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    • Parsons, Samuel Holden
    • Washington, George

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By some unusual delay in the Post office, I did not receive your kind letter of the 21st of April untill the 30th of June; or I should have sooner done myself the pleasure of acknowledging the receipt and of returning my best thanks for your friendly sentiments and wishes. I beg you will be persuaded of the satisfaction I take in hearing from my old military friends and of the interest I feel...
I am now on my Road to the Settlements forming on the River Ohio; and take this only Method in my power to take leave of your Excellency & to assure you of my most cordial Wishes for your Happiness; should any Occurrances render my Services in that Country of Use to you, I shall never be more happy than in devoting myself to the execution of your Wishes—The State of our Country must give very...
The inclosed Resolution of Congress having been transmitted to me—I take this earliest Opportunity to communicate it for your Information. Sincerely wishing you a Restoration of Health, attended with every happiness in your future Walks of Life. I have the Honor to be Sir Your most Obet & humble Servant DLC : Papers of George Washington.
You certainly fully understood me, when you suppos’d me fixed in my Determination of leaving the Army at all Events; the Reasons I then assignd were such as I could not surmount, and they continue in full force to this Time. but the Matter being undecided, when I last saw you, whither a Derangment of General Officers would take Place, agreable to a Resolve of Congress, and that being the only...
In the conversation I had with you, when I saw you last at Head Quarters; you appeared to be so unalterably fixed in the determination of leaving the Army at all events, that I had in my own mind made the arrangements accordingly—and to prove that I was not precipitate in my judgment; the whole Army had formed the same opinion of your intentions from your repeated & unequivocal declarations on...
Messrs Reuben Smith Norton, Samuel Mix & Ezekiel Cowles are young Gentlemen whose Family Connections render them respectable in this State & whose personal Accomplishments give fair Prospects of their being Serviceable if admitted to Command in the Army. They are desirous of Subalterns Commissions in the Corps of Sappers & Miners: I beleive they will not disappoint your Excellency’s...
I receivd last Week a Letter from General Lincoln in Answer to mine of the 10th of April on the Subject of retiring from the Army, in which he informs me that no General Officer will be sufferd to retire on the proposd Derangment, and adds "if your Want of Health forbids your taking the Field at present I see Nothing which will prevent your being indulged—this however is solely with the...
When I was last with you I forgot to mention the Name of Mr William Heron of Redding who has for several Years had Opportunities of informing himself of the State of the Enemy, their Designs & Intentions with more certainty & Precision than most Men who have been imploy’d: as I have now left Service I think it my Duty to inform your Excellency of this Person & my Reasons for beleiving him more...
I was yesterday favoured with your Letter of the 11th of March, on the subject of your retiring from service on certain conditions—therein Mentioned. I have without delay referred your application to the Secretary at War; which is now the only proper Channel thro’ which all business of this kind can be negociated—in two or three days I shall set out for the North River, where I shall expect...
I received your favr of the 27th ulto which with its inclosure I have put into the hands of the Secretary at War to be acted upon. I thank you for your kind congratulations upon our late success to the southward, which as you observe, if properly improved, must be attended with most important advantages—I would wish you and every other Gentleman of influence to exert yourselves with the...
After a long Confinment to a sick bed, I have just recovered Strength to be brought Home; and am able to attend to a little Business though I have not strength to go abroad. The Board of War in a Letter to me of the 23d of October, directed that the disabled Officers of the Connecticutt Line might, if they consented, go out of Aervice as retireing Officers, a Copy of which Letter is enclosed....
By a late Resolution of Congress, the States of Rhode Island & Connecticut are made one District for the purpose of Promotion, & intitled to two Brigadiers; the same Resolution provides that where a Brigadier is necessary one shall be made from the Senior Officer of the District. that to which we belong has hitherto had but one; we think the service, perticularly at this time, deserves...
From the Inteligence I have receivd from the Country and from my own Observation, I am convincd that the Inhabitants in the Rear of the Army are intimately connected with the Refugees who are on the Roads in our Rear & at many Times form part of the Robbers who are constantly distressing the Inhabitants & render it dangerous to pass the Roads. I would therefore propose as a further Security...
