George Washington Papers
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Invoice from Robert Cary & Company, 31 March 1761

Invoice from Robert Cary & Company

London 31st March 1761

Invoice of Goods markd & numbred as pr Margin Shipd on Board the Polly John Johnston Master1 for Virginia on the proper acct and risque of Colo. George Washington, and to him Consignd.

Theodosia Crowley & Co. Iron2
10 M 4d. Nails @2/4½ [£] 1. 3. 9
5 M 6d. Ditto @3/7 .17.11
20 M 8d. Ditto @4/7 4.11. 8
1 M 30d. Ditto @[ ] .18.  
Cask . 1. 8
25 M 10 Nails @5/6 6.17. 6
Cask . 2. 2
2 dozn handsaw files 2/ . 4.  
2 dozn x Cut Saw Ditto 3/2 . 6. 4
1 dozn Whipsaw Ditto . 5. 9
2 dozn Box handle Gimblets 10d. . 1. 8
½ dozn drawing Knives 12/ . 6.  
1 dozn large padlocks A .15.  
1 dozn Ditto B 1.    
½ dozn plate Stock Locks 21/ .10. 6
1 large Iron rimb Lock compleat wt. pulback .18.  
 
½ dozn HL Hinges A 7/ 3/6 ½ dozn Ditto B 9/ 4/6 . 8. 0
Cask . 1. 8
6 Steel Whipsaws & Tillers 6 feet 17 5. 2. 0
6 Ditto & Ditto 6½ ft 18/ 5. 8.  
Canvas board & Cord . 2.  
6 Steel Whipsaws and Tillers 7 ft 19/ 5.14.  
6 Ditto & Ditto 7½ 22/3 6.12.  
Canvas board & Cord . 3.  
2 Bryar Scythes 2/8 5/4 6 Grass Scythes 2/8 16/ 1. 1. 4
Canvas board & Cord . 1.  
2 pr Quernstones4 26/ £2.12. 6 Grindstones 2/6 15/ 3. 7.  
4 ditto 4/6 18/ 2 Ditto 8/ 16 1.14.  
James Ayres Sadlery5
1 Dozn Cart Collars side piercd 2. 2.  
5 Bitt Halters full fringd 1.15.  
5 Collars and side piercings .17. 6
5 Tand Leather Housings full fringd .17. 6
5 pr Cart Haims 5/ Thongs to Ditto 3/4 . 8. 4
Iron Work to 4 prs Ditto 10/ a pr of strg leathr Tngs 1.14.  
Tand Leather Buckle pieece to Phill Collar . 6  
4 pr Pipes6 and Back bands & Belly Bds full fringd Compleat 2. 6.  
4 pr Chain Traces wt 60 lb. @5d. 1. 5.  
4 long Cruppers fringd .16.  
4 pr Hipstraps with Billet Leather7 . 8.  
A strong Cart Saddle and Britching8 Compleat 1.    
Cask for the above . 3.  
John Drinkwater Tin
To 1 large painted Candle box and Lock . 2.  
12 large Tin plates 5/ 4 largest paintd Water Pots 18/ 1. 3.  
1 Best Japand Lanthorn with a Glass Shade with Brass 2.    
A Japand two spout Lamp glass top . 3.  
A Wood Safe for the Lanthorne . 1.  
12 Dish Covers sizd & Sorted 28/ A Cask for the whole 5/ 1.13.  
John Stabler Linnen &ca9
5 ps. strong Fabrick Ticklingurg10 No. 5 Qty 573 Ells @9 21. 9. 9
2 ps. best India Nankeens @8/6 .17.  
Buttons and Twist for Ditto . 1. 8
 
