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Enclosed are two letters of Credence, mentioned in my other Letter of this Date; the one addressed to the Stadtholder; the other to their high Mightinesses the States General &c. You will please to observe the Cover of each is unsealed, that you may take them off and superscribe the Address on each of the enclosed Letters that are sealed, in the proper Stile and Titles on each of them...
You will receive herewith enclosed a letter addressed to his most Christian Majesty; with a Copy of the Same for your information. Also a Commission constituting the four gentlemen therein named in addition to yourself our Ministers for negotiating peace. Also another commission and duplicate Authorizing them to accept the Mediation of the Emperor of Germany and Empress of Russia, in one of...
You will herewith receive a commission authorising you to negotiate a treaty of Amity and Commerce with the United Provinces of the low countries. You will also receive a plan, in articles which you are to adopt in whole or without any essential alteration, being always cautious not to admit anything inconsistent with the treaties already concluded between these United States and France, and...
I am favoured with your letter of the 4th Instant inclosing a copy of Docr. Johnson’s resignation as a Senator, and shall communicate the Same to the legislature of this State at their approaching Session in May With the most perfect / Respect, I have the / honour to be / Your Obedient / humble Servant MHi : Adams Papers.
Instructions to the Honble. John Adams Benjamin Franklin John Jay Henry Laurens and Thomas Jefferson ministers plenipotentiary in behalf of the United States to negotiate a Treaty of Peace Gentlemen You are hereby authorized and instructed to concur in behalf of these United States with his most Christian Majesty in accepting the Mediation proposed by the Empress of Russia and the Emperor of...
I inclose your Excellency an intercepted Letter from Major General Leslie to Ld. Cornwallis. It was taken on a person endeavouring to pass through the Country from Portsmouth towards Carolina. When he was apprehended and a proposal made to search him, he readily consented to be searched but at the same time was observed to put his hand into his Pocket and carry some thing towards his mouth as...
I am favour’d with your letter of yesterday also one from Colo Hamilton of the 19th instant. I have not receiv’d any official or particular intelligence from the Count D’Estaing or the southern Army since you left this City. The enclos’d papers contain all the information I am able to give you either from the southern, northern or eastern Armies. I am with esteem & regard your hble Servt LC ,...
LS : Historical Society of Pennsylvania, University of Pennsylvania Library; copies: Historical Society of Pennsylvania, National Archives In my Letter of the 4th of January last I had the Honor to transmit to you Sir the Resolve of Congress of the 21st of December signifying their Desire that you should apply to the Court at which you reside to use Means for the Release & Exchange of the...
Copy: South Carolina Historical Society; draft: National Archives These instructions do not reveal that in conjunction with them various members of Congress had opened a campaign to undercut Franklin’s authority as minister to the French court. This was the first concerted attack upon him since the failed recall attempt in the spring of 1779. On November 22 Congress had resolved to appeal to...
LS : American Philosophical Society; copy: National Archives You will receive herewith enclosed, a Letter addressed to his most Christian Majesty, as also a Copy of the same for your Information, together with Instructions of the 28th of November & 27th of December for your Government on the important Subject contained in the Letter to the King of France; likewise a Copy of the Instructions...
LS : American Philosophical Society I take the Liberty of introducing to your favourable Notice the Honble James Searle Esquire the Bearer. This Gentleman hath been for some Time past, and now is a Member of Congress for the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and comes to Europe charged with Business of Consequence from that State. The Honour that State hath conferred upon him, and the Confidence...
LS : Historical Society of Pennsylvania, University of Pennsylvania Library; copies: National Archives, University of Pennsylvania Library Agreeable to the Act of Congress of the 21st. Ulto herewith enclosed I am to desire you to apply to the Court at which you reside to use Means for obtaining the Release and Exchange of the Honorable Henry Laurens Esqr. From your own Inclination as well as...