I have to request that you will be pleased to send one of your Aides de Camp, to give Orders to Brigadr genl Waterbury from me, to put the whole of his Troops in motion to morrow morng & to march them to Marineck or North Street—at one of which places, he will recieve further orders, respecting the position he is to take. General Waterbury will move at the time appointed without fail & give...
According to your Excellency’s Direction, I am to State in writing the Claims of the different Ranks of officers in the Connecticutt Line to a Board of officers to settle their relative Rank: or that your Excellency would decide the Claims without a Board. Captains Bulkley & Morris at the Time of settling the Rank of Captains were Prisoners and have never had Opportunity to be heard & suppose...
I have received your Favor of Yesterday—and am very sorry to observe its Contents—I can think of no Mode more elegible, than to transmitt the Letter, with some Observations on the probable Consequences, to the State of Connecticut—This Mode I shall pursue—and hope that the State, on further Consideration, will do all the Justice to their Line, that they have a Right to expect. With much Regard...
The Comittee from the Connecticut Line appointed to adjust their Accounts with the State have returned without effecting a settlement, the Lower House of Assembly refuse to pay any part of the Subsistance of the Officers before the first of April last, & from that time no more than Eight pence half penny per Ration; the Resolutions of Congress notwithstanding. In stating the accounts the...
I have the Honor of your Excellency’s Letter by Capt. Walker. The Detachment at Danbury shall march as soon as the Quarter Master has provided Teams for transporting the Provisions from Danbury, which I hope will not exceed two or three Days. the prisoners which cannot be tried before they march will be sent with them to Fishkill. inclos’d are the Proceedings of a Court Martial against,...
I was favor’d yesterday with your Letter of the 30h of April & shall as soon as possible send the Men you direct. I find an Uneasiness arises among the Officers respecting the Appointment of several Field Officers in the Light Infantry under the Command of the Marquis; if there shall be any alteration in that Command, I would request your Excellency to appoint Lt Colo. Gray of the Connec ticu...
Your Letters of the 30th of April & 2nd of May, together with the Proceedings of the Court Marital whereof Lt Col. Gray was President, have been handed to me by Capt. Walther. I hope the Journey you propose will have a happy tendency towards the recovery of your health, & that you will soon be enabled to join the Army again, after your return; ’tho I would not wish you to do it, so...
By Inteligence from New York as late as Saturday (which I have every Reason to beleive) General Arnold was every Hour expected there to take Command of an Expedition. Admiral Arbuthnot is going to England his Officers refusing to serve with him since the Action with the french Fleet—his Baggage was landed. Admiral Graves who commands the Fleet was in New York on Saturday but expected to sail...
I have had the pleasure to receive Your Letter of the 20th Inst. and am glad to find by it, that You are in a fair way of recovering Your health again, and that the measures You had taken previous to Your illness have been attended with some degree of success. As soon as the circumstances will possibly admit, I wish the Detachment of Continental Troops at Danbury may be sent back to the Army:...
The Fever by which I have been confined has left me exceedingly weak, and unable to attend to any business of importance, nor do I expect to recover my strength soon unless a Journey to which I am advised, shall restore me—I hope to be able to join the army by the forepart of June, but have no expectation of being sooner able to do my Duty there—Two severe Fevers in Six months are very...
It is now five Days since I have first walked from my Bed to the I have moved as fair as I have any Right to expect since that continues very weak. I hope the Day to go abroad; and when I gain Strength sufficient hope a Journey will restore my Strength as well as Health; I am at present unable to attend to the Business you committed to my Charge; Captain Walker will take charge of those...
Your Letter of the 14th Instant was forwarded to me in my absence from this place, and met me on my return; since which this is the first leisure moment I have had to attend to its contents. I am sorry to find the evil so deeply rooted—and that the defection is still gaining ground. From its extensive nature & pernicious tendency; I think every measure which policy and precaution can dictate...
Agreeable to your Excellencys Orders; I have attended to the Business with which I was Charged; and have been through Various parts of the State where I judged the most Essential service might be Rendered; have succeeded in some Measure; but being Seized a few days ago with a fever am at present unable to stir abroad; hope in a short time to be able to attend to my duty where your Excellency...