17½ Ells Russia Diaper11 @21d. .16. 0 1/2
1 ps. high bleachd Yrd wide Irish No. 41 qty 27 Yds @2/1 2.16. 3
2 ps. Superfine Irish holld No. 8 qty 50 Yds @6/3 15.12. 6
1 ps. fine Morce Callicoe12 2. 4.  
4 Yds Superfine yd wide Book Muslin13 @8/6 1.14.  
1 ps. of Cambrick No. 2961 36/ 1 ps. Superf. Do 784 88/ 6. 4.  
8 Ells Canvas 9d. . 6.  
Mauduit & Co.14  Woolen
4 ps. best Cotton (91–94–95–97) 377 Yds @16½ 25.18. 4
1 ps. wt. Cotton for wrapper .11.  
Canvas and Cord &ca for 1 Bale . 5. 6
R. Lomax Clay.15 Pickles
3 Pottles French olives 15/ 1 Ditto Girkens 5/ 1.    
1 Ditto Walnuts 4/ 2 Ditto small Capers 8/ .12.  
2 Ditto Anchovys 15/ 2 Ditto fine Oyl 9/ 1. 4.  
1 Ditto India Mangoes 6/ 4 pottle Squares & ⟨Lk⟩ 3/6 . 9. 6
Benja. Kenton. Porter
1 Hhd fine old Porter 2. 5.  
To the Hhd .12.  
paid Cartage and Shippg Expences . 1. 6
Thoms Johnston. Turnery
12 large Blacking Balls16 .12.  
6 large hair brooms .12.  
6 Walnut tree Hearth Brushes . 9.  
1 large Close flasket 2/17 1 Ditto 1/2 . 3. 2
2 fine hair Sifters 1/4 12 Course Do 7/ . 8. 4
2 Mats . 1. 6
A Chest with Sundrys viz. .15.  
Mary Vaughton
1 Wheat Sieve 3/ 1 Ditto for Indn Corn 3/ . 6.  
Martha Ayscough18
To 1 18 Inch Circumferenter wt. Sights to let down 4.10.  
To 1 Strong Chain 7/6 1 Loadstone Complt 45/ 2.12. 6
Widow of A. Stoughton19
3 dozn Cordial Elixer @8/ a Dozn 1. 4.  
James Laman
12 lbs. best Mustard 18/ 12 Bottles 3/ 1 Box 8d. 1. 1. 8
Jno. Spincer20
1 C o Qr o lb. Bristol & Mustard Seed Shot21 .15. 6
 
0.0.10 Small Goose Shott @2d.  . 1. 8
5 Bags @1½ .   7 1/2
Richards & Co. Hosiery22
3 pr Mens large 3d. thrd Superfine worsted Hose @6/ .18.  
3 pr Ditto 4 thrd fine Ditto @6/ .18.  
Willm James23
A White persian Petticoat quilted with a Border 2.    
10 Yards light Cloth col[ore]d Shag @3/24 1.10.  
Richd Weale Cutlery
1 dozn Horn Spoons 6/6 1 dozn Womns brass Thim. 4d. . 6.10
6 dozn cap⟨t⟩ Buckd butchers knives 3/ .18.  
Lardner & Co. Haberdy25
6 lb. Maidstone bro. thrd @2/ .12.  
1 lb. Whited brown Do 3/9 1 lb. fine ditto 5/9 . 9. 6
4 Oz. Scotch Nuns do @12d. 4/26 4 Oz. do do @2/ 8/ .12.  
6 ps. beggars Tape @4d. 2/ 2 ps. Diaper do @8d. 1/4 . 3. 4
2 ps. Ditto Do @12d. 2/ 1 ps. Rich Taffy Ribn 16/27 .18.  
6 M best Miniken Pins @8d. 4/ 6 M Short whites @8d. 4/ . 8.  
1 grose Super: Mould Shirt Buttons . 2. 6
2 Black Silk Wig Bags @2/2 4/4 4 Yds Cyprus Gauze @2/6 10/28 .14. 4
6 Knots & B: knots @2/ 12/ 3 fash: Egrets @2/ 6/ .18.  
6 ps. Coverd Wire @4d. 2/ 2 Womens Tick Garrick29 Sattin Hatts pleated Crowns trimd wt. brd Lace @9/ 18/ 1. 0. 0
6 best Horn Combs @6d. 3/ 1 Neat Comb trae with a draw containg 8 fine box Combs & 4 Iv[or]y Do 21/ 1. 4.  
6 M best Corkg Pins 13d. 6/6 1 Nt Powdr Box & Puff 2/ . 8. 8
6 Nt course Comb Brushs @6d. 3/ 2 fash. Iv[or]y fans @6/ 12/ .15.  
A Box . 9  
Jno. Scherzburg
Making a Green Tabby Gown . 6.  
Body & Sleeve Ling 1/9 Pinkg 2/ 1 Yd Tabby 8/6 .12. 8
M: Price
A Green Tabby Sack diped30 . 6.  
Jno. Clarke Books
Hales Compleat Body of Husby 4 Vols. @8/ 1. 4.  
Hartlibs Legacy of Husbandry not to be had
 