LS : University of Pennsylvania Library, Franklin Bache Huntington (Washington, D.C., 1938); copy: National Archives You will receive herewith enclosed, the Copy of a Resolve of Congress of the 27th Ulto, expressing the high Sense that they entertain of the distinguished Bravery and military Conduct of Captain John Paul Jones. Conformable to the enclosed Resolve, you will please to communicate...
(I) LS : American Philosophical Society; copies: Historical Society of Pennsylvania, National Archives; (II) LS : Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Library of Congress; copy: National Archives You will receive herewith enclosed a Letter addressed to his most Christian Majesty, with a Copy of the same for your Information, also a Commission constituting yourself with the four other Gentlemen...
Copy: National Archives I have the Honor to inform you that the Honorable Francis Dana Esquire is appointed to repair to the Court of Petersburgh in the Character of Minister from these United States. He will communicate to you his Powers and Instructions, and avail himself of your Information & Advice on the Subject of his Mission. And provided he shall proceed to that Court you are to supply...
LS : Library of Congress; partial copy: National Archives Congress have appointed the honble. John Jay esq minister plenipotentiary for negotiating a treaty of amity and commerce and of alliance between his Catholic Majesty and the united states of America And the honble. John Adams esqr. minister plenipotentiary for negotiating a treaty of peace and a treaty of commerce with Great Britain....
LS : American Philosophical Society; draft: National Archives; copy: South Carolina Historical Society Since your last Instructions Congress have thought it expedient to send Col. John Laurens with powers to negotiate specially the important Affairs to which they more immediately relate. This gentleman from the nature of his services & situation has had opportunities of information which...
Norwich [ Connecticut ] August 22, 1791 . “I am favourd, with your letter of the 27th of June which reached me the 8th: Instant. By the Certificate of the Comptroller of the public accounts in this State, which is herewith inclosed, you will be informed that this State hath not Issued any Certificates in exchange for those of the United States; which it is presumed, gives the needfull...
The United States of America In Congress Assembled To Alexander Hamilton Esq. Greeting. We, Reposing especial trust and confidence in your Patriotism, Valour, Conduct, and Fidelity, DO by these presents constitute and appoint you, to a Lieutenant Colonel in the Army of the United States, to take rank as such from the first day of March A. D. 1777. You are therefore carefully and diligently to...
By advices just received from Col. Brodhead, dated at Fort Pitt the 10th Ulto I am informed there are strong indications from several quarters, that Hostilities will be committed pretty extensively on the frontiers by the Savages, at the Opening of the Campaign—that the Troops under his command are very much distressed for want of Provisions, that they have been at half allowance of meat ever...
Morristown [ New Jersey ] December 7, 1779 . Sends information concerning British fleet; enemy attempts to depreciate American currency; and probable future movements of British army. Df , in writing of H, George Washington Papers, Library of Congress.
Whenever a representation from any department of the Army is made to me, and it is not in my power to resolve their questions, or releive their complaints, I have ever conceived it a part of my duty to refer the matter to Congress. This will be my apology for troubling them with the inclosed Memorial of the Hospital Department, and requesting to know at the same time, how far the Resolves of...
Inclosed I have the honor to transmit the Copy of a letter which I received last evening from General Wayne who had been to reconnoitre the situation of the Enemy upon Paulus Hook —Should the Fleet, which he mentions to have fallen down to the Hook, proceed to Sea, Your Excellency will receive information of it from Major Lee, who is stationed in Monmouth, and who is directed to advise...
By Mr. Foster Webb you will receive in part of the requisition of Congress of 1,953,200 Dollars, the following sums, to wit 650,000 Dollars in money, and bills for 780,239 8/9 Dollars, making in the whole 1,430,239 8/9 Dollars. There remains a deficiency of 522,960 1/9 dollars which I hope to be able to send on within four weeks from this time. I should have been very happy to have been...
I do myself the honor of inclosing a New York paper of the 8th which gives a more particular account of Admiral Rodney’s success than any we have yet seen. I cannot but hope that the enemy have dressed it in the most unfavorable Colours for us. I have the honor to be with very great Respect Your Excellency’s Most obt Servt P.S. since my last I have recd information from New York that another...
