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Enclosure: Major General Arthur St. Clair and Lieutenant Colonels Edward Carrington and Alexander Hamilton to George Washington [21 March 1780]

Major General Arthur St. Clair and Lieutenant Colonels Edward Carrington and Alexander Hamilton to George Washington1
[Enclosure]

[Amboy, New Jersey, March 21, 1780]

Plan of exchange for the Troops of Convention, in three Divisions to be formed as equally, as the exchanging by Corps will allow, from the Strength of the Rank & file, each of the two first Divisions to have a Major General and a Brigadier General, and the third The Lieutenant General and a Brigadier General exchanged with them. The Regiments to which the Brigadier Generals belong to be exchanged with them, the other Regiments in a distribution of two British, then two German to be taken by lott, except certain broken parts of Corps, which it is proposed to exchange in the first Division. The Estimate for these exchanges is formed according to the Tarif annexed to the proposal which gave rise to a meeting of Commissioners.

Plan proposed for the exchange of the first Division.
Corps Valuation by Tarif Total amount No. of Rank & file to be exchanged
Brigadeir General Hamilton Leut. Colo. 21st Regt 200 200
Brigade Major Kirkman Captain 21st. Regt. 16 16
216
Royal Artillery
2 Captains 16 32
1 Lieutenant 6 6
6. 2d. Lieutenants 4 24
8 Sergeants 2 16
150 Rank & file 1 150 158
228
 
Canada Companies
4 Captains 16 64
13 Lieutenants 6 78
15 Serjeants 2 30
126 Rank & file Drummers 1 126 126
298
Lieutenant Nutts Detatchmt.
1 Lieutenant 6 6
3 Serjeants 2 6
30 Rank & file & Drummers 1 30 30
42
German Detatchmt. of Prince Frederick
10 Rank & file and Drummers 1 10 10
Regiment of Dragoons
1 Captain 16 16
1 2d. Lieutenant 4 4
4 Serjeants 2 8
26 Rank & File & Drummers 1 26 26
54
Hesse Hanau Artillery
1 Captain 16 16
1 Lieutenant 6 6
9 Serjeants 2 18
29 Rank & file & Drummers 1 29 29
69
62d. British Regiment
1 Major 28 28
5 Captains 16 80
6 Lieutenants 6 36
4 Ensigns 4 16
1 Surgeon 6 6
1 Mate 4 4
17 Sergeants 2 34
83 Rank & file & Drummers 1 83 83
287
 
21st British Regiment
1 Lieutenant Colonel estimated as a Brigadier
1 Major 28 28
3 Captains 16 48
7 1st. Lieutenants 6 42
4 2d. Lieutenants 4 16
1 Surgeon 6 6
1 Mate 4 4
22 Serjeants 2 44
226 Rank & file and Drummers 1 226 226
414
German Battalion of Light Infantry
1 Captain 16 16
2 1st. Lieutenants 6 12
3 2d Lieutenants 4 12
1 Surgeon 6 6
2 Mates 4 8
12 Serjeants 2 24
73 Rank & file and Drummers 1 73 73
151
German Battalion of Grenadeirs
1 Major 28 28
1 Captain 16 16
2 1st. Lieutenants 6 12
4 2d. Lieutenants 4 16
1 Surgeon 6 6
2 Mates 4 8
15 Serjeants 2 30
150 Rank & file & Drummers 1 150 150
266
Major General de Reidesel 372 372
Captain Gerlack 16 16
Captain Poelnitz 16 16
Captain Willoe 16 16
 
Ensign Freeman 4 4
Chaplain Milias
Private Secretary Langeman
424
Total Number of Men to be exchanged
Drummers 60
Rank & File 843

Plan proposed for the Exchange of the second Division of the Troops of Convention

Amboy [New Jersey] March 21. 1780

Corps Valuation by Tarif Total amount No. of Rank & file to be exchanged
Major General Phillips 372 372
Lieutenants Bibby 6 6
Valancy 6 6
Campbell 6 6
2d. Lieutenants Collier 4 4
Noble 4 4
Smith 4 4
Revd. Mr. Brudenell
402
20th. British Regiment
1 Lieutenant Colonel 72 72
4 Captains 16 64
8 Lieutenants 6 48
5 Ensigns 4 20
1 Quarter Master 6 6
1 Surgeon 6 6
1 Mate 4 4
25 Serjeants 2 50
180 Rank & file and Drummers 1 180 180
450
24th. British Regiment
1 Major 28 28
 
6 Captains 16 96
6 Lieutenants 6 54
6 Ensigns 4 24
1 Adjutant 6 6
1 Surgeon 6 6
1 Mate 4 4
18 Serjeants 2 36
169 Rank & file and Drummers 1 169 169
423
German Regiment of Rheitz
1 Major 28 28
2 Captains 16 48
2 Lieutenants 6 12
6 2d. Lieutenants 4 24
3 Ensigns 4 12
1 Advocate 4 4
1 Surgeon 6 6
3 Mates 4
37 Serjeants 2 74
224 Rank & file and Drummers 1 224 224
German Regiment of Specht
1 Colonel estimates as a Brigadier
1 Major 28 28
2 Captains 16 32
3 1st. Lieutenants 6 18
5 2d. Lieutenants 4 20
3 Ensigns 4 12
1 Advocate 4 4
1 Surgeon 6 6
3 Mates 4 12
32 Serjeants 2 64
220 Rank & file and Drummers 1 220 220
416
Brigadier General Specht 200 200

Total Number of Men to be exchanged

Drummers 48

Rank & file 745

D, Reel 184, Item 167, p. 101, Papers of the Continental Congress, National Archives.

1This document is enclosure No. 3 to St. Clair, Carrington, and H to Washington, second letter of March 26, 1780 (PAH description begins Harold C. Syrett, ed., The Papers of Alexander Hamilton (New York and London, 1961– ). description ends , II, 296–301).

For background to this document, see Washington to St. Clair, Carrington, and H, March 7, 8, 1780 (PAH description begins Harold C. Syrett, ed., The Papers of Alexander Hamilton (New York and London, 1961– ). description ends , II, 273–74); “Minutes of the Proceedings at Amboy,” March 10–14, 1780 (PAH description begins Harold C. Syrett, ed., The Papers of Alexander Hamilton (New York and London, 1961– ). description ends , II, 275–85); H to Washington, March 17, 1780 (PAH description begins Harold C. Syrett, ed., The Papers of Alexander Hamilton (New York and London, 1961– ). description ends , II, 287–88); “A Proposition,” March 18, 1780 (PAH description begins Harold C. Syrett, ed., The Papers of Alexander Hamilton (New York and London, 1961– ). description ends , II, 289–91); St. Clair, Carrington, and H to Major General William Phillips and Lieutenant Colonels Cosmo Gordon and Chapel Norton, March 19, 1780 (PAH description begins Harold C. Syrett, ed., The Papers of Alexander Hamilton (New York and London, 1961– ). description ends , II, 291–92); St. Clair, Carrington, and H to Washington, first letter of March 26, 1780 (PAH description begins Harold C. Syrett, ed., The Papers of Alexander Hamilton (New York and London, 1961– ). description ends , II, 295–96).

From 1775 to 1777 St. Clair rose from a colonel in the Pennsylvania militia to a major general in the Continental Army. In June, 1777, he was in command of the defenses at Fort Ticonderoga and ordered the evacuation of the post in the face of a British attack on the night of July 5. He was court-martialed in September, 1778, but was fully exonerated.

Carrington, a resident of Virginia, was commissioned a lieutenant colonel in the First Continental Artillery on November 30, 1776.

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