Thos Nalder31 Gloves
To 6 pr Mens neat white Lamb @11d. . 5. 6
To 6 pr Mens Norway Doe Stitchd Top @16 . 8.  
6 pr Womens Whe Kid Gloves @21d. .10. 6
6 pr Ditto Ditto Mitts @21 .10. 6
6 pr Ditto col[ore]d Gloves and Mitts @21 .10. 6
Mount & Page Statiy
½ Rheam Writg Paper Cutt . 5.  
2 Qr. fine Demy32 & 6 Sheets of Past Board . 4.  
1 Book 3 qr. Demy in Vellom plain . 7. 6
1–2 Qr. Ditto 6/ 2 Books 4 Qrs. long Dutch Arms do 11/ .17.  
2–2 Qr. Ditto broad Do . 7.  
6 papers Ink Powders and 1 Box Wafers . 3.  
2 dozn best Packs playg Cards Unst[amped] .12.  
Thos Western Snuff33
2 lb. Bottles best Snuff . 5. 4
Davidson & Co. Sadlery34
½ dozn Snaffle Bridles @24/ .12.  
A Neat weymouth doul 2 Bitts @60/35 . 5.  
3 Checked Saddle Cloaths bound &ca @30/ . 7. 6
6 dble Girths Lind @10/6 5/3 4 Woolen Cirsingles @14/ 4/8 . 9.11
8 pr Horse thongs @7/ 4/8 2 dozn Hemp Haltr wt. webd Hds @10/ 20/ 1. 4. 8
Peter Berg Stays
1 pr of Tabby Stays 2. 5.  
Wm Weale36
1 Strong Copper Tea Kettle .16.  
Frans Nalder Cheese
1 Cheshire Cheese 60 lb. @4½ 1. 2. 6
Lead to Ditto Markd GW .11. 1
Newnham & Co. Grocery37
Raisolis a Jarr N. 0.1.1 @60/ .15. 6
Currants Ditto No. 0.1.7 @6d. .17. 6
6 dble Loaves [sugar] 1.16 @13d. 2. 7. 8
6 Single Do    2. 8 @86/ 2. 9. 2
Almonds in the Shells ½ Bushel .12.  
Nuts ½ lb. @9/6 4/9 Mace ¼ @16/ 4/ . 8. 9
Cloves ¼ @16/ 4/ Cinnamon ¼ @16/ 4/ . 8.  
Comfits 5 lb. @12d. 5/ Ginger 6 lb. @6d. 3/ . 8.  
Allspice 3 lb. @10d. 2/6 Salt Petre a Box No. 25 @£5 £1.2.3 A Jar, Barr., a box, Box & Cartg. 8/4 1.13. 1
 
Philp Bell38
A Neat Mahagony Square Case with 16 Galln Bottles in ditto with ground Stoppers Brass lifting handles & brass Casters 17.17.  
A Large sizd Baggamon Table Boxes & Men 1.    
A Strong Case . 8.  
Wm Maile Oyl & Paint
One Jarr contg 15 Galls. Lamp Oyl @2/8 pr Gall. 2.    
Jarr & Wickering . 9.  
One Rundlet Spanh Bro. G[roun]d Gr. 1.0.21
tr. . 9
Nt 1.0.12 @30/
Rundlet
1 Rundlet white Lead Groun: Gr. 1.0.18
tr. . 6
Nt 1.0.12 @34/
Rundlet
1.13. 2
. 2. 2
1.17. 8
. 1. 8
Josh Etherington Medicines
4 Spts Nitre a Dulcis 1/6 1 lb. Orange Peale 1/639 . 3. 0
2 lb. 8 Oz. strg Orange Flr Watr 3/9 5 Oz. Elixor Vitriol 2/9 . 6. 6
5 Oz. Spts Sal Armoniac 1/8 6 Oz. Hartshorne 2/ . 3. 8
5 Oz. Salvolatile 1/8 5 Oz. Tincture Myrrh 1/3 . 2.11
4 Oz. Powder Jallop 2/10 5 Oz. Ipecacuana 5/ . 7.10
4 Oz. Diascordium 1/ 6 Oz. Syrrip of Poppies 1/ . 2.  
4 Oz. Conserve Roses 6d.40 5 Oz. Contra Irva Powdd 4/2 . 4. 8
2 Oz. Matthews’s Pills 3/4 1 lb. best powderd Bark 10/ .13. 4
5 Oz. tincture of Castr41 2/6 6 Oz. Spts Vitriol 1/ . 3. 6
5 Oz. Guti Vite 5/ 1 pint Daffes Elixor 2/8 . 7. 8
4 Oz. Squires Elixor 1/3 To flint Bottles, stoppr Box &c. .12.  
Edwd Neale—Seeds
4 Bushls of Hop Clover Seed @4/42 .16.  
An Assortment of Garden Seeds 1.    
20 Bushels of Rye Grass Seed 3/ 3.    
3 Cask 12/ Cartage 18d. .13. 6
Wm Bennett Bisquet
2 Qr 8 lb. of White Bisquet @24/ .13. 8
1 New Cask and Waterage . 3. 6
Tull & Co. Sein43
1 Sein 40 fathom long, 8 feet deep in the Middle & 6½ at the ends—fine Mesht in the middle and made of the best 3 strand laid twine 5. 0. 0
 