I take the liberty of transmitting to your Excellency’s care the inclosed Letters for Governor Rutledge. They are both on the same subject, and also contain Letters for Major General Lincoln. As they respect matters of an interesting nature, I wish them to go by two conveyances that there may be the greater chance of their getting to the Governor’s hands, and the sooner this could take place...
AL (draft) and copy: Library of Congress Having but just been acquainted with this Opportunity which goes directly, I have only time to write a few Lines; and only leave to send a Letter without any Pacquets of News Papers. Count d’Estaing is gone to Spain to take the Command of the United Fleet. The important Alliance of the Neutral Powers for the Protection of Trade, is nearly compleated It...
I have the Honor to transmit Your Excellency the Extract of a Letter of the 23d Instant, which I received to day from Colo. Vanschaick. This will inform Your Excellency, that the Indians have lately made Two incursions on our Frontiers & taken Five of the Inhabitants of Tryon County & killed one & captured a Guard of Thirteen Militia posted at Skeensborough. I wish I had no other intelligence...
I have been honoured with your Excellency’s favor of the 21st inclosing a Report from the Board of War, upon the application of Colonel Armand for promotion to the Rank of Brigadier in the service of the United States, on which, Congress have been pleased to request my opinion. I am ready to acknowledge the Grounds, on which, Colo. Armand founds his pretensions to higher Rank, so far as they...
New Windsor [ New York ] January 31, 1781 . Encloses reports of the New Jersey mutiny and the “West Chester” enterprise. Commends troops in both operations. LS , in writing of H, Papers of the Continental Congress, National Archives.
I have been honored with your Excellency’s favors of the 26th and 29th ulto with the inclosures to which you refer—They shall be duly attended to. Under cover of the letter of the 26th is one from General Gates to Congress, indorsed by the Secretary "Ordered to be transmitted to the Commander in Chief." without any particular directions respecting the subject of it. Congress have been informed...
The Honorable the Committee will have informed Congress from time to time of the measures which have been judged essential to be adopted for co-operating with the Armament expected from France, and of their requisitions to the States in consequence. What the result of these has been, I cannot determine to my great anxiety, as no answers on the subjects of them have been yet received. The...
According to the desire of Congress expressed in their resolutions of the 17th Ult. I shall endeavor to inform them what has been done by this state in consequence of the several resolutions there referred to. 1779. Mar. 9. Recommendation to the states to compleat their respective quotas of 80 battalions. 1780. Feb. 9. United states to furnish their respective deficiencies of 35,211 men on or...
Morristown [ New Jersey ] March 31, 1780 . Encloses and discusses a report of the commissioners for prisoner exchange who met at Amboy. Df , in writing of H, George Washington Papers, Library of Congress.
Morristown [ New Jersey ] April 3, 1780 . Pleads cause of officers of additional regiments. Discusses dissatisfaction in Army. Df , in writing of H, George Washington Papers, Library of Congress.
Preakness [ New Jersey ] July 22, 1780 . Has sent “definitive proposals of co-operation to the French General and Admiral.” Is proceeding on assumption that the states “will ultimately consult their own interest and honor; and not suffer us to fail for want of means which it is evidently in their power to afford.” Reiterates need for transportation. Df , in writing of H, George Washington...
I had the honor on the 1st Inst to receive Your Excellency’s dispatches of the 24th Ulto addressed to Major General Greene and since, your very obliging Letter of the 29th for which I beg leave to return you my acknowledgements. I have written to Sir Henry Clinton in consequence of the former and requested him to make the desired communications. When these are received they shall be...
Charlottesville, 28 May 1781 . This letter is virtually identical with the first part of TJ’s letter to George Washington, same date, q.v. for variations in the two texts. RC ( DLC : PCC , No. 71, ii ); 2 p.; in a clerk’s hand, signed and addressed by TJ; endorsed in part: “Read June 4. Referred to the board of War.” FC ( Vi ). Tr ( DLC : TJ Papers).
