniteur Universel, 13 Vendémiaire Year 10 [5 Oct. 1801]; Grainger, Amiens Truce description begins John D. Grainger, The Amiens Truce: Britain and Bonaparte, 1801–1803, Rochester, N.Y., 2004 description ends , 42–3, 45–6).

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