15 lb. of 3 strand laid twine @13d. .16. 3
2 Quoils of white Rope for hauling wt 203 lb. @4½ 3.16. 1 1/2
60 fathom of small Line for Leadg Strings lb. 12 @6d. . 6.  
A Cask . 5.  
Chas Lawrence Taylor
1⅞ Yds of Rich Crimson Genoa Velvet @28/44 2.12. 6
Making the Velvet B[ritche]s & Lin[in]g Gartrs & Pulls & all M[ateria]ls .13.  
2¼ yds Superfine light hair Silk Shag @16/ 1.16.  
Makg the Britchs & L[inin]g &c. &ca .13.  
To a Rich black silk China Britches piece 1. 9.  
Making Ditto & findg Materials .13.  
A fine Britches Worsted—Making &ca &ca 1. 3.  
A Box mutilated
A Box . 2. 6
Saml Freeman Steelyards45
4 pr Steelyards 1.10.  
Richd Cleeve Spoons
2 Dozn Best Spoons . 4.  
Moseley & Co. Plaid Hose
4 dozn large plaid hose No. 3 @12/ 2. 8.  
4 dozn Ditto ⟨do⟩ No. 2 11/ 2. 4.  
2 dozn boys & Gils Do 9/ 18/ Pack Cloth 1/6 .19. 6
A box . 2.  
Thoms Rust46
1 pair Dble bellows for Chamber .16.  
Sarah Rush
A Large Pocket Book Silver Lock & Pencil 1.    
2 fluted Silver pencils @5/6 .11.  
2 doz. and ½ Pencils @3 . 7. 6
A. Gresham Shoes
2 pr Woms. Sattin Pumps @12/ 1. 4.  
4 pr black Everlasting Do @6/647 1. 6.  
2 pr Do size 6s 13/ 2 pr Calf pumps 9/ 1. 2.  
Richd Farrer Glass &ca
6 fine wte Enameld Ale Glasses 3/6 6 wte Enamd Gills 3/648 . 7.  
6 Orange Bowle snake ½ pint Beer . 4. 6
18 Wormd and Buttond punch Glasses . 7. 6
24 White Enameld Wine .10.  
6 Milk pots on Feet . 2. 6
6 Emborsd China Mugs 3 Sizes 1.10.  
2 Oval potting Pots . 7.  
 
2 Smaller Ditto with Covers & 2 Stands . 8.  
2 Smaller Ditto Do & Do . 6.  
12 Whitestone Sweetmeat Plates . 2. 6
4 Qt Mugs brown Stone . 1. 8
4 pints Ditto 1/ and 4½ pints Do 6d. . 1. 6
2 Gallon Pipkins . 6.  
1–2 Quart Do 2/3 and 2 Qt Ditto 2/ . 4. 3
1 dozn blew & white Stone Chamber Pots . 8.  
8 large red Milk pans . 9. 4
8 Next size 6/8 & 8 next size 5/4 .12.  
6 Next Size 2/6 18 Smaller 6/ & 12 Smaller 3/ .11. 6
4 White Stone hand Basons 2/ 2 larger 1/6 6 la: 6/ . 9. 6
2 Hhds and Charges .12.  
1 Glass Pyramid wt. 8 Arms 10/49 1 Salver 6/6 .16. 6
Packd in the Hhd Case . 1. 6
To amount of the Invoice 282. 7.10
Entry out, Searchers fees & Shippg Charges 3.12. 6
Freight primage & Bills of Lading 8.18.  
Premo on £320. Insur’d 4 Gs. prCt & policy @4/6 13.13. 4
Commission @2½ prCt 7.14. 4
£316.16.  
Errors Excepted Robt Cary & Co.
2 Paper Parcels of Shoes directed for Colo. Geo: Washington under Captn Johnston’s Care—viz. from Jno. Didsbury
4 pair strong Shoes
1 pr fine ditto
2 pr dble Channel Pumps
1 pr turnd Do

ALB, DLC:GW.