I have been honored with Your Excellency’s favors of the 10th and 14th Instants—The advance of the British Army towards the borders of North Carolina is an alarming circumstance, more especially, as there is every reason to beleive that the force which lately sailed from New York is intended to cooperate with them—The enemy, by several accounts, received a reinforcement from Europe in the last...
I do myself the honor to enclose to Your Excellency the Extract of a Letter which I have just received from Governor Clinton, and which I beg leave to recommend strongly to the attention of Congress, as by this inergetic Exertion of the State of New York the Army will probably be kept from dissolution. We have not for some time received a Barrel of Flour from the Southward, except a few...
The following Gentlemen, Colonels Magaw, Mathews, Eli & Lt Colo. Ramsay have been permitted to come out of New York on parole, with some new propositions for an exchange of prisoners—the result of a conference between Major General Phillips & themselves. These they will have the honor of submitting to Congress, as I do not conceive myself authorised to take any steps in the business without...
Since I had the honor of writing to Congress last, the enemy have preserved their position at Elizabeth Town point, without enterprising any thing against us. They have erected three little Works, and have been, for some days past, employed in building a Bridge of Boats across the Sound to Staten Island. Our weakness—their extreme caution and the compact situation in which they have kept...
I have received and shall duly comply with the recommendations of Congress for corresponding with their committee at Headquarters. It having been necessary to lay their and your requisitions before the General assembly, it has not been within my power to give any effectual answer till within these few days; and now only on the article of provisions. I beg leave to refer you to my letter to...
New Windsor [ New York ] April 21, 1781 . Asks Congress to authorize the quarter-master general to appoint Colonel Jabez Champlin a barrack master to be attached to the French army. Df , in writing of H, George Washington Papers, Library of Congress.
[ Preakness, New Jersey, November 27, 1780. ] Introduces the Vicomte de Noailles. Df , in writing of H, George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. Louis Marie, Vicomte de Noailles, was a brother-in-law of the Marquis de Lafayette. He was “mestre de camp en second du regiment colonel-general hussards; mestre de camp en second of the Regiment Soissonnais” ( GW John C. Fitzpatrick, ed., The...
[Richmond, 27 Sep. 1780. JCC Journals of the Continental Congress, 1774–1789 , ed. W. C. Ford and others, Washington, 1904–1937 , xviii , 912 (9 Oct. 1780): “A letter, of 27 September, from Governor Jefferson was read, accompanied with copies of the acts of the Virginia assembly, from the beginning of the year, 1779.” Letter not located, but the Journals record two days later that, on a motion...
Orangetown [ New York ] August 20, 1780 . Thanks Congress for increase in powers. Describes situation in Army. Discusses position of Great Britain both here and abroad. Reviews European situation. Argues for establishing a draft either for duration of war or for three years. Reiterates need of “ample and equal provision for the Army.” Repeats need for half-pay provision for officers. Urges...
Richmond, 19 Mch. 1781 . This letter is virtually identical with TJ’s letter to George Washington of this date , q.v. RC ( DLC : PCC , No. 71, ii ); in a clerk’s hand, signed by TJ; endorsed, in part: “Read 27.” FC ( Vi ); at head of text: “To the President of Congress & General Washington.” Enclosures: Copy of Nathanael Greene to TJ, 10 Mch. ( DLC :
I take the liberty of enclosing your Excellency a copy of a letter I received from Colo. Wood. As the determination whether he shall be allowed travelling expenses rests with Congress alone, we could only communicate his application to that honourable Body. I have the honor to be with the greatest Respect &c &c., Tr ( DLC : PCC , No. 71, i ); entirely in the hand of George Taylor (clerk in the...
The representations I had the honor to transmit in my letters of the 10th and 12th and those now inclosed will inform Congress of the deplorable distress of the great departments of the army. I beg leave to add that from a particular consultation of the Commissaries, I find our prospects are infinitely worse than they have been at any period of the War, and that unless some expedient can be...