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Preakness [ New Jersey ] October 22, 1780 . Has been directed by Congress to order a court of inquiry into Gates’s conduct as “Commander of the Southern Army.” States that Major General Nathanael Greene has been instructed to take over Gates’s command during inquiry. Df , in writing of H, George Washington Papers, Library of Congress.
Preakness [ New Jersey ] October 22, 1780 . Orders Greene to assume the command of the southern army until an inquiry has been made into Major General Horatio Gates’s conduct in the southern campaign. Orders Greene to appoint the court of inquiry. LS , in writing of H, Papers of the Continental Congress, National Archives.
Preakness [ New Jersey ] October 22, 1780 . Orders Harrison to proceed south with Major General Nathanael Greene to reorganize the corps of artillery. Df , in writing of H, George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. Harrison was a colonel of the First Continental Artillery.
Preakness [ New Jersey ] October 22, 1780 . Has appointed Major General Nathanael Greene to assume command of the southern army until completion of inquiry into Major General Horatio Gates’s conduct. Recommends Greene, but states that the difficulties which Greene will meet can be overcome only with Congress’s support. Asks Congress to approve sending Baron von Steuben south to reorganize the...
[ Preakness, New Jersey ] October 22, 1780 . Directs Skinner to propose exchanging Brigadier Generals William Thompson and Louis Le Bèque Du Portail and Major General Benjamin Lincoln for Major General William Phillips and Baron von Riedesel. Df , in writing of H, George Washington Papers, Library of Congress.
Preakness [ New Jersey ] October 22, 1780 . States that, if Congress approves, Baron von Steuben is to march south with Major General Nathanael Greene. Df , in writing of H, George Washington Papers, Library of Congress.
7General Orders, 22 October 1780 (Washington Papers)
For the day tomorrow Brigadier General Huntington Lieutenant Colonel Commandant Hubley Lieutenant Colonel Whiting Major Wallbridge Brigade Major Moore. DLC : Papers of George Washington.
I have concluded to send Majr Lees Corps to the southward as soon as the accoutrements and Cloathing necessary for their equipment can be procured. To assist in expediting this business Capt. Rudulph goes forward to Philada with a return of the Articles wanting. I am very apprehensive of the difficulties which will intervene for want of money, but when the consequence which this Corps will be...
In consequence of a resolve of Congress directing an enquiry into the conduct of Majr Genl Gates, & authorising me to appoint some other Officer in his place, during this enquiry, I have made choice of Majr Genl Greene who will, I expect, have the honor of presenting you with this letter. I shall without scruple introduce this Gentn to you as a Man of abilities, bravery & coolness—He has a...
In answer to my proposals for a Resident Commissary with the respective Armies, Major General Phillips has tramsmitted me another set of proposals substantially the same; except that they require these Commissaries to be appointed by the Commanders in Chief, each by his own authority. It is impossible for me to enter into such an agreement, as I have no power to act but by a derived authority...
The Gentn who will have the honor of presenting you with this letter, is Majr Genl Greene, a particular friend of mine, and one who I would beg leave to recommend to your civilities. He is going to take command of the Southern Army, and calls at Annapolis to make some arrangements with the State respecting its supplies which are turned into that direction. This Gentleman is so intimately...
I inclose you a Resolution of Congress of the 5th instant directing me to order a Court of inquiry to be held on your conduct as Commander of the Southern Army, and to appoint an Officer to command that Army in your room untill such inquiry be made—In obedience to this order I have appointed Major General Greene to the command; and I have instructed him respecting the inquiry in the manner...
Congress having been pleased by their Resolution of the 5th instant, to authorise me to appoint an Officer to the command of the southern Army in the room of Major Genl Gates ’till an enquiry can be had into his conduct as therein directed, I have thought proper to choose you for this purpose. You will therefore proceed without delay to the southern Army, now in North Carolina, and take the...
I dare say before this reaches you, you will have heard that Major General Greene is appointed to the command of the Southern army, and from the knowlege, you have of him, I am persuaded, you will be happy to find yourself under his command. The affairs of the Southern army in general must necessarily be greatly deranged, and the corps of artillery in particular—from the losses it has...
I have received your favor of yesterday. Should the enemy put their design into execution, I hope the troops under Colo. Hazen will be in readiness to give them a proper reception. Yours of the 19th is come to hand—I will consider the Contents and give an answer in my next. I am much hurried just now in dispatching Genl Greene. I am Dear Sir Yr most obt Servt MHi : Heath Papers.
I have the honor to inform Congress, that in consequence of their resolution of the 5th instant, I have appointed Major General Greene to the command of the Southern Army, ’till the enquiry into the conduct of Major Genl Gates is completed. I inclose a Copy of my instructions to General Greene, by which and a Copy of my letter to Genl Gates, Congress will perceive the mode I have adopted for...
I think it more than probable that your Corps will be ordered to the southward. I would therefore have you, agreeable to your late request, send an Officer to Philada to provide accoutrements and Cloathing. If the Officer will call upon me, I will give him a letter to the Board of War upon the subject. I am &c. P.S. Say nothing about the cause of sending down the Officer—I mean as to the...
Since my Instructions to you of the 7th Instant, the Enemy have made a proposal for exchanging Major Generals Phillips and Reidesel with their Families. This you will accede to provided Brigadier Generals Thompson and Du Portail, together with Major General Lincoln and his Family can be set in opposition to them. It will be a point of great importance to us, and which I wish you to press, to...
Though I am sensible how important your services will be in this quarter; yet as to the Southward, there is an army to be created, the mass of which is at present without any formation at all, your services there will be still more essential—and as I am persuaded your inclination is to be wherever you can be most useful, I have recommended it to Congress to send you with General Greene to the...
Major General Greene, who goes to take command of the southern Army, will have the honor of presenting this to your Excellency. I have advised him to take the several States in his way which are immediately concerned in furnishing Men and supplies for the department committed to his direction, that he may gain a more accurate knowledge of the forwardness they are in, a tolerable Idea of what...