1GW ordered the goods on 28 Sept. 1760. The ship Polly, John Johnstoun master, owned by John Thornton & Co., entered the South Potomac with cargo and four passengers on 2 July 1761 and sailed for London on 28 Sept. 1761 with 240 hogsheads of tobacco and 12,000 staves. Invoices of goods for John Parke Custis and Martha Parke Custis, also 31 Mar. 1761, are in DLC:GW.

2Theodosia Crowley & Co., Ironmongers, was on Thames Street, London.

3For GW’s complaint at receiving two dozen whipsaws instead of the two he had ordered, see GW to Cary, 1 Aug. 1761.

4A quernstone is one of the two stones forming a quern, a simple device for grinding grain.

5James Ayres may be the Ayres listed in 1763 as collar maker and currier, at Stratford near Bow.

6Pipes were the part of a horse harness, probably leather tubes, through which the traces passed to prevent chafing.

7Billet leather is a short strap that attaches to the skirt slots on the off side of a saddle.

8Breeching is the part of a harness that passes around the breech of a draft animal.

9John Stabler, linen draper, had a shop on Watling Street.

10Ticklenburgs was a coarse linen.

11Russian diaper was a linen fabric with a double diamond pattern.

12Mauris was a French term for percale imported from India.

13Book muslin was either a plain muslin stiffened to imitate French lawn or a soft muslin used for tambour embroidery.

14Mauduit, Wright, & Co. were warehousemen on Lime Street.

15Richard Lomax Clay, oilman, was on Fishstreet Hill.

16Shoemakers used a composition called blacking ball, or heelball.

17A clothes flasket was a shallow washing tub or a long shallow basket.

18Martha Ayscough (née Watkins; d. 1767) married James Ayscough, a London optician and maker of scientific instruments in 1747. After her husband’s death in 1759, she carried on his business until her own death.

19The widow of Anthony Stoughton kept an apothecary shop. “Stoughton’s Elixir Magnum Stomachii, or the Great Cordial Elixir, otherwise called the Stomatick Tincture or Bitter Drops” was invented by her husband’s father (Griffenhagen, “Old English Patent Medicines,” description begins George B. Griffenhagen and James Harvey Young, “Old English Patent Medicines in America.” United States National Museum Bulletin 218: Contributions from the Museum of History and Technology (1959): 156–83. description ends 162).

20John Spicer, shotman, had a shop on Tooley Street, Southwark.

21These were bird shot.

22Samuel Rickards was a hosier and hatter on Fenchurch Street.

23William James, mercer, had a shop “at the blue Anchor in Cheapside, opposite Gutter Lane” (James’s receipt, 22 Mar. 1762, ViHi: Custis Papers).

24Shag is a fabric with a long coarse nap, generally made of wool.

25Lardner & Baratty (Barraty) were haberdashers and tobacconists at 36 Borough in Southwark.

26Nun’s thread is a fine linen thread used in making lace.

27Taffy was a moiré taffeta.

28Cypress gauze was a fine, plain-weave silk fabric dyed black which was used for mourning.

29Tick is a general term for strong fabric used in bedcovering. Garlits is a linen cloth originally made in Görlitz, Silesia.

30Martha Washington had a saque, or sack, of hers redyed. See GW to Robert Cary & Co., 28 Sept. 1760.

31Thomas Nalder was a glover in Cheapside.

32Demy is a certain size writing paper.

33Thomas Weston was a tobacconist on Coleman Street.

34Davidson & Dennis were saddlers on Chiswell Street.

35A weymouth is a pattern of bit used with a double bridle.

36William Weale was a brazier on Wood Street.

37Newnham, Shepley (Shipley), & Co., grocers, were on Watling Street near St. Paul’s.

38Philip Bell was a cabinetmaker and upholsterer. GW complained about the cost of Bell’s case and bottles. See GW to Robert Cary & Co., 1–6 Aug. 1761.

39A syrup of orange peel was used as a vehicle for medicines and for sweetening drinks, such as juleps.

40Conserve of roses was used for stomach ailments and for coughs.

41Castor oil from the bean is used in medicines and perfumes.

42Hop clover is yellow clover.

43Tull & Bradshaw, netmakers, were on Fishstreet Hill.

44Genoa velvet was either a fine silk velvet brocade or a cotton velvet made on a one-up, two-down twill.

45Samuel Freeman, lead merchant and shotmaker, was at 48 Mark Lane.

46This may have been the firm of Rust & Dowson, whalebone cutters, at 54 Aldermanbury.

47Everlasting was a closely woven worsted used in making women’s shoes.

48Clear or white glass with painted enamel figures was popular.

49GW ordered from Cary on 28 Sept. 1760 new pieces for his broken glass pyramid.

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