In consequence of your Excellencys directions I have to this time been pursuing the objects of the Enqury you have ordered: but have not been able to make the Discoveries wished for with a sufficient degree of precision, to make any attempt to secure the Persons concernd. I believe it is certain that an Association is formd to submit to British Government, on the terms of the last...
I have recd your favr of the 24. Inclosed is a Copy of my letter of the 22d by Capt. Walker. Should you not have seen him, you will be pleased to proceed after him, that no time may be lost in the investigation of the important matter he will communicate to you, and in which I hope you may have the fullest success. I am Dear Sir Yr most obt Servt. DLC : Papers of George Washington.
I left my Hutt last Tuesday to visit the Rhode Island Troops, with General Heath’s Permission to make a Small Excursion to see my Family which was Twenty five Miles East of that Line of Troops on Conditien I was to be again at my Quarters to Day—I understand, on my Return, that Capt. Walker has gone Eastward, with your Excellency’s Commands For me; I have not seen him, if any Thing of...
I have recd your favrs of the 17th and 18th inst. In respect to the prisoners taken by Capt. Brewster I shall not think myself justifiable in consenting to any of their exchanges, untill they have been sent to the State of Connecticut for further examination; for from the report made to me by Capt. Brewster and from your account they are a most pernicious and dangerous gang, upon all of whom...
Capt. Walker has communicated to me some discoveries made of a plot among the tories of Stratford and Fairfield Counties of which I have directed him to give you the particulars. It seems a clue has been found to it which if rightly improved will enable us to detect the affair in all its extent and punish the principals and their accomplices. I need not observe to you of how dangerous a...
Lieut. Colo. Huntington of the 3d Connectt Regiment informs me he has a Claim to a prior Rank to Lieut. Colonels Grosvenor & Johnson of the connecticutt Line—Lieut. Colonel Gray also claims a prior Rank to Lieut. Colo. Huntington—these Claims will consequently involve some Questions relative to the Rank of the Majors and the Rank of some of the Captains has never been settled in the Line. Lt...
Last Night Six prisoners were brought to the Provost Guard in Fishkill; who belong to the State of Connecticutt, three of them viz. Jos. Easton Trowbridge Henry Gibbs and Benja. Prescott were sentenced last October to be confind in Symsbury Mines Eighteen Months, the two former escapd on their Way & joind the Enemy Prescott, a Brother in Law to Roger Sherman Esqr. made Interest through his...
I herwith transmit you an Arrangment of the Connectt Line. I suppos’d it would have been best to have had all the Lines of the Army uniform in respect to their 2nd Lieuts.; and as Massachusetts Bay & some other States and the Sixteen Battalions, I had been informd, in the Arrangment in 78, had procurd Lieutenants Commissions for their 2nd Lieutenants from the Date of their first Appointment, I...
Representation has been made to me, that in determining the Rank of Leiutenants in the New Arrangement of the Connecticut Line; regard hath only been paid to the time of their several appointments, as Leiutenants, without reference to the difference of rank as first or second Leiutenants. If there was a distinct grade between these Officers, as between a Colonel & Leiut. Colonel, (which, I...
I was on my Way to wait on your Excellency but the Difficulty of passing the River prevents my pursuing my Intention. The inclosd Letter from Major Alden & Certificate from the Officer commanding the Regiment, is to request his Discharge from the Service—I am sorry his circumstances require him to leave the Army, but am convincd his Reasons are such as ought to intitle him to his Discharge—I...
The Instances of Firmaness in the Connectt Line exhibited among the Privates since I had the Honor of seeing you fully convinces me of the Justice of my Observation Yesterday on this Subject and I beleive the same Spirit pervades the whole of the Line. In two Instances Application was made this Morning for furloughs, by Privates who had been three Years absent. the Men were informed that the...
On my Return to Camp I was favor’d with the Act of Congress for releiving the Garrison of Wioming. and would beg Leave to inform your Excellency that many of the Inhabitants of New Jersey are interested in the Land on the Susquehanna under the Claim of Pensylvania and at different Times have assisted the Pensylvanians in their Attempts to remove the New England Settlers. this being a Matter...
