Thomas Jefferson Papers
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To Thomas Jefferson from James Monroe, 31 March 1794

From James Monroe

Phila. March 31. 1794.

Dear Sir

The embargo passed two days since. […]1 of some moment in the character […] […]ber of this city was discovered […]2 had opposed the embargo on fr[iday an]d on monday introduced the proposition himself. It contained a proviso which implied a right that those vessels which had already obtained clearances should be exempt from the operation—but this was amended in the Senate. A vessel of his was caught near the capes by a french Frigate and sent up with a British passport which had cleared out on Saturday.

Propositions for sequestration and organizing the militia are dependant. An Envoy Extry. is spoken of for Britn.—and Hamilton, Jay, and King are those urged by that party. It will probably be one of them unless there should be found a vote for their rejection in the Senate which is not presumeable. Either will answer to bind the aristocracy of this country stronger and closer to that of the other. Yrs. affecy.

Jas. Monroe

RC (DLC); first five lines mutilated; endorsed by TJ as received 16 Apr. 1794 and so recorded in SJL.

The identity of the member who introduced the embargo resolution in the House of Representatives on Tuesday, 25 Mch. 1794, is not known (JHR description begins Journal of the House of Representatives of the United States, Washington, D.C., Gales & Seaton, 1826, 9 vols. description ends , ii, 102; Annals description begins Annals of the Congress of the United States: The Debates and Proceedings in the Congress of the United States … Compiled from Authentic Materials, Washington, D.C., Gales & Seaton, 1834–56, 42 vols. All editions are undependable and pagination varies from one printing to another. The first two volumes of the set cited here have “Compiled … by Joseph Gales, Senior” on the title page and bear the caption “Gales & Seatons History” on verso and “of Debates in Congress” on recto pages. The remaining volumes bear the caption “History of Congress” on both recto and verso pages. Those using the first two volumes with the latter caption will need to employ the date of the debate or the indexes of debates and speakers. description ends , iv, 529–30). For the amendment that the senate made before passing this resolution on the following day, see JS description begins Journal of the Senate of the United States, Washington, D.C., Gales, 1820–21, 5 vols. description ends , ii, 55. In response to a message from the President, Congress this day also approved a resolution clarifying certain ambiguities in the original embargo resolution (JHR description begins Journal of the House of Representatives of the United States, Washington, D.C., Gales & Seaton, 1826, 9 vols. description ends , ii, 106–8; JS description begins Journal of the Senate of the United States, Washington, D.C., Gales, 1820–21, 5 vols. description ends , ii, 58–9).

On this day the House passed resolutions on the organization of the militia and the addition of an artillery and engineering corps to the United States Army that were enacted into law in May 1794 (JHR description begins Journal of the House of Representatives of the United States, Washington, D.C., Gales & Seaton, 1826, 9 vols. description ends , ii, 108; Annals description begins Annals of the Congress of the United States: The Debates and Proceedings in the Congress of the United States … Compiled from Authentic Materials, Washington, D.C., Gales & Seaton, 1834–56, 42 vols. All editions are undependable and pagination varies from one printing to another. The first two volumes of the set cited here have “Compiled … by Joseph Gales, Senior” on the title page and bear the caption “Gales & Seatons History” on verso and “of Debates in Congress” on recto pages. The remaining volumes bear the caption “History of Congress” on both recto and verso pages. Those using the first two volumes with the latter caption will need to employ the date of the debate or the indexes of debates and speakers. description ends , iv, 1444, 1445–6).

1Estimated three words missing.

2Estimated two or three words missing.

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