I have recd yours by Lieut. Cook. I have had reference to the Resolves of Congress of the 24th Novemr 1778 and 22d May 1779 (Copies of which I enclose you) which make provision for the readmission of prisoners into their respective lines, provided their States think proper to reappoint them, or if they do not, allowing them the pay and priviledges of supernumeraries. The modes are clearly...
Lieuts. Grant and Cook who were made Prisoners on the Surrender of Fort Washington and are now exchangd, apply to me to be arrangd in the Connecticutt Line; on which I beg your Excellency’s Direction—these Gentlemen were appointed Officers for the Army raisd in 1777 but being Prisoners were not Commissiond in the Regiments rais’d on the present Establishment; they were noticed of, and accepted...
Your Favor of the 16th I receiv’d yesterday and should have returnd to the Army very soon, but I have a return of the Ague & Fever to Day too violently to admit my entertaining any Thoughts of doing Duty in my present State - I shall as soon as my Health is confirmd immediately return to Camp. I am with Respect & Esteem yr Excellency’s Obedt Servt DLC : Papers of George Washington.
Since your promotion to the rank of a Major General, the objections you before had to serve with the Main Army are obviated; you will therefore be pleased to join it as soon as may be. I hope your health is so far confirmed, as to enable you to do it without loss of time. I am Sir Your most Obedient & Humble Servant. DLC : Papers of George Washington.
I have this Day received Notice of my promotion; and am also favor’d with the present Establishment of the Army. When I left Camp I had no Intention of joining the Army again unless the restoration of my Health should enable me to reassume a Command for the present Campaign; I had therefore turnd my Attention to resuming some Station in civil Life, and joining my pursuits With those of my...
About the 27th of August last a neighbour of mine shewed me a Letter which he received from a friend of his in New York, informing him that he had received the money on a Debt due to my Informant from a person lately dead; and that if he could procure a flag and come to New York he would pay it to him. He requested my assistance in procuring a flag for the purpose, I accordingly wrote to...
I am convinc’d ’twill be some Weeks before I shall be able to do any Duty, if I should recover from my present Sickness. I beleive my Strength would admit my going to my Family by slow Journey if I can obtain your Consent for which purpose Mr Laurence waits upon you—from mine to your Excellincy on the Subject of General Smallwood’s Promotion you see I cannot return in my present Rank to the...
If I should remain silent on the Subject of General Smallwoods Promotion, my Conduct would receive Constructions very different from the real Motives; I therefore feel myself under a Necessity of troubling your Excellency on the Subject. I do most sincerely acquiesce in the Promotion of that Officer, the strong existing Necessity at the Time as well as his own distinguishd Merit in saving our...
I beg you to excuse my not waiting on you with the inclos’d Letter: I am so exceedingly unwell as to be unable to go from my Quarters, if I should recover Strength enough & the weather should clear off serene I will ride down to Day. The inclosd Letter is from General Arnold, the Cover & Seals as they came to me except their being broke you may still see the inward Seal has not been broken. I...
The total Derangment of our Affairs arising from a Variety of Causes & the inadequate Supplies made by the public for any important Offensive Operation against the Enemy renders any attempt of Consequence hazardous & to be undertaken with Caution; yet the Crisis to which our Affairs are reduc’d renders every Exertion to close the War necessary & will, in my Opinion, justify almost every...
I had the Honor of your Letter of 5th Inst: previous to I had orderd the March of the Troops from Horseneck agreable to the Order of the 2nd Inst. & had gone to take a Command there on Receit of your Last Letter I shall join the Army as soon as possible. I should set out to Morrow but the Return of my Son last from a Cruize necessitates me to continue one or Two Days longer in the Country, but...
From the advanced stage of the Campaign, and the Small number of recruits which have lately come in for the Connecticut Line, I presume we have received the greater part of the Levies which will be obtained from the State, and that your presence there can be of but little further service—And as no intelligence has been received since I wrote you last, which will render it necessary for you to...